UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||British Election Study, 2005: Face-to-Face Survey|
|Series:||British Election Study [British Election Studies, 1969-]|
|Depositor:||Sanders, D., University of Essex. Department of Government|
Clarke, H., University of Texas (Dallas). School of Social Sciences
Sanders, D., University of Essex. Department of Government
Stewart, M., University of Texas (Dallas). School of Social Sciences
Whiteley, P.F., University of Essex. Department of Government
National Centre for Social Research
Economic and Social Research Council
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.The British Election Study, 2005: Face-to-Face Survey comprises the cross-section surveys conducted before and after the 2005 general election. All original key questions that had been part of the BES series since 1964 were included, as well as the questions on ideology, economic perceptions and issue positions that were introduced after 1979. Further questions added for the BES 2001, to explain turnout and explore attitudes towards elections, parties, and the democratic process, were again fielded in 2005.
The pre-election survey for 2005 comprised a 30-minute face-to-face interview with a random sample of the adult population of Britain living in private households, including both Scottish and Welsh boost samples. The post-election survey followed as many respondents from the pre-election wave as was possible. In addition, a top-up sample of new respondents was added in order to maintain the sample size and reduce bias due to attrition. After the post-election survey, a 'one year out' internet follow-up survey was also conducted with respondents who had agreed to be recontacted. For further details of methodology, see documentation.
In a 'first of its kind' experiment in a national election study, the BES team conducted a survey mode comparison between the face-to-face BES 2005 survey and the internet survey (held under SN 5496). This experiment was designed to provide a sampling frame comparison between a conventional sample and internet users drawn from a probability sample.
The dataset also includes aggregate constituency-level data and political and demographic information, plus constituency-level party campaign spending data.
Topics covered within the pre- and post-election surveys included electoral issues, party identification and support, party positions on taxation and expenditure, voting intentions and behaviour, opinions on party leaders, trust in British institutions, contact with local politicians, attitudes to the European Union, attitudes to the Iraq war, social trust, beliefs and value, social and political attitudes, and demographic characteristics.
The 'one-year-out' internet follow-up survey asked respondents about political issues, attitudes to and opinions of political parties and leaders, voting, governance of Britain since the 2005 election, and gathered demographic details such as age, gender and social class.
|Dates of fieldwork:||Pre-election survey: February-April 2005. Post-election survey: 6 May 2005 - 4 July 2005. Internet follow-up survey: 2006.|
Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
Electors resident in Great Britain during 2005.
Cross-sectional (one-time) study
The dataset contains both pre- and post-election survey waves.
Multi-stage stratified random sample
See documentation for details.
|Number of units:||Pre-election: 3,589. Post-election: 2,959. 'One-year-out' internet follow-up: 931.|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Telephone interview; Self-completion
|Weighting:||Weighting used. See documentation for details.|
|AGE||ATTITUDES||BRITISH NATIONAL PARTY|
|BRITISH POLITICAL PARTIES||BUSINESSES||CANVASSING|
|CARE OF DEPENDANTS||CENTRAL GOVERNMENT||CHILDREN|
|CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS||COMMUNITIES||CONSERVATIVE PARTY (GREAT BRITAIN)|
|CONSTITUENCIES||DEATH PENALTY||DECENTRALIZED GOVERNMENT|
|ECONOMIC COMPETITION||ECONOMIC CONDITIONS||EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND|
|ELECTION BROADCASTING||ELECTION CAMPAIGNS||ELECTION DATA|
|ELECTIONS||ELECTORAL ISSUES||ELECTORAL SYSTEMS|
|EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW||ETHNIC GROUPS||EUROPEAN CONSTITUTION|
|EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP||EUROPEAN UNION||GENDER ROLE|
|GENDER||GOVERNMENT POLICY||GREAT BRITAIN|
|GREEN PARTY (UNITED KINGDOM)||HOME OWNERSHIP||HOUSEHOLD INCOME|
|INCOME DISTRIBUTION||INCOME||INTERNET ACCESS|
|INTERNET||IRAQ||LABOUR PARTY (GREAT BRITAIN)|
|LAW ENFORCEMENT||LEGISLATURE||LIBERAL DEMOCRATS (GREAT BRITAIN)|
|LOCAL GOVERNMENT||MARITAL STATUS||MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT|
|MEMBERSHIP||MIDDLE CLASS||NATIONAL ASSEMBLY FOR WALES|
|NATIONAL IDENTITY||NEIGHBOURHOODS||NEWSPAPER READERSHIP|
|PARLIAMENTARY CANDIDATES||PENSIONS||PLAID CYMRU|
|POLICE SERVICES||POLITICAL ACCOUNTABILITY||POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE|
|POLITICAL ATTITUDES||POLITICAL EXTREMISM||POLITICAL INFLUENCE|
|POLITICAL INTEREST||POLITICAL ISSUES||POLITICAL LEADERS|
|POLITICAL PARTICIPATION||POLITICAL POWER||POLITICAL SYSTEMS|
|POLITICIANS||PRISON SENTENCES||PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION|
|PUBLIC EXPENDITURE||PUBLIC SECTOR||PUBLIC TRANSPORT|
|REHABILITATION (SOCIAL OFFENDERS)||RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION||RENTED ACCOMMODATION|
|SCOTTISH NATIONAL PARTY||SCOTTISH PARLIAMENT||SOCIAL CAPITAL|
|SOCIAL CLASS||SOCIAL ISSUES||SOCIAL JUSTICE|
|SOCIAL POLICY||SOCIAL PROTEST||SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS|
|SPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||SPOUSE'S OCCUPATION||SPOUSES|
|STATE HEALTH SERVICES||TACTICAL VOTING||TAXATION|
|TOLERANCE||TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP||TRADE UNIONS|
|TRUST||UNEMPLOYED||UNITED KINGDOM INDEPENDENCE PARTY|
|USA||VOLUNTARY WORK||VOTING BEHAVIOUR|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||14 November 2006|
|Copyright:||Copyright H. Clarke, D. Sanders, M. Stewart, and P. F. Whiteley|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is not required.|
|Please note:||These data are available to any user for any purpose under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0)|
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
Zip files contain data, documentation and licence details
|SPSS (Zip)||9598[MD5Checksum: D8193498CC161A3C705AF75D293C8B88]|
|Stata (Zip)||8180[MD5Checksum: 6CA47B846A6C508F7DEC82114F3BB57E]|
|Tab-delimited (Zip)||8450[MD5Checksum: 38C7254726C23C7D0E01972C8C70A978]|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|User Guide Volume 1||5494userguide1.pdf||3057|
|User Guide Volume 2||5494userguide2.pdf||2844|
|User Guide Volume 3||5494userguide3.pdf||387|
|Documentation index file||in5494.pdf||141|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_5494_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
British Election Study, (1974) The British Election Study panel sample 1974: methodological study, June.
British Election Study, (1974) The British Election Survey: technical document, July.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1974) `The why and how of the February voting', New Society, 12 September.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1974) The flow of the vote 1970 February 1974 - October 1974.
Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I. and Alt, J., (1974) Class and Party in the elections of 1974.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., The decline of the two-party system, paper presented to Political Studies Association Conference, Oxford, March 1975.
British Election Study, (1975) The British Election Study of October 1974: methodological report, April.
British Election Study, (1975) The British Referendum Survey: a report on fieldwork for the Referendum Recall Study, August.
Fox, A., (1975) `Attitudes to immigration: a comparison of data from the 1970 and 1974 general election surveys', New Community Vol. IV (2), Summer.
Miller, W., (1975) Series of articles on the special Scottish surveys, The Scotsman, October 10 and 12.
Sarlvik, B., et al, (1976) `Britain's membership of the EEC: a profile of electoral opinions in the spring of 1974 - with a postscript on the referendum', European Journal of Political Science Vol. 4 (1), March, pp.83-113.
Fox, A. and Alt, J., The reliability of occupational coding, paper presented to SSRC Seminar on Longitudinal Studies, Cambridge, March 1976.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., The erosion of partisanship 1964 - 1975, paper presented to the Political Studies Association Conference, Nottingham, March 1976.
Alt, J., Personal well-being and economic trends in Britain, paper presented to ECPR Workshop on Protest, Dissatisfaction and Change, ECPR Joint Sessions, Louvain-la-Neuve, April 1976.
Alt, J., Sarlvik, B. and Crewe, I., (1976) `Partisanship and policy choice: issue preferences in the British electorate, February 1974', British Journal of Political Science, 6(3), July.
Alt, J., Sarlvik, B. and Crewe, I., (1976) `Individual differences scaling and group attitude structures', Quantity and Quality, Vol.10, December.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1976) `The election of February 1974' IN R. Rose (ed.), Studies in British Politics, 3rd edition, London: Macmillan.
Crewe, I., Fox, A. and Alt, J., (1977) `Non-voting in British general elections 1966 - October 1974' IN C. Crouch (ed.), British Political Sociology Yearbook: Vol. III, Political Participation, London: Croom Helm.
Miller, W., (1977) `The connection between SNP voting and the demand for Scottish self government', The European Journal of Political Research, 5(1), March.
Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1977) `Partisan dealignment in Britain 1964 - 1974', British Journal of Political Science, 7(2), April.
Alt, J., Crewe, I. and Sarlvik, B., (1977) `Angels in plastic: Liberal support in 1974', Political Studies, 25(3), September.
Crewe, I. and Sarlvik, B., (1979) `The Conservative Party and the electorate', IN T.L. Henry (ed.), Conservative Party politics, London: Macmillan.
Alt, J.E., (1979) The politics of economic decline, Cambridge University Press.
Crewe, I.M. and Sarlvik, B., (1979) `Popular attitudes and electoral strategy' IN Z. Layton-Henry (ed.), Conservative Party politics, London: Macmillan.
Crewe, I.M., (1980) `Why the Conservatives Won', in H. Penniman (ed.), Britain at the Polls, American Enterprise Institute.
Crewe, I.M., Negative partisanship: some preliminary ideas using British data, Paper presented to European Consortium for Political Research, Florence, March, 1980.
Crewe, I.M., (1980) `Prospects for party realignment: an Anglo-American comparison' Comparative Politics, 12(4), July.
Crewe, I.M., The electoral decline of the Labour Party, paper presented to Conference on the Politics of the Labour Party, Nuffield College, Oxford, September 1980.
British Election Study, (1980) A comparison of respondent's characteristics with known population parameters, Technical paper 1980:1.
British Election Study, (1980) The British Election Study, May 1979 questionnaire, Technical paper 1980:2.
British Election Study, (1981) A description of surveys conducted by the BES Research Project, Technical paper 1981:1.
British Election Study, (1981) Questionnaire continuity guide, Technical paper 1981:2.
Crewe, I.M., (1981) `The Labour Party and the electorate', in D.A. Kavanagh (ed.), The politics of the Labour Party, London: Allen Unwin.
Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I.M., and Robertson, D., Why the parties were liked and disliked in the 1979 Election: an analysis of `Free Answer' survey data, paper presented to the Political Studies Association Conference, Hull, April 1981.
Crewe, I.M., Electoral Volatility in Britain Since 1945, paper presented to the European Consortium for Political Research, Lancaster, 1981.
Crewe, I.M., Party and the public, paper presented to the Hansard Society/American Enterprise Institute Conference on the Role of Political Parties, Ditchley Park, Oxfordshire, May 1981.
Heath, A.F. and MacDonald, S-K., (1988) `The demise of party identification theory?' Electoral Studies, 7, pp.95-107.
Swaddle, K. and Heath, A. (1987) Official and reported turnout in the British General Election of 1987, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
Heath, A., (1991) Understanding political change : voting behaviour in Britain 1964-1987, Oxford: Pergamon.
Heath, A.F. and Pierce, R. (1992) 'It was party identification all along : question-order effects on reports of party identification in Britain' Electoral Studies, II.
Heath, A., et al, (eds.) (1993) Labour's last chance : the 1992 election and beyond, Aldershot: Dartmouth.
Heath, A., Jowell, R. and Curtice, J. (2001) The rise of New Labour: party policies and voter choices, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Brook, L. and Taylor, B. (1996) British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Interim technical notes, CREST Working Paper 41.
Taylor, B., Heath, A. and Lynn, P. (1996) The British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Response characteristics and attrition, CREST Working Paper 40.
Surridge, P. et al, (1998) `The Scottish electorate and the Scottish parliament' Scottish Affairs special issue.
Saggar, S. (ed.) (1998) Race and British electoral politics, London: UCL Press.
Thomson, K., Park, A. and Brook, L. (1999) British General Election Study 1997: Cross-section Survey, Scottish Election Study, and Ethnic Minority Election Study, London: National Centre for Social Research.
Sanders, D., Clarke, H., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2010) 'Simulating the effects of the Alternative Vote in the 2010 UK General Election', Parliamentary Affairs, 64(1), pp.5-23.
Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Government performance and life satisfaction in contemporary Britain', Journal of Politics, 27(3), pp. 733-746.
Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Do institutions really influence participation? Contextual influences on turnout and participation in the world’s democracies', International Journal of Market Research, 52(1), pp.21-42.
Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Polling and forecasting the General Election of 2010', International Journal of Market Research, 52(5), pp.687-691.
Sanders, D., Clarke, H., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2011) 'Downs, Stokes and the dynamics of electoral choice', British Journal of Political Science, 41(2), pp.287-314.
Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2011) 'Britain says NO: Voting in the AV ballot referendum', Parliamentary Affairs, November, pp.1-22.
Clarke, H., Sanders, D., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2013) Campaigning for change – the dynamics of electoral choice in Britain, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Taylor-Gooby, P. (1987) `Welfare attitudes : cleavage, consensus and citizenship' The Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs, 3(3), pp.199-211.
Rabinowitz, G., Macdonald, S.E. and Listhaug, O., Competing theories of issue voting : is discounting the explanation?, paper prepared for delivery at the Annual Meeting of American Political Science Association, Washington DC, September 2-5 1993.
Baker, J.R. et.al., Looking at Legislatures : citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Great Britain and the United States, paper prepared for delivery at the 16th International Congress of the International Political Science Association (RC8:2), Berlin, August 21-25 1994.
Baker, J.E. et al (1996) `Citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Britain and the United States' The Journal of Legislative Studies, 2(2), pp.44-62.
Kobori, M. (1996) `A study on the North-South divide in Britain of 80s : with reference to the difference of Labour's votes between the North and South' Ryudai Law Review, 56, May, pp.72-104.
Bennett, S., Flickinger, R., and Rhine, S. Political talk - over here, over there and over time : a comparative analysis of who talks about politics in Britain and the United States, 1959-1994, paper presented to the International Society of Political Psychology meeting, Vancouver, June 30th-July 3rd 1996.
Evans, G. and Norris, P. (1999) Critical elections: British parties and voters in long-term perspective, London: Sage Publications.
Tunstall, H. et al (2000) 'Geographical scale, the 'feel-good factor' and voting at the 1997 general election in England and Wales' Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 25, p.51-64.
Dardanelli, P. (2001) The Europeanisation of regionalisation: European integration and public support for self-government in Scotland 1979/1997, Queen's Papers on Europeanisation, No. 5/2001, London School of Economics.
Skrondal, A. and Rabe-Hesketh, S. (2003) 'Multilevel logistic regression for polytomous data and rankings' Psychometrika, 68(2), pp.267-287.
A subset of BES 1997 data has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6. The book's companion web site includes downloadable datasets and further information: retrieved 26 January, 2009, from http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448406/links.asp.
Steven, M. (2010) Christianity and party politics: keeping the faith, London: Routledge, December. ISBN 978-0-415-55660-6.
Upton, G.J.G. (2016) Categorical data analysis by example, Oxford: Wiley. ISBN: 978-1-119-30786-0.