UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||British General Election Study, 1997 : Ethnic Minority Survey|
|Series:||British Election Study [British Election Studies, 1969-]|
|Depositor:||Social and Community Planning Research|
Saggar, S., University of London. Queen Mary and Westfield College
Heath, A., University of Oxford. Nuffield College
Social and Community Planning Research
Economic and Social Research Council
Commission for Racial Equality
P ; 1573, P ; 1659
A. Park, K. Thomson and L. Brook
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.British General Election Study, 1997 : Ethnic Minority Survey
The aims of the Ethnic Minority Survey are:
to evaluate the extent to which ethnic minority voters are integrated into the electoral process;
to evaluate whether, after taking into account their social background, members of the main ethnic minorities vote differently from each other and from their white counterparts;
to examine whether the political attitudes of ethnic minority voters are significantly different from that of white voters;
to examine whether members of ethnic minorities are influenced by different considerations than their white counterparts in deciding how to vote and to evaluate in particular, the importance of issues of race and immigration in voting behaviour of ethnic minority and white voters.
The file contains data for 705 respondents from: an hour and ten minutes long face-to-face interview; a self-completion questionnaire; geographic information derived from the census; turn-out and electoral registration information derived from a check against the marked-up Electoral Registers.
The respondents are partly a subset of the British General Election Study Cross-section Survey and partly an ethnic boost generated by a random screening survey.
Self-completion Q3a,b,e,f,g,Q4a make up a standard BGES left-right scale; self-completion Q3c,d,Q4b-e make up a standard BGES libertarian-authoritarian scale.
|Dates of fieldwork:||1 May 1997 - August 1997|
|Country:||England and Wales|
Local Authority Districts
Standard Statistical Regions
Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
Adults aged 18 and over from ethnic minorities - defined for the survey as 'black or of Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi origin'.
Cross-sectional (one-time) study
Multi-stage stratified random sample
The sample was generated from three main sources: ethnic minority respondents who happened to be generated by the main study (samples A and B); a large-scale screening exercise in areas of high ethnic minority concentration (sample C); next-door screening at some sample points with high ethnic minority concentrations (sample D).
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Self-completion
CAPI; Link to census data; check against marked-up electoral registers.
|Weighting:||No information recorded|
|ATTITUDES||BLACK PEOPLE||BRITISH POLITICAL PARTIES|
|CLASS CONFLICT||CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS||CONSERVATIVE PARTY (GREAT BRITAIN)|
|CULTURAL IDENTITY||CULTURAL INTEGRATION||CURRENCIES|
|DEATH PENALTY||DECENTRALIZED GOVERNMENT||DECISION MAKING|
|DEMOCRACY||DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES||ECONOMIC ACTIVITY|
|ECONOMIC COMPETITION||ECONOMIC CONDITIONS||ECONOMIC VALUE|
|EDUCATION||EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND||EDUCATIONAL FINANCE|
|EMPLOYMENT POLICY||EMPLOYMENT||ENGLAND AND WALES|
|EQUAL OPPORTUNITY||ETHNIC GROUPS||ETHNIC MINORITIES|
|EUROPEAN UNION||FAITH SCHOOLS||FATHER'S OCCUPATION|
|FATHER'S PLACE OF BIRTH||FATHERS||FINANCIAL RESOURCES|
|FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION||FREEDOM OF SPEECH||GENDER|
|HEADS OF GOVERNMENT||HEALTH SERVICES||HOME OWNERSHIP|
|HOMOSEXUALITY||HOURS OF WORK||HOUSEHOLDS|
|INCOME TAX||INCOME||INCOMES POLICY|
|INDUSTRIES||INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION||JOB HUNTING|
|JOB SECURITY||LABOUR PARTY (GREAT BRITAIN)||LANGUAGES USED AT HOME|
|LIBERAL DEMOCRATS (GREAT BRITAIN)||LOCAL GOVERNMENT||LOCAL PRESS|
|MARITAL STATUS||MEDICAL INSURANCE||MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT|
|MEMBERSHIP||MINIMUM WAGES||MOTHER'S OCCUPATION|
|NATIONALIZATION||NATIVE LANGUAGES EDUCATION||NEWS ITEMS|
|NEWSPAPER READERSHIP||NEWSPAPERS||PARLIAMENTARY CANDIDATES|
|PLAID CYMRU||POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE||POLITICAL ATTITUDES|
|POLITICAL AWARENESS||POLITICAL COALITIONS||POLITICAL CORRUPTION|
|POLITICAL EXTREMISM||POLITICAL INFLUENCE||POLITICAL INTEREST|
|POLITICAL ISSUES||POLITICAL LEADERS||POLITICAL OPPOSITION|
|POLITICAL POWER||POLITICAL REPRESENTATION||POLITICAL SYSTEMS|
|POLITICAL UNIFICATION||POLITICIANS||POOR PERSONS|
|PRICE POLICY||PRIVATE SCHOOLS||PRIVATE SECTOR|
|PRIVATIZATION||PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION||PUBLIC ENTERPRISES|
|PUBLIC EXPENDITURE||PUBLIC OPINION||PUBLIC OWNERSHIP|
|PUBLIC SECTOR||PUNISHMENT OBJECTIVES||QUALIFICATIONS|
|RACIAL DISCRIMINATION||RACIAL PREJUDICE||RADIO NEWS|
|REFERENDUMS||RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION||RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCE|
|RELIGIOUS CONFLICT||RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION||RENTED ACCOMMODATION|
|SCOTTISH NATIONAL PARTY||SELECTIVE SCHOOLS||SELF-GOVERNMENT|
|SHARES||SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR||SOCIAL CLASS|
|SOCIAL HOUSING||SOCIAL INEQUALITY||SOCIAL JUSTICE|
|SOCIAL WELFARE||SPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||SPOUSE'S EMPLOYMENT|
|STATE RESPONSIBILITY||TAXATION||TELEPHONE CALLS|
|TELEVISION NEWS||TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP||TRADE UNIONS|
|UPPER HOUSE||VOTING BEHAVIOUR||VOTING INTENTION|
|WOMEN'S RIGHTS||WOMEN'S ROLE||WORKERS PARTICIPATION|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||02 July 1998|
|Latest edition:||24 June 1999 (2nd Edition)|
|Copyright:||Copyright Social and Community Planning Research|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is not required.|
|Please note:||These data are available to any user for any purpose under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0)|
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
Zip files contain data, documentation and licence details
|SPSS (Zip)||1504[MD5Checksum: BFA3DC4991DB4676742AD6B859AFD26C]|
|Stata (Zip)||1489[MD5Checksum: A0732DD0D841CAAC115D57A7031EFDA9]|
|Tab-delimited (Zip)||1444[MD5Checksum: 7C43358484CB2797D7721B7836DDB196]|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_3891_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
British Election Study, (1974) The British Election Study panel sample 1974: methodological study, June.
British Election Study, (1974) The British Election Survey: technical document, July.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1974) `The why and how of the February voting', New Society, 12 September.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1974) The flow of the vote 1970 February 1974 - October 1974.
Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I. and Alt, J., (1974) Class and Party in the elections of 1974.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., The decline of the two-party system, paper presented to Political Studies Association Conference, Oxford, March 1975.
British Election Study, (1975) The British Election Study of October 1974: methodological report, April.
British Election Study, (1975) The British Referendum Survey: a report on fieldwork for the Referendum Recall Study, August.
Fox, A., (1975) `Attitudes to immigration: a comparison of data from the 1970 and 1974 general election surveys', New Community Vol. IV (2), Summer.
Miller, W., (1975) Series of articles on the special Scottish surveys, The Scotsman, October 10 and 12.
Sarlvik, B., et al, (1976) `Britain's membership of the EEC: a profile of electoral opinions in the spring of 1974 - with a postscript on the referendum', European Journal of Political Science Vol. 4 (1), March, pp.83-113.
Fox, A. and Alt, J., The reliability of occupational coding, paper presented to SSRC Seminar on Longitudinal Studies, Cambridge, March 1976.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., The erosion of partisanship 1964 - 1975, paper presented to the Political Studies Association Conference, Nottingham, March 1976.
Alt, J., Personal well-being and economic trends in Britain, paper presented to ECPR Workshop on Protest, Dissatisfaction and Change, ECPR Joint Sessions, Louvain-la-Neuve, April 1976.
Alt, J., Sarlvik, B. and Crewe, I., (1976) `Partisanship and policy choice: issue preferences in the British electorate, February 1974', British Journal of Political Science, 6(3), July.
Alt, J., Sarlvik, B. and Crewe, I., (1976) `Individual differences scaling and group attitude structures', Quantity and Quality, Vol.10, December.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1976) `The election of February 1974' IN R. Rose (ed.), Studies in British Politics, 3rd edition, London: Macmillan.
Crewe, I., Fox, A. and Alt, J., (1977) `Non-voting in British general elections 1966 - October 1974' IN C. Crouch (ed.), British Political Sociology Yearbook: Vol. III, Political Participation, London: Croom Helm.
Miller, W., (1977) `The connection between SNP voting and the demand for Scottish self government', The European Journal of Political Research, 5(1), March.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1977) `Partisan dealignment in Britain 1964 - 1974', British Journal of Political Science, 7(2), April.
Alt, J., Crewe, I. and Sarlvik, B., (1977) `Angels in plastic: Liberal support in 1974', Political Studies, 25(3), September.
Crewe, I. and Sarlvik, B., (1979) `The Conservative Party and the electorate', IN T.L. Henry (ed.), Conservative Party politics, London: Macmillan.
Alt, J.E., (1979) The politics of economic decline, Cambridge University Press.
Crewe, I.M. and Sarlvik, B., (1979) `Popular attitudes and electoral strategy' IN Z. Layton-Henry (ed.), Conservative Party politics, London: Macmillan.
Crewe, I.M., (1980) `Why the Conservatives Won', in H. Penniman (ed.), Britain at the Polls, American Enterprise Institute.
Crewe, I.M., Negative partisanship: some preliminary ideas using British data, Paper presented to European Consortium for Political Research, Florence, March, 1980.
Crewe, I.M., (1980) `Prospects for party realignment: an Anglo-American comparison' Comparative Politics, 12(4), July.
Crewe, I.M., The electoral decline of the Labour Party, paper presented to Conference on the Politics of the Labour Party, Nuffield College, Oxford, September 1980.
British Election Study, (1980) A comparison of respondent's characteristics with known population parameters, Technical paper 1980:1.
British Election Study, (1980) The British Election Study, May 1979 questionnaire, Technical paper 1980:2.
British Election Study, (1981) A description of surveys conducted by the BES Research Project, Technical paper 1981:1.
British Election Study, (1981) Questionnaire continuity guide, Technical paper 1981:2.
Crewe, I.M., (1981) `The Labour Party and the electorate', in D.A. Kavanagh (ed.), The politics of the Labour Party, London: Allen Unwin.
Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I.M., and Robertson, D., Why the parties were liked and disliked in the 1979 Election: an analysis of `Free Answer' survey data, paper presented to the Political Studies Association Conference, Hull, April 1981.
Crewe, I.M., Electoral Volatility in Britain Since 1945, paper presented to the European Consortium for Political Research, Lancaster, 1981.
Crewe, I.M., Party and the public, paper presented to the Hansard Society/American Enterprise Institute Conference on the Role of Political Parties, Ditchley Park, Oxfordshire, May 1981.
Heath, A.F. and MacDonald, S-K., (1988) `The demise of party identification theory?' Electoral Studies, 7, pp.95-107.
Swaddle, K. and Heath, A. (1987) Official and reported turnout in the British General Election of 1987, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
Heath, A., (1991) Understanding political change : voting behaviour in Britain 1964-1987, Oxford: Pergamon.
Heath, A.F. and Pierce, R. (1992) 'It was party identification all along : question-order effects on reports of party identification in Britain' Electoral Studies, II.
Heath, A., et al, (eds.) (1993) Labour's last chance : the 1992 election and beyond, Aldershot: Dartmouth.
Heath, A., Jowell, R. and Curtice, J. (2001) The rise of New Labour: party policies and voter choices, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Brook, L. and Taylor, B. (1996) British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Interim technical notes, CREST Working Paper 41.
Taylor, B., Heath, A. and Lynn, P. (1996) The British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Response characteristics and attrition, CREST Working Paper 40.
Surridge, P. et al, (1998) `The Scottish electorate and the Scottish parliament' Scottish Affairs special issue.
Saggar, S. (ed.) (1998) Race and British electoral politics, London: UCL Press.
Thomson, K., Park, A. and Brook, L. (1999) British General Election Study 1997: Cross-section Survey, Scottish Election Study, and Ethnic Minority Election Study, London: National Centre for Social Research.
Sanders, D., Clarke, H., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2010) 'Simulating the effects of the Alternative Vote in the 2010 UK General Election', Parliamentary Affairs, 64(1), pp.5-23.
Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Government performance and life satisfaction in contemporary Britain', Journal of Politics, 27(3), pp. 733-746.
Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Do institutions really influence participation? Contextual influences on turnout and participation in the world’s democracies', International Journal of Market Research, 52(1), pp.21-42.
Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Polling and forecasting the General Election of 2010', International Journal of Market Research, 52(5), pp.687-691.
Sanders, D., Clarke, H., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2011) 'Downs, Stokes and the dynamics of electoral choice', British Journal of Political Science, 41(2), pp.287-314.
Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2011) 'Britain says NO: Voting in the AV ballot referendum', Parliamentary Affairs, November, pp.1-22.
Clarke, H., Sanders, D., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2013) Campaigning for change – the dynamics of electoral choice in Britain, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Taylor-Gooby, P. (1987) `Welfare attitudes : cleavage, consensus and citizenship' The Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs, 3(3), pp.199-211.
Rabinowitz, G., Macdonald, S.E. and Listhaug, O., Competing theories of issue voting : is discounting the explanation?, paper prepared for delivery at the Annual Meeting of American Political Science Association, Washington DC, September 2-5 1993.
Baker, J.R. et.al., Looking at Legislatures : citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Great Britain and the United States, paper prepared for delivery at the 16th International Congress of the International Political Science Association (RC8:2), Berlin, August 21-25 1994.
Baker, J.E. et al (1996) `Citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Britain and the United States' The Journal of Legislative Studies, 2(2), pp.44-62.
Kobori, M. (1996) `A study on the North-South divide in Britain of 80s : with reference to the difference of Labour's votes between the North and South' Ryudai Law Review, 56, May, pp.72-104.
Bennett, S., Flickinger, R., and Rhine, S. Political talk - over here, over there and over time : a comparative analysis of who talks about politics in Britain and the United States, 1959-1994, paper presented to the International Society of Political Psychology meeting, Vancouver, June 30th-July 3rd 1996.
Evans, G. and Norris, P. (1999) Critical elections: British parties and voters in long-term perspective, London: Sage Publications.
Tunstall, H. et al (2000) 'Geographical scale, the 'feel-good factor' and voting at the 1997 general election in England and Wales' Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 25, p.51-64.
Dardanelli, P. (2001) The Europeanisation of regionalisation: European integration and public support for self-government in Scotland 1979/1997, Queen's Papers on Europeanisation, No. 5/2001, London School of Economics.
Skrondal, A. and Rabe-Hesketh, S. (2003) 'Multilevel logistic regression for polytomous data and rankings' Psychometrika, 68(2), pp.267-287.
A subset of BES 1997 data has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6. The book's companion web site includes downloadable datasets and further information: retrieved 26 January, 2009, from http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448406/links.asp.
Steven, M. (2010) Christianity and party politics: keeping the faith, London: Routledge, December. ISBN 978-0-415-55660-6.
Upton, G.J.G. (2016) Categorical data analysis by example, Oxford: Wiley. ISBN: 978-1-119-30786-0.