Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Waves 0-7, 1998-2015

Title details

SN: 5050
Title: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Waves 0-7, 1998-2015
Alternative title: ELSA
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-5050-14
Series: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing [English Longitudinal Study of Ageing]
Depositor: NatCen Social Research
Principal investigator(s): Marmot, M., University College London. International Institute for Society and Health
Oldfield, Z., Institute for Fiscal Studies
Clemens, S., NatCen Social Research
Blake, M., NatCen Social Research
Phelps, A., NatCen Social Research
Nazroo, J., University of Manchester. School of Social Sciences
Steptoe, A., University College London. UCL Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
Rogers, N., University College London. UCL Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
Banks, J., Institute for Fiscal Studies and University of Manchester School of Social Sciences
Oskala, A., NatCen Social Research
Data collector(s): NatCen Social Research
Sponsor(s): National Institute of Aging
Department of Health
Department for Work and Pensions
Office for National Statistics
Department for Transport
HM Revenue and Customs
Department for Communities and Local Government
Other acknowledgements: Other than the principal investigator and the scientific team, the following people have been involved in the development, data preparation and/or analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA): Lisa Calderwood, Hayley Cheshire, Laura Conway, Kate Taylor, Michelle Lee, Rebecca Taylor, Susan Nunn, Kelly Ward, Dan Philo, Elizabeth Hacker, Natasha Wood, David Hussey, Ian Simpson, Rachel Whalley, and Shaun Scoles (NatCen Social Research) and Carli Lessof (previous principal investigator, formerly of NatCen Social Research); Maria Casanova, Zoe Oldfield, Gemma Tetlow and Carl Emmerson (Institute for Fiscal Studies); Edlira Gjonja, Martin Hyde, Mary Janevic, Saffron Karlsen, Meena Kumari, Anne McMunn, Mike Wadsworth, Elizabeth Breeze, Panayotes Demakakos, Faiza Tabassum, Paola Zaninotto, Cesar d'Oliveira and Mary Pierce (University College London); Brenda McWilliams and David Melzer (University of Cambridge); Nicholas Steel (University of East Anglia); David Blane (Imperial College London); Beth Soldo (University of Pennsylvania; Bob Wallace (University of Iowa); Bob Willis (University of Michigan).

ELSA Advisory Committee:
External members of the ELSA Advisory Committee include: Baroness Sally Greengross (Chair), House of Lords; Mike Bury, Department of Social and Political Science, Royal Holloway, University of London; Emily Grundy, Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Ruth Hancock, Department of Health and Human Sciences, University of Essex; Sarah Harper, Oxford Institute of Ageing, University of Oxford; Tom Kirkwood, School of Clinical Medical Sciences Gerontology, University of Newcastle; Ian Philp, Sheffield Institute for Studies on Ageing, University of Sheffield; Tom Ross (retired), Aon Consulting; Jacqui Smith, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan; Anthea Tinker, Institute of Gerontology, Kings College London; Christina Victor, School of Health and Social Care, University of Reading; Richard Disney, University of Nottingham; Carol Propper, Imperial College Business School; Alan Walker, Department of Sociological Studies, University of Sheffield;

Acknowledgement:
The depositor has supplied the following text for users as an example of the acknowledgement that should be used in publications resulting from use of the ELSA study:

"The data were made available through the UK Data Archive. ELSA was developed by a team of researchers based at the NatCen Social Research, University College London and the Institute for Fiscal Studies. The data were collected by NatCen Social Research. The funding is provided by the National Institute of Aging in the United States, and a consortium of UK government departments co-ordinated by the Office for National Statistics. The developers and funders of ELSA and the Archive do not bear any responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here."

Details of the bibliographic citation to be used may be found in the file 'UKDA_Study_5050_Information.htm' that accompanies the dataset.

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Marmot, M., Oldfield, Z., Clemens, S., Blake, M., Phelps, A., Nazroo, J., Steptoe, A., Rogers, N., Banks, J., Oskala, A. (2017). English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Waves 0-7, 1998-2015. [data collection]. 27th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 5050, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-5050-14

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Subject Categories

Elderly - Social stratification and groupings
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The ELSA study is a longitudinal survey of ageing and quality of life among older people that explores the dynamic relationships between health and functioning, social networks and participation, and economic position as people plan for, move into and progress beyond retirement. The main objectives of ELSA are to:
  • construct waves of accessible and well-documented panel data;
  • provide these data in a convenient and timely fashion to the scientific and policy research community;
  • describe health trajectories, disability and healthy life expectancy in a representative sample of the English population aged 50 and over;
  • examine the relationship between economic position and health;
  • investigate the determinants of economic position in older age;
  • describe the timing of retirement and post-retirement labour market activity; and
  • understand the relationships between social support, household structure and the transfer of assets.
The current deposit comprises Waves 0-7 of the survey. Further information may be found on the Institute for Fiscal Studies: ELSA and Natcen Social Research: ELSA web pages.

Wave 3 Life History Essays:
A set of 558 transcripts of short essays collected from respondents to the Wave 3 Life History Interview are provided in RTF format, in a separate download zip file. The essays were written in response to section 3 of the Life History self-completion questionnaire, "Thinking back over your life, with its wide variety of enjoyable as well as difficult experiences, please write about three aspects of your life that have been especially important to you, and how they affected you."

Joint ELSA/SHARE database:
Users may request access to the ELSA portion of the data from a project to harmonise ELSA Wave 2 and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Wave 1 (both 2004) data, undertaken by Valeria Bordon at the University of Mannheim. Please Get in touch for further details. The SHARE portion of this joint database can be accessed via the SHARE Project Research Data Centre

How to access genetic and/or bio-medical sample data from a range of longitudinal surveys:
A useful overview of the governance routes for applying for genetic and bio-medical sample data, which are not available through the UK Data Service, can be found at Governance of data and sample access on the METADAC (Managing Ethico-social, Technical and Administrative issues in Data Access) web site.

Harmonised dataset:
The updated Harmonised dataset deposited in May 2016 was compiled in Stata, and contains extra alphabetic missing value codes. An SPSS version was also deposited, but as SPSS does not accommodate alphabetic missing value codes in numeric variables, the codes have transferred as long numeric codes. Users should be aware that only the Stata alphabetic codes are described in the documentation. It is planned that a new version of the SPSS file will be deposited in due course with the issue fixed, but in the meantime users are encouraged to download the Stata version instead, and will need access to Stata SE software to analyse it, as the file contains over 2,047 variables (the limit for the standard Stata 'Intercooled' version).

Latest edition of ELSA:
For the 27th edition (March 2017), Wave 2 Salivary Cortisol data and accompanying documentation were added to the study. For a full edition history, see documentation.


Main Topics:
For a full table of topics and questions covered across all the ELSA waves, see the all waves user guide in the documentation. The ELSA study held at the UK Data Archive currently includes the Index file, Wave 0 and Waves 1-6.

Standard Measures used in ELSA:
  • Rose Angina Questionnaire: Rose, G. and Blackburn, H. (1986) Cardiovascular survey methods, World Health Organization Monograph
  • Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire: Leng, G. and Fowkes, F. (1992) 'The Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire: an improved version of the WHO/Rose Questionnaire for use in epidemiological surveys', Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 45, pp.1101-1109
  • MRC Respiratory Questionnaire: Fletcher, C. et al. (1978) The natural history of chronic bronchitis and emphysema, Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • CES-D Depression Scale (8-item): Rasloff, L.S. (1977) 'The CES-D Scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population', Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), pp.270-278
  • General Health Questionnaire (12-item): Goldberg, D.P. Manual of the General Health Questionnaire, Windsor: NFER-Nelson, 1978
  • CASP-19: Hyde, M. et al. (2003) 'A measure of quality of life in early old age: the theory, development and properties of a needs satisfaction model [CASP-19]', Ageing and Mental Health, 7, pp.186-194
  • Ryff Scale of Psychological Wellbeing: Ryff, C.D. (1989) 'Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological wellbeing', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, pp.1069-1081, and Ryff, C.D. and Keyes, C.L. (1995) 'The structure of psychological wellbeing revisited', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(4), pp.719-727

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: Most of the data refer to the time period when the interview took place but some questions cover past events, e.g. pension history, respondent's father's employment when respondent was aged 14.
Dates of fieldwork: Wave 1: March 2002 - March 2003; Wave 2: June 2004 - July 2005; Wave 3: May 2006 - August 2007; Wave 4: May 2008 - July 2009; Wave 5: June 2010 - July 2012; Wave 6: May 2012 - June 2013; Wave 7: May 2014 - June 2015.
Country: England
Spatial units: No spatial unit
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
The sample was drawn from households that had previously responded to the Health Survey for England (HSE) between 1998 and 2011. The sample has been refreshed at several waves (waves 3, 4, 6 and 7) so not all respondents have participated since 2002.
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
See documentation for further details.
Number of units: Core data: Wave 1: 12,100 cases. Wave 2: 9,433 cases. Wave 3: 9,771 cases. Wave 4: 11,050 cases. Wave 5: 10,274 cases. Wave 6: 10,601 cases. Wave 7: 9,666 cases.
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion; Clinical measurements; Physical measurements
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ACCIDENTSACCOUNTSAGE
AGEINGALCOHOL USEANTHROPOMETRIC DATA
ARTHRITISASSETSASTHMA
ATTITUDESBANKSBODY CIRCUMFERENCE MEASUREMENTS
BONDSBUSINESS OWNERSHIPBUSINESSES
CANCERCARDIOVASCULAR DISEASESCARE OF DEPENDANTS
CARE OF THE ELDERLYCENTRAL HEATINGCHILDREN
CHRONIC ILLNESSCINEMA ATTENDANCECLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS
CLUBSCOGNITION DISORDERSCOGNITIVE PROCESSES
COMMUNITIESCONCERT GOINGCONSUMER GOODS
COUGHINGCOUNCIL TAXCREDIT CARD USE
CULTURAL GOODSCULTURAL IDENTITYDEATH
DEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDECISION MAKINGDEPRESSION
DIABETESDOMESTIC APPLIANCESDOMESTIC EQUIPMENT AIDS
EARLY RETIREMENTECONOMIC ACTIVITYEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
EDUCATIONAL COURSESELDERLYEMOTIONAL STATES
EMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENT
ENGLANDETHNIC GROUPSEVACUEES
EYE DISEASESFAMILIESFAMILY ENVIRONMENT
FATHER'S OCCUPATIONFATHERSFINANCIAL COMMITMENTS
FINANCIAL RESOURCESFRIENDSFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION
GENDERGRANDCHILDRENHEALTH SERVICES
HEALTHHEARINGHEART DISEASES
HEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)HOBBIESHOLIDAYS
HOME BUYINGHOME HELPHOMELESSNESS
HOURS OF WORKHOUSE PRICESHOUSEHOLDS
HOUSING AGEHOUSING CONDITIONSHOUSING DESIGN
HOUSING FINANCEHOUSING FOR THE ELDERLYHOUSING TENURE
HOUSINGINCOMEINCONTINENCE
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENTINDUSTRIESINJURIES
INTEREST (FINANCE)INTERNET USEINTERPERSONAL RELATIONS
INVESTMENT RETURNJOB HUNTINGJOB REQUIREMENTS
LANDLORDSLIFE EVENTSLIFE HISTORIES
LIFE INSURANCELIFE SATISFACTIONLIFE STYLES
LIVING ABROADLOANSLOCUS OF CONTROL
MARITAL HISTORYMARITAL STATUSMEDICAL HISTORY
MEDICAL INSURANCEMEDICINAL DRUGSMEETINGS
MEMBERSHIPMEMORYMENTAL DISORDERS
MILITARY SERVICEMOBILE PHONESMOBILITY AIDS
MORTGAGESMOTHERSMOTOR PROCESSES
MOTOR VEHICLESMUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEMMUSEUMS
NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASESNEWSPAPER READERSHIPOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS
OCCUPATIONSOLD AGEORGANIZATIONS
PAINPARTNERSHIPS (BUSINESS)PAYMENTS
PENSION CONTRIBUTIONSPENSIONSPERSONAL CONTACT
PERSONAL EFFICACYPERSONAL IDENTITYPHYSICAL ACTIVITIES
PLACE OF BIRTHPRIVATE HEALTH SERVICESPRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONS
PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTSPUBLIC SERVICESPUBLIC TRANSPORT
QUALIFICATIONSQUALITY OF LIFERENTED ACCOMMODATION
RENTSRESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES
RESTAURANTSRETIREMENTSAVINGS
SELF-EMPLOYEDSELF-ESTEEMSENILE DEMENTIA
SHARESSHELTERED HOUSINGSHOPS
SIBLINGSSICK PAYSIGHT
SMOKINGSOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL INTEGRATION
SOCIAL ISOLATIONSOCIAL LIFESOCIAL PARTICIPATION
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONSSOCIAL SUPPORT
SPORTSPOUSESSTAKEHOLDER PENSIONS
STATE RETIREMENT PENSIONSSUPERVISORY STATUSSURGERY
SYMPTOMSTENANTS' HOME PURCHASINGTHEATRE ATTENDANCE
TOBACCOTRADE UNION MEMBERSHIPTUBERCULOSIS
UNEARNED INCOMEUNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONVAPING
VASCULAR DISEASESVOLUNTARY WORKVOTING BEHAVIOUR
WAGESWALKING AIDSWALKING
WATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)WEALTHWEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
WHEELCHAIRS

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 09 March 2005
Latest edition: 06 March 2017 (27th Edition)
Copyright: Copyright held jointly between NatCen Social Research, University College London and Institute for Fiscal Studies
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Additional special conditions of use also apply. See terms and conditions for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Data List for Wave 3 Life History Essays 5050datalist.xls 103
IFS ELSA Derived Variables Description 5050_ifs_derived_variables_description.xlsx 240
Wave 1 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_1_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 182
Wave 2 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_2_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 158
Wave 2 Pension Grid Corresponding Variables 5050_Wave_2_Pension_Grid_Corresponding_Variables.xls 178
Wave 3 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_3_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 157
Wave 4 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_4_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 181
Wave 5 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_5_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 182
Wave 6 Financial Derived Variables Relationships 5050_wave_6_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 182
Unclassified 5050_wave_7_financial_derived_variables_relationships.xls 184
Data List for Wave 3 Life History Essays 5050datalist.pdf 1220
Waves 2-6 End of Life User Guide 5050_elsa_eol_user_guide_waves_2-3-4-6_v2.pdf 408
ELSA Genetic Data Access Procedures 5050_ELSA_Genetics_Data_Access_v3.pdf 427
Waves 2-6 Nurse User Guide 5050_elsa_nurse_user_guide_waves_2_4_6_v2.pdf 838
Pension Wealth Methodology 5050_ELSA_PW_methodology.pdf 322
Pension Wealth User Guide 5050_ELSA_PW_user_guide.pdf 691
Wave 2 Salivary Cortisol Data Description 5050_elsa_salivary_cortisol_data_description.pdf 449
Description of ELSA 5050_ELSA_Study_Description.pdf 377
Unclassified 5050_elsa_user_guide_waves_1-6_v3.pdf 782
Waves 1-7 ELSA User Guide 5050_elsa_user_guide_waves_1-7.pdf 1307
Wave 5 Technical Report 5050_elsa_w5_technical_report_v1.pdf 1377
Wave 6 Technical Report 5050_elsa_w6_technical_report_v1.pdf 1548
Wave 6 Documentation 5050_elsa_wave_6_documentation.pdf 2993
Wave 7 Questionnaires 5050_elsa_wave_7_questionnaires.pdf 2216
Financial Derived Variables and Imputations Procedures 5050_financial_derived_variables_and_imputations_procedures.pdf 405
Harmonised ELSA User Guide Version D 5050_harmonized_elsa_d.pdf 1598
IFS ELSA Derived Variables User Guide 5050_ifs_derived_vars_user_guide.pdf 457
Index File User Guide Waves 0-5 5050_index_file_user_guide_wave_0-wave_5.pdf 830
Unclassified 5050_notes_about_june_2015_ukds_update.pdf 193
Financial Derived Variables Readme File 5050_readme_financial_derived_variables.pdf 310
UK Data Archive editions of ELSA to date 5050_uk_data_archive_editions_to_date.pdf 614
Financial Derived Variables User Guide 5050_user_guide_financial_derived_vars.pdf 1244
User Guide for Geographical Variables 5050_User_Guide_for_Geographical_Variables.pdf 350
Wave 0 User Guide 5050_Wave_0_User_Guide.pdf 661
Wave 1 Documentation 5050_wave_1_documentation.pdf 1378
Wave 1 Technical Report 5050_Wave_1_Technical_Report.pdf 526
Wave 2 Derived Variables User Guide 5050_Wave_2_Derived_Variables_User_Guide.pdf 335
Wave 2 Documentation 5050_wave_2_documentation.pdf 5375
Wave 2 Technical Report 5050_wave_2_technical_report.pdf 658
Wave 3 Documentation 5050_wave_3_documentation.pdf 2533
Wave 3 Life History Documentation 5050_Wave_3_Life_History_Documentation.pdf 1128
Wave 3 Technical Report 5050_Wave_3_Technical_Report.pdf 1754
Wave 4 Documentation 5050_wave_4_documentation.pdf 5274
Wave 4 Technical Report 5050_wave_4_technical_report.pdf 1947
Wave 5 Derived Variables User Guide 5050_Wave_5_Derived_Variables_User_Guide.pdf 1278
Wave 5 Questionnaire 5050_wave_5_questionnaire.pdf 3591
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_5050_Information.htm 8
READ File read5050.htm 13

Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
Further publications relating to ELSA may be found on the Institute for Fiscal Studies: ELSA website.

Marmot, M., Banks, J., Blundell, R., Lessof, C. and Nazroo, J. (eds.) (2003) Health, wealth and lifestyles of the older population in England: the 2002 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. ISBN: 1-903274-34-6.

Banks, J., Emmerson, E. and Oldfield, Z. (2004) 'Not so brief lives: longevity expectations and well-being in retirement', in I. Stewart and R. Vaitilingam (eds.) Seven ages of man and woman: a look at life in Britain in the second Elizabethan era, London: ESRC.

Attanasio, O. et al. (2004) Pensions, pensioners and pension policy: financial security in UK retirement savings?, IFS briefing note 48, prepared for the ESRC seminar series 'Mapping the Policy Landscape'.

Calderwood, L., Cheshire, H., Conway, L., Lee, M., Taylor, R. and Lessof, C. (2005) Health, wealth and lifestyles of the older population in England: the 2002 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: technical report, London: National Centre for Social Research.

Banks, J., Oldfield, Z. and Smith, J. (2012) 'Childhood health and differences in late-life health outcomes between England and the United States', Investigations in the Economics of Aging, University of Chicago Press, June, pp.321-339. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/5762

Steptoe, A., Breeze, E., Banks, J. and Nazroo, J. (2012) 'Cohort profile: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', International Journal of Epidemiology, November. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/6461

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Steel, N. et al. (2004) 'Developing quality indicators for older adults: transfer from the USA to the UK is feasible', Quality and Safety in Health Care, 13(4), Aug, pp.260-264.

Bowling, A. and Windsor, J. (2008) 'The effects of question order and response-choice on self-rated health status in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62, pp.81-85. Also published online at JECH online - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, reference doi:10.1136/jech.2006.058214 (available to registered JECH subscribers only).

Judge A., Welton, N.J., Sandhu J. and Ben-Shlomo Y. (2009) 'Modelling the need for hip and knee replacement surgery, part 1: a two-stage cross-cohort approach', Arthritis Care and Research, 61(12), pp.1657-66.

Judge A., Welton, N.J., Sandhu J. and Ben-Shlomo Y. (2009) 'Modelling the need for hip and knee replacement surgery, part 2: incorporating census data to provide small-area predictions for need with uncertainty bounds', Arthritis Care and Research, 61(12), pp.1667-73.

Webb, E., Netuveli, G., McMunn, A. and Blane, D. 'Life course family trajectories and quality of life at older ages', paper presented at the Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies conference, Cambridge, Sept 2010.

Webb, E. 'Proximal predictors of CASP-19 in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', paper presented at the Understanding Ageing conference, Oxford, April 2010.

Webb, E., Netuveli, G., McMunn, A. and Blane D. 'Transitions in work and family and quality of life at older ages in England', paper presented at the Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies conference, Bielefeld, Sept 2011.

Jenkins, A., (2011) 'Participation in learning and wellbeing among older adults', International Journal of Lifelong Education, 30(3), pp.403-20.

Jenkins, A., (2011) 'Investigating the effects of participation in learning on depressive symptoms: evidence for older adults in England', Educational Gerontology.

Vikstrom, J., Bladh, M., Hammar, M., Marcusson, J., Wressle, E. and Sydsjo, G. (2011) 'The influences of childlessness on the psychological well-being and social network of the oldest old', BMC Geriatrics, 11(78), November. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/6501

Howel, D. (2012) 'Interpreting and evaluating the CASP-19 quality of life measure in older people', Age and Ageing, doi:10.1093/ageing/afs023

Forder, J. and Fernandez, J-L. (2012) Analysing the costs and benefits of social care funding arrangements in England: technical report (2nd Edition), University of Kent and London School of Economics Discussion Paper 2644/2. Retrieved June 18th, 2012, from http://www.pssru.ac.uk/archive/pdf/dp2644v2.pdf

Gale, C.R., Allerhand, M. and Deary, I.J. (2012) 'Is there a bidirectional relationship between depressive symptoms and cognitive ability in older people? A prospective study using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Psych Med.

Behncke, S. (2012) 'Does retirement trigger ill health?', Health Economics, 21(3), pp.282-300, March. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/5766

Silcock, D., Redwood, D. and Curry, C. (2012) Retirement income and assets: the implications for retirement income of Government policies to extend working lives, Pensions Policy Institute, pp.1-90, April. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/6182

Grundy, E. and Read, S. (2012) 'Social contacts and receipt of help among older people in England: are there benefits of having more children?', The Journals of Gerontology: Physiological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(6), pp.742-54, November. See abstract at
http://www.ifs.org.uk/ELSA/publicationDetails/id/6419

Webb, E., Blane, D., McMunn, A. and Netuveli, G. (2012) 'Proximal predictors of change in quality of life at older ages' Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 65, pp.542-547.

Webb, E., Netuveli, G. and Millett, C. (2012) 'Free bus passes, use of public transport and obesity amongst older people in England', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66, pp.176-180.

Pikhartova, J., Blane, D. and Netuveli, G. 'The pathways from childhood disadvantage to adult onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus', paper presented at the ELSA conference, London, October 2012.

Webb, E., Blane, D. and de Vries, R. (2013) 'Housing and respiratory health at older ages', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67, pp.280-285.

Victor C, Bowling, A. and Pikhartova, J. 'Loneliness in later life: a longitudinal analysis using English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', paper presented at the SDAI workshop, London, May 2013.

Pikhartova, J., Bowling, A. and Victor, C. 'Changes in loneliness in older age in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)', paper presented at the AEA annual scientific meeting, Brisbane, Australia, October 2013.

Haslam, C. 'The social determinants of cognitive health in aging', paper presented at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Social Interactions, Identity and Well-being Programme, Toronto, Canada, September, 19-21, 2013 (invited presentation).

Haslam, C. 'The social cure: using social ties to preserve cognitive integrity', paper presented at the 1st Annual CHOICE Conference, Brisbane, November 23, 2013. 

Ysseldyk, R., Haslam, S.A. and Haslam, C. (2013) 'Abide with me: religious group identification amongst older adults promotes health and well-being by maintaining multiple group memberships', Aging and Mental Health.

Daly, M. (2013) 'The relationship of C-reactive protein to obesity-related depressive symptoms: a longitudinal study', Obesity, 21, pp.248-250.

Blundell, R., Crawford, C. and Jin, W.(M.) (2013) What can wages and employment tell us about the UK's productivity puzzle?, IFS Working Papers, W13/11, June. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1311. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp201311.pdf

Crawford, R., Keynes, S. and Tetlow, G. (2013) A single-tier pension: what does it really mean?, IFS Report R82, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0082. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/comms/r82.pdf

Beach, B. (2013) Grandparental Generosity: Financial transfers from grandparents to grandchildren, London: International Longevity Centre-UK.

Cruwys, T., Dingle, G.A., Haslam, C., Haslam, S.A., Jetten, J. and Morton, T.A. (2013) 'Social group memberships protect against future depression, alleviate depression symptoms and prevent depression relapse', Social Science and Medicine, 98, pp.179-186, available online 25 September 2013.

Gale C.R., Baylis D., Cooper C. and Aihie Sayer, A. (2013) 'Inflammatory markers and incident frailty in men and women: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Age (Dordr.), 35(6), pp.2493-501. doi: 10.1007/s11357-013-9528-9

Gale C.R., Cooper C., Deary I.J, and Aihie Sayer, A. (2013) 'Psychological wellbeing and incident frailty in men and women: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Psychological Medicine. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291713001384

Banks, J., Crawford, R., Crossley, T.F. and Emmerson, C. (2013) 'Financial crisis wealth losses and responses among older households in England', Fiscal Studies, 34(2), pp.231-254. doi:10.1111/j.1475-5890.2013.12004.x

Boyce, C., Wood, A., Banks, J., Clark, A. and Brown, G. (2013) 'Money, well-being and loss aversion: does an income loss have a greater effect on well-being than an equivalent income gain?', Psychological Science, 24(12).

Haslam, C. 'The social cure: how social connectedness and identity influences the mental healthcare', invited address for the Royal College of Psychiatrists Constructive Conversation about Social Networks and the Social Determinants of Mental Health, London, UK, Jan 9, 2014. 

Haslam, C., Cruwys, T., and Haslam, S.A. 'Preserving cognitive health as we age: evidence of the distinctive benefits of groups ties', paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Social Identity and Health, Ottawa, Canada, June 2-4, 2014.

Pikhartova, J., Bowling, A. and Victor, C. 'Loneliness in later life: a longitudinal analysis using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', paper presented at the ESRC Age UK Showcase event 'Data analysis for effective policy for older people', London, January 2014.

Garratt, E., Purdam, K. and Esmail, A. 'Understanding malnutrition, food insecurity, budgeting and embarrassment in the UK', paper presented at the British Sociological Association Food Study Group Conference, 30 June 2014, London.

Garratt, E. and Purdam, K. 'Picture a poverty free city: food insecurity and foodbanks', paper presented at Manchester Policy Week, 6 November 2014, Manchester.

Pikhartova, J., Blane, D. and Netuveli, G. (2014) 'Childhood disadvantage and adult onset of type-2 diabetes mellitus: ELSA study', BMC Public Health, 14:505.

Pikhartova, J., Bowling A. and Victor C. (2014) 'Does owning a pet protect older people against loneliness?', BMC Geriatrics, 14:106.

Gale, C.R., Cooper, C., Deary, I.J. and Aihie Sayer, A. (2014) 'Psychological wellbeing and incident frailty in men and women: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Psychological Medicine, 34, pp.697-706.

Gale, C.R., Allerhand, M., Sayer, A.A., Cooper, C. and Deary, I.J (2014) 'The dynamic relationship between cognitive function and walking speed: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Age, 36(4), pp.9682. doi: 10.1007/s11357-014-9682-8.

Allerhand, M., Gale, C.R. and Deary, I.J. (2014) 'The dynamic relationship between cognitive function and positive wellbeing in older people: a prospective study using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Psychology of Aging, 29(2), pp.306-18. doi: 10.1037/a0036551.

Adams, J., Stamp, E., Nettle, D., Milne, E. and Jagger, C. (2014) 'Socio-economic position and the association between anticipated and actual survival in older English adults', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68, pp.818-25.

Gale, C.R., Deary, I.J., Wardle, J., Zaninotto, P. and Batty, G.D. (2015) 'Cognitive ability and personality as predictors of participation in a national colorectal cancer screening programme: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, [Epub ahead of print] pii: jech-2014-204888. doi: 10.1136/jech-2014-204888

Gale, C.R., Cooper, C. and Sayer, A.A. (2015) 'Prevalence of frailty and disability: findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Age and Ageing, 44(1), pp.162-5. [Epub 2014 Oct 12]. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afu148

Dodds, R.M., Syddall, H.E., Cooper, R. et al. (2014) 'Grip strength across the life course: normative data from twelve British studies', PLoS ONE, 9(12): e113637. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113637

Haslam, C., Cruwys, T. and Haslam, S.A. (2014) '"The we's have it": evidence for the distinctive benefits of group engagement in enhancing cognitive health in ageing', Social Science and Medicine, 120, pp.57-66.

Cruwys, T., Dingle, G.A., Haslam, C., Haslam, S.A., Jetten, J. and Morton, T. (2013) 'Social group memberships protect against future depression, alleviate depression symptoms and prevent depression relapse', Social Science and Medicine, 98, pp.179-186.

Ysseldyk, R., Haslam, S.A. and Haslam, C. (2013) 'Abide with me: religious group identification amongst older adults promotes health and well-being by maintaining multiple group memberships', Aging and Mental Health, 17, pp.869-879.

Webb, E., Laverty, A., Mindell, J. and Millett, C. 'Who has a bus pass, and is it good for their health?', paper presented at the 1st International Conference on Transport and Health, London, July 2015.

Aguayo, G.A., Witte, D.R., Vaillant, M.T., Franco, O.H., Stranges, S., Schritz, A., Donneau A-F., and Guillaume, M. 'Cross sectional concordance of frailty scores in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', paper presented at the European Diabetes Epidemiology Group, Chantilly, France, 2015, and at the Methods in Epidemiology Symposium, Leuven, Belgium, 2015.

Holdsworth, C., Frisher, M., Mendonca, M., de Oliveira, C., Pikhart, H., Shelton, N. (2015) 'Life course transitions, gender and drinking in later life', Ageing and Society. Published online 26 October. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X15001178

Frisher, M., Mendonca, M., Shelton, N., Pikhart, H., de Oliveira, C. and Holdsworth, C. (2015) 'Is alcohol consumption in older adults associated with poor self-rated health? Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', BMC Public Health, 15, Article ARTN 703.

Franklin, B. and Urzi Brancati, C. (2015) Here today, gone tomorrow. How today's retirement choices could affect financial resilience over the long term, ILC-UK research report.

Daly, M., Boyce, C.J., and Wood, A.M. (2015) 'A social rank explanation of how money influences health', Health Psychology, 34, pp.222-230.

Daly, M., McMinn, D., and Allan, J. L. (2015) 'A bidirectional relationship between physical activity and executive function in older adults', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, p.1044.

Hancock R., Morciano M., Pudney S. and Zantomio F. (2015) 'Do household surveys give a coherent view of disability benefit targeting?: a multisurvey latent variable analysis for the older population in Great Britain', Journal of Royal Statistical Society, series A: Statistics in Society, 178(4), pp.815-836.

Garratt, E., Purdam, K. and Esmail, A. 'Older and hungry? Understanding food insecurity risks and foodbank use among older people in the UK', paper presented at BSA Food Study Group event Food, Poverty and Policy: Evidence base and knowledge gaps, 30 June 2015. Sheffield.

Garratt, E. (2015) 'The rise in foodbanks: what can statistics tell us about the current landscape of food insecurity and food aid in the UK?', Radical Statistics, 112, pp.4-14.

Pikhartova, J., Bowling A. and Victor C. (2015) 'Is loneliness in later life a self-fulfilling prophecy?', Ageing and Mental Health, 20(5), pp.543-549. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1023767

Pikhartova, J. and Victor C. 'Loneliness and its predictors in old age: Findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', paper presented at the 9th European Public Health Conference, Milan, Italy, November 2015. (Abstract published in the European Journal of Public Health, 25, supplement 3. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckv174.060)

Victor, C., Pikhartova, J. and Woodbridge, R. 'Is loneliness cause or consequence of dementia?', paper presented at the 2015 GSA Annual Scientific Meeting Orlando, Florida, USA, November 2015. (Abstract published in The Gerontologist, 55 (S2), p593.)

Haslam, C. 'The social cure: identity driven interventions that protect health and well-being', invited presentation for Changemakers: Catalyzing Innovative Ideas for Social Challenges. Edmonton, Canada, 5 Feb, 2015.

Haslam, C. 'The social cure: social connectedness, health and well-being', invited plenary for the 'Latest practice for occupational therapists and psychologists supporting older Australians' meeting, Brisbane, Australia, 31 July, 2015.

Haslam, C. 'The social self and health: the neglected link to successful aging', paper presented at the Psychology Department seminar, London School of Economics, 12 January 2015, London, UK.

Hammond, C.C. (2015), 'Does adversity predict onset of rheumatoid arthritis? Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Conference of the Society of Life Course and Longitudinal Studies, Dublin, October.

Pensions Policy Institute (PPI) (2015-) the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the London School of Economics (LSE), Care and State Pension Reforms (CASPeR) Understanding the interactions between state pension and long-term care reforms in Great Britain, project, see Care and State Pension Reforms (CASPeR) website.

King's College London Institute of Gerontology (with partner organisations), WHERL (Wellbeing, Health, Retirement and the Lifecourse) project, see WHERL (Wellbeing, Health, Retirement and the Lifecourse) website.

Shiue I. (2016) 'Cold homes are associated with poor biomarkers and less blood pressure check-up: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 2012-2013', Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, Apr, 23(7), pp.7055-9. doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-6235-y

Urzi Brancati, C., Sinclair, D. (2016) The missing £billions: the economic cost of failing to adapt our high street to respond to demographic change, ILC-UK research report.

Holdsworth, C., Mendonça, M., Pikhart, H., Frisher, M., de Oliveira, C. and Shelton, N. (2016) 'Is regular drinking in later life an indicator of good health? Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. doi: 10.1136/jech-2015-206949

Webb, E., Laverty, A., Mindell, J. and Millett, C. (2016) 'Free bus travel and physical activity, gait speed and adiposity in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', American Journal of Public Health, 106, pp.136-142. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302907

Aguayo, G.A., Donneau, A-F., Vaillant M, Fays, F., Stranges, S., Malissoux, L., Guillaume, M., Muller, M. and Witte, D.R. (2016) 'Mortality prediction of 35 frailty scores in a 7-years follow-up study in elderly general population' European Journal of Public Health, 26 (suppl 1).

Lu, W., Benson,R., Glaser, K., Platts, L.G., Corna, L.M., Worts, D., McDonough, P., Di Gessa, G., Price, D. and Sacker, A. (2016) 'Relationship between employment histories and frailty trajectories in later life: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, Online first http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2016-207887

Hammond, C.C. (2016) 'How do adversities predict onset of rheumatoid arthritis? Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 70, Supplement:A21. Paper with same name also presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Social Medicine, York, September 2016.

Hammond, C.C. (2016) 'The importance of material hardship and psychosocial factors for onset of rheumatoid arthritis', paper presented at the Annual conference of the British Society of Population Studies, Winchester, September.

Dhalwani, N.N., O'Donovan, G., Zaccardi, F., Hamer, M., Yates, T., Davies, M. and Khunti, K. (2016) 'Long terms trends of multimorbidity and association with physical activity in older English population', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Jan 19, 13(1), p8.

Publication: Dhalwani, N.N., Zaccardi, F., O'Donovan, G., Carter, P., Hamer, M., Yates, T., Davies, M. and Khunti, K. (2016) 'Association between lifestyle factors and the incidence of multimorbidity in an older English population', The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2016 Jul 28, glw146.

Purdam, K., Garratt, E. and Esmail, A. (2016) 'Hungry? Food insecurity, social stigma and embarrassment in the UK', Sociology, 50(6), pp.1072-1088. doi: 10.1177/0038038515594092

Bharadwaj, P., Zivin, J.G., Mullins, J.T. and Neidell, M. (2016) 'Early-life exposure to the Great Smog of 1952 and the development of asthma', American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 194, 12, pp.1475-1482.

Pikhartova, J. and Victor, C. 'Visual impairment and well-being in older adults: analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', paper presented at the 45th Annual conference of the British Society of Gerontology, University of Stirling, July 2016.

Pikhartova, J. and Victor, C. 'Quality of life and loneliness among people who reported visual impairment: findings from English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', paper presented at the British Society for Population Studies conference, University of Winchester, UK, September 2016.

Pikhartova, J. and Victor, C. 'Does loneliness influence the association between visual impairment and quality of life?', paper presented at the 10th European Public Health Conference, Vienna, Austria, November 2016. (Abstract published in the European Journal of Public Health, 26 (suppl 1): ckw170.006. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckw170.006)

Pikhartova, J. and Victor, C. 'Loneliness and sensory impairment', paper presented at the 2016 GSA Annual Scientific Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 2016. (Abstract published in The Gerontologist, 56(6), p.5020.)

Steffens, N., Cruwys, T., Haslam, C., Jetten, J. and Haslam, S.A. (2016) 'Social group memberships in retirement are associated with reduced risk of premature death: evidence from a longitudinal cohort study', BMJ Open, 6:e010164. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010164

Bernard A. 'Levels and patterns of internal migration in Europe: a cohort perspective', paper presented at the British Society for Population Studies Conference, Liverpool, 6-8 September 2016.

Bernard A. 'Levels and patterns of internal migration in Europe: a cohort perspective', paper presented at the 57th European Regional Science Association Congress, Groningen, The Netherlands, 29 August - 1 September 2016.

Bernard A. 'Cohort measures of migration: understanding long-term trends', paper presented at the 18th Australian Population Association Conference, Sydney, Australia, 29 November – 2 December 2016.

Sibille, K.T., McBeth, J., Smith, D. and Wilkie, R. (2016) 'Allostatic load and pain severity in older adults: results from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Exp Gerontol., Feb, 88, pp.51-58. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2016.12.013. Epub 2016 Dec 14. PubMed PMID: 27988258; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5326483.

Wells, J., Echalier, M., Adams, J., Silcock, D. and Luheshi, S. (2016) The new pensions landscape, Pensions Policy Institute Report.

WHERL project (2016) How do female lifecourses affect retirement?, Pensions Policy Institute Briefing Note 84.

Ding, Y.Y. (2016) 'Developing physical frailty specifications for investigation of frailty pathways in older people', Age, 38, p.47. doi 10.1007/s11357-016-9903-4

van der Horst, M., Vickerstaff, S., Lain, D., Clark, C. and Baumberg Geiger, B. (2016) 'Pathways of paid work, care provision, and volunteering in later careers: activity substitution or extension?' Work, Ageing and Retirement, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/workar/waw028

Gallagher, D., Kiss, A., Lanctot, K. and Herrmann N. (2016) 'Depressive symptoms and cognitive decline: a longitudinal analysis of potentially modifiable risk factors in community dwelling older adults', J Affect Disord., Jan 15, 190, pp.235-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.09.046. Epub 2015 Oct 26.

Gallagher, D., Kiss, A., Lanctot, K. and Herrmann N. (2016) 'Depression with inflammation: longitudinal analysis of a proposed depressive subtype in community dwelling older adults', Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, Dec 2. [Epub ahead of print]. doi: 10.1002/gps.4645

Laursen, K.R. (2017) 'Social relations, depressive symptoms, and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.01.006

Kautonen, T., Kibler, E. and Minniti, M. (2017) 'Late-career entrepreneurship, income and quality of life', Journal of Business Venturing. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2017.02.005

Webb, E., Bell, S., Lacey, R. and Abell, J. (2017) 'Crossing the road in time: inequalities in older people's walking speeds', Journal of Transport and Health. doi:10.1016/j.jth.2017.02.009

Aguayo, G.A., Donneau, A-F., Vaillant, M.T., Schritz, A., Franco, O.H., Stranges, S., Malissoux, M., Guillaume, M. and Witte, D.R. (2017) 'Agreement between 35 published frailty scores in the general population', American Journal of Epidemiology.

Aguayo, G.A., Schritz, A., Donneau, A-F., Vaillant, M.T., Stranges, S., Malissoux L., et al. (2017) 'Abstract P011: Predictive ability of 35 frailty scores for cardiovascular events in the general population' Circulation, 135(Suppl 1):AP011-AP.

Aspell, N., Zgaga, L., Healy, M., Lawlor, B.A. and O'Sullivan, M. 'Severe vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in older adults residing at northerly latitudes - considerations for policy and practice', poster presentation at The Irish Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism Conference, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4, March 2017.

Bourassa, K., and Sbarra, D. A. (2017) 'Body mass and cognitive decline are indirectly associated via inflammation among aging adults', Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 60, pp.63-70.

Robinson, E., Sutin, A.R., and Daly, M. (2017) 'Perceived weight discrimination mediates the prospective relation between obesity and depressive symptoms in US and UK adults', Health Psychology, 36, pp.112-121.

Cable N., Chandola, T., Jun, A., Sekine, M. and Netuveli, G. (2017) 'Can sleep disturbance influence changes in mental health status? Longitudinal research evidence from ageing studies in England and Japan', Sleep Medicine, 30, pp.216-221. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2016.11.017

Pikhartova, J. and Victor, C. 'Loneliness and widowhood: longitudinal analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', paper presented at the 46th Annual Conference of the British Society of Gerontology, University of Swansea, July 2017.

O'Doherty, M.G., French, D., Steptoe, A. and Kee, F. (2017) 'Social capital, deprivation and self-rated health: does reporting heterogeneity play a role? Results from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Soc Sci Med, 179, pp.191-200.

Kaschowitz, J. and Brandt, M. (2017) 'Health effects of informal caregiving across Europe: a longitudinal approach', Social Science and Medicine, 173, pp.72-80. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.11.036

Suemoto, C.K., Ueda, P., Beltran-Sanchez, H., Lebrao, M.L., Aparecida Duarte, Y., Wong, R. and Goodarz, D. (2017) 'Development and validation of a 10-year mortality prediction model: meta-analysis of individual participant data from five cohorts of older adults in developed and developing countries', J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci , 72(3), pp.410-416. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glw166

Hancock, R., Pudney, S. and Morciano, M. (2017) Public support for older disabled people: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing on receipt of disability benefits and social care subsidy, technical report. Retrieved June 13th, 2017 from https://www.researchgate.net

WHERL project (2017) Have pensioners' incomes grown in this period of austerity?, Pensions Policy Institute Briefing Note 88.

WHERL project (2017) How do gender differences in lifecourses affect income in retirement?, Pensions Policy Institute Briefing Note 92.

WHERL project (2017) What difference does a year make?, Pensions Policy Institute Briefing Note 95.

Ding, Y.Y., Kuha, J., and Murphy, M. (2017) 'Multidimensional predictors of physical frailty in older people: identifying how and for whom they exert their effects', Biogerontology, 18(2), pp. 237-252. Epub Feb 3, 2017. doi: 10.1007/s10522-017-9677-9.

Ding, Y.Y. (2017) 'Predictive validity of two physical frailty phenotype specifications developed for investigation of frailty pathways in older people', Gerontology, 63(5), pp.401-410. Epub Apr 21 2017, doi: 10.1159/000471803

Ding, Y.Y., Kuha, J. and Murphy, M. (2017) 'Pathways from physical frailty to activity limitation in older people: identifying moderators and mediators in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Experimental Gerontology, 98, pp.169–176.

Gale, C.R. and Cooper, C. (2017) 'Attitudes to ageing and change in frailty status', Gerontology, Aug 23. doi: 10.1159/000477169

Syddall, H.E., Westbury, L.D., Shaw, S.C., Dennison, E.M., Cooper, C. and Gale, C.R. (2017) 'Correlates of level and loss of grip strength in later life: findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing and the Hertfordshire Cohort Study', Calcif Tissue Int, Oct 22. doi: 10.1007/s00223-017-0337-5

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Growth curve model age vectors Stata 22 Feb 2017 Stephen Jivraj
Alan Marshall
Bram Vanhoutte

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English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Waves 0-7, 1998-2015

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