UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2003-2005

Title details

SN: 5808
Title: Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2003-2005
Alternative title: LIDNS
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-5808-1
Depositor: National Centre for Social Research
Principal investigator(s): National Centre for Social Research
King's College London. Nutritional Sciences Research Division
University College London. Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
University College London. Medical School
Institute of Food Research
Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
Data collector(s): National Centre for Social Research
Sponsor(s): Food Standards Agency


The citation for this study is:

National Centre for Social Research, King's College London. Nutritional Sciences Research Division, University College London. Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London. Medical School, Institute of Food Research, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. (2008). Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2003-2005. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 5808,

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Subject Categories

Consumer behaviour - Economics
Equality and inequality - Social stratification and groupings
General - Health
Nutrition - Health
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

In the United Kingdom, the diet and nutritional status of the general population is
monitored by the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) programme (held at the UK Data Archive under GN 33275). Results from the NDNS surveys indicate that differences exist in food consumption and nutritional status between lower and higher social economic groups.

The Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey (LIDNS) was commissioned to provide for the first time robust, nationally representative, baseline data on food consumption, nutrient intake and nutritional status and factors affecting these in low-income/materially-deprived consumers. Data were collected between 2003 and 2005 and the survey report was published in July 2007. The survey included over 3,700 adults and children throughout the UK and had a number of components. It collected detailed quantitative information on food consumption, which was used to assess nutrient intakes. Physical measurements (e.g. height, weight, blood pressure) were also taken, and a blood sample for analysis of nutritional status indices. Finally, information on socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle characteristics was collected in a detailed interview and assessments of physical activity and oral health were made by questionnaire.

Specific aims of LIDNS were to
  • provide quantitative data on the food and nutrient intakes, sources of nutrients and nutritional status of low-income groups
  • describe the characteristics of individuals with intakes of specific nutrients above or below the national average
  • assess the diets of low-income consumers to determine the extent to which they are sufficiently nutritious
  • evaluate the extent to which the diets of low-income consumers vary from expert recommendations
  • provide physical measurements of health-related factors closely associated with diet, namely height, weight and other anthropometric measurements and blood pressure for a representative sample of low-income individuals
  • measure blood indices that provide evidence of nutritional status or dietary biomarkers
  • assess physical activity levels of low-income groups
  • provide basic information on smoking and oral health status in relation to diet
  • examine the relationship between dietary intake and factors affecting food choice in low-income groups
  • examine possible relationships between diet and risk factors in later life.
Main Topics:
The survey questionnaires covered: household demographics; shopping habits; food preparation; cooking skills; food provided at school for children; eating habits; food avoidance and feeding advice; health; dental health; physical activity; smoking; alcohol consumption; education; employment; management of finances; household income; and coping strategies. Self-completion questionnaires were also given to children and young people aged 8-12, 13-15 and 16-24 years. In addition, a nurse visit was also conducted as part of the survey, to gather anthropometric measurements and blood samples. For further details, see documentation.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: November 2003 - March 2005
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Countries
Government Office Regions
Observation units: Families/households
Kind of data: Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Low income (materially deprived) households in the United Kingdom, surveyed during 2003-2005.
Time dimensions: Cross-sectional (one-time) study
Sampling procedures: For criteria on which households were categorised as 'low income' and therefore eligible for the survey, see documentation.
Number of units: 2,430 households (3,728 individuals).
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Clinical measurements; Physical measurements
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

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Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 28 March 2008
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch


Title File Name Size (KB)
LIDNS Coding and Editing Instructions 5808coding_and_editing_instructions.pdf 251
LIDNS Derived Variable Specifications 5808derived_variable_specification.pdf 900
LIDNS Survey Documents 5808survey_documents.pdf 2587
LIDNS User Guide 5808userguide.pdf 171
LIDNS Variable Listing 5808variable_listing.pdf 540
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_5808_Information.htm 21
READ File read5808.htm 10


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