Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

British Crime Survey, 2008-2009

Title details

SN: 6367
Title: British Crime Survey, 2008-2009
Alternative title: BCS
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6367-1
Series: Crime Survey for England and Wales, 1982-
Depositor: Home Office. Research, Development and Statistics Directorate
Principal investigator(s): Home Office. Research, Development and Statistics Directorate
BMRB. Social Research

Subject Categories

Crime and law enforcement - Law, crime and legal systems
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture

Abstract

Background:
The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW), previously known as the British Crime Survey (BCS), has been in existence since 1981. The survey traditionally asks a sole randomly selected adult, in a random sample of households, details pertaining to any instances where they, or the household, has been a victim of a crime in the previous 12 months. These are recorded in the victim form data file (VF). A wide range of questions are then asked covering demographics and crime-related subjects such as attitudes to the police and the criminal justice system (CJS). Most of the questionnaire is completed in a face-to-face interview in the respondent's home; these variables are contained within the non-victim form (NVF) data file. Since 2009, the survey has been extended to children aged 10-15 years old; one resident of that age range has also been selected at random from the household and asked about incidents where they have been a victim of crime, and other related topics. The first set of children's data, covering January-December 2009, had experimental status, and is held separately under SN 6601. From 2009-2010, the children's data cover the same period as the adult data and are included with the main dataset. Further information may be found on the ONS Crime Survey for England and Wales webpage and for the previous BCS, from the GOV.UK BCS Methodology webpage.

Self-completion data
A series of questions on drinking behaviour, drug use and intimate personal violence (IPV) (including stalking and sexual victimisation) are administered to adults via a self-completion module which the respondent completes on a laptop computer. Children aged 10-15 years also complete a separate self-completion questionnaire. The questions are contained within the main questionnaire documents, but the data are not available with the main survey; they are available only under Special Licence/Secure Access conditions. See Access section for further details.

Geographic variables:
From 2009-2010, low-level geographic variables are available under Special Licence conditions to match to the survey/ From 2011-2012 onwards, further lower-level geographic variables are also available, subject to Secure Access conditions.

History:
Up to 2001, the survey was conducted biennially. From April 2001, interviewing was carried out continually and reported on in financial year cycles and the crime reference period was altered to accommodate this change. The core sample size has increased from around 11,000 in the earlier cycles to over 40,000. Following the National Statistician's Review of Crime Statistics in June 2011 the collation and publication of Crime Statistics moved to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) from 1st April 2012, and the survey changed its name to the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) accordingly.

Scottish data:
The 1982 and 1988 BCS waves were also conducted in Scotland. The England and Wales data for 1982 and 1988 are held at the UKDA under SNs 1869 and 2706, but the Scottish data for these studies are held separately under SNs 4368 and 4599. Since 1993, separate Scottish Crime and Justice Surveys have been conducted, and these are held under GN 33330.

Variable 'PFA' (Police Force Area):
From 2008-2009 onwards, the BCS variable 'PFA' (Police Force Area) is now only available within the associated dataset SN 6368, British Crime Survey, 2008-2009: Special Licence Access, Low-Level Geographic Data, which is subject to restrictive access conditions; see 'Access' section below.

2008-2009 self-completion modules:
Data from the three self-completion modules on drinking behaviour, drug use, and interpersonal violence (comprising the module on domestic violence, sexual victimisation and stalking), are held under separate Special Licence datasets (SNs 6369, 6370 and 6371 respectively). These datasets are also subject to restrictive access conditions, similar to the aforementioned geographic dataset; see also 'Access' section below.

Main Topics:
The dataset includes information from two sections of the survey, the non-victim form questionnaire and the victim form questionnaire. Data from the adult sample and the young adult boost sample are available as separate files.

The non-victim form questionnaire gathers respondent-level data: topics covered include fear of crime; perception of local area; local crime rates; victimisation screener questions; mobile phone theft; experiences of the police; attitudes to the CJS; crime prevention and security; witnessing crime; technology crime; the night-time economy and alcohol disorder; identity fraud; experiences of antisocial behaviour; crime and disorder in town centres and high streets; crime and disorder on public transport; demographic information.

The victim form contains offence-level data. Up to six different incidents are asked about for each respondent. Each of these constitutes a separate victim form and can be matched back to the respondent-level data through the variable ROWLABEL. Topics covered include the nature and circumstances of the incident, details of offenders, security measures, costs, emotional reactions, contact with the CJS and outcomes where known.

As noted in the Abstract, self-completion modules were also fielded in the 2008-2009 survey, covering drug use, drinking behaviour, and interpersonal violence (domestic violence, sexual victimisation and stalking). These modules are subject to Special Licence access (see 'Access' section below).

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: The survey covers experiences of crime in the 12 months prior to interview.
Dates of fieldwork: April 2008 - March 2009
Country: England and Wales
Spatial units: Government Office Regions
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Adults
Crime victims
Criminal offences
Adults aged 16 and over in private households in England and Wales during 2007-2008. Analysis of the representative individual or household population of England and Wales is possible.
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: Adults: 46,286 cases (non-victim form file); 16,184 cases (victim form file). Young adults boost sample: 5,700 cases (non-victim form file); 3,096 cases (victim form file).
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview
Self-completion
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Keywords

ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICEADOLESCENTSADVICE
ADVOCACY (LEGAL)AGEAGGRESSIVENESS
AIRPORTSALCOHOL CONSUMPTIONALCOHOLISM
ANGERASSAULTATTITUDES
BICYCLESBINGE DRINKINGBURGLARY
CAMERASCANNABISCAR PARKING AREAS
CHILDRENCHRONIC ILLNESSCLUBS
COLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERSCOMBATIVE SPORTSCOMMUNITIES
COMMUNITY ACTIONCOMMUNITY BEHAVIOURCOMMUNITY SERVICE (PUNISHMENT)
COMPUTERSCOSTSCOUNSELLING
COURT CASESCREDIT CARD USECRIME
CRIME PREVENTIONCRIME VICTIMSCRIMINAL COURTS
CRIMINAL DAMAGECRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONCRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
CRIMINALSCULTURAL GOODSCULTURAL IDENTITY
DAMAGEDEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDISCIPLINE
DOGSDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIESDOMESTIC VIOLENCE
DOORSDRINKING BEHAVIOURDRIVING
DRUG ABUSEECONOMIC ACTIVITYECONOMIC VALUE
EDUCATIONAL ATTENDANCEELECTRONIC MAILEMERGENCY AND PROTECTIVE SERVICES
EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCESEMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEES
EMPLOYMENTEMPLOYMENT HISTORYENGLAND AND WALES
ETHNIC GROUPSEVERYDAY LIFEFAMILIES
FAMILY MEMBERSFEARFEAR OF CRIME
FINANCIAL COMPENSATIONFINANCIAL RESOURCESFIRE DAMAGE
FIRE SAFETY MEASURESFREQUENCYFRIENDS
GENDERHEADS OF HOUSEHOLDHEALTH
HEALTH PROFESSIONALSHOME CONTENTS INSURANCEHOME OWNERSHIP
HOSPITALIZATIONHOURS OF WORKHOUSEHOLD HEAD'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
HOUSEHOLD HEAD'S OCCUPATIONHOUSEHOLD INCOMEHOUSEHOLDS
HOUSING AGEHOUSING TENUREINDUSTRIES
INFORMATION MATERIALSINFORMATION SOURCESINJURIES
INSURANCE CLAIMSINTERNET ACCESSINTERNET USE
INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATIONINTERPERSONAL CONFLICTINTERPERSONAL RELATIONS
INTIMIDATIONINTRUDER ALARM SYSTEMSJUDGES
JUDGMENTS (LEGAL)JURIESJUVENILE DELINQUENCY
LANDLORDSLAW ENFORCEMENTLEARNING DISABILITIES
LEAVELEGAL PROCEDURELIGHTING
LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICESLOCKSMAGISTRATES
MARITAL STATUSMEDIATIONMEDICAL CARE
MOBILE PHONESMOTOR VEHICLESNEIGHBOURHOOD WATCH SCHEMES
NEIGHBOURHOODSNEIGHBOURSNEWSPAPER READERSHIP
NEWSPAPERSNOISE POLLUTIONNON-CUSTODIAL PUNISHMENT
OFFENCESOFFENSIVE TELEPHONE CALLSONLINE SHOPPING
PAYMENTSPERSONAL CONTACTPERSONAL FASHION GOODS
PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENTSPOLICE ACTIVITIESPOLICE OFFICERS
POLICE SERVICESPOLITICAL PARTICIPATIONPORNOGRAPHY
PRISON SENTENCESPROBATIONPROSECUTION SERVICE
PUBLIC HOUSESPUBLIC OPINIONPUBLIC TRANSPORT
PUNISHMENTPURCHASINGQUALIFICATIONS
QUALITY OF LIFERACIAL CONFLICTRADIO RECEIVERS
RECIDIVISMREDRESS OF GRIEVANCESREFUSE
RENTED ACCOMMODATIONRESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPONSIBILITY
RISKROBBERYSAFETY AND SECURITY
SAFETY AND SECURITY MEASURESSCHOOL PUNISHMENTSSECURITY SYSTEMS
SELF-EMPLOYEDSEXUAL ASSAULTSEXUAL HARASSMENT
SEXUAL ORIENTATIONSHARED HOME OWNERSHIPSICK LEAVE
SLEEP DISORDERSSMALL BUSINESSESSMOKING
SOCIAL ACTIVITIES (LEISURE)SOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL PARTICIPATION
SOCIAL SUPPORTSORROWSPOUSES
SPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITYSTUDENTSSUPERVISORY STATUS
THEFTTIED HOUSINGTRAFFIC OFFENCES
TRAININGTRAINING COURSESUNDERAGE DRINKING
UNEMPLOYMENTUNWAGED WORKERSVAGRANTS
VIDEO RECORDERSVISITS (PERSONAL)VOLUNTARY WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS
WEAPONSWINDOWSWITNESS INTIMIDATION
WITNESSESWORKPLACEYOUTH

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 22 January 2010
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions for further information.
Please note: The Office for National Statistics (ONS) took over administration of the CSEW/BCS from 2012. Data from most of the self-completion modules fielded over the survey years are now available under Special Licence access conditions, to ONS Approved Researchers only. These include:
  • Drug use data from 1996 onwards;
  • Drinking behaviour data from 2002-2003 onwards;
  • *Interpersonal Violence (IPV), covering domestic violence, sexual victimisation and stalking modules fielded across various years from 1996-2010/11; and
  • Stolen goods data from 2002/03 and 2005/06-2007/08.
*From 2011/12 onwards, the IPV data are subject to Secure Access conditions.

Prospective users should contact the HelpDesk in the first instance.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

TitleFile NameSize (KB)
BCS 2008-2009 Questionnaire 6367_bcs2008-9_questionnaire.pdf 1358
BCS 2008-2009 Technical Report Vol.1 6367_bcs_2008-09_technical_report_vol1.pdf 775
BCS 2008-2009 Technical Report Vol.2 6367_bcs_2008-09_technical_report_vol2.pdf 3936
BCS 2008-2009 User Guide 6367_bcs_2008-09_user_guide.pdf 298
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_6367_Information.htm 28
READ File read6367.htm 11

Related studies:

British Crime Survey, 1982: England and Wales Data (SN 1869)
British Crime Survey, 1984 (SN 2077)
British Crime Survey, 1988 (SN 2706)
British Crime Survey, 1992 (SN 3202)
British Crime Survey, 1994 (SN 3591)
British Crime Survey, 1996 (SN 3832)
British Crime Survey, 1998 (SN 4081)
British Crime Survey, 1982 : Scottish Data (SN 4368)
British Crime Survey, 2000 (SN 4463)
British Crime Survey, 1988 : Scottish Data (SN 4599)
British Crime Survey, 2001 (SN 4786)
British Crime Survey, 2001-2002 (SN 4787)
British Crime Survey, 2002-2003 (SN 5059)
British Crime Survey, 2003-2004 (SN 5324)
British Crime Survey, 2004-2005 (SN 5347)
British Crime Survey, 2005-2006 (SN 5543)
British Crime Survey, 2006-2007 (SN 5755)
British Crime Survey, 2007-2008 (SN 6066)
British Crime Survey Experimental Data: Children Aged 10-15 Years, January-December, 2009 (SN 6601)
British Crime Survey, 2009-2010 (SN 6627)
British Crime Survey, 2010-2011 (SN 6937)
Crime Survey for England and Wales, 2011-2012 (SN 7252)
Crime Survey for England and Wales, 2012-2013 (SN 7422)
Young People and Crime Survey, 1992-1993 (SN 3814)
Youth Lifestyles Survey, 1998-1999 (SN 4345)
British Crime Survey, 2000: Teaching Dataset (SN 4740)
British Crime Survey, 2000: X4L SDiT Teaching Dataset (SN 4918)
Experience and Expression in the Fear of Crime, 2003-2004 (SN 5822)
British Crime Survey 2007-2008: Teaching Dataset (SN 6561)
British Crime Survey 2007-2008: Unrestricted Access Teaching Dataset (SN 6891)
Crime Survey for England and Wales, 2011-2012: Teaching Dataset (SN 7401)

Related case studies:

Surprising psychology students with crime data
Using government survey evidence to explore fear of crime
Are people with disabilities more likely to experience violence?

Related support guides:

What is weighting?
Analysing crime data using Nesstar: Fear of crime using the British Crime Survey, 2000:X4L SDiT Teaching Dataset (Video)
Measuring Crime (Question Bank Commentary)

Publications

By principal investigator(s):
Links to more recent publications may be found on the ONS Crime Survey for England and Wales webpages and the Home Office BCS Methodology webpages.

Previous technical reports and papers, 1982-2001:

Wood, D. (1982) British crime survey: technical report, London: SCPR.

National Opinion Polls (1985) 1984 British Crime Survey: technical report, London: NOP.

Social and Community Planning Research (1988) 1988 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: SCPR.

Allen, D. and Payne, D. (1991) Crime prevention in Scotland - findings from the 1988 British Crime Survey, Scottish Office.

Allen, D. and Payne, D. (1991) The public and the police in Scotland - findings from the 1988 British Crime Survey, Scottish Office.

Payne, D. (1992) Crime in Scotland - findings from the 1988 British Crime Survey, Scottish Office.

Kinsey, R. and Anderson, S. (1992) Crime and quality of life - public perceptions and experiences of crime in Scotland: findings from the 1988 British Crime Survey, Scottish Office.

Hales, J. (1993) 1992 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: SCPR.

White, A. and Malbon, G. (June 1995) 1994 British Crime Survey: technical report, London: OPCS Social Survey Division.

Hales, J. and Stratford, N. (1996?) 1996 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: SCPR.

Hales, J. and Stratford, N. (1999) 1998 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: SCPR.

Hales, J., et al. (2001) 2000 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: National Centre for Social Research.

Budd, T. (2001) Burglary: practice messages from the British Crime Survey, Briefing Note 5/01, London: Home Office.

Kinshott, G. (2001) Vehicle related thefts: practice messages from the British Crime Survey, Briefing Note 6/01, London: Home Office.

Mattinson, J. (2001) Stranger and acquaintance violence: practice messages from the British Crime Survey, Briefing Note 7/01, London: Home Office.

Budd, T. and Sims, L. (2001) Antisocial behaviour and disorder: findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey, Findings 145, London: Home Office.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Pease, K. (1988) Judgements of crime seriousness : findings from the 1984 British Crime Survey, Research and Planning Unit Paper 44, London: Home Office.

Shah, R. and Pease, K. (1992) 'Crime, race and reporting to the police' Howard Journal of Crime and Justice, 31, pp.192-199.

Webb, P.M. (1994) Housing tenure as a determinant of the decision to report vandalism to the police: secondary analysis of the 1988 British Crime Survey, England and Wales, Dissertation for MSc Social Research, University of Surrey, September.

Bucke, T. (1997) Ethnicity and contacts with the police: latest findings from the British Crime Survey, Research Findings No.59, Research and Statistics Directorate, London: Home Office.

Ramsay, M. and Spiller, J. (1997) Drug misuse declared in 1996: latest findings from the British Crime Survey, Home Office Research Study 172, London: Home Office. ISBN 1-85893-917-8.

Hough, M. and Roberts, J. (1998) Attitudes to punishment: findings from the British Crime Survey, Home Office Research Study 179, London: Home Office. ISBN 1-84082-017-9.

Macdonald, Z. (1999) 'Illicit drug use in the UK', British Journal of Criminology, 39(4), pp.585-608.

Macdonald, Z. (2000) 'Illicit drug use, unemployment and occupational attainment', Journal of Health Economics, 19, pp.1089-1115.

Macdonald, Z. (2000) 'The impact of under-reporting on the relationship between unemployment and property crime', Applied Economic Letters, 7, pp.659-663.

Macdonald, Z. and Pudney, S. (2000) 'Analysing drug abuse with British Crime Survey data: modelling and questionnaire design issues', Applied Statistics, 49(1), pp.95-117.

Data from the British Crime Survey, 2000: Teaching Dataset (SN 4740) has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6. The book's companion web site includes downloadable datasets and further information: retrieved 26 March, 2013, from http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448406/links.asp.

Equality and Human Rights Commission (2013) Standard of Living, Measurement Framework Series Briefing Paper no.10, Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission. Retrieved February 26, 2014 from http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/uploaded_files/measurement_framework/Standard_of_living/standard_of_living.pdf

Variables

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