UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Workplace Employment Relations Survey: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings Linked Dataset, 2004: Secure Access|
|Series:||Workplace Employment Relations Survey [Workplace Employment Relations Survey: 1998-: Secure Access]|
|Depositor:||Office for National Statistics|
Department of Trade and Industry. Employment Markets Analysis and Research
Forth, J., National Institute of Economic and Social Research
Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service
Policy Studies Institute
Office for National Statistics
National Centre for Social Research
Office for National Statistics
Department of Trade and Industry
Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service
Economic and Social Research Council
Policy Studies Institute
The Policy Studies Institute contributed to the funding of the Workplace Employment Relations Survey (WERS) 2004 study with a grant from the Nuffield Foundation.
The Steering Committee for the WERS 2004 study was drawn from representatives of the sponsoring bodies. The members of the Steering Committee are as follows: Grant Fitzner (succeeding Mark Beatson) and Bernard Carter (Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)); Andrew Wareing (Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS)); Paul Rouse (succeeding David Guy) and Professor Keith Whitfield (Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)); and Malcolm Rigg (succeeding Professor Jim Skea) of the Policy Studies Institute (PSI). John McQueeney, Head of Research in the Employment Markets Analysis and Research (EMAR) section of the DTI, also attended a number of Steering Committee meetings and provided support to the DTI Research Team throughout the course of the study. A number of people assisted in the development of specific question areas, including: six specialist teams of academic experts co-ordinated by Professor Whitfield; academic researchers and lawyers who advised on changing aspects of employment relations legislation; and policy officials within the DTI. The sponsors and research team would like to thank the managers, employees and employee representatives who gave freely of their time to participate in this study. Without their co-operation, the study would not be possible.
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.The Workplace Employment Relations Survey (WERS) is a national survey of the state of employment relations and working life inside British workplaces. The purpose of WERS has been to provide large-scale, statistically reliable evidence about a broad range of industrial relations and employment practices across almost every sector of the economy in Great Britain. This evidence is collected with several objectives in mind. It aims to provide a mapping of employment relations practices in workplaces across Great Britain, monitor changes in those practices over time, inform policy development and permit an informed assessment of the effects of public policy, and bring about a greater understanding of employment relations as well as of the labour market. The Secure Access version of the WERS data for 2004 is held under SN 6712.
The Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) is one of the largest surveys of the earnings of individuals in the UK. Data on the wages, hours of work, and pensions arrangements of nearly one per cent of the working population are collected. Other variables relating to age, occupation and industrial classification are also available. The ASHE sample is drawn from National Insurance records for working individuals, and the survey forms are sent to their respective employers to complete. While limited in terms of personal characteristics compared to surveys such as the Labour Force Survey, the ASHE is useful not only because of its larger sample size, but also the responses regarding wages and hours are considered to be more accurate, since the responses are provided by employers rather than from employees themselves. The Secure Access version of the ASHE data for 2004 is held under SN 6689.
The Office for National Statistics Virtual Micro-data Laboratory has created a combined WERS-ASHE dataset. These combined data were constructed by linking observations from the WERS 2004 Survey of Managers to data from the ASHE.
Researchers who apply to use these data should be aware that they will only receive access to the combined data from the WERS Survey of Managers dataset and the ASHE dataset. If researchers wish to access other WERS 2004 data (i.e. the Survey of Employee Representatives, the Survey of Employees, and the Financial Performance Questionnaire data), they should also apply for SN 6712.
Geographical references: postcodes
The postcodes available in these data are pseudo-anonymised postcodes. The real postcodes are not available due to the potential risk of identification of the observations. However, these replacement postcodes retain the inherent nested characteristics of real postcodes, and will allow researchers to aggregate observations to other geographic units, e.g. wards, super output areas, etc. In the dataset, the variables of the replacement postcodes are 'new_wPC' (work) and 'new_hPC' (home).
The WERS 2004 Survey of Managers contains questions on:
Government Office Regions
Health Authority Regions
Local Authority Districts
Postcode (Unit) [anonymised]
Primary Care Trusts
Standard Statistical Regions
Super Output Areas (Lower Layer)
Training and Enterprise Councils
Travel to Work Areas
Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
All establishments in Britain with five or more employees and operating in Sections D-O of SIC2003.
Cross-sectional (one-time) study
One-stage stratified or systematic random sample
|Number of units:||5,922 cases|
|Method of data collection:||
Compilation or synthesis of existing material
Linked WERS-Ashe database
|Weighting:||Weighting used. See documentation (including documentation for SN 6689 and 6712) for details.|
|ADMINISTRATION||ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS||ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS|
|AGE||APPOINTMENT TO JOB||APPOINTMENT TO JOB|
|ARBITRATION||ARBITRATION||ARRANGEMENT OF WORKING TIME|
|ASSETS||ATTITUDE CHANGE||ATTITUDE CHANGE|
|BONUS PAYMENTS||BUILDINGS||BUSINESS AND ADMINISTRATION STUDIES|
|BUSINESS FORMATION||BUSINESS MANAGEMENT||BUSINESS MANAGEMENT|
|BUSINESS OWNERSHIP||BUSINESS RECORDS||BUSINESS RECORDS|
|CENTRAL GOVERNMENT||CENTRAL GOVERNMENT||CHILD CARE|
|CHRONIC ILLNESS||CHRONIC ILLNESS||CLOSED SHOP AGREEMENTS|
|CLOSED SHOP AGREEMENTS||COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS||COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS|
|COLLECTIVE BARGAINING||COLLECTIVE BARGAINING||COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS|
|COMMUNICATION PROCESS||COMMUNICATION SKILLS||COMMUTING|
|COMPUTER TECHNIQUES||COMPUTER TECHNIQUES||CONCILIATION|
|CONCILIATION||CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT||CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT|
|CONFLICT RESOLUTION||CONFLICT RESOLUTION||CONSUMER GOODS|
|CONSUMER GOODS||CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS||CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS|
|CUSTOMERS||DAY NURSERIES||DAY NURSERIES|
|DEBILITATIVE ILLNESS||DEBILITATIVE ILLNESS||DECISION MAKING|
|DECISION MAKING||DEVELOPMENT PLANNING||DEVELOPMENT PLANNING|
|DISMISSAL||DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION||DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION|
|ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||ECONOMIC COMPETITION||ECONOMIC COMPETITION|
|ECONOMIC CONDITIONS||ECONOMIC CONDITIONS||ECONOMIC VALUE|
|EMPLOYERS' ORGANIZATIONS||EMPLOYERS' ORGANIZATIONS||EMPLOYERS|
|EMPLOYERS||EMPLOYER-SPONSORED TRAINING||EMPLOYER-SPONSORED TRAINING|
|EMPLOYMENT HISTORY||EMPLOYMENT HISTORY||EMPLOYMENT SERVICES|
|EMPLOYMENT SERVICES||EMPLOYMENT||EQUAL OPPORTUNITY|
|EQUAL OPPORTUNITY||ETHNIC GROUPS||ETHNIC GROUPS|
|EUROPEAN UNION||FINANCIAL INCENTIVES||FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT|
|FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT||FRANCHISES (BUSINESS)||FRANCHISES (BUSINESS)|
|FREQUENCY OF PAY||FRINGE BENEFITS||FRINGE BENEFITS|
|FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT||FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT||GENDER|
|GENDER||GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS||GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS|
|GOVERNMENT POLICY||GOVERNMENT POLICY||GREAT BRITAIN|
|HOME-BASED WORK||HOME-BASED WORK||HOURS OF WORK|
|HOURS OF WORK||HUMAN RESOURCES||HUMAN RESOURCES|
|INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES||INDUSTRIAL INJURIES||INDUSTRIAL INJURIES|
|INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS PROCEDURES||INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS PROCEDURES||INDUSTRIAL TRIBUNALS|
|INFORMATION SOURCES||INFORMATION SOURCES||INFORMATION TRANSFER|
|IN-SERVICE TRAINING||IN-SERVICE TRAINING||INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION|
|INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION||INVOLUNTARY SHORT TIME WORKING||JOB CHARACTERISTICS|
|JOB CHARACTERISTICS||JOB DESCRIPTION||JOB DESCRIPTION|
|JOB EVALUATION||JOB EVALUATION||JOB REQUIREMENTS|
|JOB REQUIREMENTS||JOB SATISFACTION||JOB SATISFACTION|
|JOB SECURITY||JOB SECURITY||JOB SHARING|
|JOB SHARING||JOB VACANCIES||JOB VACANCIES|
|LABOUR DISPUTES||LABOUR DISPUTES||LABOUR ECONOMICS|
|LABOUR ECONOMICS||LABOUR FORCE||LABOUR FORCE|
|LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY||LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY||LABOUR RELATIONS|
|LABOUR RELATIONS||LABOUR SUPPLY||LABOUR SUPPLY|
|LOBBYING||LOCATION OF INDUSTRY||MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS|
|MARITAL STATUS||MARKET STRUCTURE||MARKET STRUCTURE|
|MARKETS (ECONOMICS)||MARKETS (ECONOMICS)||MATERNITY LEAVE|
|MINORITY GROUPS||MIXED RACE||MUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASES|
|OCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS||OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS||OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS|
|OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY||OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY||OCCUPATIONAL STATUS|
|OVERTIME||PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT||PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT|
|PATERNITY LEAVE||PATERNITY LEAVE||PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS|
|PERFORMANCE INDICATORS||PERFORMANCE INDICATORS||PERFORMANCE|
|PERFORMANCE||PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT||PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT|
|PERSONNEL RECORDS||PERSONNEL RECORDS||PERSONNEL SELECTION|
|PLACE OF RESIDENCE||PRIMARY DOCUMENTS||PRIVATE PENSIONS|
|PRIVATE SECTOR||PRIVATE SECTOR||PRIVATIZATION|
|PRIVATIZATION||PROBLEM SOLVING||PROBLEM SOLVING|
|PRODUCTS||PROFIT SHARING||PROFIT SHARING|
|PROFITS||PROMOTION (JOB)||PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS|
|PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS||PUBLIC SECTOR||PUBLIC SECTOR|
|QUALITY CONTROL||QUALITY CONTROL||QUALITY|
|QUALITY||RATES OF PAY||RATES OF PAY|
|RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT||RESISTANCE TO CHANGE||RESISTANCE TO CHANGE|
|RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES||REWARDS||REWARDS|
|ROLE CHANGE||ROLE CHANGE||SELF-EMPLOYED|
|SHIFT WORK||SICK LEAVE||SICK LEAVE|
|SKIN DISEASES||SMALL BUSINESSES||SMALL BUSINESSES|
|SOCIAL POLICY||SOCIAL POLICY||SPECIALISTS|
|TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT||TERMINATION OF SERVICE||TOP MANAGEMENT|
|TOP MANAGEMENT||TRADE ASSOCIATIONS||TRADE ASSOCIATIONS|
|TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP||TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP||TRADE UNION OFFICIALS|
|TRADE UNION OFFICIALS||TRADE UNION RIGHTS||TRADE UNION RIGHTS|
|TRADE UNIONS||TRADE UNIONS||TRAINING COURSES|
|TRANSNATIONAL ENTERPRISES||TRANSNATIONAL ENTERPRISES||TURNOVER|
|UNITED KINGDOM||VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CERTIFICATES||VOTING|
|VOTING||WAGE DEMANDS||WAGE DEMANDS|
|WAGE DETERMINATION||WAGE DETERMINATION||WAGE INCREASES|
|WOMEN'S EMPLOYMENT||WORK ATTITUDE||WORK ATTITUDE|
|WORKERS PARTICIPATION||WORKERS PARTICIPATION||WORKERS' RIGHTS|
|WORKERS' RIGHTS||WORKERS||WORKING CONDITIONS|
|WORKING CONDITIONS||WORKPLACE||WORKS COUNCILS|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||18 August 2011|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. Controlled data requirements and conditions also apply. Further information is available from Access Secure Lab.
In addition, the Service is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data
To apply for access, users should use the Download/Order link on this page and will be directed to the relevant forms as part of the ordering process.
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|UK Data Archive Data Dictionary||6840_UKDA_Data_Dictionary.pdf||2161|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_6840_Information.htm||7|
By principal investigator(s):
Details of publications and technical reports may be found on the National Centre for Social Research (NatCen) Workplace Employee Relations Surveys web page, and the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) (formerly BERR) WERS 2004 web pages, and the WERS 2004 Information and Advice Service (WIAS) web site.
Publications specific to WERS Time-Series data:
Millward, N., Forth, J. and Bryson, A. (1999) 'Changes in employment relations, 1990-1998', in M. Cully et al. Britain at work: as depicted by the 1998 Workplace Employee Relations Survey, London: Routledge.
Millward, N., Forth, J. and Bryson, A. (2000) All change at work? British employment relations 1980-1998, as portrayed by the Workplace Industrial Relations Survey series, London: Routledge.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Knight, K.G. and Latreille, P.L. (2000) 'Discipline, dismissals and complaints to employment tribunals', Journal of Industrial Relations, 0007-1080, December, pp.533-555.
Sutherland, J. (2003) 'The experience of work: is working for an overseas-owned multinational so different?', Employee Relations, 25(2), pp.149-167.
Sutherland, J. (2004) 'The prevalence of 'Japanese' management polices and practices in manufacturing workplaces in the UK', Asian Business and Management, 3, pp.39-56.
Sutherland, J. (2004) 'The determinants of training: evidence from the 1998 Workplace and Employee Relations Survey', Economic Issues, 9(1), pp.23-37.
Sutherland, J. (2004) 'The prevalence of 'Japanese' management policies and practices in manufacturing workplaces in Britain', Asian Business and Management, 3, pp.39-56.
Urwin, P., Michielsens, E. and Waters, J. (2006), 'The contribution of employee relations practice to high performance workplaces: case studies on work-life balance and diversity practice', CIPD Professional Standards Conference, Keele University, June 2006; also presented at BUIRA Conference 2006.
Urwin, P. and Buscha, F. (2007), 'Changing gender and ethnic diversity in the UK workplace: what can we learn from the 2004 WERS?', WERS 2004 User Group Meeting, March 2007.
Rose, M. (2007) 'Why so fed up and footloose in IT? Spelling out the associations between occupation and overall job satisfaction shown by WERS 2004', Industrial Relations Journal, 38(4), pp.356-384.
Rose, M. (2007) 'Extending coverage of job satisfaction in the Workplace Employment Relations Survey 2004 Employee Survey', in K. Whitfield and K. Huxley (eds.) Substantive and methodological innovations in WERS 5: official guide, London/Swindon: DTI, PSI, NIESR and ESRC.
Rose, M. (2007) 'Qualifications and work attitudes: recent findings for the UK', in M. Chaponnière et al. (eds.) Bildung und Beschäftigung, Zurich: Rüegger Verlag; ISBN 978-3-7253-0809-5.
Rose, M. (2007) 'Compétences réquises et compétences offertes', in Sociologie empirique, sociologie critique: autour de Claude Durand, Toulouse: Octarès Éditions, EAN 9782915346534, ISSN 1957-9675.
Rose, M. (2007) 'Extending coverage of job satisfaction in the 2004 Workplace Employment Relations survey', paper presented at the National Institute for Economic and Social Research, 23 March 2007.
Rose, M. and Brynin, M. (2007) 'Occupational flexibility: the career trajectories of it workers', paper presented at the BHPS Users Conference, University of Essex, 6 July, 2007, and at the Fifth WES International Conference, University of Aberdeen, 2007.
Siebert, W.S., Heywood, J. and Wei, X. (2007) 'The implicit costs of family friendly work practices', Oxford Economic Papers, 59(20), pp.275-300. (Uses WERS98)
Forth, J., Bewley, H. and Bryson, A. (2006) Small and medium-sized enterprises: findings from the 2004 Workplace Employment Relations Survey, London: Department of Trade and Industry.
Kersley, B. et al. (2006) Inside the workplace: findings from the 2004 Workplace Employment Relations Survey, London: Routledge.
Robert A. Hart, Yue Ma (2008) Wage-Hours Contracts, Overtime Working and Premium Pay, IZA Discussion Paper No. 3797, Bonn, Germany.
Jones, M.K., Latreille, P.L. and Sloane, P.J. Job anxiety, work-related psychological illness and workplace performance, IZA Discussion Paper No. 5809, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit/Institute for the Study of Labor. (version also forthcoming in the British Journal of Industrial Relations.) Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://ftp.iza.org/dp5809.pdf
Blundell, R., Green,D. and Jin W. (2016) The UK wage premium puzzle: how did a large increase in university graduates leave the education premium unchanged?, IFS Working Paper W16/01. Retrieved September 28, 2016 from https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/8322