Charities, voluntary organisations and voluntary work - Social welfare policy and systems
Community and urban studies - Society and culture
Crime and law enforcement - Law, crime and legal systems
Race relations - Society and culture
|The Citizenship Survey (known in the field as the Communities Study) ran from 2001 to 2010-2011. It began as the 'Home Office Citizenship Survey' (HOCS) before the responsibility moved to the new Communities and Local Government department (DCLG) in May 2006. The survey provided an evidence base for the work of DCLG, principally on the issues of community cohesion, civic engagement, race and faith, and volunteering. The survey was used extensively for developing policy and for performance measurement. It was also used more widely, by other government departments and external stakeholders to help inform their work around the issues covered in the survey. The survey was conducted on a biennial basis from 2001-2007. It moved to a continuous design in 2007 which means that data became available on a quarterly basis from April of that year. Quarter one data were collected between April and June; quarter two between July and September; quarter three between October and December and quarter four between January and March. Once collection for the four quarters was completed, a full aggregated dataset was made available, and the larger sample size allowed more detailed analysis.
In January 2011, the DCLG announced that the Citizenship Survey was to close. As part of the drive to deliver cost savings across government and to reduce the fiscal deficit, research budgets were closely scrutinised to identify where savings can be made. For this reason, and the belief that priority data from this survey could either be dropped; collected less frequently; or collected via other means, the survey was cancelled. Fieldwork concluded on 31 March 2011, followed by publication of reports in the months after analysis of that data. Further information about the survey, including links to publications, can be found on the National Archives webarchive page for the Citizenship Survey. The Consultation outcome: the future of the citizenship survey statement can be viewed on the gov.uk website. The Community Life Survey, (held under GN 33475), which began in 2012-2013 and is conducted by the Cabinet Office, incorporates a small number of priority measures from the Citizenship Survey, in order that trends in these issues
can continue to be tracked over time. For these measures the Community Life Survey findings are comparable to the Citizenship Survey findings.
UK Data Archive holdings: End User Licence and Secure Access
The Archive holds standard End User Licence (EUL) versions of the complete Citizenship Survey series from 2001-2011, held under SNs 4754, 5087, 5367, 5739, 6388, 6733 and 7111, and Secure Access versions of the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 waves (both held under SN 7403). The Secure Access datasets include extra variables that are not available in the standard EUL versions. They cover: more detailed and extensive household and demographic information; more detailed geographies, including Police Force Area, Local Authority Districts, Wards, Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOA) and Lower Layer Super Output Areas (LSOA); more detailed responses to questions covering violent extremism, immigration, and religion; and more detailed administrative variables. Prospective users of the Secure Access version of the Citizenship Survey will need to agree to rigorous Terms and Conditions, including applying for ESRC Accredited Researcher Status and attending a training session, in order to obtain permission to use that version Therefore, users are encouraged to download and inspect the EUL versions of the data prior to ordering the Secure Access versions.
|The 2001 Citizenship Survey delivers information to underpin policies on:
racial prejudice and discrimination;
people and their neighbourhoods;
active community participation; and
family networks and parenting.
The 2001 survey included a total sample of over 15,000 people aged 16 and over in England and Wales. This comprised a 10,000+ core sample and minority ethnic boost of 5,000+ people aged 16 and over. The minority ethnic boost was achieved through a combination of focussed enumeration and over sampling in high minority ethnic density areas.
The 2001 Citizenship Survey questionnaire comprised four modules, each focusing on particular Home Office policy responsibilities:
family policy, including: household compositions, interaction with non-resident children, family networks and sources of parenting advice and information.
active communities and social capital, including: neighbourliness, civic participation, informal and formal volunteering, employee volunteering, receipt of voluntary help.
race equality and prejudice, including: perceptions of race equality and prejudice, identity, religion, language.
rights and responsibilities, including: self-defined rights and responsibilities, balancing rights and responsibilities.
The demographics module includes standard demographics, and also media exposure and access to transport.
The questionnaire used established questions where practical and adapted standard questions where policy requirements mean it was not possible to use standard questions, for example:
demographics: most are taken from the ONS harmonised booklets.
family relationships: adapted from the GHS family relationship grid,
hierarchy of community participation: adapted from the method used in the National Survey of Voluntary Activity, 1997 (see Davis Smith, 1998) - this study is held at the UK Data Archive under SN:3931.
Dates of fieldwork:
20 March 2001 - 07 October 2001
England and Wales
No spatial unit
Nationally representative sample of adults aged 16+, and a boost sample of minority ethnic adults aged 16+, in England and Wales, during 2001
Repeated cross-sectional study
Conducted every two years from 2001-2007. From 2007 until it closed in 2011, the survey was conducted on a continuous basis.
Multi-stage stratified random sample
See documentation for further details.
Number of units:
Main sample: target 10,000, achieved 10,015. Minority ethnic boost sample: target 5,000, achieved 5,509
Method of data collection:
Weighting used. See documentation for details.
By principal investigator(s):
Links to publications can be found on the National Archives webarchive page for the Citizenship Survey. The Consultation outcome: the future of the citizenship survey statement can be viewed on the gov.uk website.
Prime, D., Zimmeck, M. and Zurawan, A. (2002) Active communities: initial findings from the 2001 Home Office Citizenship Survey, London: Home Office.
Farmer, C. (2005) 2003 Home Office Citizenship Survey: top-level findings from the children's and young people's survey, London: Home Office/DfES.
Department for Education (2011) Citizenship Survey young person module: technical report for pilot study, Research Report DFE-RR094A.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Platt, L. (2006) Assessing the impact of illness, caring and ethnicity on social activity, CASEPaper 108, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Maxwell, R. (2006) 'Muslims, South Asians, and the British mainstream: a national identity crisis?', West European Politics, 29(4), pp.736-56.
Kaufmann, E. (March 2007) A dying creed?: the demographic contradictions of liberal capitalism, ESRC UPTAP programme briefing paper. Also available at ESRC UPTAP programme .
A subset of Citizenship Survey, 2001 data has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6. The book's companion web site includes downloadable datasets and further information: retrieved 26 January, 2009, from http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448406/links.asp.
Experian/Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion (2010) Unlocking the potential of the BME population: final report, Northwest Regional Development Agency.
Vizard, P. (2010) Developing and agreeing a capability list in the British context: what can be learnt from social survey data on ‘rights’?, CASEpaper 142, Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE (http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/case/).
Scourfield, J., Taylor, C., Moore, G. and Gilliat-Ray, S. (2012) 'The intergenerational transmission of Islam: evidence from the Citizenship Survey', Sociology, 46(1), pp.91-108.
Barrett, A. (2013) The economic contribution of older Londoners, GLA Economics Report, London: Greater London Authority, July. ISBN 978-1-84781-561-3. Retrieved October 30, 2013 from http://www.london.gov.uk/priorities/business-economy/publications/gla-economics/the-economic-contribution-of-older-londoners
Coleman, N; Sykes, W. and Groom, C. (2013) Barriers to employment and unfair treatment at work: a quantitative analysis of disabled people's experiences, Research Report no.88, Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission. Retrieved February 26, 2014 from http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/uploaded_files/barriers_and_unfair_treatment_final.pdf