Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

1970 British Cohort Study: Sixteen-Year Follow-Up, 1986

Title details

SN: 3535
Title: 1970 British Cohort Study: Sixteen-Year Follow-Up, 1986
Alternative title: BCS4; BCS70; Youthscan
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-3535-4
Series: 1970 British Cohort Study [1970 British Cohort Study]
Depositor: Bynner, J.M., City University. Social Statistics Research Unit
Depositor: University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Principal investigator(s): Butler, N., International Centre for Child Studies
Bynner, J.M., City University. Social Statistics Research Unit
University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Data collector(s): International Centre for Child Studies
Sponsor(s): Home Office
Cancer Research Campaign
Beechams
Kelloggs
Westland
HTV
Channel 4 Television
Allied Lyons
WT Grant Foundation
Sir J. Knott Settlement
Hayward Foundation
Daily Star (Newspaper)
New Moorgate Trust
Lankelly Foundation
Laura Ashley Trust
Other acknowledgements: International Centre for Child Studies in collaboration with some 17 Local Education Authorities and 218 Health Authorites (the employers of the health visitors, teachers, nurses and doctors who gathered the data). The Social Statistics Research Unit, City University, was responsible for cleaning and documenting the dataset. Plus other public and private bodies, and private donations.

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Butler, N., Bynner, J.M., University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies. (2017). 1970 British Cohort Study: Sixteen-Year Follow-Up, 1986. [data collection]. 7th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 3535, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-3535-4

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Subject Categories

Child development and child rearing - Social stratification and groupings
Childbearing, family planning and abortion - Health
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
General - Health
Leisure, tourism and sport - Society and culture
Primary, pre-primary and secondary - Education
Religion and values - Society and culture
Youth - Social stratification and groupings

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Background
The 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) began in 1970 when data were collected about the births and families of babies born in the United Kingdom in one particular week in 1970. The first wave, called the British Births Survey, was carried out by the National Birthday Trust Fund in association with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Its aims were to examine the social and biological characteristics of the mother in relation to neonatal morbidity, and to compare the results with those of the National Child Development Study (NCDS), which commenced in 1958 (held separately at the UK Data Archive under GN 33004). Participants from Northern Ireland, who had been included in the birth survey, were dropped from the study in all subsequent sweeps, which only included respondents from Great Britain.

Since BCS70 began, there have been eight further full data collection exercises in order to monitor the cohort members' health, education, social and economic circumstances. These took place when respondents were aged 5, in 1975 (held under SN 2699), aged 10, in 1980 (SN 3723), aged 16, in 1986 (SN 3535), aged 26, in 1996 (SN 3833), aged 30, 1999-2000 (SN 5558), aged 34, in 2004-2005 (SN 5585) and aged 42 in 2012 (SN 7473). The first two sweeps (at 5 and 10 years) were carried out by the Department of Child Health at Bristol University. During these times, the survey was known as the Child Health and Education Study (CHES). The 16-year survey was carried out by the International Centre for Child Studies and named Youthscan. The Social Statistics Research Unit (SSRU) became involved with the BCS70 study at this time, and eventually changed its name to the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS), based at the Institute of Education, University of London. With each successive attempt, the scope of BCS70 has broadened from a strictly medical focus at birth, to encompass physical and educational development at the age of 5, physical, educational and social development at the ages of 10 and 16, and physical, educational, social and economic development at 26 years and beyond. Further information about the BCS70 and may be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website. As well as BCS70, the CLS now also conducts the NCDS series.

Response dataset:
A separate dataset covering response to BCS70 over all nine waves is available under SN 5641, 1970 British Cohort Study Response Dataset, 1970-2012. Users are advised to order this study alongside the other waves of BCS70.

Subsample, supplementary and related studies
A range of sub-sample and supplementary surveys have also been conducted, such as the Ten-year Follow-up Special Needs Survey (held under SN 7064) and a supplementary survey of head teachers (held under SN 5225) at the time of the 16-year follow-up in 1986. A related study, Coding of Text Data from BCS70 at 10 and 16 Years: Health Care Utilisation of School Aged Children, 1970-1986, is also held under SN 4126. The aim of this project was to code text variables from BCS70 files, selected from the ten- and 16-year follow-ups to provide information about health care utilisation by the target age group.

How to access genetic and/or bio-medical sample data from a range of longitudinal surveys:
A useful overview of the governance routes for applying for genetic and bio-medical sample data, which are not available through the UK Data Service, can be found at Governance of data and sample access on the METADAC (Managing Ethico-social, Technical and Administrative issues in Data Access) website.

The BCS70 Sixteen-Year Follow-up
The purpose of this study, the sixteen-year follow-up, was to review and evaluate adolescent (mid-teenage) health, care, education, social and family environment throughout Great Britain, as experienced by the BCS70 cohort.

After consultation with the depositor, several files previously available with this study have been temporarily withdrawn. These files cover the leisure and dietary diary files and extra demographics. The Centre for Longitudinal Studies is currently working on documentation for these files, which will become available to users again once the new documentation is ready.

At the time of the sixteen-year follow-up, a parallel survey was also conducted with head teachers of schools likely to be attended by cohort members. The main impetus behind this was to find out more about these schools, especially as many of the cohort members were about to leave full-time education. The head teacher questionnaires were not able to be keyed, documented and deposited at the time of the survey due to lack of resources, but funding finally became available in 2004/5 to complete this task at CLS. The resulting dataset is archived under SN 5225.

For the 7th edition (March 2017) a small number of primary identifiers (BCSID) have been changed to realign them to previous sweeps of data. See the documentation for full details of the work done.

October 2017 - new derived variable BD4TYPE added to derived file:
During October 2017, a new variable BD4TYPE, detailing 'School Type Age 16 (derived from STYPE, B9SC16TP and 1986 School Census)', was added to the derived variables file bcs4derived. The documentation has been updated accordingly.

Main Topics:
Subjects covered include:
  • cohort members: exercise and sport; hygiene; diet (including 4-day diary); activity diary (4-day); leisure activities; family life; religion; leaving home; money; smoking; alcohol; laterality; television, video and radio; friends and social behaviour; law and order; sexual behaviour; self-esteem; health status; medical history; attitudes to health and emotions; drug use; school; occupational interests; reading, spelling and vocabulary tests; mathematics tests; life-skills test (education, training and employment)
  • parents: health status; family health; chronic illness and disability; medication; accidents and injuries; use of health services; social experience; father's occupation; mother's occupation; parental situation; family finances; household amenities; accommodation type; number of rooms; neighbourhood; alcohol consumption; smoking; performance at school; life skills; behaviour
  • medical: special requirements; chronic illness and disability; psychological/psychiatric problems; medical examination; blood pressure; distant and near vision tests; motor co-ordination tests; audiometry; height and weight; head circumference
  • school: curriculum; teaching methods; special education; teacher's assessment of behaviour; academic achievement; academic potential; absences from school
Standard Measures
The data includes the following scales administered to the BCS70 cohort members: Rutter A Scale of Behavioural Deviance and the Malaise Inventory (Rutter, M. et al., 1970); Hyperactivity/Behavioural Scale (Connors, 1964); 12 item General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg, 1978); Lawseq (Self-esteem Scale); Caraloc (Locus of Control Scale); 21 general and specific attitudinal scales; Index of Mental Health (Rosenberg, 1965).

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: 1986 - 1987
Country: Great Britain
Spatial units: Countries
Health Authority Regions
Local Authority Districts
Standard Statistical Regions
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Textual data
Numeric data
Universe: National
Adolescents
BCS70 cohort members and their immediate family (parents and siblings); schools attended by BCS70 cohort members.
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Sampling procedures: No sampling (total universe)
An attempt was made to trace all the BCS70 cohort members through the cooperation of Local Education Authorities and Family Practitioner Committees (RCs and HBs in Scotland). Some 70% of the 1970 Cohort were traced and completed one or more survey documents.
Number of units: 16,500 (target) 11,622 (obtained)
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion; Psychological measurements; Clinical measurements; Diaries
The health visitor and parent were interviewed face-to-face. The child, parent and teacher were given self-completion questionnaires. The child psychological measurements were collected by self-completion. The school doctor conducted the child's medical examination. The child was asked to complete a four-day diet diary.
Weighting: No weighting used

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ABILITY EVALUATIONABILITY GROUPINGACCIDENTS
ACUPUNCTUREADOLESCENTSADVANCED LEVEL EXAMINATIONS
ADVICEAGEAIDS (DISEASE)
ALCOHOL USEALCOHOLIC DRINKSALLERGIES
ANTHROPOMETRIC DATAANXIETYAPARTMENTS
ARMS RACEARTIFICIAL SWEETENERSASSAULT
ASTHMAATTITUDESAUDIO EQUIPMENT
BACTERIAL AND VIRUS DISEASESBATHROOMSBED SHARING
BEVERAGESBLACK PEOPLEBOOK READERSHIP
BRONCHITISBURGLARYCAMERAS
CANCERCARDIOVASCULAR DISEASESCAREER DEVELOPMENT
CAREERS GUIDANCECEREAL PRODUCTSCEREALS
CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATIONCHILD-MINDINGCHILDREN IN CARE
CHILDRENCHIROPRACTICCLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS
CLOTHINGCLUBSCOMMUNITY BEHAVIOUR
COMMUNITY WORKCOMPUTERSCONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
CONFECTIONERYCONTACT LENSESCONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES
CORPORAL PUNISHMENTCOUGHINGCOURTS
CRIME VICTIMSCRIMINALSCYCLING
DAIRY PRODUCTSDEATH PENALTYDECISION MAKING
DENTAL EXAMINATIONSDENTAL TREATMENTDEPRESSION
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERSDISABILITIESDISABLED CHILDREN
DISCRIMINATIONDISEASESDOMESTIC APPLIANCES
DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIESDRINKING OFFENCESDRIVING
DRUG ABUSEDRUG TRAFFICKINGDRUG USE
EATING DISORDERSECONOMIC ACTIVITYEDIBLE FATS
EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATORSEDUCATIONAL ATTENDANCEEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
EDUCATIONAL EXPECTATIONSEDUCATIONAL GROUPINGEDUCATIONAL TESTS
EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCESEMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYMENT HISTORY
EMPLOYMENTENDOCRINE DISORDERSENROLMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATIONEPILEPSYEQUAL RIGHTS OF MEN AND WOMEN
ETHNIC GROUPSEXAMINATIONSEXPECTATION
EXPENDITUREEXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIESEYESIGHT TESTS
FAMILIESFAMILY INFLUENCEFAMILY LIFE
FAMILY MEMBERSFAMINEFATHER'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
FATHERSFIELDS OF STUDYFINANCIAL RESOURCES
FINANCIAL SUPPORTFIRST AIDFISH (AS FOOD)
FOODFRIENDSFRIENDSHIP
FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENTFURTHER EDUCATIONFUTURE
GAMBLINGGENDERGREAT BRITAIN
GROUPSHAEMATOLOGIC DISEASESHANDWRITING SKILLS
HEALTH CONSULTATIONSHEALTH PROMOTION AND EDUCATIONHEALTH SERVICES
HEALTHHEARING AIDSHEARING
HEATING EQUIPMENTHEATING SYSTEMSHEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
HOLIDAYSHOME OWNERSHIPHOME SHARING
HOMEOPATHYHOMEWORKHOMOSEXUALITY
HOSPITAL OUTPATIENT SERVICESHOSPITALIZED CHILDRENHOURS OF WORK
HOUSEHOLD BUDGETSHOUSEHOLD HEAD'S OCCUPATIONAL STATUSHOUSEHOLD PETS
HOUSEHOLDSHOUSING AGEHOUSING CONDITIONS
HOUSING TENUREHOUSINGHUMAN BEHAVIOUR
HUMAN SETTLEMENTHYPNOTHERAPYIDENTITY
IMMUNIZATIONINCOMEINJURIES
INTELLIGENCE TESTSINTERPERSONAL ATTRACTIONINTERPERSONAL CONFLICT
JOB HUNTINGJOB SECURITYJUVENILE DELINQUENCY
KITCHENSKNOWLEDGE (AWARENESS)LANGUAGES
LATERALITYLAVATORIESLAW ENFORCEMENT
LEARNING DISABILITIESLEAVING HOME (YOUTH)LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES
LESSONSLIFE STYLESMARRIAGE
MATHEMATICSMEALSMEAT
MEDICAL CAREMEDICAL EXAMINATIONSMEDICAL PRESCRIPTIONS
MEMBERSHIPMENSTRUATIONMENTAL DISORDERS
MILKMIXED MARRIAGESMOBILE HOMES
MONARCHYMOTHERSMOTOR PROCESSES
MOTOR VEHICLESMULTIPLE BIRTHSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASES
MUSICNEIGHBOURHOODSNEWSPAPER READERSHIP
NEWSPAPERSNUCLEAR WARFARENUTRITIONAL AND METABOLIC DISEASES
OCCUPATIONAL CHOICEOCCUPATIONAL TRAININGOFFENCES
OFFENSIVE TELEPHONE CALLSORDINARY LEVEL EXAMINATIONSORGANIZATIONS
OSTEOPATHYPACKETED FOODSPARENTAL DEPRIVATION
PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENTPARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIPPARENTS
PARENT-SCHOOL RELATIONSHIPPART-TIME EMPLOYMENTPATIENTS
PEER-GROUP RELATIONSHIPSPERIODICALS READERSHIPPERIODICALS
PERSONAL FASHION GOODSPERSONAL HYGIENEPHYSICAL ACTIVITIES
PHYSICAL EDUCATIONPHYSICIANSPHYSIOTHERAPY
PLACE OF BIRTHPOCKET MONEYPOLICE SERVICES
POLICE-STUDENT RELATIONSHIPPORNOGRAPHYPREDESTINATION
PREGNANCYPREMARITAL SEXPRIVATE GARDENS
PRIVATE SECTORPROBATIONPROBLEM SOLVING
PROMOTION (JOB)PSYCHOTHERAPYPUBLIC HOUSES
QUALIFICATIONSRACISMRADIO LISTENING
RADIO PROGRAMMESRADIO RECEIVERSREADING SKILLS
READING TESTSRECREATIONAL FACILITIESRELIGION
RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONRELIGIOUS ATTENDANCERELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION
RENTED ACCOMMODATIONRESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES
ROBBERYROOM SHARINGROOMS
RUNNINGSAFETY AND SECURITYSALT
SATISFACTIONSAVINGSSCHOOL BUILDINGS
SCHOOL CLASSESSCHOOL DISCIPLINESCHOOL MEALS
SCHOOL PUNISHMENTSSCHOOLCHILDRENSCHOOL-LEAVING GUIDANCE
SCHOOLSSCHOOL-STUDENT RELATIONSHIPSCHOOLTEACHERS
SECONDARY EDUCATIONSECONDARY SCHOOLSSEIZURES
SELF-ESTEEMSEXUAL AWARENESSSEXUAL BEHAVIOUR
SEXUAL OFFENCESSHOPLIFTINGSIBLINGS
SIGHTSKIN DISEASESSLEEP DISORDERS
SMOKINGSOCIAL ATTITUDESSOCIAL BEHAVIOUR
SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTSOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL SERVICES
SOCIAL SUPPORTSOFT DRINKSSOLVENT ABUSE
SPECIAL EDUCATIONSPECIAL NEEDS EDUCATIONSPECIAL NEEDS STUDENTS
SPECTACLESSPEECH IMPAIRMENTSSPEECH THERAPY
SPELLING SKILLSSPIRITUAL HEALINGSPORT SPECTATORSHIP
SPORTSTEPCHILDRENSTRIKES
STUDENTSSUGARSURGERY
SWIMMINGSYMPTOMSTAKE-AWAY MEALS
TATTOOINGTEACHING METHODSTEETH
TELEPHONESTELEVISION PROGRAMMESTELEVISION RECEIVERS
TELEVISION VIEWINGTERRORISMTESTS
TEXTILE MACHINERYTHEFTTHERMAL INSULATION
TIMETOBACCOTRADE UNIONS
TRANSITION FROM SCHOOL TO WORKTRUANCYTRUST
UNEMPLOYMENTUROGENITAL DISORDERSVEGETARIANISM
VEHICLE RESTRAINT SYSTEMSVERBAL SKILLSVIDEO RECORDERS
VIDEO RECORDINGSVISION IMPAIRMENTSVOCATIONAL EDUCATION CERTIFICATES
VOCATIONAL EDUCATIONVOLUNTARY WORKWAGES
WALKINGWATCHINGWATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)
WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)WEIGHT LIFTINGWOMEN'S RIGHTS
WORK ATTITUDEYOUTH ACTIVITIESYOUTH CLUBS
YOUTH ORGANIZATIONSYOUTH

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 14 June 1996
Latest edition: 22 March 2017 (7th Edition)
Copyright: Copyright Centre for Longitudinal Studies, Bedford Group, Institute of Education, University of London
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Additional special conditions of use also apply. See terms and conditions for further information.
Please note: A fully documented database, which will contain all BCS70 data, is in preparation at CLS and will also be made available via the UK Data Service. Until then, it is possible to obtain data not already held here from the CLS directly via:
BCS70 User Support Group, Centre for Longitudinal Studies, UCL Institute of Education, University of London, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1H OAL.
Tel: 0207 612 6864
Fax: 0207 612 6880
Email: cohort@cls.ioe.ac.uk
Further information may also be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
User Guide Part 1 - Introduction/Manuals/Questionnaires B-H a3535uab.pdf 4317
User Guide Part 2 - Annotated Questionnaires J-T a3535ubb.pdf 4070
User Guide Part 3 - Appendices a3535ucb.pdf 3361
User Guide Part 4 - CLS Data Note 1: Longitudinal Linkage in BCS70 a3535udb.pdf 185
BCS70 16-year Document D Questionnaire bcs70_16-year_document_d_questionnaire.pdf 1560
Derived Variables at 1986 Sweep (16 Year Follow-up) bcs70_derived_variables_at_1986_sweep_2nded_2017.pdf 369
Revised Region Variables bcs70_revised_region_variables.pdf 393
CLS Confidentiality and Data Security Review cls_confidentiality_and_data_security_review.pdf 25
JIIG-CAL Occupational Interests Dataset User Guide jiig-cal_occupational_interests_dataset_user_guide.pdf 345
Changes in the NCDS and BCS70 populations and samples over time ncds_and_bcs70_populationsandsamplesovertime.pdf 401
Realignment of BCS70 identifiers realignment_of_bcs70_identifiers_documentation.pdf 532
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_3535_Information.htm 7
READ File read3535.htm 11
View related studies and guides... Hide related studies and guides...

Related studies:

  1970 British Cohort Study: Birth and 22-Month Subsample, 1970-1972 (SN 2666)
  1970 British Cohort Study: 42-Month Subsample, 1973 (SN 2690)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Five-Year Follow-Up, 1975 (SN 2699)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Ten-Year Follow-Up, 1980 (SN 3723)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Twenty-Six-Year Follow-Up, 1996 (SN 3833)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Twenty-One-Year Sample Survey, 1992 (SN 4715)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Sixteen-Year Head Teacher Questionnaire, 1986 (SN 5225)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Twenty-Nine-Year Follow-Up, 1999-2000 (SN 5558)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Thirty-Four-Year Follow-Up, 2004-2005 (SN 5585)
  1970 British Cohort Study Response Dataset, 1970-2012 (SN 5641)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Sixteen Year Follow-up, Arithmetic Test, 1986 (SN 6095)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Thirty-Eight-Year Follow-Up, 2008-2009 (SN 6557)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Partnership Histories, 1986-2012 (SN 6941)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Activity Histories, 1986-2013 (SN 6943)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Ten-Year Special Needs Survey, 1980 (SN 7064)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Forty-Two-Year Follow-Up, 2012 (SN 7473)
  1970 British Cohort Study: Sixteen Year Follow-up, Reading and Matrices Tests, 1986 (SN 8288)
  Coding of Text Data from BCS70 at 10 and 16 Years: Health Care Utilisation of School-Aged Children, 1970-1986 (SN 4126)
  British Cohort Studies Teaching Dataset for Higher Education, 1958-2000 (SN 5805)
  Occupational Coding for the National Child Development Study (1969, 1991-2008) and the 1970 British Cohort Study (1980, 2000-2008) (SN 7023)

Related case studies:

Do smarter children avoid drug use later in life?
Entering the NEET zone: Does career indecision matter?
Do children suffer the effects of parental separation in adult life?

Publications

View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
Publications based on BCS70 may be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.

Chamberlain, G., et al. (1975) British births 1970, London: Heinemann.

Crawley, H.F. (1993) `The energy, nutrient and food intakes of teenagers 16-17 years in Britain: 1. energy, macronutrients and non-starch polysaccharides', British Journal of Nutrition, 70, pp. 15-26.

Crawley, H.F. (1993) `The role of breakfast cereals in the diets of 16-17 year-old teenagers in Britain', Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 6, pp. 39-50.

Furlong, A. (1993) Schooling for jobs: changes in the career preparation of British secondary school children, Aldershot: Avebury.

Lewis, S., et al. (1995) `Prospective study of risk factors for early and persistent wheezing in childhood', European Respiratory Journal, 8, pp.349-356.

Goodman, A. and Butler N. R. (1996) The 1970 British Cohort Study: the Sixteen-year Follow-up - a guide to the BCS70 16-year data available at the Economic and Social Research Council Data Archive, London: Social Statistics Research Unit, City University.

Butler, N., Despotidou, S., and Shepherd, P. (1997) 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) Ten-year Follow-up (formerly known as the Child Health and Education Study, CHES): a guide to the BCS 10-year data available at the Economic and Social Research Council Data Archive, London: Social Statistics Research Unit, City University.

Bynner, J., Ferri, E. and Shepherd, P. (1997) Twenty-something in the 1990s: getting on, getting by, getting nowhere, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Kallis, C. (2004) CLS Cohort Studies Data Note 4: BCS70 partnership histories, Centre for Multilevel Modelling, Bedford Group for Lifecourse and Statistical Studies, Institute of Education, University of London.

Steele, F., et al. (2005) 'The relationship between childbearing and transitions from marriage and cohabitation in Britain', Demography, 42.

Steele, F., et al. (2005) 'Changes in the relationship between the outcomes of cohabiting partnerships and fertility among young British women: evidence from the 1958 and 1970 Birth Cohort Studies', paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Philadelphia, 2005.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Stewart, A. and Orme, J. (1989) `Teenage smoking and health education' , Health Visitor, March, pp.91-94.

Roker, D. (1992) `The private sector of education: a review of past research and recommendations for future work', Educational Studies, 3, pp.227-298.

Green, F., Hoskins, M. and Montgomery, S. (1994) `The effects of training, further education and YTS on the earnings of young employees', Discussion Paper in Economics, University of Leicester.

Banks, M.H. and Roker, D. (1996) `Work attitudes of private and state schools: evidence from the Youthscan study', British Journal of Education and Work.

Al-saadoon, M. A. (1999) Antisocial behaviour and residential care teenagers, dissertation for MSc Community Paediatrics, University of Nottingham.

Cheung, Yin Bun (1999) 'The blood pressure of heavier and lighter twins: support for the fetal origin hypothesis?', British Medical Journal, 27, October.

Cheung, Yin Bun (2001) 'Adjustment for selection bias in cohort studies: an application of a probit model with selectivity to life course epidemiology', Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 54, pp.1238-1243.

Cheung, Yin Bun (2002) 'Zero-inflated models for regression analysis of count data: a study of growth and development', Statistics in Medicine, 21, pp.1461-1469.

Cheung, Yin Bun (2002) 'Early origins and adult correlates of psychosomatic distress', Social Science and Medicine, 55, pp.937-948.

Kiernan, K. (2003) Cohabitation and divorce across nations and generations, CASEpaper 65, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, March.

Pevalin, D.J. (2003) Outcomes in childhood and adulthood by mother's age at birth: evidence from the 1970 British Cohort Study, Working Paper of the Institute for Social and Economic Research, Paper 2003-31, Colchester: University of Essex.

Ermisch, J. F. and Pevalin, D.J. (2003) Who has a child as a teenager?, Working Paper of the Institute for Social and Economic Research, Paper 2003-30, Colchester: University of Essex.

Ermisch, J. F. and Pevalin, D.J. (2003) 'Does a 'teen-birth' have longer-term impacts on the mother? Evidence from the 1970 British Cohort Study, Working Paper of the Institute for Social and Economic Research, Paper 2003-28, Colchester: University of Essex.

Gale, C.R. and Martyn, C.N. (2004) 'Birth weight and later risk of depression in a national birth', British Journal of Psychiatry, 184, p.28-33.

Ermisch, J.F. and Pevalin, D.J. (2004) 'Early childbearing and housing choices', Journal of Housing Economics, 13(3), pp.170-194.

Hobcraft, J. and Sigle-Rushton, W. (2005) An exploration of childhood antecedents of female adult malaise in two British birth cohorts: combining Bayesian model averaging and recursive partitioning, CASEpaper 95, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, March.

Batty, G.D., Deary, I.J. and Schoon, I. et al. (2007) 'Childhood mental ability in relation to cause-specific accidents: the 1970 British Cohort Study', QJM, 100(7), pp.405-414.

Batty, G.D., Deary, I.J. and Schoon, I. et al. (2007) 'Childhood mental ability in relation to food intake and physical activity in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study', Pediatrics, 119(1), pp.38-45.

Gale, C.R., Deary, I.J. and Schoon, I. et al. 'IQ in childhood and vegetarianism in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study', British Medical Journal, Feb 3, 334(7587), p.245.

Batty, G.D. et al. (2007) 'Mental ability across childhood in relation to risk factors for premature mortality in adult life: the 1970 British Cohort Study', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, pp.997-1003.

Deary, I.J., Batty, G.D. and Gale, C.R. (2008) 'Bright children become enlightened adults', Psychological Sciences, 19, pp.1-6.

Gale, C.R., Batty, G.D. and Deary, I.J. (2008) 'Locus of control at age 10 years and health outcomes and behaviors at age 30 years: the 1970 British Cohort Study', Psychosomatic Medicine, 70, pp.397-403.

Leuze, K. (2007) 'What makes for a good start? Occupation-specific higher education and graduate career mobility', International Journal of Sociology, 37(2), pp.29-53.

Leuze, K. and Allmendinger, J. (2008) 'Ungleiche Karrierepfade? – Die Bedeutung institutioneller Differenzierung für stratifizierte Arbeitsmarkterträge von Hochschulabsolventen', in B. Kehm (ed.)Hochschule im Wandel, Frankfurt: Die Universität als Forschungsgegenstand.

Taulbut, M. and Walsh, D. (2013) Poverty, parenting and poor health: comparing early years' experiences in Scotland, England and three city regions, Glasgow Centre for Population Health, February. Retrieved August 2, 2013 from http://www.gcph.co.uk/assets/0000/3817/Poverty__parenting_and_poor_health.pdf

Greaves, E. (2013) 'Marriage, cohabitation and child outcomes', paper presented at Understanding Society conference, University of Essex, Thursday 25 July 2013.

Hirvonen, K. (2013) 'Measuring catch-up growth in malnourished populations', Annals of Human Biology, doi:10.3109/03014460.2013.827239

Rojas Blanco, L.C. (2013) The influence of gender beliefs and early exposure to math, science and technology in female degree choices, Ph.D. thesis, University of York. Retrieved January 6, 2014 from White Rose eTheses Online, http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/4695/

Patrick, M.E., Maggs, J.L., Greene, K., Morgan, N.R. and Schulenberg, J.E. (2014) 'The link between mother and adolescent substance use: Intergenerational findings from the British Cohort Study', Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 5, pp.56-63. PMC3906729. doi:10.14301/llcs.v5i1.241

Andersson, M.A. and Maralani, V. (2015) 'Early-life characteristics and educational disparities in smoking', Social Science and Medicine, 144, pp.138-147.

Mawditt, C., Sacker, A., Britton, A., Kelly, Y. and Cable, N. (2016) 'The clustering of health-related behaviours in a British population sample: testing for cohort differences', Preventive Medicine, 88, pp.95-107.

Upton, G.J.G. (2016) Categorical data analysis by example, Oxford: Wiley. ISBN: 978-1-119-30786-0.

Kashefpakdel, E. T. and Percy, C. (2016) 'Career education that works: an economic analysis using the British Cohort Study', Journal of Education and Work, 30(3), pp. 217-234.

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1970 British Cohort Study: Sixteen-Year Follow-Up, 1986

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