Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

National Child Development Study: Sweep 8, 2008-2009

Title details

SN: 6137
Title: National Child Development Study: Sweep 8, 2008-2009
Alternative title: NCDS8; NCDS
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6137-2
Series: National Child Development Study [National Child Development Study, 1958-]
Depositor: University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Principal investigator(s): University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Data collector(s): National Centre for Social Research
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Other acknowledgements: The Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) would like to thank all the cohort members who generously gave their time to participate in this project and without whom this survey would not have been possible.

Subject Categories

Child development and child rearing - Social stratification and groupings
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
General - Education
General - Employment and labour
General - Health
Political behaviour and attitudes - Politics
Social and occupational mobility - Social stratification and groupings
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture

Abstract

The National Child Development Study (NCDS) is a continuing longitudinal study that seeks to follow the lives of all those living in Great Britain who were born in one particular week in 1958. The aim of the study is to improve understanding of the factors affecting human development over the whole lifespan.

The NCDS has its origins in the Perinatal Mortality Survey (PMS) (the original PMS study is held at the UK Data Archive under SN 2137). This study was sponsored by the National Birthday Trust Fund and designed to examine the social and obstetric factors associated with stillbirth and death in early infancy among the 17,000 children born in England, Scotland and Wales in that one week. Selected data from the PMS form NCDS sweep 0, held alongside NCDS sweeps 1-3, under SN 5565.

To date there have been seven attempts to trace all members of the birth cohort in order to monitor their physical, educational and social development. The first three sweeps were carried out by the National Children's Bureau, in 1965, when respondents were aged 7, in 1969, aged 11, in 1974, aged 16 (these sweeps form NCDS1-3, held together with NCDS0 under SN 5565). The fourth sweep, NCDS4, was conducted in 1981, when respondents were aged 23 (held under SN 5566). In 1985 the NCDS moved to the Social Statistics Research Unit (SSRU) - now known as the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) - and the fifth sweep was carried out in 1991, when respondents were aged 33, (NCDS5, held under SN 5567). For the sixth wave, conducted in 1999-2000, when respondents were aged 41-42 (NCDS6, held under SN 5578), fieldwork was combined with the 1999-2000 wave of the 1970 Birth Cohort Study (BCS70), which is also conducted by CLS (and held at the Archive under GN 33229).

Response and Deaths Dataset:
A separate dataset covering responses and to NCDS and deaths of cohort members over all eight waves is available under SN 5560, National Child Development Study Response and Deaths Dataset, 1958-2009. Users are advised to order this study alongside the other waves of NCDS.

Additional studies:
In addition to the main NCDS sweeps, some further studies have also been conducted. In 1978, a postal survey was conducted of the schools attended by members of the birth cohort at the time of the third follow-up of 1974, in order to obtain details of public examination entry and performance. Similar details were also sought from sixth-form and further education colleges etc., where these were identified by schools. Also, a 37-year sample survey of the NCDS cohort, focusing on basic skills, is held under SN 4992.

The Archive also holds a number of NCDS-related files (for example, of data collected in the course of a special study of handicapped school-leavers, at age 18 (held under SN 2024) and the data from a 5 percent feasibility study, conducted at age 20 (held under SN 2025), which preceded NCDS4. A parent migration dataset, based on NCDS5, is held under SN 4324, a study detailing partnership histories, compiled from NCDS sweeps 5 to 8, is held under SN 6940, and an employment histories dataset, compiled from NCDS sweeps 4 to 8, is held under SN 6942.

Further information about the NCDS can be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.

NCDS8:
The eighth sweep of NCDS was conducted in 2008-2009, when respondents were aged 50 years. The core aims of the NCDS8 were to update the life history information collected in previous studies and to collect new information to help understand the ageing process. Many of the questions in the NCDS8 follow-up had been asked in earlier waves of the NCDS and the BCS, which will allow for the making of comparisons both across the sweeps of NCDS and with the BCS cohort.

The 2008-2009 survey is comprised of the following elements:
  • a 55 minute a 'core' interview (included a Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI); Computer Assisted Self Interview (CASI); a series of cognitive assessments)
  • a paper questionnaire
Edition history:
The NCDS8 has been deposited at the UK Data Archive in stages. For the first Archive edition (March 2009) an interim data file was deposited, based on 2,997 interviews completed between August and December 2008. This file comprised a subset of the full list of variables.
The second Archive edition (the first full sample edition) was released in February 2010. This deposit included responses to the bulk of the questions fielded to cohort members in 2008-2009. The variables that were not included in this file were essentially those that required the most complex post-fieldwork editing in order to make them usable, mostly those that related to the four 'history' modules; housing history, relationship history, fertility history and economic activity history. In addition, variables relating to absent children, older children and specific details of recently-achieved qualifications were not included (although a series of derived summary variables relating to highest qualification were).
For the third Archive edition (October 2012), the final version of NCDS8 was deposited. Two files, 'ncds_2008_followup.sav' and 'ncds8_unfolding_brackets.sav' replaced the previous single data file, a new User Guide replaced the previous version, and the Technical Report and Appendices were added to the documentation. For further details, see the User Guide.

Main Topics:
CAPI interview:
The CAPI interview collected updated information about household composition, housing, relationships, births and other pregnancies, periods of lone parenthood, adopted children, absent and older children, parents, family income, economic activity, education and qualifications, work-related training, use of computers, health, smoking, drinking, exercise, height, weight, social participation and social support.

CASI interview:
The CASI interview collected information on voting behaviour and party support, experience of symptoms of the menopause, problematic drinking behaviour, well-being, relationship satisfaction, domestic division of labour, job commitment, attitudes towards pensions and retirement, childhood, efficacy and life satisfaction.

Standard Measures
The interview included several established scales: Kanungo's Job Involvement Scale; the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) and the Malaise

The cognitive assessment module is comprised of four tasks: Word list recall test; Animal naming task; Letter cancellation task; Delayed word list recall test.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: August 2008 - May 2009
Country: Great Britain
Spatial units: Government Office Regions
Standard Statistical Regions
Universe: National
Adults in Great Britain born in one particular week in 1958 (NCDS respondents were aged 50 at the time of NCDS8).
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Sampling procedures: No sampling (total universe)
Number of units: 9,790 cases
Method of data collection: Self-completion
Weighting: No weighting used.

Keywords

ADOPTED CHILDRENADVANCED LEVEL EXAMINATIONSADVANCED SUPPLEMENTARY LEVEL EXAMINATIONS
AGEALCOHOL CONSUMPTIONALCOHOLIC DRINKS
ALCOHOLISMALLERGIESANGER
ANXIETYASSOCIATIONSASTHMA
ATTITUDESBRITISH POLITICAL PARTIESBUILDING MAINTENANCE
BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION COUNCIL AWARDSBUSINESSESCANCER
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASESCARE OF DEPENDANTSCAREGIVERS
CARERS' BENEFITSCARSCERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION
CHILD BENEFITSCHILDRENCHRONIC ILLNESS
CINEMA ATTENDANCECITIZENSHIP SKILLSCITY AND GUILDS OF LONDON INSTITUTE AWARDS
CLUBSCOGNITIVE PROCESSESCOHABITATION
COMMUNICATION SKILLSCOMMUTINGCOMPUTER LITERACY
COMPUTERSCONCENTRATIONCONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES
DEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDEGREESDEMONSTRATIONS (PROTESTS)
DEPRESSIONDIABETESDIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS
DISABLED PERSONSDISEASESDIVORCE
DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIESEAR DISEASESECONOMIC ACTIVITY
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATESEDUCATIONAL STATUS
EMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENT HISTORY
EMPLOYMENTENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENTSEPILEPSY
ETHNIC GROUPSEXERCISEFAMILY BENEFITS
FAMILY ENVIRONMENTFAMILY INCOMEFAMILY LIFE
FAMILY MEMBERSFAMILY ROLESFATHERS
FATIGUE (PHYSIOLOGY)FEARFINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES
FINANCIAL RESOURCESFINANCIAL SUPPORTFOSTER CARE
FREEHOLDFREQUENCYFRIENDS
FRINGE BENEFITSFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENTFURTHER EDUCATION
GENDERGENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATIONGENERAL CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION
GENERAL NATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONGREAT BRITAINGYNAECOLOGICAL SURGERY
GYNAECOLOGYHAPPINESSHEALTH CONSULTATIONS
HEALTHHEARING IMPAIRMENTSHEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
HIGHER NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMAHOME OWNERSHIPHOSPITALIZATION
HOURS OF WORKHOUSEHOLDERSHOUSEHOLDS
HOUSING BENEFITSHOUSING TENUREHOUSING
ILL HEALTHINCOMEINCOME-RELATED BENEFITS
INTERNET USEINTERPERSONAL RELATIONSJOB HUNTING
JOB SATISFACTIONJOB SECURITYJOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCE
LANDLORDSLANGUAGESLEASEHOLD
LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIESLIFE SATISFACTIONMARITAL STATUS
MARRIAGEMATERNITY BENEFITSMEDICAL INSURANCE
MEMBERSHIPMEMORYMENOPAUSE
MENSTRUATIONMENTAL DISORDERSMENTAL HEALTH
MIGRAINESMORAL VALUESMOTHERS
MUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASESNATIONAL IDENTITYNATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION
NATIONALITYNEIGHBOURHOOD WATCH SCHEMESNEUROTIC DISORDERS
OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONSOCCUPATIONAL TRAININGOCCUPATIONS
OLD PEOPLE'S CLUBSORDINARY NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMAORGANIZATIONS
OVERTIMEPARENTAL ROLEPARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATIONS
PARTNERSHIPS (PERSONAL)PART-TIME EMPLOYMENTPENSIONS
PERSONAL FINANCE MANAGEMENTPERSONAL IDENTITYPETITIONING
PHYSICAL ACTIVITIESPHYSICAL FITNESSPHYSICAL MOBILITY
PLACE OF RESIDENCEPOLITICAL ALLEGIANCEPOLITICAL ATTITUDES
POLITICAL INTERESTPOLITICAL PARTIESPREGNANCY
PRIVATE PENSIONSPRIVATE SECTORPROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS
PROFITSPROMOTION (JOB)PSORIASIS
PUBLIC HOUSESPUBLIC SECTORQUALIFICATIONS
QUALITY OF LIFERECREATIONAL EDUCATIONRELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCERELIGIOUS GROUPSRENTED ACCOMMODATION
RESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASESRESTAURANTS
RETIREMENTROOMSSATISFACTION
SAVINGS ACCOUNTS AND PRODUCTSSAVINGSSCOTTISH CERTIFICATE OF SIXTH YEAR STUDIES
SELF-EMPLOYEDSELF-ESTEEMSHIFT WORK
SICK PAYSICKNESS AND DISABILITY BENEFITSSKIN DISEASES
SLEEP DISORDERSSLEEPSMOKING
SOCIAL ACTIVITIES (LEISURE)SOCIAL ATTITUDESSOCIAL CAPITAL
SOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL INTERACTIONSOCIAL PARTICIPATION
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SKILLSSOCIAL SUPPORT
SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUSSPINAL DISORDERSSPORT SPECTATORSHIP
SPORTS CLUBSSPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITYSPOUSE'S EMPLOYMENT
SPOUSE'S SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUSSPOUSESSQUATS
STATE RETIREMENT PENSIONSSTATUS IN EMPLOYMENTSTOMACH DISORDERS
STRESS (PSYCHOLOGICAL)SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENTSUPERVISORY STATUS
SYMPTOMSTEACHER QUALIFICATIONSTEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
THEATRE ATTENDANCETRADE UNION MEMBERSHIPTRAINING
UNEARNED INCOMEUNEMPLOYMENTUROGENITAL DISORDERS
VASCULAR DISEASESVISION IMPAIRMENTSVISITS (PERSONAL)
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CERTIFICATESVOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONSVOLUNTARY WORK
VOTING BEHAVIOURWAGESWEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
WOMEN'S ORGANIZATIONSWORK-LIFE BALANCE

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 17 March 2009
Latest edition: 16 October 2012 (3rd Edition)
Copyright: Copyright Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Additional special conditions of use also apply. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

TitleFile NameSize (KB)
CLS Confidentiality and Security Review cls_confidentiality_and_data_security_review.pdf 49
NCDS8 Mainstage Questionnaire ncds8_final_mainstage_documentation.pdf 2514
NCDS8 Self-Completion Questionnaire ncds_2008-9_self_completion_questionnaire.pdf 761
NCDS8 Technical Report ncds_2008_technical_report.pdf 1104
NCDS8 Technical Report Appendices ncds_2008_technical_report_appendices.pdf 9747
NCDS8 User Guide to the Dataset ncds_2008_user_guide_to_the_dataset.pdf 876
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_6137_Information.htm 28
READ File read6137.htm 12

Related studies:

Social Consequences of Unemployment, 1964-1971 (SN 1858)
Warnock Study of Handicapped School Leavers, 1976 (SN 2024)
National Child Development Study: Sweep 4 Feasibility Study and Tobacco Research Council Study, 1978 (SN 2025)
National Child Development Study: Teaching Sets, 1958-1981 (SN 2364)
National Child Development Study: Sweep 5 Parent Migration Dataset, 1991 (SN 4324)
National Child Development Study: 37-Year Sample Survey, 1995 (SN 4992)
National Child Development Study: Sweeps 5-6 Partnership Histories, 1974-2000 (SN 5217)
National Child Development Study Response and Deaths Dataset, 1958-2009 (SN 5560)
National Child Development Study: Childhood Data, Sweeps 0-3, 1958-1974 (SN 5565)
National Child Development Study: Sweep 4, 1981, and Public Examination Results, 1978 (SN 5566)
National Child Development Study: Sweep 5, 1991 (SN 5567)
National Child Development Study: Sweep 6, 1999-2000 (SN 5578)
National Child Development Study: Sweep 7, 2004-2005 (SN 5579)
National Child Development Study: Employment Histories, 1974-2000 (SN 5600)
National Child Development Study: Sample of Essays (Sweep 2, Age 11), 1969 (SN 5790)
Social Participation and Identity, 2007-2010 (SN 6691)
National Child Development Study: Understanding Individual Behaviour, 2010 (SN 6752)
National Child Development Study: Partnership Histories, 1974-2008 (SN 6940)
National Child Development Study: Activity Histories, 1974-2008 (SN 6942)
National Child Development Study: Sweep 8, 2008-2009: Imagine You are 60 (SN 6978)
Perinatal Mortality Survey, 1958 (SN 2137)
Permanent Parental Income Dataset, 1958-1974 (SN 4128)
Multilevel Event History Analysis Training Datasets, 2003-2005 (SN 5171)
Misreported Schooling and Returns to Education, 1958-1991 (SN 5471)
British Cohort Studies Teaching Dataset for Higher Education, 1958-2000 (SN 5805)
Exploring Data, Second Edition: Teaching Datasets, 1958-2005 (SN 6096)
National Child Development Study: Sweeps 1-6, 1958-2000, Self-Reported Measures (SN 6760)
Occupational Coding for the National Child Development Study (1969, 1991-2008) and the 1970 British Cohort Study (1980, 2000-2008) (SN 7023)

Related case studies:

Exploring the link between child intelligence and adult cardiovascular disease
Do comprehensive schools reduce social mobility?
Does being left-handed or right-handed affect academic ability?
Adult education and its effect on heart disease
Does childhood poverty affect respiratory health in mid-life?

Publications

By principal investigator(s):
A searchable bibliography may be found on the Publications page of the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.

Kallis, C. (2005) CLS Cohort Studies Data Note 5: partnership histories in NCDS5 and NCDS6, Centre for Multilevel Modelling, Bedford Group for Lifecourse and Statistical Studies, Institute of Education, University of London.

Steele, F. et al. (2005) 'The relationship between childbearing and transitions from marriage and cohabitation in Britain', Demography,42.

Steele, F. et al. (2005) 'Changes in the relationship between the outcomes of cohabiting partnerships and fertility among young British women: evidence from the 1958 and 1970 Birth Cohort Studies', paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Philadelphia, 2005.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Shepherd, P. (1985) The National Child Development Study: an introduction to the origins of the study and the methods of data collection, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series, No. 1, October.

National Child Development Study User Support Group (1985) Publications arising from the National Child Development Study, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 2, October.

Fogelman, K. (1985) After school: the education and training experiences of the 1958 cohort, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 3, December.

Power, G. (1985) A longitudinal study of alcohol consumption amongst young adults in Britain I: alcohol consumption and associated factors in young adults in Britain, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 4, December.

Ghodsian, M. and Power, G. (1985) A longitudinal study of alcohol consumption amongst young adults in Britain II: a national longitudinal study of alcohol consumption between the ages of 16 and 23, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 5, December.

Ghodsian, M. (1985) A longitudinal study of alcohol consumption amongst young adults in Britain III: childhood and adolescent characteristics associated with drinking behaviour in early adulthood, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 6, December.

Anderson, H.R., et al. (1986) `The natural history of asthma in childhood’, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 40, pp.121-129.

Blaxter, M. (1986) Report on the longitudinal exploitation of the National Child Development Study in areas of interest to the DHSS, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 7, April.

Power, C., Fogelman, K. and Fox, A.J. (1986) Health and social mobility during the early years of life, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 8, May.

Kerckhoff, A.C. (1986) Effects of ability grouping in secondary schools in Great Britain, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 9, June.

Jones, G. (1986) Leaving the parental home : an analysis of early housing careers, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 10, July.

Jones, G. (1986) Stratification in youth, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 11, July.

Power, C. and Moynihan, C. (1986) Social class changes in weight-for-height between childhood and early adulthood, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 12, July.

Hutchinson, D. (1986) Response to a national longitudinal study: policy and academic implications for the study of change, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 13, August.

Hutchinson, D. (1986) Drop out from apprenticeship: an application of survival methods to grouped data, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 14, August.

Hutchinson, D. (1986) Event history and survival analysis in the social sciences: review paper and introduction, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 15, August.

Kiernan, K. (1986) Transitions into young adulthood, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 16, October.

Shepherd, P. (1986) The NCDS5 development programme, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 17, October.

Micklewright, J. (1986) A note on household income data in NCDS 3, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 18, December.

Payne, J. (1986) Unemployment, apprenticeships and training: does it pay to stay on at school?, National Child Development Study User Support Group Working Paper Series: No. 19, December.

Strachan, D.P. et al (1988) `Asthma as a link between chest illness in childhood and chronic cough and phlegm in young adults’, British Medical Journal, 296, pp.890-893.

Strachan, D.P. `Hay fever, hygiene and household size’, British Medical Journal, 299, pp.1259-1260.

Robertson, D. and Symons, J. (1990) `The occupational choice of British children’, The Economic Journal 100, September, pp.828-841.

Strachan, D.P., Golding, J. and Anderson, H.R. (1990) `Regional variations in wheezing illness in British children: effect of migration during early childhood’, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 44 (3) September, pp.231-236.

Anderson, H.R., Pottier, A.C. and Strachan, D.P. (1992) `Asthma from birth to age 23: incidence and relation to prior and concurrent atopic disease’, Thorax 47 (7) July, pp.537-542.

Blanchflower, D. and Lynch, L. (1992) Training at work: a comparison of U.S. and British youths, CEP Discussion Paper No. 78, June.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1992) What makes an entrepreneur? NBER Working Paper No. 3252 (rev. version), July.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1992) Entrepreneurship, happiness and supernormal returns: evidence from Britain and the US, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 4228, December.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1992) Does access to capital help make an entrepeneur?, NBER Working Paper No. 3252 (rev. version), July.

Williams, H.C., Pottier, A. and Strachan, D. (1993) `The descriptive epidemiology of warts in British schoolchildren’, British Journal of Dermatology 128, pp.504-511.

Gitter, R.J. (1993) A comparative look at apprenticeship training in the United States and Great Britain, Paper presented at the Midwest Economics Association Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, April.

Waldfogel, J. (1993) Women working for less: a longitudinal analysis of the family gap, Welfare State Programme Discussion Paper WSP/93, September, London School of Economics.

Williams, H., Pottier, A. and Strachan, D. (1993) `Are viral warts seen more commonly in children with eczema?’, Arch. Dermatol. 129, pp.717-721.

ALBSU (1993) Parents and their children : the intergenerational effect of poor basic skills, London: Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Unit. Williams, H.C., Strachan, D.P. and Hay, R.J. (1994) `Childhood eczema : disease of the advantaged?’, British Medical Journal, 308, pp.1132-1135.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1994) What makes an entrepreneur?, Applied Economics Discussion Paper Series: No. 125, October.

Gitter, R.J. (1994) `Apprenticeship-trained workers: United States and Great Britain’, Monthly Labor Review, April.

Laybourn, A. (1994) The only child: myths and reality, Edinburgh: HMSO.

Dearden, L., Machin, S., and Reed, H. Intergenerational mobility in Britain, IFS Working Paper Series No. W95/20, Institute for Fiscal Studies.

Glover, J., Smeaton, D. and Fielding, J. (1995) Gender and Science, engineering and technology (SET) project, memorandum submitted to the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology.

Scarlett, J.F. et al (1995) `Effect of ambient levels of smoke and sulphur dioxide on the health of a national sample of 23 year olds in 1981’, Thorax, 50, pp.764-768.
Strachan, D.P., (1995) `Epidemiology of hay fever: towards a community diagnosis’, Clinical and Experimental Allergy 25, pp.296-303.

Strachan, D.P., `Epidemiology’, IN M. Silverman, (ed) (1995) Childhood asthma and other wheezing disorders, London: Chapman and Hall.

Kiernan, K., (1995) `Social backgrounds and post-birth experiences of young parents’, Findings (Social Policy Research 80).

Kiernan, K., (1995) Transition to parenthood: young mothers, young fathers - associated factors and later life experiences, Welfare State Programme Discussion Paper WSP/113, July, London School of Economics.

Van Bourgognie, F., (1995) Childhood adversities and tendency towards adult depression, Report for MSc Medical Demography, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, September.

Mudari, M. J. C., (1995) The impact of marital disruptions and children's living arrangements on health at age 33: a study using the NCDS cohort population, Report for MSc Medical Demography, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, September.

Joshi, H., Dale, A., Ward, C., and Davies, H. (1995) Dependence and independence in the finances of women aged 33, Family and Parenthood Policy and Practice series, London: Policy Studies Centre. ISBN 0-907051-89-8.

Dustmann, C., Micklewright, J. and Rajah, N. (1995) Intra-household transfers and the part-time work of children Working Paper Series W96/3, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.

Blundell, R., Dearden, L. and Meghir, C., (1996) The Determinants and Effects of Work Related Training in Britain, London: KKS Printing.

Strachan, D. P., Butland, B. K. and Anderson, H. R. (1996) `Incidence and prognosis of asthma and wheezing illness from early childhood to age 33 in a national British cohort’, British Medical Journal 312, pp.1195-99.

Lewis, S. et al (1996) `Study of the aetiology of wheezing illness at age 16 in two national British birth cohorts’, Thorax, 51, pp.670-676.

Joshi, H., Paci, P., and Waldfogel, J. (1996) The wages of motherhood: better or worse? Welfare State Programme (WSP) Discussion Paper WSP/122, July, The Toyota Centre: London School of Economics.

Johnson, P., and Reed, H., (1996) Two nations? The inheritance of poverty and affluence, IFS Commentary No. 53, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. ISBN 1-873357-53-2.

Strachan, D.P. et al (1996) `Ventilatory function in British adults after asthma and wheezing illness at ages 0-35’, American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, 154, pp.1629-1635.

Comings, D. (1996) The gene bomb : does higher education and advanced technology accelerate the selection of genes for learning disorders, ADHD, addictive and disruptive behavior?, Duarte, California: Hope Press (chapters 32-35).

Dale, A. et al (1997) Highly educated women : evidence from the National Child Development Study, DfEE Research Studies No.RS25, London: The Stationery Office.

Egerton, M. (1997) 'Occupational inheritance : the role of cultural capital and gender’, Work, Employment and Society, 11(2), pp.263-282.

Savage, M. and Egerton, M. (1997) 'Social mobility, individual ability and the inheritance of class inequality’, Sociology, 31(4), pp.645-672.

Strachan, D.P. et al (1997) `Childhood antecedents of allergic sensitization in young British adults’, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 99(1), part 1, pp.6-12.

Butland, B.K. et al (1997) `An investigation of the increase in hay fever and eczema at age 16 observed between the 1958 and 1970 British birth cohorts', British Medical Journal, 315, pp.171-721.

Dustmann, C., Rajah, N. and Smith, S. (1997) Teenage truancy, part-time working and wages, IFS Working Paper No.W97/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies, August.

Dearden, L., Ferri, J. and Meghir, C. (1997) The effect of school quality on educational attainment and wages, IFS Working Paper No. W98/3, Institute for Fiscal Studies, October.

Kiernan, K. (1997) The legacy of parental divorce : social, economic and demographic experiences in adulthood, CASEpaper CASE 1, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Power, C. and Matthews, S. (1997) 'Origins of health inequalities in a national population sample’, Lancet, 350, pp.1584-1589.

Burke, A., Nolan, M. and Fitzroy, F. (1997?) Entrepreneurial choice and performance: a re-appraisal of liquidity and human capital constraints, University of St.Andrews Dept. of Economics and CRIEFF Discussion Paper No. 9723. ISSN 1364-453X.

Waldfogel, J., Higuchi, Y. and Abe, M. (1998) Maternity leave policies and women's employment after childbirth : evidence from the United States, Britain and Japan, CASEpaper CASE/3, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, January.

Atkinson, A. and Hills, J. (eds.) (1998) Exclusion, employment and opportunity, CASEpaper CASE/4, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, January.

Dearden, L. (1998) Ability, families, education and earnings in Britain, IFS Working Paper Series no. W98/14, Institute for Fiscal Studies, June.

Johnston, I.D.A., Strachan, D.P. and Anderson H.R. (1998) `Longitudinal study of the effect of pneumonia and whooping cough in childhood on adult lung function’, New England Journal of Medicine, 338, pp.581-587.

Cheung, Y.B. (1998) `Can marital selection explain the differences in health between married and divorced people? From a longitudinal study of a British birth cohort’, Public Health, 112, pp.113-117.

Kiernan, K. and Mueller, G. (1998) The divorced and who divorces?, CASEpaper CASE/7, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, May.

Fitzpatrick, S. (1998) Childhood and early adulthood determinants of overweight status at age 33, report for MSc. Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London.

Cheung, Y.B. (1998) 'Health and adverse selection into marriage : evidence from a study of the 1958 British Birth Cohort’, Public Health, 112, pp.309-311.

Cheung, Y.B. (1998) 'Accidents, assaults and marital status’, Social Science and Medicine, 47(9), pp.1325-1329.

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