Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Millennium Cohort Study: Third Survey, 2006

Title details

SN: 5795
Title: Millennium Cohort Study: Third Survey, 2006
Alternative title: MCS3
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-5795-3
Series: Millennium Cohort Study [Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-]
Depositor: University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Principal investigator(s): University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Data collector(s): National Centre for Social Research
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Office for National Statistics
Department for Education and Skills
Department for Work and Pensions
Department of Health
Welsh Assembly Government
Scottish Government
Northern Ireland Executive
Other acknowledgements: The Information Centre, Newcastle, Analytic and Services Branch, Department for Work and Pensions (formerly Department of Social Security) who: identified the main Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) sample from Child Benefit records, and ran an opt-out exercise for MCS1; provided a similar service to enable the inclusion in MCS2 of 'new families' (eligible for inclusion in MCS1 but not identfied in the records until after the completion of the first survey); and assisted with tracing families who had moved, for both MCS1 and MCS2.

Members of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) funding consortium provided advice as well as funding.

Individual academic advisers:
Specialist advisers: Julia Brannen, Tim Cole, Leon Feinstein, Charlie Owen.
Members of the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) internal team: Neville Butler, John Bynner, Elsa Ferri, Ian Plewis, Peter Shepherd and Kate Smith.

Collaborators on the MCS included: Mel Bartley, Helen Bedford, Dermot Bowler, Leslie Davidson, Carol Dezateux, Harvey Goldstein, Kath Kiernan, Yvonne Kelly, Michael Marmot, Barbara Maughan, Alison McFarlane, Catherine Peckham, Chris Power, Ingrid Schoon and Marjorie Smith.

Members of the Millennium Cohort Study Advisory Group, for advice on the form and content of MCS1, MCS2, MCS3, MCS4 and MCS5.

Subject Categories

Child development and child rearing - Social stratification and groupings
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings

Abstract

Background:
The original objectives of the first MCS survey, as laid down in the proposal to the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) in March 2000, were:
  • to chart the initial conditions of social, economic and health advantages and disadvantages facing children born at the start of the 21st century, capturing information that the research community of the future will require
  • to provide a basis for comparing patterns of development with the preceding cohorts (the National Child Development Study, held at the UK Data Archive under GN 33004, and the 1970 Birth Cohort Study, held under GN 33229)
  • to collect information on previously neglected topics, such as fathers' involvement in children's care and development
  • to focus on parents as the most immediate elements of the children's 'background', charting their experience as mothers and fathers of newborn babies in the year 2000, recording how they (and any other children in the family) adapted to the newcomer, and what their aspirations for her/his future may be
  • to emphasise intergenerational links including those back to the parents' own childhood
  • to investigate the wider social ecology of the family, including social networks, civic engagement and community facilities and services, splicing in geo-coded data when available
Additional objectives subsequently included for MCS were:
  • to provide control cases for the national evaluation of Sure Start (a government programme intended to alleviate child poverty and social exclusion)
  • to provide samples of adequate size to analyse and compare the smaller countries of the United Kingdom
The first sweep (MCS1) interviewed both mothers and (where resident) fathers (or father-figures) of infants included in the sample when the babies were nine months old, and the second sweep (MCS2) was carried out with the same respondents when the children were three years of age. The third sweep (MCS3) was conducted in 2006, when the children were aged five years old, the fourth sweep (MCS4) in 2008, when they were seven years old, and the fifth sweep (MCS5) in 2012-2013, when they were eleven years old.

Sub-sample studies:
Some studies based on sub-samples of MCS have also been conducted, including a study of MCS respondent mothers who had received assisted fertility treatment, conducted in 2003 (see SN 5559). Also, birth registration and maternity hospital episodes for the MCS respondents are held as a separate dataset (see SN 5614).

Weighting:
Users should note that the weighting section in the 'Guide to the Datasets' document recommends analysis in Stata, as SPSS is not currently able to weight the data using the survey design factors. The depositor is working on a solution for SPSS, but this is not yet available. A Stata version of the dataset is available for download by registered users, alongside the SPSS and tab-delimited versions.

MCS web pages:
Further information about the MCS can be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.

While many of the areas covered in MCS3 built on the information already collected in MCS1 (age 9 months) and MCS2 (age 3 years), a number of new items were also included, such as the measurement of waist circumference. Information was gathered from the cohort members' parents or guardians for the main Parent Interview. In addition there were four cognitive assessments and three physical measurements of the cohort child, and a paper self-completion questionnaire for up to two older siblings aged 10-15 years.

Latest edition:
For the sixth edition (December 2012), an updated version of the derived variables dataset was added to the study. Syntax was also run on the parent interview dataset to remove some variables that had been updated and moved to the derived variables dataset - see 'READ' file for details. A new Derived Variables User Guide and an updated Guide to the Datasets have been added to the documentation.

In August 2011, the Teacher Survey and Foundation Stage Profile data and documentation were removed from this study. They are now available in a separate study: SN 6847 - Millennium Cohort Study: Third Survey Teacher Survey and Foundation Stage Profile, 2006.

Main Topics:
The files currently included in the MCS3 study comprise data from the main Parent Interview, the Household Grid, Child Measurement and Assessment and the Older Siblings questionnaire.

The Parent Interview file comprises data from the Main Respondent, Partner Respondent and Proxy Respondent questionnaires, which covered household information; family context; early education, schooling and childcare; child and family activities and child's behaviour; parenting activities; child's health; parent's health; employment, income and education; housing and local area; and other matters. Information on the cohort child's older siblings was also gathered from the parent/partner by self-completion questionnaire, but these data are contained in the 'Older Siblings file'.

The Household Grid file comprises demographic data on households and additional derived variables.

The Child Assessments and Measurements file includes cognitive and physical measurements, including the 'Story of Sally and Anne' cognitive protocol; the British Ability Scales covering Picture Similarities, Naming Vocabulary and Pattern Construction; height; weight; and waist circumference.

The Older Siblings file comprises data from the older siblings self-completion section of the main questionnaire, and from the self-completion questionnaire given to older siblings aged 10-15, which covered leisure time activities; extra activities at school; classes outside school; home life; health; school; behaviour; and perceptions of the local area.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: The MCS3 main stage fieldwork commenced in England and Wales in January 2006, and in Scotland and Northern Ireland in April 2006.
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Countries
Government Office Regions
Universe: National
The sample population for MCS was drawn from all live births in the United Kingdom over 12 months (from 1 September 2000 in England and Wales and for 59 weeks from 22 November 2000 in Scotland and Northern Ireland).
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Five waves have been conducted to date: MCS1 (age 9 months), MCS2 (age 3 years), MCS3 (age 5 years), MCS4 (age 7 years) and MCS5 (age 11 years).
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion; Psychological measurements; Observation; Physical measurements
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Keywords

AGEBANK ACCOUNTSVOTING
ACCIDENTSALLERGIESANTENATAL CARE
ASTHMANATIONAL ELECTIONSNORTHERN IRELAND POLITICAL PARTIES
ALCOHOL CONSUMPTIONBIRTH RECORDSBREAST-FEEDING
BRONCHITISCANCERCHILD DAY CARE
CHILD NUTRITIONCHILDRENCOHABITATION
COMPUTERSCONSUMER GOODSDELIVERY (PREGNANCY)
DERMATITISDIABETESDIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS
DOMESTIC VIOLENCEEDUCATIONEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
EMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEESENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
FAMILY DISORGANIZATIONFAMILY PLANNINGFATHERS
FERTILITY TREATMENTFINANCIAL RESOURCESFINANCIAL SUPPORT
FOSTER PARENTSFRIENDSHAPPINESS
HEARING TESTSHEATING SYSTEMSHOME OWNERSHIP
HOMELESSNESSHOUSEHOLDSHOUSING
HOUSING CONDITIONSILL HEALTHINCOME
INTERNETLANGUAGES USED AT HOMEMARITAL HISTORY
MARITAL STATUSMARRIAGEMATERNITY PAY
MEDICAL CAREMIGRAINESRACIAL CONFLICT
ROOMSSAVINGSSELF-ESTEEM
SPOUSE'S EMPLOYMENTCHILD CARECHILD PSYCHOLOGY
CHOICEDIVORCEDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES
ECONOMIC ACTIVITYEMPLOYMENT HISTORYEPILEPSY
FAMILIESGENDERHEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
IMMUNIZATIONINFANTSINJURIES
LITERACYMATERNITY LEAVENUMERACY
ONE-PARENT FAMILIESOPEN SPACES AND RECREATIONAL AREASPARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP
PRIVATE GARDENSSMOKINGSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS
SUPERVISORY STATUSWORKING MOTHERSCRIMINAL DAMAGE
ETHNIC GROUPSFOSTER CHILDRENINTERPERSONAL CONFLICT
INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSMIDWIVESMIXED MARRIAGES
NEIGHBOURSPARENT PARTICIPATIONPARENTAL ROLE
PATERNITY LEAVEPOLITICAL INTERESTPUBLIC TRANSPORT
SELF-EMPLOYEDSOCIAL PROGRAMMESSOCIAL SUPPORT
SPOUSESSPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITYBRITISH POLITICAL PARTIES
ATTITUDESBOTTLE-FEEDINGCENTRAL GOVERNMENT
CHILD BEHAVIOURCHILD SUPPORT PAYMENTSCOMMUNITIES
COSTSDEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDEPRESSION
DOMESTIC APPLIANCESDOMESTIC SERVICESFATIGUE (PHYSIOLOGY)
GRANDPARENTSHEALTHHEARING IMPAIRMENTS
HOSPITALIZATIONMOTOR VEHICLESPOLITICAL ALLEGIANCE
PREGNANCYREADING (ACTIVITY)RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCE
SOCIAL ATTITUDESTAX RELIEFTELEPHONES
WAGESUNITED KINGDOMBACK PAIN
MOTHERSNEONATAL DEATHSNEWSPAPER READERSHIP
NOISE POLLUTIONOVERTIMEPARENTS
PERSONAL CONTACTPREGNANCY COMPLICATIONSQUALIFICATIONS
REFUSERELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONRELIGIOUS CONFLICT
RENTED ACCOMMODATIONRESIDENTIAL CHILD CARERESIDENTIAL MOBILITY
SAFETY EQUIPMENTSHOPSTEMPORARY HOUSING
TIMETOLERANCEVOTING BEHAVIOUR
WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)WIDOWEDHOURS OF WORK
POLITICAL PARTIESEDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENTABILITY EVALUATION
EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENTSEDUCATIONAL TESTSEMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
SPEECHREADING SKILLSWRITING SKILLS
COMMUNICATION SKILLSINDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENTDEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
LEARNINGSCHOOLTEACHERSPRIMARY EDUCATION

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 18 March 2008
Latest edition: 10 December 2012 (6th Edition)
Copyright: Copyright University of London. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Additional special conditions of use also apply. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

TitleFile NameSize (KB)
CLS Confidentiality and Data Security Review cls_confidentiality_and_data_security_review.pdf 40
MCS3 CAPI Questionnaire Documentation mcs3_capi_questionnaire_documentation.pdf 629
MCS3 Codebook mcs3_codebook.pdf 737
MCS3 Cognitive and Physical Assessment CAPI Documentation mcs3_cognitive_and_physical_assessment_capi_documentation.pdf 248
MCS3 Derived Variables Guide mcs3_derived_variables.pdf 464
MCS3 Older Sibling Questionnaire mcs3_older_sibling_pare_questionnaire.pdf 486
MCS3 'Sally Anne' Protocol mcs3_sally_anne_protocol.pdf 58
MCS3 Showcards mcs3_showcards.pdf 261
MCS Guide to the Datasets (seventh edition) mcs_guide_to_the_datasets_102012.pdf 1135
SOC2000 Codes (for reference only) soc2000.pdf 84
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_5795_Information.htm 30
READ File read5795.htm 12

Related studies:

Millennium Cohort Study: First Survey, 2001-2003 (SN 4683)
Millennium Cohort Study: Second Survey, 2003-2005 (SN 5350)
Millennium Cohort Study: Survey of Mothers who Received Assisted Fertility Treatment, 2003 (SN 5559)
Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-2003: Birth Registration and Maternity Hospital Episode Data (SN 5614)
Millennium Cohort Study: Fourth Survey, 2008 (SN 6411)
Millennium Cohort Study: Third Survey, Teacher Survey and Foundation Stage Profile, 2006 (SN 6847)
Millennium Cohort Study: Fourth Survey, Teacher Survey, 2008 (SN 6848)
Millennium Cohort Study: Second Survey, 2003-2005: Oral Fluid Collection Bioassay Data (SN 6993)
Millennium Cohort Study: Fourth Survey, Physical Activity Data, 2008 (SN 7238)
Millennium Cohort Study: First Survey, Health Visitor Survey, 2002-2003 (SN 7261)
Millennium Cohort Study: Fifth Survey, 2012 (SN 7464)
Ethnicity Coding for the Millennium Cohort Study, First Survey, 2001-2003 (SN 6073)

Related case studies:

The effect of infertility and its treatment on child health and development
Does premature birth affect a child's long-term health or development?
What predicts our level of well-being?

Publications

By principal investigator(s):
Publications based on the MCS can be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Waldfogel, J. (2004) Social mobility, life chances and the early years, CASEpaper 88, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

McKay, S. (2004) 'Charting change in the devolved administrations: assessing the evidence base', Benefits, 12, pp.183-191.

Rowlingson, K. and McKay, S. (2005) 'Lone motherhood and socio-economic disadvantage: insights from quantitative and qualitative evidence', Sociological Review, 53(1), pp. 30-49.

Kiernan, K. (2005) Non-residential fatherhood and child involvement: evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study, CASEpaper 100, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Kiernan, K. and Pickett, K. (2006) 'Marital status disparities in maternal smoking during pregnancy, breastfeeding and maternal depression', Social Science and Medicine, 63, pp.335-346.

Kiernan, K.E. and Huerta, M.C. (2008) 'Economic deprivation, maternal depression, parenting and children's cognitive and emotional development in early childhood' British Journal of Sociology, December, 59(4), pp.781-806.

Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2009) 'Poverty, maternal depression, family status and children's cognitive and behavioural development in early childhood: a longitudinal study', Journal of Social Policy, 38(4) pp.569-588.

Pollet, T.V., Nelissen, M. and Nettle, D. (2009) 'Lineage based differences in grandparental investment: evidence from a large British cohort study', Journal of Biosocial Science, 41, pp.353-379.

Mensah, F.K and Kiernan, K.E. (2010) 'Gender differences in educational attainment: influences of the family environment', British Journal of Educational Research, 36(2), pp.239-260.

Emerson, E., Graham, H., McCulloch, A., Blacher, J., Hatton, C., and Llewellyn, G. (2009) 'The social context of parenting three year old children with developmental delay in the UK', Child: Health, Care, Development, 35(1), pp.63-70.

Emerson, E., and Einfeld, S. (2010) 'Emotional and behavioural difficulties in young children with and without developmental delay: a bi-national perspective' Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 51, pp.583-93.

Emerson, E., McCulloch, A., Graham, H., Blacher, J., Llewellyn, G., and Hatton, C. (2010) 'Socio-economic circumstances and risk of common psychiatric disorders among parents of young children with and without early cognitive delay in the UK', American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 115, pp.30-42.

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Graham, H., Blacher, J., and Llewellyn, G. (2010) 'Changes in family composition and marital status in families with a young child with cognitive delay', Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23, pp.14-26.

Jones, M., Blackaby, D. and Murphy, P. (2010) An investigation into regional differences in child health and cognitive function, report for the Welsh Assembly Government Economic Research Unit, Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government.

Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2010) 'Unmarried parenthood, family trajectories, parent and child well-being', in K. Hansen, H. Joshi and S. Dex (eds.) Children of the 21st century: from birth to age 5, London: Policy Press, Chapter 5, pp.75-92.

Mensah, F.K. and Kiernan, K.E. (2010) 'Parents' mental health and children's cognitive and social development', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 45(11), pp.1023-1035.

Nikiema, B., Spencer, N. and Seguin L. (2010) 'Poverty and chronic illness in early childhood: a comparison between the United Kingdom and Quebec', Pediatrics, originally published online Feb 1, 2010 (2010;125;e499-e507;). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-0701.

Totsika, V., Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E, Berridge, D.M., and Lancaster, G.A. (2011) 'Behavior problems at five years of age and maternal mental health in autism and intellectual disability', Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, pp.1137-47.

Totsika, V., Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G.A. and Berridge, D M. (2011) 'A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability', Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 52, pp.91-99.

Tunstall, R., Lupton, R., Kneale, D. and Jenkins, A. (2011) Growing up in social housing in the New Millennium: housing, neighbourhoods and early outcomes for children born in 2000, CASEpaper 143, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Mensah, F.K. and Kiernan, K.E. (2011) 'Maternal general health and children's cognitive development and behaviour in the early years: findings from the Millennium Cohort Study', Child Care, Health and Development, 37, pp.44-54.

Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2011) 'Poverty, family resources and children's educational attainment: the mediating role of parenting', British Journal of Educational Research, 37(2), pp.317-336.

Pollet, T.V., Nelissen, M. and Nettle D. (2012) 'A 'gendered need' explanation does not
fully explain lineage based differences in grandparental investment found in a
large british cohort study', Journal of Biosocial Science, 44, pp.377-381.

Holford, A. (July 2012) Take-up of free school meals: price effects and peer effects, ISER Working Paper Series, No.2012-12.

Lakshman R., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Koch, F.S., Marcus, C., Ludvigsson, J., Ong, K.K. and Sobko, T. (2012) 'Higher maternal education is associated with favourable growth of young children in different countries', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, published online first: doi:10.1136/jech-2012-202021

Jackson, M., Mclanahan, S. and Kiernan, K. (2012) 'Nativity differences in mothers' health behaviors: a cross-national and longitudinal lens', The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 642(1), pp.192-218.

Jackson, M., Kiernan, K. and Mclanahan, S. (2012) 'Immigrant-native differences in child health: does maternal education narrow or widen the gap?', Journal of Child Development, 83(5), pp.1501-1509.

Prady, S.L., Kiernan, K., Bloor, K. and Pickett, K.E. (2012) 'Do risk factors for post-partum smoking vary according to marital status?', Maternal and Child Health, 16(7), pp.1364-1373.

Taulbut, M. and Walsh, D. (2013) Poverty, parenting and poor health: comparing early years' experiences in Scotland, England and three city regions, Glasgow Centre for Population Health, February.

Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) When you are born matters: evidence for England, IFS Reports, R80, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0080. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/comms/r80.pdf

Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) Identifying the drivers of month of birth differences in educational attainment, IFS Working Papers, W13/09, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1309. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp201309.pdf

Greaves, E. (2013) 'Parents' preferences for school attributes: a discrete choice model incorporating unobserved heterogeneity', paper presented at CMPO conference, London, Thursday 23 May 2013.

Greaves, E. (2013) 'Parents' preferences for school attributes: a discrete choice model incorporating unobserved heterogeneity', paper presented at ESPE conference, Aarhus, Denmark, Thursday 13 June 2013.

Greaves, E. (2013) 'Marriage, cohabitation and child outcomes', paper presented at Understanding Society conference, University of Essex, Thursday 25 July 2013.

Prady, S.L. and Kiernan, K.E. (2013) 'The effect of post-natal mental distress amongst Indian and Pakistani mothers living in England on children's behavioural outcomes', Child Care, Health and Development, 39(5), pp.710-721.

Holmes, J. and Kiernan, K. (2013) 'Persistent poverty and children's development in the early years of childhood', Policy and Politics, 41(1), pp.19-42. doi:10.1332/030557312x645810

Sellers, R., Maughan, B., Pickles, A., Thapar, A. and Collishaw, S. (2014) 'Trends in parent- and teacher-rated emotional, conduct and ADHD problems and their impact in prepubertal children in Great Britain: 1999–2008', Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12273.

Chiorri, C., Day, T. and Malmberg, L-E. (2014) 'An approximate measurement invariance approach to within-couple relationship quality', Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement, (special issue edited by R. Van De Schoot, P. Schmidt and A. De Beuckelaer), 19 September. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00983
Retrieved October 21, 2014 from http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00983/abstract

Variables

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