Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

British General Election Study, 1997; Cross-Section Survey

Title details

SN: 3887
Title: British General Election Study, 1997; Cross-Section Survey
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-3887-1
Series: British Election Study [British Election Studies, 1969-]
Depositor: Social and Community Planning Research
Principal investigator(s): Heath, A., University of Oxford. Nuffield College
Jowell, R., Social and Community Planning Research
Curtice, J.K., University of Strathclyde
Norris, P., Harvard University. John F. Kennedy School of Government
Data collector(s): Social and Community Planning Research
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Gatsby Charitable Foundation
Grant number: H552255003
Other acknowledgements: P ; 1573
A. Park, K. Thomson and L. Brook Bridget Taylor, CREST (Centre for Research into Elections and Social Trends) research officer at Nuffield College, Oxford.

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Heath, A., Jowell, R., Curtice, J.K., Norris, P. (1999). British General Election Study, 1997. [data collection]. 2nd Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 3887, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-3887-1

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Subject Categories

Election and campaign studies - Politics

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

British General Election Study, 1997
The aims of the 1997 British General Election Study are:
to maintain the continuity of the BGES survey series thereby providing a record of voting behaviour over the last three decades;
to compare voting behaviour and issues of identity North and South of the Scottish border;
to analyse the interaction between long-term structural trends, medium term economic and other influences, and short-term political factors and the way in which they determine the outcome of the next election;
to compare internationally the impact of electoral institutions on voting behaviour and on attitudes towards elections.
Main Topics:
The file consists of data from a face-to-face interview; a self-completion (including the CSES international module); geographic information derived from the census; turn-out and electoral registration information derived from a check against the marked-up Electoral Registers.
The sample includes a Scottish boost (see also SN:3889 Scottish Election Survey, 1997).
Standard Measures
self-completion Q3a,b,e,f,g,Q4a make up a standard BGES left-right scale; self-completion Q3c,d, and Q4b-e make up a standard BGES libertarian-authoritarian scale.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: May 1997 - August 1997
Country: Great Britain
Spatial units: Council Areas
Counties
Local Authority Districts
Postcode (Sector)
Standard Statistical Regions
Wards (Electoral)
Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies
Kind of data: Numeric data
Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Adults aged 18+ living in Great Britain
Time dimensions: Cross-sectional (one-time) study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: 6540 (target) 3615 (obtained)
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion
CAPI; methods of data collection also include : link to Census data; check against marked-up electoral registers
Weighting: No information recorded

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
AGEAIDASIANS
ATTITUDESBLACK PEOPLEBRITISH POLITICAL PARTIES
BUSINESSESCANVASSINGCARS
CENSORSHIPCHILDRENCITIZENSHIP
CLASS CONFLICTCLASS CONSCIOUSNESSCONSERVATIVE PARTY (GREAT BRITAIN)
CULTURAL IDENTITYCULTURAL INTEGRATIONCURRENCIES
DEATH PENALTYDECENTRALIZED GOVERNMENTDECISION MAKING
DEMOCRACYDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIESECONOMIC ACTIVITY
ECONOMIC COMPETITIONECONOMIC CONDITIONSECONOMIC VALUE
EDUCATIONEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL FINANCE
ELECTIONSELECTORSELITE
EMPLOYMENT POLICYEMPLOYMENTENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
EQUAL OPPORTUNITYETHNIC GROUPSETHNIC MINORITIES
EUROPEAN UNIONFAITH SCHOOLSFATHER'S OCCUPATION
FATHER'S PLACE OF BIRTHFATHERSFINANCIAL RESOURCES
FREEDOM OF EXPRESSIONFREEDOM OF SPEECHGENDER
GIFTSGOVERNMENTGREAT BRITAIN
GREAT BRITAINHEADS OF GOVERNMENTHEALTH SERVICES
HOME OWNERSHIPHOMOSEXUALITYHOURS OF WORK
HOUSEHOLDSHOUSESIMMIGRATION
INCOME DISTRIBUTIONINCOME TAXINCOME
INCOMES POLICYINDUSTRIESINTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
JOB HUNTINGJOB SECURITYLABOUR PARTY (GREAT BRITAIN)
LANGUAGES USED AT HOMELANGUAGESLAW ENFORCEMENT
LEGISLATIONLIBERAL DEMOCRATS (GREAT BRITAIN)LOCAL GOVERNMENT
LOCAL PRESSMARITAL STATUSMEDICAL INSURANCE
MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENTMEMBERSHIPMINIMUM WAGES
MOTHER'S OCCUPATIONMOTHERSNATIONAL IDENTITY
NATIONALISMNATIONALIZATIONNATIVE LANGUAGES EDUCATION
NEWS ITEMSNEWSPAPER READERSHIPNEWSPAPERS
PARLIAMENTARY CANDIDATESPLAID CYMRUPOLITICAL ALLEGIANCE
POLITICAL ATTITUDESPOLITICAL AWARENESSPOLITICAL COALITIONS
POLITICAL CORRUPTIONPOLITICAL EXTREMISMPOLITICAL INFLUENCE
POLITICAL INTERESTPOLITICAL ISSUESPOLITICAL LEADERS
POLITICAL OPPOSITIONPOLITICAL POWERPOLITICAL REPRESENTATION
POLITICAL SYSTEMSPOLITICAL UNIFICATIONPOLITICIANS
POOR PERSONSPRICE POLICYPRIVATE SCHOOLS
PRIVATE SECTORPRIVATIZATIONPROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION
PUBLIC ENTERPRISESPUBLIC EXPENDITUREPUBLIC OPINION
PUBLIC OWNERSHIPPUBLIC SECTORPUNISHMENT OBJECTIVES
QUALIFICATIONSRACIAL DISCRIMINATIONRACIAL PREJUDICE
RADIO NEWSREFERENDUMSRELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCERELIGIOUS CONFLICTRELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION
RENTED ACCOMMODATIONRETIREMENTSCHOOLS
SCOTLANDSCOTTISH NATIONAL PARTYSELECTIVE SCHOOLS
SELF-GOVERNMENTSHARESSOCIAL BEHAVIOUR
SOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL INEQUALITY
SOCIAL JUSTICESOCIAL WELFARESPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
SPOUSE'S EMPLOYMENTSTATE RESPONSIBILITYTAXATION
TELEPHONE CALLSTELEVISION NEWSTRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP
TRADE UNIONSUPPER HOUSEVOTING BEHAVIOUR
VOTING INTENTIONVOTINGWEALTH
WOMENWOMEN'S RIGHTSWOMEN'S ROLE
WORKERS PARTICIPATIONYOUTH

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 02 July 1998
Latest edition: 28 May 1999 (2nd Edition)
Copyright: Copyright Social and Community Planning Research
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is not required.
Please note: Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Download

Zip files contain data, documentation and licence details

Title Size (KB)
SPSS (Zip) 2555[MD5Checksum: E93D34EF7786163F68759B080B0C3C88]
Stata (Zip) 2537[MD5Checksum: 35C36E863220665D418A4C9B75207266]
Tab-delimited (Zip) 2597[MD5Checksum: BDCDDBF1DA04794A3E2ECB94E9658C6B]

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Codebook a3887cab.pdf 602
Questionnaires a3887qab.pdf 581
Index File in3887.pdf 10
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_3887_Information.htm 7
Address Record Form A arfva.doc 44
Address Record Form B arfvb.doc 50
Address Record Form C arfvc.doc 45
Address Record Form D arfvd.doc 44
Blaise Questionnaire besdoc2.doc 326
Note for users - x-section and Scottish besxnote.doc 26
part of Codebook besxs.doc 107
part of Codebook besxs1.doc 80
part of Codebook besxs1a.doc 180
part of Codebook besxs2.doc 160
part of Codebook besxs2a.doc 63
part of Codebook besxs3.doc 154
part of Codebook besxsa.doc 69
Self-completion questionnaire - x-section & Scotland bgessc1.doc 104
Self-completion questionnaire - ethnic minority survey bgessc2.doc 64
part of Codebook classif.doc 58
part of Codebook classif2.doc 135
contents page of Codebook content.doc 14
Note for users - ethnic minority survey ethnnote.doc 27
front page of Codebook frontpge.doc 14
income sheet incomesh.doc 16
how to use Codebook instruc.doc 18
Address Information Form non-resp.doc 19
Overview overview.doc 42
Scales booklet - cross-section survey scales-e.doc 46
Scales booklet - scottish survey scales-s.doc 46
Scales booklet - ethnic survey scalethn.doc 19
part of Codebook short.doc 106
Showcards showcard.doc 36
READ File read3887.txt 1
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Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
British Election Study, (1974) The British Election Study panel sample 1974: methodological study, June.

British Election Study, (1974) The British Election Survey: technical document, July.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1974) `The why and how of the February voting', New Society, 12 September.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1974) The flow of the vote 1970 February 1974 - October 1974.

Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I. and Alt, J., (1974) Class and Party in the elections of 1974.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., The decline of the two-party system, paper presented to Political Studies Association Conference, Oxford, March 1975.

British Election Study, (1975) The British Election Study of October 1974: methodological report, April.

British Election Study, (1975) The British Referendum Survey: a report on fieldwork for the Referendum Recall Study, August.

Fox, A., (1975) `Attitudes to immigration: a comparison of data from the 1970 and 1974 general election surveys', New Community Vol. IV (2), Summer.

Miller, W., (1975) Series of articles on the special Scottish surveys, The Scotsman, October 10 and 12.

Sarlvik, B., et al, (1976) `Britain's membership of the EEC: a profile of electoral opinions in the spring of 1974 - with a postscript on the referendum', European Journal of Political Science Vol. 4 (1), March, pp.83-113.

Fox, A. and Alt, J., The reliability of occupational coding, paper presented to SSRC Seminar on Longitudinal Studies, Cambridge, March 1976.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., The erosion of partisanship 1964 - 1975, paper presented to the Political Studies Association Conference, Nottingham, March 1976.

Alt, J., Personal well-being and economic trends in Britain, paper presented to ECPR Workshop on Protest, Dissatisfaction and Change, ECPR Joint Sessions, Louvain-la-Neuve, April 1976.

Alt, J., Sarlvik, B. and Crewe, I., (1976) `Partisanship and policy choice: issue preferences in the British electorate, February 1974', British Journal of Political Science, 6(3), July.

Alt, J., Sarlvik, B. and Crewe, I., (1976) `Individual differences scaling and group attitude structures', Quantity and Quality, Vol.10, December.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1976) `The election of February 1974' IN R. Rose (ed.), Studies in British Politics, 3rd edition, London: Macmillan.

Crewe, I., Fox, A. and Alt, J., (1977) `Non-voting in British general elections 1966 - October 1974' IN C. Crouch (ed.), British Political Sociology Yearbook: Vol. III, Political Participation, London: Croom Helm.

Miller, W., (1977) `The connection between SNP voting and the demand for Scottish self government', The European Journal of Political Research, 5(1), March.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1977) `Partisan dealignment in Britain 1964 - 1974', British Journal of Political Science, 7(2), April.

Alt, J., Crewe, I. and Sarlvik, B., (1977) `Angels in plastic: Liberal support in 1974', Political Studies, 25(3), September.

Crewe, I. and Sarlvik, B., (1979) `The Conservative Party and the electorate', IN T.L. Henry (ed.), Conservative Party politics, London: Macmillan.

Alt, J.E., (1979) The politics of economic decline, Cambridge University Press.

Crewe, I.M. and Sarlvik, B., (1979) `Popular attitudes and electoral strategy' IN Z. Layton-Henry (ed.), Conservative Party politics, London: Macmillan.

Crewe, I.M., (1980) `Why the Conservatives Won', in H. Penniman (ed.), Britain at the Polls, American Enterprise Institute.

Crewe, I.M., Negative partisanship: some preliminary ideas using British data, Paper presented to European Consortium for Political Research, Florence, March, 1980.

Crewe, I.M., (1980) `Prospects for party realignment: an Anglo-American comparison' Comparative Politics, 12(4), July.

Crewe, I.M., The electoral decline of the Labour Party, paper presented to Conference on the Politics of the Labour Party, Nuffield College, Oxford, September 1980.

British Election Study, (1980) A comparison of respondent's characteristics with known population parameters, Technical paper 1980:1.

British Election Study, (1980) The British Election Study, May 1979 questionnaire, Technical paper 1980:2.

British Election Study, (1981) A description of surveys conducted by the BES Research Project, Technical paper 1981:1.

British Election Study, (1981) Questionnaire continuity guide, Technical paper 1981:2.

Crewe, I.M., (1981) `The Labour Party and the electorate', in D.A. Kavanagh (ed.), The politics of the Labour Party, London: Allen Unwin.

Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I.M., and Robertson, D., Why the parties were liked and disliked in the 1979 Election: an analysis of `Free Answer' survey data, paper presented to the Political Studies Association Conference, Hull, April 1981.

Crewe, I.M., Electoral Volatility in Britain Since 1945, paper presented to the European Consortium for Political Research, Lancaster, 1981.

Crewe, I.M., Party and the public, paper presented to the Hansard Society/American Enterprise Institute Conference on the Role of Political Parties, Ditchley Park, Oxfordshire, May 1981.

Heath, A.F. and MacDonald, S-K., (1988) `The demise of party identification theory?' Electoral Studies, 7, pp.95-107.

Swaddle, K. and Heath, A. (1987) Official and reported turnout in the British General Election of 1987, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.

Heath, A., (1991) Understanding political change : voting behaviour in Britain 1964-1987, Oxford: Pergamon.

Heath, A.F. and Pierce, R. (1992) 'It was party identification all along : question-order effects on reports of party identification in Britain' Electoral Studies, II.

Heath, A., et al, (eds.) (1993) Labour's last chance : the 1992 election and beyond, Aldershot: Dartmouth.

Heath, A., Jowell, R. and Curtice, J. (2001) The rise of New Labour: party policies and voter choices, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brook, L. and Taylor, B. (1996) British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Interim technical notes, CREST Working Paper 41.

Taylor, B., Heath, A. and Lynn, P. (1996) The British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Response characteristics and attrition, CREST Working Paper 40.

Surridge, P. et al, (1998) `The Scottish electorate and the Scottish parliament' Scottish Affairs special issue.

Saggar, S. (ed.) (1998) Race and British electoral politics, London: UCL Press.

Thomson, K., Park, A. and Brook, L. (1999) British General Election Study 1997: Cross-section Survey, Scottish Election Study, and Ethnic Minority Election Study, London: National Centre for Social Research.

Sanders, D., Clarke, H., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2010) 'Simulating the effects of the Alternative Vote in the 2010 UK General Election', Parliamentary Affairs, 64(1), pp.5-23.

Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Government performance and life satisfaction in contemporary Britain', Journal of Politics, 27(3), pp. 733-746.

Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Do institutions really influence participation? Contextual influences on turnout and participation in the world’s democracies', International Journal of Market Research, 52(1), pp.21-42.

Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Polling and forecasting the General Election of 2010', International Journal of Market Research, 52(5), pp.687-691.

Sanders, D., Clarke, H., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2011) 'Downs, Stokes and the dynamics of electoral choice', British Journal of Political Science, 41(2), pp.287-314.

Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2011) 'Britain says NO: Voting in the AV ballot referendum', Parliamentary Affairs, November, pp.1-22.

Clarke, H., Sanders, D., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2013) Campaigning for change – the dynamics of electoral choice in Britain, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Taylor-Gooby, P. (1987) `Welfare attitudes : cleavage, consensus and citizenship' The Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs, 3(3), pp.199-211.

Rabinowitz, G., Macdonald, S.E. and Listhaug, O., Competing theories of issue voting : is discounting the explanation?, paper prepared for delivery at the Annual Meeting of American Political Science Association, Washington DC, September 2-5 1993.

Baker, J.R. et.al., Looking at Legislatures : citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Great Britain and the United States, paper prepared for delivery at the 16th International Congress of the International Political Science Association (RC8:2), Berlin, August 21-25 1994.

Baker, J.E. et al (1996) `Citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Britain and the United States' The Journal of Legislative Studies, 2(2), pp.44-62.

Kobori, M. (1996) `A study on the North-South divide in Britain of 80s : with reference to the difference of Labour's votes between the North and South' Ryudai Law Review, 56, May, pp.72-104.

Bennett, S., Flickinger, R., and Rhine, S. Political talk - over here, over there and over time : a comparative analysis of who talks about politics in Britain and the United States, 1959-1994, paper presented to the International Society of Political Psychology meeting, Vancouver, June 30th-July 3rd 1996.

Evans, G. and Norris, P. (1999) Critical elections: British parties and voters in long-term perspective, London: Sage Publications.

Tunstall, H. et al (2000) 'Geographical scale, the 'feel-good factor' and voting at the 1997 general election in England and Wales' Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 25, p.51-64.

Dardanelli, P. (2001) The Europeanisation of regionalisation: European integration and public support for self-government in Scotland 1979/1997, Queen's Papers on Europeanisation, No. 5/2001, London School of Economics.

Skrondal, A. and Rabe-Hesketh, S. (2003) 'Multilevel logistic regression for polytomous data and rankings' Psychometrika, 68(2), pp.267-287.

A subset of BES 1997 data has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6. The book's companion web site includes downloadable datasets and further information: retrieved 26 January, 2009, from http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448406/links.asp.

Steven, M. (2010) Christianity and party politics: keeping the faith, London: Routledge, December. ISBN 978-0-415-55660-6.

Upton, G.J.G. (2016) Categorical data analysis by example, Oxford: Wiley. ISBN: 978-1-119-30786-0.

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British General Election Study, 1997; Cross-Section Survey

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