Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Health Survey for England, 2007

Title details

SN: 6112
Title: Health Survey for England, 2007
Alternative title: HSE
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6112-1
Series: Health Survey for England [Health Survey for England, 1991-]
Depositor: National Centre for Social Research
Principal investigator(s): National Centre for Social Research
University College London. Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
Sponsor(s): Information Centre for Health and Social Care

Subject Categories

General - Health
Health services and medical care - Health
Nutrition - Health
Physical fitness and exercise - Health

Abstract

The Health Survey for England (HSE) series is designed to monitor trends in the nation's health. The study provides regular information that cannot be obtained from other sources on a range of aspects concerning the public's health and many of the factors that affect health. The aims of the series are:
  • to provide annual data about the nation's health
  • to estimate the proportion of people in England with specified health conditions
  • to estimate the prevalence of certain risk factors associated with these conditions
  • to examine differences between population subgroups in their likelihood of having specific conditions or risk factors
  • to assess the frequency with which particular combinations of risk factors are found, and which groups these combinations most commonly occur
  • to monitor progress towards selected health targets
  • since 1995, to measure the height of children at different ages, replacing the National Study of Health and Growth, and to monitor the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children
The HSE provides data at both national and regional level and was designed to be representative of the population living in private households in England. The survey focuses on different health issues each year, although a number of core questions are included every year. Topics are revisited at appropriate intervals in order to monitor change:
  • in 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2006 and 2011, the survey focused on cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors
  • in 1995 and 1996, the major focus of the survey was atopic disease (including asthma and eczema), accidents and disability
  • in 1997 the survey report focused on the health of young people aged 2-24 years, and combined data (in report format only) from the 1995-1997 surveys
  • in 1999 and again in 2004, the focus was on the health of minority ethnic groups. The boost sample was designed solely to yield additional interviews with members of the most populous minority ethnic groups: Black Caribbean, Black African (covered in 2004 only), Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Chinese and Irish
  • in 2000 and 2005, the survey focused on the health of older people; the HSE 2000 included a sample of care home residents, whereas HSE 2005 included a boost sample of people aged 65 and over resident in private households
  • the 2001 survey included for the first time questions on fruit and vegetable consumption
  • the 2002 survey focused on children, young people and maternal health, and included a boost sample of young people aged 0 to 24 years and mothers of infants aged under one year
  • the 2007 survey focused on knowledge and attitudes towards key aspects of lifestyle, and monitoring any impact from the 2007 smokefree legislation
  • the 2008 and 2012 surveys focused on physical activity and fitness
  • the 2009 survey focused on long-term health conditions and self-assessed general health. In addition it looked at the effectiveness and use of personal care plans
  • the 2010 survey focused on respiratory disease and lung function, with additional questions on contraception and sexual health, well-being, kidney disease and dental health
Further information about the series may be found on the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) HSE webpages, the NatCen Social Research HSE webpages and the University College London Health and Social Surveys Research Group HSE webpages.
The HSE 2007 was designed to provide data at both national and regional level about the population living in private households in England. The sample comprised two components; the core (general population) sample and a boost sample of children aged 2-15. The core sample was designed to be representative of the population living in private households in England and should be used for analyses at the national level.

For the HSE core sample, all adults aged 16 years or older at each household were selected for the interview (up to a maximum of ten adults). However, a limit of two was placed on the number of interviews carried out with children aged 0-15. For households with three or more children, interviewers selected two children at random. At boost addresses interviewers screened for households containing at least one child aged 2-15 years. For households which included eligible children, up to two were selected by the interviewer for inclusion in the survey. Interviewing was conducted throughout the year to take account of seasonal differences.

For the second edition (April 2010), three new children's Body Mass Index (BMI) variables have been added to the individual data file (bmicat1, bmicat2, bmicat3). The original variables (bmicut1, bmicut2, bmicut3) are unreliable and should not be used. Further information is available in the documentation and on the Information Centre for Health and Social Care Health Survey for England web page.
Main Topics:
For adult respondents, the HSE 2007 focused on knowledge, attitudes and behaviour on key aspects of lifestyle - smoking, drinking, eating and physical activity. Both adults and children were asked about their views on what constitutes healthy behaviour, their knowledge of government recommendations and the factors that may encourage or discourage healthy behaviour.

A secondary focus was the impact of the smokefree legislation. The 2007 survey allowed an initial examination of the effect of the legislation by looking at adults' and children's smoking behaviour and their exposure to other people's smoke, pre and post 1 July 2007 (the date the legislation came into effect). As well as questions being asked, saliva samples were taken and tested for cotinine, an indicator of recent nicotine exposure.

Questionnaire interviews were followed by a nurse visit, both using computer assisted interviewing (CAPI) and self completion booklets. Parents of children aged 0-12 years were asked about their children, with the child interview including questions on physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption. Children aged 13-15 were interviewed themselves.

Standard Measures:
  • Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)

  • Coverage, universe, methodology

    Time period: 2007-01-01T00:00:00Z - 2007-12-01T00:00:00Z
    Dates of fieldwork: January 2007 - April 2008
    Country: England
    Spatial units: Government Office Regions
    Health Authorities (England)
    Universe: National
    Adults (aged 16 and over) and children (aged 0-15 years) in the general population, living in private households in England during 2007. A boost sample of children aged 2-15 was also included.
    Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
    The survey is conducted annually.
    Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
    Number of units: 14,386 cases (individual file), 24,910 cases (household file).
    Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion; Clinical measurements; Physical measurements
    CAPI
    Weighting: Several types of weighting variable have been used. See User Guide for details.

    Keywords

    ACCIDENTSACUPUNCTUREAGE
    ALCOHOL CONSUMPTIONALCOHOLIC DRINKSANTHROPOMETRIC DATA
    ANXIETYATTITUDESBACTERIAL AND VIRUS DISEASES
    BEDROOMSCARDIOVASCULAR DISEASESCHILD BEHAVIOUR
    CHILD CARECHILD NUTRITIONCHILD PSYCHOLOGY
    CHILDRENCHRONIC ILLNESSCLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS
    CLUBSCOHABITATIONCONCENTRATION
    CONFECTIONERYCONFUSIONCOOKING
    CULTURAL IDENTITYCYCLINGDAIRY PRODUCTS
    DAY CENTRESDEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDENTAL CARE
    DIABETESDIET AND NUTRITIONDIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS
    ECONOMIC ACTIVITYEDIBLE FATSEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
    EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENTEMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEES
    EMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENTENDOCRINE DISORDERS
    ENGLANDETHNIC GROUPSEXERCISE
    FAMILIESFAMILY BENEFITSFATHERS
    FOODFRIENDSFRUIT
    FURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONGARDENINGGENDER
    HAPPINESSHEADS OF HOUSEHOLDHEALTH ACT 2006
    HEALTH ADVICEHEALTH CONSULTATIONSHEALTH PROFESSIONALS
    HEALTH SERVICESHEALTHHEARING IMPAIRMENTS
    HEART DISEASESHEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)HOSPITAL OUTPATIENT SERVICES
    HOSPITALIZATIONHOURS OF WORKHOUSEHOLD INCOME
    HOUSEHOLDSHOUSEWORKHOUSING BENEFITS
    HOUSING TENUREHUMAN SETTLEMENTILL HEALTH
    INCOMEINCOME-RELATED BENEFITSINDUSTRIES
    INFANTSINJURIESINVESTMENT RETURN
    JOB HUNTINGLANDLORDSLEGUMES
    LOCAL COMMUNITY FACILITIESMARITAL STATUSMEAT
    MEDICAL CAREMEDICAL DIETSMEDICAL PRESCRIPTIONS
    MEDICINAL DRUGSMEDITATIONMEMBERSHIP
    MEMORY DISORDERSMENTAL DISORDERSMENTAL HEALTH
    MILKMOTHERSMOTOR PROCESSES
    MOTOR VEHICLESMUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEMNATIONAL BACKGROUND
    NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASESNURSESOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS
    OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONSORGANIZATIONSORTHOPAEDICS
    OSTEOPATHYPAINPASSIVE SMOKING
    PERSONAL SOCIAL SERVICESPHYSICAL ACTIVITIESPHYSICAL MOBILITY
    PHYSICIANSPREGNANCYPREMATURE BIRTHS
    PRESERVED FOODSPRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONSQUALIFICATIONS
    RENTED ACCOMMODATIONRESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES
    RESTSALTSAVOURY SNACKS
    SELF-EMPLOYEDSELF-ESTEEMSKIN DISEASES
    SMOKING CESSATIONSMOKING RESTRICTIONSSMOKING
    SOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL NETWORKSSOCIAL PARTICIPATION
    SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SUPPORTSOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
    SPORTSTATE RETIREMENT PENSIONSSTRESS (PSYCHOLOGICAL)
    SUPERVISORY STATUSSURGERYTAX RELIEF
    TIED HOUSINGTOBACCOUNDERAGE DRINKING
    UNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONVASCULAR DISEASESVEGETABLES
    VISION IMPAIRMENTSVITAMINSWAGES
    WALKINGWEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)YOUTH CLUBS
    YOUTH

    Administrative and access information

    Date of release:
    First edition: 26 February 2009
    Latest edition: 27 April 2010 (2nd Edition)
    Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
    Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
    Availability: UK Data Service
    Contact: Get in touch

    Documentation

    TitleFile NameSize (KB)
    Lists of Variables and Derived Variables 6112datadocs.pdf 809
    Questionnaires, Showcards, Coding Frames and Consent Booklet 6112interviewingdocs.pdf 1656
    Interviewer, Nurse, Coding and Editing Instructions 6112supportingdocs.pdf 1574
    User Guide 6112userguide.pdf 289
    BMI Errata Note bmi_errata_note.pdf 144
    Study information and citation UKDA_Study_6112_Information.htm 28
    READ File read6112.htm 11

    Related studies:

    Health Survey for England, 1991-1992 : Combined Data File (SN 3238)
    Health Survey for England, 1993 (SN 3316)
    Health Survey for England, 1994 (SN 3640)
    Health Survey for England, 1995 (SN 3796)
    Health Survey for England, 1996 (SN 3886)
    Health Survey for England, 1997 (SN 3979)
    Health Survey for England, 1998 (SN 4150)
    Health Survey for England, 1999 (SN 4365)
    Health Survey for England, 2000 (SN 4487)
    Health Survey for England, 2001 (SN 4628)
    Health Survey for England, 2002 (SN 4912)
    Health Survey for England, 2003 (SN 5098)
    Health Survey for England, 2004 (SN 5439)
    Health Survey for England, 2005 (SN 5675)
    Health Survey for England, 2006 (SN 5809)
    Health Survey for England, 2008 (SN 6397)
    Health Survey for England, 2009 (SN 6732)
    Health Survey for England, 2010 (SN 6986)
    Health Survey for England, 2011 (SN 7260)
    Health Survey for England, 2012 (SN 7480)
    Health Survey for England, 2002: Teaching Dataset (SN 5033)
    English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Waves 0-6, 1998-2013 (SN 5050)
    English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA); Wave 1, 2002-2003: Teaching Dataset (SN 5172)
    Health Survey for England, 2003-2005: Multilevel Modelling Teaching Dataset (SN 6765)
    Health Survey for England, 2000-2001: Small Area Estimation Teaching Dataset (SN 6792)
    Health Survey for England Time Series Dataset, 1991-2009 (SN 7025)
    Health Survey for England, 2011: Teaching Dataset (SN 7402)

    Related case studies:

    Using government microdata to explore health
    Treating obesity: Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of three drugs
    What predicts our level of well-being?
    Does smoking affect health-related quality of life? Evidence to inform public health strategies

    Related support guides:

    What is weighting?
    Small area estimation using key UK surveys – an introductory guide
    Analysing health data with Nesstar (Video)
    Physical Functioning in Older Adults (Survey Question Bank Topic Overview 5)
    How to download UK survey data (Video)

    Publications

    By principal investigator(s):
    Breeze, E., et al. (1994) Health Survey for England 1992, London: HMSO.

    Bennett, N., et al. (1995) Health Survey for England 1993, London: HMSO.

    Colhoun, H. and Prescott-Clarke, P. (eds.) (1996) Health Survey for England 1994, 2v. London: HMSO. ISBN 011 321 8958.

    Prescott-Clarke, P. and Primatesta, P. (eds.) (1997) Health Survey for England 1995, 2v. London: HMSO. ISBN 011 3220219.

    Prescott-Clarke, P. and Primatesta, P. (eds.) (1998) Health Survey for England 1996, 2v. London: HMSO. ISBN 011322091X.

    Prescott-Clarke, P. and Primatesta, P. (eds.) (1998) Health Survey for England: the health of young people '95-97 2 vols., London: The Stationery Office. ISBN 0113222661.

    Erens, B. and Primatesta, P. (eds.) (1999) Health Survey for England: cardiovascular disease '98, volumes I and II, London: The Stationery Office. ISBN 0113223072.

    Erens, B., Primatesta, P. and Prior, G. (eds.) (2000) Health Survey for England: the health of minority ethnic groups 1999, volumes I and II, London: The Stationery Office. ISBN 0113224486.

    Falaschetti, E., Malbut, K. and Primatesta P. (2002) Health Survey for England 2000: the general health of older people and their use of health services, London: The Stationery Office.

    Hirani, V. and Malbut, K. (2002) Health Survey for England 2000: disability among older people, London: The Stationery Office.

    Tait, C. and Fuller, E. (2002) Health Survey for England 2000: psychosocial well-being among older people, London: The Stationery Office.

    Bajekal, M. (2002) Health Survey for England 2000: care homes and their residents, London: The Stationery Office.

    Boreham, R., Stafford, M. and Taylor R. (2002) Health Survey for England 2000: social capital and health, London: The Stationery Office.

    Prior, G., et al. (2002) Health Survey for England 2000: methodology and documentation, London: The Stationery Office.

    Bajekal, M. and Purdon, S. (2002) Social capital and social exclusion: development of a condensed module for the Health Survey for England, London: The Stationery Office.

    Elam, G., McMunn, A. and Nazroo J. (2002) Feasibility study for health surveys among black African people living in England: final report - implications for the Health Survey for England 2003, London: The Stationery Office.

    Malbut K. and Falaschetti E. (2003) Health Survey for England 2001: non-fatal accidents, London: The Stationery Office.

    Bajekal M. and Prescott, A. (2003) Health Survey for England 2001: disability, London: The Stationery Office.

    Primatesta P. and Stamakatakis (2003) Health Survey for England 2001: respiratory symptoms, atopic conditions and lung function, London: The Stationery Office.

    Doyle M. and Hosfield N. (2003) Health Survey for England 2001: fruit and vegetable consumption, London: The Stationery Office.

    Prior G., et al. (2003) Health Survey for England 2001: methodology and documentation, London: The Stationery Office.

    Sproston, K. and Primatesta, P. (eds.) (2003) Health Survey for England 2002: volume 1: the health of children and young people, London: The Stationery Office.

    Sproston, K. and Primatesta, P. (eds.) (2003) Health Survey for England 2002: volume 2: maternal and infant health, London: The Stationery Office.

    Sproston, K. and Primatesta, P. (eds.) (2003) Health Survey for England 2002: volume 3: methodology and documentation, London: The Stationery Office.

    Sproston K. and Primatesta P. (eds.) (2004) Health Survey for England 2003 volume 1: cardiovascular disease, London: The Stationery Office.

    Sproston K. and Primatesta P. (eds.) (2004) Health Survey for England 2003 volume 2: risk factors for cardiovascular disease, London: The Stationery Office.

    Sproston K. and Primatesta P. (eds.) (2004) Health Survey for England 2003 volume 3: methodology and documentation, London: The Stationery Office.

    Publications based on the HSE series may be found on the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) HSE webpages, the NatCen Social Research HSE webpages and the University College London Health and Social Surveys Research Group HSE webpages.

    Resulting from secondary analysis:
    Murphy, M., Assessing the link between household and family living arrangements and health, (Paper presented at EAPS /Hacettepe University Seminar `Morbidity and Mortality Data : Problems of Comparability', Crgup, Turkey, October 18-21, 1995).

    Ginn, J., Arber, S. and Cooper, H. (1998) 'Inequalities in older people's health behaviour : effects of structural factors and social relationships', Journal of Contemporary Health, 7, pp.77-82.

    Ukoumunne, O.K., et al. (1999) 'Methods for evaluating area-wide and organisation-based interventions in health and health care : a systematic review', Health Technology Assessment, 3(5), whole issue.

    Gulliford, M.C., Ukoumunne, O.C. and Chinn, S. (1999) 'Components of variance and intraclass correlations for the design of community-based surveys and intervention studies : data from the Health Survey for England 1994', American Journal of Epidemiology, 149(9), pp.876-883.

    Cooper, H., Ginn, J. and Arber, S. (1999) Health-related behaviour and attitudes of older people : secondary analysis of national datasets, London: HEA.

    Reilly, J.J. and Dorosty, A.R. (1999) 'Epidemic of obesity in UK children' , The Lancet, 354, pp.1874-1875.

    Bowling, A., et al. (1999) 'Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey questionnaire: which normative data should be used? Comparisons between the norms provided by the Omnibus Survey in Britain, the Health Survey for England and the Oxford Healthy Life Survey', Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21(3), pp.255-270.

    Wills, W. and Grundy, E. Using data to research the food choice, family life and well-being of young people, paper presented at the British Sociological Association Youth Study Group conference on 11-12 July 2000, University of Surrey.

    Pevalin, D.J. (2000) 'Multiple applications of the GHQ-12 in a general population sample: an investigation of long-term retest effects', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 35, pp.508-512.

    Gulliford, M. and Ukoumunne, O.C. (2001) 'Original communication: determinants of glycated haemoglobin in the general population: associations with diet, alcohol and cigarette smoking', European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 55, pp.615-623.

    Phillips, M., Arber, S. and Ginn, J. (2001) 'Physical activity among men and women in midlife: variations by class and employment status', Education and Ageing, 16(2), pp.135-161.

    Bartlett, C.J., et al. (2002) 'Neurotic symptoms, stress or deprivation: which is most closely associated with incidence of suicide? An ecological study of English health authorities', Psychological Medicine, 32, pp.1131-1136 (brief communication).

    Marshall, T. and Rouse, A. (2002) 'Resource implications and health benefits of primary prevention strategies for cardiovascular disease in people aged 30 to 74: mathematical modelling study', British Medical Journal, 325, pp.197-199.

    Lalloo, R. (2003) 'Risk factors for major injuries to the face and teeth', Dental Traumatology, 19, pp.12-14.

    Lalloo, R. and Sheiham, A. (2003) 'Risk factors for childhood major and minor head and other injuries in a nationally representative sample', Injury, International Journal of the Care of the Injured, 34, pp.261-266.

    Wilson, S., et al. (2003) 'A comparison of methods to identify individuals at increased risk of coronary disease from the general population', British Medical Journal, vol.326, pp.1436-1438.

    Wilson, S., et al. (2003) 'Predicting coronary risk using the Joint British Chart', Journal of Cardiovascular Risk, 10(2), pp.137-141.

    Keimer, K.M. (2004) The medicalisation of childbirth - mapping out the complexity of a traditionally neutral concept, MSc Medical Sociology dissertation, Royal Holloway, University of London.

    Hann M. et al (2004) 'Prescribing patterns in high-need Health Authority populations: How does an ethnically mixed composition affect volume and cost?', Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 29(6), pp.537-546.

    Marshall, T. (2004) 'When measurements are misleading: modelling the effects of blood pressure misclassification in the English population', British Medical Journal, 328, p.933.

    Shields, M.A. and Wheatley Price, S. (2005) 'Exploring the economic and social determinants of psychological health and perceived social support in England', Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, 168, pp.513-537.

    Marshall, T. (2005) 'How many antihypertensives do patients need to achieve a target blood pressure?', Journal of Human Hypertension, 19, pp.317-319.

    Marshall, T. (2005) 'Evaluating national guidelines for prevention of cardiovascular disease in primary care', Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 11, pp.452-461.

    Marshall, T. (2006) 'The cost-effectiveness of drug treatments for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: a modelling study', European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 13(4), pp.523-528.

    Marshall, T. (2006) 'The value of information: modelling the efficiency of strategies for identifying high-risk patients for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease', Informatics in Primary Care, 14, pp.85-92.

    Cavill, N. and Rolfe, L. (2006) Choosing health in the South East: physical activity, London: South East Public Health Observatory.

    Crowther, R. (2006) Choosing health in the South East: obesity, London: South East Public Health Observatory.

    Marshall T., Tennant R. and Harrison W.N. (2007) 'Estimating the proportion of young adults on antihypertensive treatment that have been correctly diagnosed' , Journal of Human Hypertension, 22, pp.96-101.

    Marshall, T. (2008) 'Identification of patients for clinical risk assessment by prediction of cardiovascular risk using default risk factor values', BMC Public Health, 8(25).

    Marshall, T. (2008) "Default" risk factor values for cardiovascular disease (CVD) (average values of Total Cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, Sytolic BP and Diastolic BP for categories of patients defined by age, sex, history of CVD, BP treatment status and smoking status). The default values, and a 'Risk and Benefit Calculator' are available at: http://www.pcpoh.bham.ac.uk/publichealth/cardiovascular/index.shtml (Retrieved December 17, 2008).

    Holman, N. (2010) APHO Diabetes Prevalence Model for England, York: Yorkshire and Humber Public Health Observatory (YHPHO). Retrieved October 22, 2010, from http://www.yhpho.org.uk/default.aspx?RID=81090.

    Holman, N. (2010) APHO Diabetes Prevalence Model for Scotland, York: Yorkshire and Humber Public Health Observatory (YHPHO). Retrieved October 22, 2010, from http://www.yhpho.org.uk/default.aspx?RID=81090.

    Holman, N. (2010) APHO Diabetes Prevalence Model for Wales, York: Yorkshire and Humber Public Health Observatory (YHPHO). Retrieved October 22, 2010, from http://www.yhpho.org.uk/default.aspx?RID=81090.

    Sassi, F. et al. (2009) The obesity epidemic: analysis of past and projected future trends in selected OECD countries, OECD Working Paper No. 45, Paris: OECD, March.

    Sassi, F. et al. (2009) Education and obesity in four OECD countries, OECD Working Paper No. 46, Paris: OECD, June.

    Sassi, F. et al. (2009) Improving lifestyles, tackling obesity: the health and economic impact of prevention strategies, OECD Working Paper No. 48, Paris: OECD, November.

    Sassi, F. et al. (2010) Obesity and the economics of prevention: fit not fat
    , OECD Working Paper, Paris: OECD, September. Retrieved December 21, 2010 from http://www.oecd.org/document/60/0,3343,en_2649_33929_45999775_1_1_1_1,00.html.

    Jordan, R.E, Cheung, K.K, Miller, M.R. and Adab, P. (2011) 'Passive smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: cross-sectional analysis of data from the Health Survey for England', BMJ Open, 2011;2:e000153. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000153

    Vogl M., Wenig C.M., Leidl R. and Pokhrel S. (19 March 2012) 'Smoking and health-related quality of life in English general population: implications for economic evaluation', BMC Public Health, 12:203. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-203

    Ryan, C., Martin, D., McDonough, S., Leveille, S. and Kirwan, J. (2012) 'Chronic musculoskeletal pain and physical activity in older adults: A secondary analysis of the Health Survey for England 2008', Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 20, pp. 247-8, Human Kinetics Publ. Inc.

    Biro, A. (2013) 'Determinants of H1N1 vaccination uptake in England', Preventive Medicine, 57(2), pp.140-142. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.04.017

    Ryan, C.G., McDonough, S., Kirwan, J.P., Leveille, S. and Martin, D.J. (2013) 'An investigation of association between chronic musculoskeletal pain and cardiovascular disease in the Health Survey for England (2008)', European Journal of Pain, published online 24 October 2013, DOI: 10.1002/j.1532-2149.2013.00405.x

    Baker J., Mitchell R., Lawson K., et al. (2013) 'Ethnic differences in the cost-effectiveness of targeted and mass screening for high cardiovascular risk in the UK: cross-sectional study', Heart, doi: 2013;10.1136/heartjnl-2013-304625

    Baker J., Mitchell R. and Pell J. (2013) 'Cross-sectional study of ethnic differences in the utility of area deprivation measures to target socioeconomically deprived individuals', Social Science and Medicine, 85, pp.27-31.

    Hardcastle, S.A., Gregson, C.L., Deere, K.C., Davey Smith, G., Dieppe, P. and Tobias, J.H. (2013) 'High bone mass is associated with an increased prevalence of joint replacement: a case control study', Rheumatology, 52, pp.1042-1051. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kes411

    Feng, J. He., Pombo-Rodrigues, S. and MacGregor, G.A. (2014) 'Salt reduction in England from 2003 to 2011: its relationship to blood pressure, stroke and ischaemic heart disease mortality', BMJOpen, 4:e004549. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004549

    Miners, A. et al. (2014) 'Health-related quality-of-life of people with HIV in the era of combination antiretroviral treatment: a cross-sectional comparison with the general population', The Lancet HIV, doi:10.1016/S2352-3018(14)70018-9

    McRonald, F.E., Yadegarfar, G., Baldwin, D.R., Devaraj, A., Brain, K.E., Eisen, T., Holemans, J.A., Ledson, M., Screaton, N., Rintoul, R.C., Hands, C.J., Lifford, K., Whynes, D., Kerr, K.M., Page, R., Parmar, M., Wald, N., Weller, D., Williamson, P.R., Myles, J., Hansell, D.M., Duffy, S.W. and Field, J.K. (2014) 'The UK Lung Screen (UKLS): demographic profile of first 88,897 approaches provides recommendations for population screening', Cancer Prevention Research, March, 7(3), pp. 362-71. (Used HSE 2010.)

    Variables

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