UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||New Earnings Survey, 1986-2002: Secure Access|
|Depositor:||Office for National Statistics|
Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.The New Earnings Survey (NES) is an annual survey of the earnings of employees in Great Britain. Its primary purpose is to obtain information about the levels, distribution and make-up of earnings, and for the collective agreements that cover them.
The NES is designed to represent all categories of employees in businesses of all kinds and sizes. It provides a large amount of information on earnings and hours (including bonuses, overtime, etc) as well as industry information derived from the Inter-Departmental Business Register. It provides no information on personal characteristics of the employee apart from age and gender. Most variables are collected each year, although a few additional questions asked each year may or may not be asked in other years. The earnings, hours of work and other information relate to a specified week in April of each year.
The NES sampling frame is mainly supplied by Inland Revenue records. It is based largely on a one per cent sample of employees who are members of Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) income tax schemes. The PAYE sample is supplemented by data provided by large employers, using extracts from their payroll systems. A survey form is sent to employers, and completion is compulsory under the Statistics of Trade Act 1947. Some large businesses make automatic submissions direct from their electronic records.
Certain categories of employees are not selected: for example the Armed Forces, those employed in Enterprise Zones, private domestic service workers, occupational pensioners, non-salaried directors, those employed oversees, those working for their spouses, and clergymen holding pastoral appointments.
The NES was replaced by the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (UK Data Archive SN 6689) in 2004.
Further information on the NES can be found on the Office for National Statistics' (ONS) New Earnings Survey web page.
There are a number of issues and inconsistencies associated with the NES data. Users are advised to read the documentation carefully before using the dataset. For example, ONS advise for safety reasons that only data from 1998 onwards should be used because 1998 was the first year that annual earnings were validated properly and published.
Geographical references: postcodes
The postcodes available in these data from 1996 are pseudo-anonymised postcodes. The real postcodes are not available due to the potential risk of identification of the observations. However, these replacement postcodes retain the inherent nested characteristics of real postcodes, and will allow researchers to aggregate observations to other geographic units, e.g. wards, super output areas, etc. In the dataset, the variable of the replacement postcode is 'new_PC'.
The NES collects the following data for employees in all industries and occupations and for the major national collective agreements:
|Time period:||1986 - 2002|
Government Office Regions
Postcode (Unit) [anonymised]
Training and Enterprise Councils
Travel to Work Areas
Unitary Authorities (England)
Unitary Authorities (Wales)
Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
Working individuals aged from 16 years residing and working in Great Britain in 1986-2002
Repeated cross-sectional study
Simple random sample
One per cent sample of individuals from National Insurance records
|Number of units:||Approximately 160,000 to 170,000 individuals|
|Method of data collection:||
|Weighting:||No weighting used|
|ABSENTEEISM||AGE||ARRANGEMENT OF WORKING TIME|
|BUSINESS OWNERSHIP||BUSINESSES||COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS|
|EMPLOYMENT HISTORY||EMPLOYMENT||FINANCIAL INCENTIVES|
|FREQUENCY OF PAY||FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT||GENDER|
|GREAT BRITAIN||HOURS OF WORK||INDUSTRIES|
|PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT||PENSIONS||PLACE OF RESIDENCE|
|PRIVATE SECTOR||PROFIT SHARING||PUBLIC SECTOR|
|RATES OF PAY||SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS||TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||25 March 2011|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. Controlled data requirements and conditions also apply. Further information is available from Access Secure Lab.
In addition, the Service is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data
To apply for access, users should use the Download/Order link on this page and will be directed to the relevant forms as part of the ordering process.
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|UK Data Archive Data Dictionary||6704allfiles_ukda_data_dictionary.pdf||584|
|NES and NESPD occupational codes||6704occupational_codes.pdf||2918|
|"NES report, 1986"||6704report_1986.pdf||7593|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_6704_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Williams, M. (2011) The changing structure of occupations and wage inequality, D.Phil. dissertation, University of Oxford.
Dickens, R., Riley, R. and Wilkinson, D. (2012) Re-examining the impact of the national minimum wage on earnings, employment and hours: The importance of recession and firm size (Report to the Low Pay Commission).
Williams, M. (In press) ‘Occupations and British wage inequality, 1970s-2000s’, European Sociological Review.
Sanchis-Guarner, R. (2012) Driving up wages: the effects of road construction in Great Britain, SERC Discussion Paper SERCDP0120, London School of Economics and Political Science LSE Research Laboratory, see http://rlab.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/abstract.asp?index=4135
Gibbons, S., Lyytikainen, T., Overman, H., Sanchis-Guarner, R. (2012) New road infrastructure: the effects on firms, SERC Discussion Paper SERCDP0117, London School of Economics and Political Science LSE Research Laboratory, see http://rlab.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/abstract.asp?index=4102