Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Waves 0-6, 1998-2013

Title details

SN: 5050
Title: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Waves 0-6, 1998-2013
Alternative title: ELSA
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-5050-8
Series: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
Depositor: NatCen Social Research
Principal investigator(s): Marmot, M., University College London. International Institute for Society and Health
Oldfield, Z., Institute for Fiscal Studies
Clemens, S., NatCen Social Research
Blake, M., NatCen Social Research
Phelps, A., NatCen Social Research
Nazroo, J., University of Manchester. School of Social Sciences
Steptoe, A., University College London. UCL Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
Rogers, N., University College London. UCL Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
Banks, J., Institute for Fiscal Studies and University of Manchester School of Social Sciences
Data collector(s): NatCen Social Research
Sponsor(s): National Institute of Aging
Department of Health
Department for Work and Pensions
Office for National Statistics
Department for Transport
HM Revenue and Customs
Department for Communities and Local Government
Other acknowledgements: Other than the principal investigator and the scientific team, the following people have been involved in the development, data preparation and/or analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA): Lisa Calderwood, Hayley Cheshire, Laura Conway, Kate Taylor, Michelle Lee, Rebecca Taylor, Susan Nunn, Kelly Ward, Dan Philo, Elizabeth Hacker, Natasha Wood, David Hussey, Ian Simpson, Rachel Whalley, and Shaun Scoles (NatCen Social Research) and Carli Lessof (previous principal investigator, formerly of NatCen Social Research); Maria Casanova, Zoe Oldfield, Gemma Tetlow and Carl Emmerson (Institute for Fiscal Studies); Edlira Gjonja, Martin Hyde, Mary Janevic, Saffron Karlsen, Meena Kumari, Anne McMunn, Mike Wadsworth, Elizabeth Breeze, Panayotes Demakakos, Faiza Tabassum, Paola Zaninotto, Cesar d'Oliveira and Mary Pierce (University College London); Brenda McWilliams and David Melzer (University of Cambridge); Nicholas Steel (University of East Anglia); David Blane (Imperial College London); Mike Hurd and Jim Smith (RAND, California); Beth Soldo (University of Pennsylvania; Bob Wallace (University of Iowa); Bob Willis (University of Michigan).

ELSA Advisory Committee:
External members of the ELSA Advisory Committee include: Baroness Sally Greengross (Chair), House of Lords; Mike Bury, Department of Social and Political Science, Royal Holloway, University of London; Emily Grundy, Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Ruth Hancock, Department of Health and Human Sciences, University of Essex; Sarah Harper, Oxford Institute of Ageing, University of Oxford; Tom Kirkwood, School of Clinical Medical Sciences Gerontology, University of Newcastle; Ian Philp, Sheffield Institute for Studies on Ageing, University of Sheffield; Tom Ross (retired), Aon Consulting; Jacqui Smith, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan; Anthea Tinker, Institute of Gerontology, Kings College London; Christina Victor, School of Health and Social Care, University of Reading; Richard Disney, University of Nottingham; Carol Propper, Imperial College Business School; Alan Walker, Department of Sociological Studies, University of Sheffield;

Acknowledgement:
The depositor has supplied the following text for users as an example of the acknowledgement that should be used in publications resulting from use of the ELSA study:

"The data were made available through the UK Data Archive. ELSA was developed by a team of researchers based at the NatCen Social Research, University College London and the Institute for Fiscal Studies. The data were collected by NatCen Social Research. The funding is provided by the National Institute of Aging in the United States, and a consortium of UK government departments co-ordinated by the Office for National Statistics. The developers and funders of ELSA and the Archive do not bear any responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here."

Details of the bibliographic citation to be used may be found in the file 'UKDA_Study_5050_Information.htm' that accompanies the dataset.

Subject Categories

Elderly - Social stratification and groupings
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture

Abstract

The ELSA study is a longitudinal survey of ageing and quality of life among older people that explores the dynamic relationships between health and functioning, social networks and participation, and economic position as people plan for, move into and progress beyond retirement. The main objectives of ELSA are to:
  • construct six waves of accessible and well-documented panel data;
  • provide these data in a convenient and timely fashion to the scientific and policy research community;
  • describe health trajectories, disability and healthy life expectancy in a representative sample of the English population aged 50 and over;
  • examine the relationship between economic position and health;
  • investigate the determinants of economic position in older age;
  • describe the timing of retirement and post-retirement labour market activity; and
  • understand the relationships between social support, household structure and the transfer of assets.
The current deposit comprises Waves 0-6 of the survey. Further information may be found on the Institute for Fiscal Studies: ELSA and Natcen Social Research: ELSA web pages.

Joint ELSA/SHARE database:
Users may request access to the ELSA portion of the data from a project to harmonise ELSA Wave 2 and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Wave 1 (both 2004) data, undertaken by Valeria Bordon at the University of Mannheim. Please Get in touch for further details. The SHARE portion of this joint database can be accessed via the SHARE Project Research Data Centre

Latest edition of ELSA:
For the 21st edition (July 2014), data and documentation for Wave 6 (conducted 2012-2013) were added to the study. At the end of July, the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) also deposited derived variables and financial derived variables files for Wave 6 and updated versions for Waves 1-5, with accompanying new and updated documentation. The IFS advise that previous users must use the new versions of the Waves 1-5 files and all users should read the document '5050_readme_financial_derived_variables.pdf' before analysing the data. See study READ file for a full edition history.

Main Topics:
For a full table of topics and questions covered across all the ELSA waves, see the all waves user guide in the documentation. The ELSA study held at the UK Data Archive currently includes the Index file, Wave 0 and Waves 1-6.

Standard Measures used in ELSA:
  • Rose Angina Questionnaire: Rose, G. and Blackburn, H. (1986) Cardiovascular survey methods, World Health Organization Monograph
  • Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire: Leng, G. and Fowkes, F. (1992) 'The Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire: an improved version of the WHO/Rose Questionnaire for use in epidemiological surveys', Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 45, pp.1101-1109
  • MRC Respiratory Questionnaire: Fletcher, C. et al. (1978) The natural history of chronic bronchitis and emphysema, Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • CES-D Depression Scale (8-item): Rasloff, L.S. (1977) 'The CES-D Scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population', Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), pp.270-278
  • General Health Questionnaire (12-item): Goldberg, D.P. Manual of the General Health Questionnaire, Windsor: NFER-Nelson, 1978
  • CASP-19: Hyde, M. et al. (2003) 'A measure of quality of life in early old age: the theory, development and properties of a needs satisfaction model [CASP-19]', Ageing and Mental Health, 7, pp.186-194
  • Ryff Scale of Psychological Wellbeing: Ryff, C.D. (1989) 'Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological wellbeing', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, pp.1069-1081, and Ryff, C.D. and Keyes, C.L. (1995) 'The structure of psychological wellbeing revisited', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(4), pp.719-727

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: Most of the data refer to the time period when the interview took place but some questions cover past events, e.g. pension history, respondent's father's employment when respondent was aged 14.
Dates of fieldwork: Wave 1: March 2002 - March 2003; Wave 2: June 2004 - July 2005; Wave 3: May 2006 - August 2007; Wave 4: May 2008 - July 2009; Wave 5: June 2010 - July 2012; Wave 6: May 2012 - June 2013.
Country: England
Spatial units: No spatial unit
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
The ELSA sample was selected from HSE 1998, 1999 and 2001 respondents, from households containing at least one adult of 50 years or older. To ensure that ELSA remained representative of the target population, 'refreshment' samples from HSE were included at Waves 3, 4 and 6. See documentation for further details.
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
See documentation for further details.
Number of units: Core data: Wave 1: 12,100 cases. Wave 2: 9,433 cases. Wave 3: 9,771 cases. Wave 4: 11,050 cases. Wave 5: 10,274 cases. Wave 6: 10,601 cases.
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion; Clinical measurements; Physical measurements
See documentation for further details.
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.
Data sources: The ELSA sample was selected from three survey years of the HSE: 1998, 1999 and 2001. Wave 0 of the ELSA dataset includes HSE data. The sample has since been refreshed using with respondents selected from HSE survey years 2001-2004, 2006 and 2009-2011.

Keywords

ACCIDENTSACCOUNTSAGE
AGEINGALCOHOL CONSUMPTIONANTHROPOMETRIC DATA
ARTHRITISASSETSASTHMA
ATTITUDESBANKSBODY CIRCUMFERENCE MEASUREMENTS
BONDSBUSINESS OWNERSHIPBUSINESSES
CANCERCARDIOVASCULAR DISEASESCARE OF DEPENDANTS
CARE OF THE ELDERLYCENTRAL HEATINGCHILDREN
CHRONIC ILLNESSCINEMA ATTENDANCECLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS
CLUBSCOGNITION DISORDERSCOGNITIVE PROCESSES
COMMUNITIESCONCERT GOINGCONSUMER GOODS
COUGHINGCOUNCIL TAXCREDIT CARD USE
CULTURAL GOODSCULTURAL IDENTITYDEATH
DEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDECISION MAKINGDEPRESSION
DIABETESDOMESTIC APPLIANCESDOMESTIC EQUIPMENT AIDS
EARLY RETIREMENTECONOMIC ACTIVITYEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
EDUCATIONAL COURSESELDERLYEMOTIONAL STATES
EMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENTEMPLOYMENT HISTORY
ENGLANDETHNIC GROUPSEVACUEES
EYE DISEASESFAMILIESFAMILY ENVIRONMENT
FATHERSFATHER'S OCCUPATIONFINANCIAL COMMITMENTS
FINANCIAL RESOURCESFRIENDSFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION
GENDERGRANDCHILDRENHEALTH
HEALTH SERVICESHEARINGHEART DISEASES
HEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)HOBBIESHOLIDAYS
HOME BUYINGHOME HELPHOMELESSNESS
HOURS OF WORKHOUSE PRICESHOUSEHOLDS
HOUSINGHOUSING AGEHOUSING CONDITIONS
HOUSING DESIGNHOUSING FINANCEHOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY
HOUSING TENUREINCOMEINCONTINENCE
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENTINDUSTRIESINJURIES
INTEREST (FINANCE)INTERNET USEINTERPERSONAL RELATIONS
INVESTMENT RETURNJOB HUNTINGJOB REQUIREMENTS
LANDLORDSLIFE EVENTSLIFE HISTORIES
LIFE INSURANCELIFE SATISFACTIONLIFE STYLES
LIVING ABROADLOANSLOCUS OF CONTROL
MARITAL HISTORYMARITAL STATUSMEDICAL HISTORY
MEDICAL INSURANCEMEDICINAL DRUGSMEETINGS
MEMBERSHIPMEMORYMENTAL DISORDERS
MILITARY SERVICEMOBILE PHONESMOBILITY AIDS
MORTGAGESMOTHERSMOTOR PROCESSES
MOTOR VEHICLESMUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEMMUSEUMS
NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASESNEWSPAPER READERSHIPOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS
OCCUPATIONSOLD AGEORGANIZATIONS
PAINPARTNERSHIPS (BUSINESS)PAYMENTS
PENSION CONTRIBUTIONSPERSONAL CONTACTPERSONAL EFFICACY
PERSONAL IDENTITYPHYSICAL ACTIVITIESPLACE OF BIRTH
PRIVATE HEALTH SERVICESPRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONSPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS
PUBLIC SERVICESPUBLIC TRANSPORTQUALIFICATIONS
QUALITY OF LIFERENTED ACCOMMODATIONRENTS
RESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASESRESTAURANTS
RETIREMENTSAVINGSSELF-EMPLOYED
SELF-ESTEEMSENILE DEMENTIASHARES
SHELTERED HOUSINGSHOPSSIBLINGS
SICK PAYSIGHTSMOKING
SOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL INTEGRATIONSOCIAL ISOLATION
SOCIAL LIFESOCIAL PARTICIPATIONSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS
SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONSSOCIAL SUPPORTSPORT
SPOUSESSTAKEHOLDER PENSIONSSTATE RETIREMENT PENSIONS
SUPERVISORY STATUSSURGERYSYMPTOMS
TENANTS' HOME PURCHASINGTHEATRE ATTENDANCETOBACCO
TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIPTUBERCULOSISUNEARNED INCOME
UNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONVASCULAR DISEASESVOLUNTARY WORK
VOTING BEHAVIOURWAGESWALKING
WALKING AIDSWATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)WEALTH
WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)WHEELCHAIRS

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 09 March 2005
Latest edition: Edition Number 21 ( Edition 21 )
Copyright: Copyright held jointly between NatCen Social Research, University College London and Institute for Fiscal Studies
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Additional special conditions of use also apply. See terms and conditions for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

TitleFile NameSize (KB)
IFS ELSA Derived Variables Description 5050_ifs_derived_variables_description.xlsx 234
Wave 1 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_1_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 182
Wave 2 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_2_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 158
Wave 2 Pension Grid Corresponding Variables 5050_Wave_2_Pension_Grid_Corresponding_Variables.xls 178
Wave 3 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_3_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 157
Wave 4 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_4_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 181
Wave 5 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_5_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 182
Wave 6 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_6_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 182
Guide to Application for use of ELSA Genetic Data 5050_Applying_for_ELSA_Genetics_Data.pdf 98
Waves 2-6 End of Life User Guide 5050_ELSA_EOL_User_Guide_Waves_2-3-4-6_v1.pdf 224
Waves 2-6 Nurse User Guide 5050_ELSA_Nurse_User_Guide_Waves_2_4_6_v1-0.pdf 303
Pension Wealth Methodology 5050_ELSA_PW_methodology.pdf 322
Pension Wealth User Guide 5050_ELSA_PW_user_guide.pdf 691
Waves 1-6 ELSA User Guide 5050_ELSA_User_Guide_Waves_1-6_v1.pdf 423
Wave 6 Documentation 5050_ELSA_Wave_6_Documentation.pdf 3059
Financial Derived Variables and Imputations Procedures 5050_financial_derived_variables_and_imputations_procedures.pdf 160
IFS ELSA Derived Variables User Guide 5050_ifs_derived_vars_user_guide.pdf 490
Index File User Guide Waves 0-5 5050_index_file_user_guide_wave_0-wave_5.pdf 830
RAND ELSA User Guide 5050_RAND_ELSA_B.pdf 967
Financial Derived Variables Readme File 5050_readme_financial_derived_variables.pdf 307
Financial Derived Variables User Guide 5050_user_guide_financial_derived_vars.pdf 1334
User Guide for Geographical Variables 5050_User_Guide_for_Geographical_Variables.pdf 350
Wave 0 User Guide 5050_Wave_0_User_Guide.pdf 661
Wave 1 Documentation 5050_Wave_1_Documentation.pdf 1378
Wave 1 Technical Report 5050_Wave_1_Technical_Report.pdf 526
Wave 2 Derived Variables User Guide 5050_Wave_2_Derived_Variables_User_Guide.pdf 335
Wave 2 Documentation 5050_Wave_2_Documentation.pdf 4722
Wave 2 Technical Report 5050_Wave_2_Technical_Report.pdf 658
Wave 3 Life History Documentation 5050_Wave_3_Life_History_Documentation.pdf 1121
Wave 3 Phase 2 Documentation 5050_Wave_3_Phase_2_Documentation.pdf 1944
Wave 3 Technical Report 5050_Wave_3_Technical_Report.pdf 1754
Wave 4 Phase 2 Documentation 5050_Wave_4_Phase_2_Documentation.pdf 4511
Wave 4 Technical Report 5050_Wave_4_Technical_Report.pdf 1947
Wave 5 Derived Variables User Guide 5050_Wave_5_Derived_Variables_User_Guide.pdf 1278
Wave 5 Questionnaire 5050_Wave_5_Questionnaire.pdf 1875
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_5050_Information.htm 34
READ File read5050.htm 22

Related studies:

English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA); Wave 1, 2002-2003: Teaching Dataset (SN 5172)
Understanding the Importance of Work Histories in Determining Poverty in Old Age: Variables Derived from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 2002-2007 (SN 6427)

Related case studies:

Ageing in a cultural context: Disability and control in the US and England
Free bus pass policy: Does it keep our senior citizens slim?
Upskilling PhD students and researchers in data and methods
Enjoying life and living longer
Approaching retirement: Expectations and financial decisions
The impact of social isolation and loneliness on mortality in older people

Related support guides:

Physical Functioning in Older Adults (Survey Question Bank Topic Overview 5)

Publications

By principal investigator(s):
Further publications relating to ELSA may be found on the Institute for Fiscal Studies: ELSA website.

Marmot, M., Banks, J., Blundell, R., Lessof, C. and Nazroo, J. (eds.) (2003) Health, wealth and lifestyles of the older population in England: the 2002 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. ISBN: 1-903274-34-6.

Banks, J., Emmerson, E. and Oldfield, Z. (2004) 'Not so brief lives: longevity expectations and well-being in retirement', in I. Stewart and R. Vaitilingam (eds.) Seven ages of man and woman: a look at life in Britain in the second Elizabethan era, London: ESRC.

Attanasio, O. et al. (2004) Pensions, pensioners and pension policy: financial security in UK retirement savings?, IFS briefing note 48, prepared for the ESRC seminar series 'Mapping the Policy Landscape'.

Calderwood, L., Cheshire, H., Conway, L., Lee, M., Taylor, R. and Lessof, C. (2005) Health, wealth and lifestyles of the older population in England: the 2002 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: technical report, London: National Centre for Social Research.

Banks, J., Oldfield, Z. and Smith, J. (2012) 'Childhood health and differences in late-life health outcomes between England and the United States', Investigations in the Economics of Aging, University of Chicago Press, June, pp.321-339. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/5762

Steptoe, A., Breeze, E., Banks, J. and Nazroo, J. (2012) 'Cohort profile: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', International Journal of Epidemiology, November. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/6461

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Steel, N. et al. (2004) 'Developing quality indicators for older adults: transfer from the USA to the UK is feasible', Quality and Safety in Health Care, 13(4), Aug, pp.260-264.

Bowling, A. and Windsor, J. (2008) 'The effects of question order and response-choice on self-rated health status in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62, pp.81-85. Also published online at JECH online - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, reference doi:10.1136/jech.2006.058214 (available to registered JECH subscribers only).

Judge A., Welton, N.J., Sandhu J. and Ben-Shlomo Y. (2009) 'Modelling the need for hip and knee replacement surgery, part 1: a two-stage cross-cohort approach', Arthritis Care and Research, 61(12), pp.1657-66.

Judge A., Welton, N.J., Sandhu J. and Ben-Shlomo Y. (2009) 'Modelling the need for hip and knee replacement surgery, part 2: incorporating census data to provide small-area predictions for need with uncertainty bounds', Arthritis Care and Research, 61(12), pp.1667-73.

Jenkins, A., (2011) 'Participation in learning and wellbeing among older adults', International Journal of Lifelong Education, 30(3), pp.403-20.

Jenkins, A., (2011) 'Investigating the effects of participation in learning on depressive symptoms: evidence for older adults in England', Educational Gerontology.

Vikstrom, J., Bladh, M., Hammar, M., Marcusson, J., Wressle, E. and Sydsjo, G. (2011) 'The influences of childlessness on the psychological well-being and social network of the oldest old', BMC Geriatrics, 11(78), November. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/6501

Howel, D. (2012) 'Interpreting and evaluating the CASP-19 quality of life measure in older people', Age and Ageing, doi:10.1093/ageing/afs023

Forder, J. and Fernandez, J-L. (2012) Analysing the costs and benefits of social care funding arrangements in England: technical report (2nd Edition), University of Kent and London School of Economics Discussion Paper 2644/2. Retrieved June 18th, 2012, from http://www.pssru.ac.uk/archive/pdf/dp2644v2.pdf

Gale, C.R., Allerhand, M. and Deary, I.J. (2012) 'Is there a bidirectional relationship between depressive symptoms and cognitive ability in older people? A prospective study using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Psych Med.

Behncke, S. (2012) 'Does retirement trigger ill health?', Health Economics, 21(3), pp.282-300, March. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/5766

Silcock, D., Redwood, D. and Curry, C. (2012) Retirement income and assets: the implications for retirement income of Government policies to extend working lives, Pensions Policy Institute, pp.1-90, April. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/6182

Grundy, E. and Read, S. (2012) 'Social contacts and receipt of help among older people in England: are there benefits of having more children?', The Journals of Gerontology: Physiological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(6), pp.742-54, November. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/6419

Ysseldyk, R., Haslam, S.A. and Haslam, C. (2013) 'Abide with me: religious group identification amongst older adults promotes health and well-being by maintaining multiple group memberships', Aging and Mental Health.

Daly, M. (2013) 'The relationship of C-reactive protein to obesity-related depressive symptoms: a longitudinal study', Obesity, 21, pp.248-250.

Blundell, R., Crawford, C. and Jin, W.(M.) (2013) What can wages and employment tell us about the UK's productivity puzzle?, IFS Working Papers, W13/11, June. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1311. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp201311.pdf

Crawford, R., Keynes, S. and Tetlow, G. (2013) A single-tier pension: what does it really mean?, IFS Report R82, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0082. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/comms/r82.pdf

Beach, B. (2013) Grandparental Generosity: Financial transfers from grandparents to grandchildren, London: International Longevity Centre-UK.

Cruwys, T., Dingle, G.A., Haslam, C., Haslam, S.A., Jetten, J. and Morton, T.A. (2013) 'Social group memberships protect against future depression, alleviate depression symptoms and prevent depression relapse', Social Science and Medicine, 98, pp.179-186, available online 25 September 2013.

Gale C.R., Baylis D., Cooper C. and Aihie Sayer, A. (2013) 'Inflammatory markers and incident frailty in men and women: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Age (Dordr.), 35(6), pp.2493-501. doi: 10.1007/s11357-013-9528-9

Gale C.R., Cooper C., Deary I.J, and Aihie Sayer, A. (2013) 'Psychological wellbeing and incident frailty in men and women: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Psychological Medicine. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291713001384

Banks, J., Crawford, R., Crossley, T.F. and Emmerson, C. (2013) 'Financial crisis wealth losses and responses among older households in England', Fiscal Studies, 34(2), pp.231-254. doi:10.1111/j.1475-5890.2013.12004.x

Boyce, C., Wood, A., Banks, J., Clark, A. and Brown, G. (2013) 'Money, well-being and loss aversion: does an income loss have a greater effect on well-being than an equivalent income gain?', Psychological Science, 24(12).

Gale, C.R., Cooper, C., Deary, I.J. and Aihie Sayer, A. (2014) 'Psychological wellbeing and incident frailty in men and women: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Psychological Medicine, 34, pp.697-706.

Gale, C.R., Allerhand, M., Sayer, A.A., Cooper, C. and Deary, I.J (2014) 'The dynamic relationship between cognitive function and walking speed: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Age, 36(4), pp.9682. doi: 10.1007/s11357-014-9682-8.

Allerhand, M., Gale, C.R. and Deary, I.J. (2014) 'The dynamic relationship between cognitive function and positive wellbeing in older people: a prospective study using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Psychology of Aging, 29(2), pp.306-18. doi: 10.1037/a0036551.
The Institute of Alcohol Studies (IAS) has produced a 'Data Dictionary' covering summary information on UK-based survey series (including ELSA) that include any data on alcohol use. Further information and links to the dictionary documents may be found on the IAS Data Dictionary - Table of Contents web page.

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