UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Millennium Cohort Study: Second Survey, 2003-2005|
|Series:||Millennium Cohort Study [Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-]|
|Depositor:||University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies|
University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
NOP Research Group
Economic and Social Research Council
Department for Education and Skills
Department of Health
Department for Work and Pensions
Northern Ireland Executive
Office for National Statistics
National Assembly for Wales
International Centre for Child Studies
Cabinet Office. Children and Young People's Unit
University of London. Birkbeck College. National Evaluation of Sure Start
The Information Centre, Newcastle, Analytic and Services Branch, Department for Work and Pensions (formerly Department of Social Security) who: identified the main Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) sample from Child Benefit records, and ran an opt-out exercise for MCS1; provided a similar service to enable the inclusion in MCS2 of 'new families' (eligible for inclusion in MCS1 but not identfied in the records until after the completion of the first survey); and assisted with tracing families who had moved, for both MCS1 and MCS2.
Members of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) funding consortium provided advice as well as funding.
Individual academic advisers:
Specialist advisers: Julia Brannen, Tim Cole, Leon Feinstein, Charlie Owen.
Members of the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) internal team: Neville Butler, John Bynner, Elsa Ferri, Ian Plewis, Peter Shepherd and Kate Smith.
Collaborators on the MCS included: Mel Bartley, Helen Bedford, Dermot Bowler, Leslie Davidson, Carol Dezateux, Harvey Goldstein, Kath Kiernan, Yvonne Kelly, Michael Marmot, Barbara Maughan, Alison McFarlane, Catherine Peckham, Chris Power, Ingrid Schoon and Marjorie Smith.
Members of the Millennium Cohort Study Advisory Group, for advice on the form and content of MCS1, MCS2, MCS3, MCS4 and MCS5.
The citation for this study is:
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|XML citation formats: CSL EndNote|
Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.Background:
The original objectives of the first MCS survey, as laid down in the proposal to the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) in March 2000, were:
Some studies based on sub-samples of MCS have also been conducted, including a study of MCS respondent mothers who had received assisted fertility treatment, conducted in 2003 (see SN 5559). Also, birth registration and maternity hospital episodes for the MCS respondents are held as a separate dataset (see SN 5614).
Users should note that the weighting section in the 'Guide to the Datasets' document recommends analysis in Stata, as SPSS is not currently able to weight the data using the survey design factors. The depositor is working on a solution for SPSS, but this is not yet available. A Stata version of the dataset is available for download by registered users, alongside the SPSS and tab-delimited versions.
MCS web pages:
Further information about the MCS can be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.
How to access genetic and/or bio-medical sample data from a range of longitudinal surveys:
A useful overview of the governance routes for applying for genetic and bio-medical sample data, which are not available through the UK Data Service, can be found at Governance of data and sample access on the METADAC (Managing Ethico-social, Technical and Administrative issues in Data Access) website.
|Further objectives for MCS2 were as follows:
For the 9th edition (March 2017), the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) variables in the geographically-linked file have been updated to correct errors.
May 2017: The longitudinal family file is now available separately under SN 8172.
Information was gathered from the cohort members' parents or guardians by Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) interview, a Computer Aided Self-completion Interview (CASI), and a self-completion questionnaire. In addition there were four assessments of the cohort child.
The Main Respondent questionnaire included a 'Household Module' covering the parental situation, parenting activities, child's health, child care, grandparents and friends, parents' health, self-completion questions, employment, income and education, housing and local area, other matters, employment history and new families.
The Partner Respondent questionnaire included questions on the parental situation, parenting activities, grandparents and friends, parents' health, and self-completion questions on employment, employment history, income and education.
The questionnaire given to proxy respondents covered the parental situation, grandparents and friends and parents' health.
The Child Assessments conducted included British Ability Scales, the Braken Basic Concept Scale, height and weight.
An older sibling self-completion questionnaire was also used where appropriate. Users should note that the MCS2 dataset currently includes data from the Main Questionnaire, longitudinal data files covering Household Grid and Family Level Information for linkage between MCS1 (held under SN 4683) and MCS2, and CAPI documentation for the Main, Partner and Proxy Respondents only.
|Dates of fieldwork:||Fieldwork started in September 2003 in England and Wales, December 2003 in Scotland and Northern Ireland, and finished in all locations in April 2005.|
Government Office Regions
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
The sample population for MCS was drawn from all live births in the United Kingdom over 12 months (from 1 September 2000 in England and Wales and for 59 weeks from 22 November 2000 in Scotland and Northern Ireland).
Six waves have been conducted to date: MCS1 (age 9 months), MCS2 (age 3 years), MCS3 (age 5 years), MCS4 (age 7 years), MCS5 (age 11 years) and MCS6 (age 14 years)
Multi-stage stratified random sample
See documentation for details.
|Number of units:||15,511 cases|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Self-completion
|Weighting:||Weighting used. See documentation for details.|
|ATTITUDES||BACK PAIN||BANK ACCOUNTS|
|BRITISH POLITICAL PARTIES||BRONCHITIS||CANCER|
|CENTRAL GOVERNMENT||CHILD BEHAVIOUR||CHILD CARE|
|CHILD DAY CARE||CHILD NUTRITION||CHILD SUPPORT PAYMENTS|
|CRIMINAL DAMAGE||DEBILITATIVE ILLNESS||DELIVERY (PREGNANCY)|
|DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS||DIVORCE||DOMESTIC APPLIANCES|
|DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES||DOMESTIC SERVICES||DOMESTIC VIOLENCE|
|ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||EDUCATION||EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND|
|EMOTIONAL STATES||EMPLOYEES||EMPLOYMENT HISTORY|
|ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION||EPILEPSY||ETHNIC GROUPS|
|FAMILIES||FAMILY DISORGANIZATION||FAMILY PLANNING|
|FATHERS||FATIGUE (PHYSIOLOGY)||FERTILITY TREATMENT|
|FINANCIAL RESOURCES||FINANCIAL SUPPORT||FOSTER CHILDREN|
|HEARING IMPAIRMENTS||HEARING TESTS||HEATING SYSTEMS|
|HEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)||HOME OWNERSHIP||HOMELESSNESS|
|HOSPITALIZATION||HOURS OF WORK||HOUSEHOLDS|
|HOUSING CONDITIONS||HOUSING||ILL HEALTH|
|INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS||LANGUAGES USED AT HOME||LITERACY|
|MARITAL HISTORY||MARITAL STATUS||MARRIAGE|
|MATERNITY LEAVE||MATERNITY PAY||MEDICAL CARE|
|MOTHERS||MOTOR VEHICLES||NATIONAL ELECTIONS|
|NEIGHBOURS||NEONATAL DEATHS||NEWSPAPER READERSHIP|
|NORTHERN IRELAND POLITICAL PARTIES||NUMERACY||ONE-PARENT FAMILIES|
|OPEN SPACES AND RECREATIONAL AREAS||OVERTIME||PARENT PARTICIPATION|
|PARENTAL ROLE||PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP||PARENTS|
|PATERNITY LEAVE||PERSONAL CONTACT||POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE|
|POLITICAL INTEREST||POLITICAL PARTIES||PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS|
|PREGNANCY||PRIVATE GARDENS||PUBLIC TRANSPORT|
|QUALIFICATIONS||RACIAL CONFLICT||READING (ACTIVITY)|
|REFUSE||RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION||RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCE|
|RELIGIOUS CONFLICT||RENTED ACCOMMODATION||RESIDENTIAL CHILD CARE|
|RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY||ROOMS||SAFETY EQUIPMENT|
|SOCIAL PROGRAMMES||SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS||SOCIAL SUPPORT|
|SPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||SPOUSE'S EMPLOYMENT||SPOUSES|
|SUPERVISORY STATUS||TAX RELIEF||TELEPHONES|
|UNITED KINGDOM||VOTING BEHAVIOUR||VOTING|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||11 May 2006|
|Latest edition:||14 March 2017 (9th Edition)|
|Copyright:||Copyright University of London. Centre for Longitudinal Studies|
The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Additional special conditions of use also apply. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|Changes to MCS2 Dataset November 2007||changes_to_mcs2_dataset_november_2007.pdf||181|
|CLS Confidentiality and Data Security Review||cls_confidentiality_and_data_security_review.pdf||40|
|MCS2 CAPI Questionnaire Child Measurements||mcs2_capi_questionnaire_child_measurements.pdf||147|
|MCS2 CAPI Questionnaire Documentation November 2007||mcs2_capi_questionnaire_documentation_november_2007.pdf||2112|
|MCS2 Derived Variables||mcs2_derived_variables.pdf||514|
|MCS2 Neighbourhood Assessment Form||mcs2_neighbourhood_assessment_form.pdf||31|
|MCS2 Older Siblings Self-completion Form June 2006||mcs2_older_siblings_self_completion_june_2006.pdf||45|
|MCS2 Oral Fluid Data Collection||mcs2_oral_fluid_data_collection.pdf||924|
|MCS2 Technical Report on Fieldwork||mcs2_technical_report_on_fieldwork_nop_2006.pdf||666|
|MCS2 Technical Report on Fieldwork Appendices||mcs2_technical_report_on_fieldwork_nop_appendices_2006.pdf||6801|
|MCS Guide to the Datasets||mcs_guide_to_the_datasets_102012.pdf||1135|
|MCS Technical Report on Response June 2006||mcs_technical_report_on_response_june_2006_v1_0.pdf||73|
|MCS Technical Report on Sampling Fourth Edition||mcs_technical_report_on_sampling_4th_edition.pdf||694|
|SOC2000 codes (for reference only)||soc2000.pdf||84|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_5350_Information.htm||7|
By principal investigator(s):
Publications based on the MCS can be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Waldfogel, J. (2004) Social mobility, life chances and the early years, CASEpaper 88, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
McKay, S. (2004) 'Charting change in the devolved administrations: assessing the evidence base', Benefits, 12, pp.183-191.
Rowlingson, K. and McKay, S. (2005) 'Lone motherhood and socio-economic disadvantage: insights from quantitative and qualitative evidence', Sociological Review, 53(1), pp. 30-49.
Kiernan, K. (2005) Non-residential fatherhood and child involvement: evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study, CASEpaper 100, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Kiernan, K. and Pickett, K. (2006) 'Marital status disparities in maternal smoking during pregnancy, breastfeeding and maternal depression', Social Science and Medicine, 63, pp.335-346.
Kiernan, K.E. and Huerta, M.C. (2008) 'Economic deprivation, maternal depression, parenting and children's cognitive and emotional development in early childhood' British Journal of Sociology, December, 59(4), pp.781-806.
Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2009) 'Poverty, maternal depression, family status and children's cognitive and behavioural development in early childhood: a longitudinal study', Journal of Social Policy, 38(4) pp.569-588.
Pollet, T.V., Nelissen, M. and Nettle, D. (2009) 'Lineage based differences in grandparental investment: evidence from a large British cohort study', Journal of Biosocial Science, 41, pp.353-379.
Mensah, F.K and Kiernan, K.E. (2010) 'Gender differences in educational attainment: influences of the family environment', British Journal of Educational Research, 36(2), pp.239-260.
Emerson, E., Graham, H., McCulloch, A., Blacher, J., Hatton, C., and Llewellyn, G. (2009) 'The social context of parenting three year old children with developmental delay in the UK', Child: Health, Care, Development, 35(1), pp.63-70.
Emerson, E., and Einfeld, S. (2010) 'Emotional and behavioural difficulties in young children with and without developmental delay: a bi-national perspective' Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 51, pp.583-93.
Emerson, E., McCulloch, A., Graham, H., Blacher, J., Llewellyn, G., and Hatton, C. (2010) 'Socio-economic circumstances and risk of common psychiatric disorders among parents of young children with and without early cognitive delay in the UK', American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 115, pp.30-42.
Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Graham, H., Blacher, J., and Llewellyn, G. (2010) 'Changes in family composition and marital status in families with a young child with cognitive delay', Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23, pp.14-26.
Jones, M., Blackaby, D. and Murphy, P. (2010) An investigation into regional differences in child health and cognitive function, report for the Welsh Assembly Government Economic Research Unit, Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government.
Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2010) 'Unmarried parenthood, family trajectories, parent and child well-being', in K. Hansen, H. Joshi and S. Dex (eds.) Children of the 21st century: from birth to age 5, London: Policy Press, Chapter 5, pp.75-92.
Mensah, F.K. and Kiernan, K.E. (2010) 'Parents' mental health and children's cognitive and social development', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 45(11), pp.1023-1035.
Nikiema, B., Spencer, N. and Seguin L. (2010) 'Poverty and chronic illness in early childhood: a comparison between the United Kingdom and Quebec', Pediatrics, originally published online Feb 1, 2010 (2010;125;e499-e507;). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-0701.
Totsika, V., Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E, Berridge, D.M., and Lancaster, G.A. (2011) 'Behavior problems at five years of age and maternal mental health in autism and intellectual disability', Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, pp.1137-47.
Totsika, V., Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G.A. and Berridge, D M. (2011) 'A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability', Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 52, pp.91-99.
Tunstall, R., Lupton, R., Kneale, D. and Jenkins, A. (2011) Growing up in social housing in the New Millennium: housing, neighbourhoods and early outcomes for children born in 2000, CASEpaper 143, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Mensah, F.K. and Kiernan, K.E. (2011) 'Maternal general health and children's cognitive development and behaviour in the early years: findings from the Millennium Cohort Study', Child Care, Health and Development, 37, pp.44-54.
Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2011) 'Poverty, family resources and children's educational attainment: the mediating role of parenting', British Journal of Educational Research, 37(2), pp.317-336.
Pollet, T.V., Nelissen, M. and Nettle D. (2012) 'A 'gendered need' explanation does not
fully explain lineage based differences in grandparental investment found in a
large british cohort study', Journal of Biosocial Science, 44, pp.377-381.
Holford, A. (July 2012) Take-up of free school meals: price effects and peer effects, ISER Working Paper Series, No.2012-12.
Lakshman R., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Koch, F.S., Marcus, C., Ludvigsson, J., Ong, K.K. and Sobko, T. (2012) 'Higher maternal education is associated with favourable growth of young children in different countries', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, published online first: doi:10.1136/jech-2012-202021
Jackson, M., Mclanahan, S. and Kiernan, K. (2012) 'Nativity differences in mothers' health behaviors: a cross-national and longitudinal lens', The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 642(1), pp.192-218.
Jackson, M., Kiernan, K. and Mclanahan, S. (2012) 'Immigrant-native differences in child health: does maternal education narrow or widen the gap?', Journal of Child Development, 83(5), pp.1501-1509.
Prady, S.L., Kiernan, K., Bloor, K. and Pickett, K.E. (2012) 'Do risk factors for post-partum smoking vary according to marital status?', Maternal and Child Health, 16(7), pp.1364-1373.
Taulbut, M. and Walsh, D. (2013) Poverty, parenting and poor health: comparing early years' experiences in Scotland, England and three city regions, Glasgow Centre for Population Health, February.
Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) When you are born matters: evidence for England, IFS Reports, R80, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0080. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/comms/r80.pdf
Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) Identifying the drivers of month of birth differences in educational attainment, IFS Working Papers, W13/09, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1309. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp201309.pdf
Greaves, E. (2013) 'Parents' preferences for school attributes: a discrete choice model incorporating unobserved heterogeneity', paper presented at CMPO conference, London, Thursday 23 May 2013.
Greaves, E. (2013) 'Parents' preferences for school attributes: a discrete choice model incorporating unobserved heterogeneity', paper presented at ESPE conference, Aarhus, Denmark, Thursday 13 June 2013.
Greaves, E. (2013) 'Marriage, cohabitation and child outcomes', paper presented at Understanding Society conference, University of Essex, Thursday 25 July 2013.
Prady, S.L. and Kiernan, K.E. (2013) 'The effect of post-natal mental distress amongst Indian and Pakistani mothers living in England on children's behavioural outcomes', Child Care, Health and Development, 39(5), pp.710-721.
Holmes, J. and Kiernan, K. (2013) 'Persistent poverty and children's development in the early years of childhood', Policy and Politics, 41(1), pp.19-42. doi:10.1332/030557312x645810
Totsika, V, Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E., Lancaster , G.A., Berridge, D.M., Vagenas, D. (2013) 'Is there a bidirectional relationship between maternal well-being and child behavior problems in autism spectrum disorders? Longitudinal analysis of a population-defined sample of young children, Autism Research, 6, pp.201-11.
Shackleton, N.L. and Campbell, T. (2013) 'Are teachers' judgements of pupils' ability influenced by body shape?', International Journal of Obesity, 15 November. doi:10.1038/ijo.2013.210
Campbell, T. (2013) 'Stratified at seven: in-class ability grouping and the relative age effect', British Educational Research Journal, 40(5). doi:10.1002/berj.3127
Campbell, T. (2013) In-school ability grouping and the month of birth effect: preliminary evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study, Centre for Longitudinal Studies Cohort Studies Working paper 2013/1. See http://www.cls.ioe.ac.uk
Campbell, T. (2014) Selected at seven: The relationship between teachers' judgments and assessments of pupils, and pupils' stream placements, Department of Quantitative Social Science Working Paper No. 14-10, Institute of Education, University of London. Retrieved May 10th, 2017 from: http://repec.ioe.ac.uk/REPEc/pdf/qsswp1410.pdf
Sellers, R., Maughan, B., Pickles, A., Thapar, A. and Collishaw, S. (2014) 'Trends in parent- and teacher-rated emotional, conduct and ADHD problems and their impact in prepubertal children in Great Britain: 1999–2008', Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12273.
Chiorri, C., Day, T. and Malmberg, L-E. (2014) 'An approximate measurement invariance approach to within-couple relationship quality', Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement, (special issue edited by R. Van De Schoot, P. Schmidt and A. De Beuckelaer), 19 September. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00983
Retrieved October 21, 2014 from http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00983/abstract
Emerson, E., Blacher, J., Einfeld, S., Hatton, C., Robertson, J. and Stancliffe, R.J. (2014) 'Environmental risk factors associated with the persistence of conduct difficulties in children with intellectual disabilities and autistic spectrum disorders, Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35, pp.3508–3517.
Totsika, V, Hastings, R.P., Vagenas, D. and Emerson, E. (2014) 'Parenting and the behaviour problems of young children with an intellectual disability: Concurrent and longitudinal relationships in a population-based study, American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 119, pp.422-435.
Gore, N., Emerson, E. and Brady, S. (2015) 'Rates of breastfeeding and exposure to socio-economic adversity amongst children with intellectual disability', Research in Developmental Disabilities, 39, pp.12-19.
Hindmarsh, G., Llewellyn, G. and Emerson, E., (2015) 'Mothers with intellectual impairment and their 9 month old infants, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 59, pp.541-550. doi: 10.1111/jir.12159
Totsika, V., Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E., Berridge, D., Lancaster, G.A. (2015) 'Prosocial skills in young children with autism, and their mothers’ psychological well-being: longitudinal relationships, Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, pp.13-14, 25-31. doi: 10.1016/j.rasd.2015.01.001
Bernardi, F. and Grätz, M. (2015) 'Making up for an unlucky month of birth in school: causal evidence on the compensatory advantage of family background in England', Sociological Science, 2, pp.235-251.
Cruise, S.M. and O'Reilly, D. (2015) 'Are the differences in adulthood ill-health across the North-South divide and between Scotland and England also evident in early childhood health indicators?', Social Science and Medicine, 130, pp.277-283. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.021 (ISSN 0277-9536) (IF 2.558)
Taylor-Robinson, D.C., Pearce, A., Whitehead, M., Smyth, R. and Law, C. (2015) 'Social inequalities in wheezing in children: findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study', Eur Respir J, Dec 17. pii: ERJ-01117-2015. doi: 10.1183/13993003.01117-2015. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26677938
Martin, A., Booth, J.N., Young, D., Revie, M., Boyter, A.C., Johnston, B., Tomporowski, P.D. and Reilly, J.J. (2015) 'Associations between obesity and cognition in the pre-school years', Obesity, published online: 6 December 2015. doi 10.1002/oby.21329
Haux, T., Platt, L. and Rosenberg, R. (2015) Parenting and post-separation contact: what are the links?, CASEPaper 189, London School of Economics: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion. Retrieved May 16th, 2016 from http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/casepaper189.pdf
Platt, L., Haux, T. and Rosenberg, R. (2015) Mothers, parenting and the impact of separation, CASEPaper 190, London School of Economics: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion. Retrieved May 16th, 2016 from http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/casepaper190.pdf
Campbell, T. (2015) 'Stereotyped at seven? Biases in teacher judgement of pupils' ability and attainment', Journal of Social Policy, 44(3), pp.517-547.
Emerson, E. (2015) The determinants of health inequities experienced by children with learning disabilities, London: Public Health England. See https://www.improvinghealthandlives.org.uk
Grätz, M. (2015) Compensating disadvantageous life events: social origin differences in the effects of family and sibling characteristics on educational outcomes, Ph.D. Thesis, European University Institute, Florence. See http://cadmus.eui.eu/handle/1814/38784
Penny, A. (2016) Parentally bereaved children communicating their feelings: preliminary analysis of data from the Millennium Cohort Study 5, London: National Children's Bureau Childhood Bereavement Network.
Kroll, M.E., Carson, C., Redshaw, M. and Quigley, M.A. (2016) 'Early father involvement and subsequent child behaviour at ages 3, 5 and 7 years: prospective analysis of the UK Millennium Cohort Study', PLoS ONE, 11(9), art. no. e0162339.
Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Baines, S. and Robertson, J. (2016) 'Exposure to second hand tobacco smoke and smoking at age 11 among British children with and without intellectual disability', Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60, pp.274–281.
Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Baines, S. and Hatton, C. (2016) 'Predictors of self-reported alcohol use and attitudes toward alcohol among 11 year old British children with and without intellectual disability', Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60, pp.1212-1226.
Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Baines, S. and Hatton, C. (2016) 'Obesity in British children with and without intellectual disability: cohort study', BMC Public Health 16, p.644. doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3309-1
Hindmarsh, G., Llewellyn, G. and Emerson, E. (2016) 'The social-emotional wellbeing of children of mothers with intellectual impairment: a population-based analysis', Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 30(3), pp.469-481. doi:10.1111/jar.12306
Chiu, M-S. (2016) 'Effects of teacher assessment and cognitive ability on self-concepts: Longitudinal mechanisms for children from diverse backgrounds', Saudi Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(4), pp.180-189. doi:10.21276/sjeat.2016.1.4.9
Chiu, M-S. (2016/2017) 'Extending the internal/external frame of reference model to early-year cognitive abilities for children from diverse backgrounds', International Journal of Quantitative Research in Education.
Connelly, R. and Gayle, V. (2017) 'An investigation of the consistency of parental occupational information in UK birth records and a national social survey', European Sociological Review, see https://academic.oup.com/esr/article/2957093/An-Investigation-of-the-Consistency-of-Parental?searchresult=1
Grätz, M. and Bernardi, F. (2017) 'Parental responses to disadvantageous life events: the month of birth penalty in England', in J. Erola and E. Kilpi-Jakonen (eds.), Social inequality across the generations: the role of resource compensation and multiplication in resource accumulation, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar.
Lewis, K.M., Pikhart, H., and Morrison, J. (2018) 'Does adiposity mediate the relationship between socioeconomic position and non-allergic asthma in childhood?', J Epidemiol Community Health, Published Online First: 24 January 2018. doi: 10.1136/jech-2017-209722