Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Living Costs and Food Survey, 2010

Title details

SN: 6945
Title: Living Costs and Food Survey, 2010
Alternative title: Expenditure and Food Survey; LCF; EFS
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6945-2
Series: Living Costs and Food Survey (Expenditure and Food Survey) [Living Costs and Food Survey, 2001-]
Depositor: Office for National Statistics
Principal investigator(s): Office for National Statistics
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Sponsor(s): Office for National Statistics
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Office for National Statistics, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. (2012). Living Costs and Food Survey, 2010. [data collection]. 2nd Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 6945, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-6945-2

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Subject Categories

Consumer behaviour - Economics
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
Income, property and investment - Economics
Nutrition - Health

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Background:
A household food consumption and expenditure survey has been conducted each year in Great Britain (excluding Northern Ireland) since 1940. At that time the National Food Survey (NFS) covered a sample drawn solely from urban working-class households, but this was extended to a fully demographically representative sample in 1950. From 1957 onwards the Family Expenditure Survey (FES) provided information on all household expenditure patterns including food expenditure, with the NFS providing more detailed information on food consumption and expenditure. The NFS was extended to cover Northern Ireland from 1996 onwards. In April 2001 these surveys were combined to form the Expenditure and Food Survey (EFS), which completely replaced both series. From January 2008, the EFS became known as the Living Costs and Food (LCF) module of the Integrated Household Survey (IHS). As a consequence of this change, the questionnaire was altered to accommodate the insertion of a core set of questions, common to all of the separate modules which together comprised the IHS. Some of these core questions are simply questions which were previously asked in the same or a similar format on all of the IHS component surveys. For further information on the LCF questionnaire, see Volume A of the LCF 2008 User Guide, held with SN 6385. Further information about the LCF, including links to published reports based on the survey, may be found on the ONS Living Costs and Food Survey webpage. Further information on the NFS and Living Costs and Food Module of the IHS can be found by searching for 'Family Food' on the GOV.UK website.

History:
The LCF (then EFS) was the result of more than two years' development work to bring together the FES and NFS; both survey series were well-established and important sources of information for government and the wider community, and had charted changes and patterns in spending and food consumption since the 1950s. Whilst the NFS and FES series are now finished, users should note that previous data from both series are still available from the UK Data Archive, under GNs 33071 (NFS) and 33057 (FES).

Purpose of the LCF
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has overall project management and financial responsibility for the LCF, while the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) sponsors the food data element. As with the FES and NFS, the LCF continues to be primarily used to provide information for the Retail Prices Index, National Accounts estimates of household expenditure, analysis of the effect of taxes and benefits, and trends in nutrition. The results are multi-purpose, however, providing an invaluable supply of economic and social data. The merger of the two surveys also brings benefits for users, as a single survey on food expenditure removes the difficulties of reconciling data from two sources. Design and methodology The design of the LCF is based on the old FES, although the use of new processing software by the data creators has resulted in a dataset which differs from the previous structure. The most significant change in terms of reporting expenditure, however, is the introduction of the European Standard Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP), in place of the codes previously used. An additional level of hierarchy has been developed to improve the mapping to the previous codes. The LCF was conducted on a financial year basis from 2001, then moved to a calendar year basis from January 2006 (to complement the IHS) until 2015-16, when the financial year survey was reinstated at the request of users. Therefore, whilst SN 5688 covers April 2005 - March 2006, SN 5986 covers January-December 2006. Subsequent years cover January-December until 2014. SN 8210 returns to the financial year survey and currently covers April 2015 - March 2016.

Northern Ireland sample
Users should note that, due to funding constraints, from January 2010 the Northern Ireland (NI) sample used for the LCF was reduced to a sample proportionate to the NI population relative to the UK.

Food database:
Further information about the LCF food databases can be found on the GOV.UK Family Food Statistics web pages.

Secure Access version
A Secure Access version of the LCF from 2006 onwards is available from the UK Data Archive under SN 7047, subject to stringent access conditions. The Secure Access version includes variables that are not included in the standard End User Licence (EUL) version, including geographical variables with detail below Government Office Region, to postcode level; urban/rural area indicators; other sensitive variables; raw diary information files (derived variables are available in the EUL) and the family expenditure codes files. Users are strongly advised to check whether the EUL version is sufficient for their needs before considering an application for the Secure Access version.

For the second edition (July 2012), previously unavailable variables Linstype2-10 and Minstype2-12 were added to the rawhh file. The documentation remains unchanged.

Main Topics:
Household questionnaire:
The first part of the LCF questionnaire collects information about households; the majority of the questions are asked at a household-level, with the household reference person typically responding on behalf of the household as a whole. The household questionnaire includes questions on a range of subjects including family relationships, ethnicity, employment details and the ownership of household durables. It is also the source of all expenditure information not recorded in the LCF diary; principally that which concerns regular payments typically made by all households and large, infrequently purchased items such as vehicles, package holidays and home improvements.

Individual questionnaire:
The income questionnaire follows on immediately from the household questionnaire and collects the key person-level variables used on the survey. The principal components of the LCF income questionnaire are the sections covering income from employment, benefits and assets. These together form an overview of the total income received by each household, as well as each household member individually.

LCF Diary:
In addition to the two questionnaires, each individual aged 16 years and over in the household is asked to keep diary records of daily expenditure for two weeks. The EUL version includes only derived variables from the expenditure diary.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: January 2010 - December 2010
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Government Office Regions
Observation units: Families/households
a household comprises one person or a group of people who have the accommodation as their only or main residence and (for a group) share the living accommodation (i.e. a living or sitting room), or share meals together or have common housekeeping.
Kind of data: Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Households in the United Kingdom surveyed during 2010.
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: 5,116 households in Great Britain, and 147 in Northern Ireland.
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Diaries
Only derived variables from the diary are included in the EUL version.
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ADMINISTRATIVE AREASAGEAIR TRAVEL
ALCOHOLIC DRINKSAPARTMENTSAPPOINTMENT TO JOB
ASSOCIATIONSBANK ACCOUNTSBANK CHARGES
BEDROOMSBEVERAGESBICYCLES
BONDSBONUS PAYMENTSBOOKS
BUILDING MAINTENANCEBUILDING MATERIALSBUILDING OPERATIONS
BUILDING SERVICESBUILDING SOCIETIESBUILDING SOCIETY ACCOUNTS
BUSINESS RECORDSCARE OF DEPENDANTSCARERS' BENEFITS
CARPETSCENTRAL HEATINGCEREAL PRODUCTS
CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONSCHIEF INCOME EARNERSCHILD BENEFITS
CHILD WORKERSCHILD-MINDINGCHILDREN
CLEANING AGENTSCLEANING SERVICESCLOTHING
COALCOHABITATIONCOLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERS
COMMERCIAL BUILDINGSCOMPACT DISC PLAYERSCOMPANY CARS
COMPUTER SOFTWARECOMPUTERSCONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
CONFECTIONERYCONSUMER GOODSCONSUMERS
CONSUMPTIONCONVEYANCINGCOSTS
COUNCIL TAXCREDIT CARD USECREDIT
CULTURAL GOODSDAIRY PRODUCTSDEATH ALLOWANCES
DIESEL OILDISABLED PERSONSDOMESTIC APPLIANCES
DRIVING LICENCESDRIVINGDRUG USE
ECONOMIC ACTIVITYECONOMIC VALUEEDIBLE FATS
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL COURSESEDUCATIONAL FEES
EDUCATIONAL GRANTSEDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONSELDERLY
ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLYELECTRIC POWERELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
ELECTRONIC COMMERCEELEVATORSEMPLOYEES
EMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMESEMPLOYMENT
ENDOWMENT ASSURANCEENERGYENTERTAINMENT
EQUIPMENT RENTALETHNIC GROUPSEXAMINATIONS
EXPENDITUREFAMILIESFAMILY BENEFITS
FEESFINANCIAL INSTITUTIONSFINANCIAL RESOURCES
FINANCIAL SUPPORTFINESFISH (AS FOOD)
FOODFOSTER CHILDRENFREQUENCY
FRINGE BENEFITSFRUITFUEL OILS
FUELSFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENTFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION
FURNITUREGAMBLINGGARAGES
GARDENINGGAS FUELSGAS SUPPLY
GENDERGIFTSHEADS OF HOUSEHOLD
HEALTH SERVICESHEATING SYSTEMSHIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
HIGHER EDUCATIONHIRE PURCHASEHOBBIES
HOLIDAYS ABROADHOLIDAYSHOME BUYING
HOME OWNERSHIPHOME SELLINGHOME SHARING
HORTICULTUREHOURS OF WORKHOUSEHOLD BUDGETS
HOUSEHOLD PETSHOUSEHOLDSHOUSES
HOUSING BENEFITSHOUSING FINANCEHOUSING IMPROVEMENT
HOUSING TENUREHOUSINGINCOME TAX
INCOMEINCOME-RELATED BENEFITSINDUSTRIES
INSURANCE CLAIMSINSURANCE PREMIUMSINSURANCE
INTEREST (FINANCE)INTERNET USEINTERNET
INVESTMENT RETURNINVESTMENTJOB DESCRIPTION
JOB HUNTINGJOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCELANDLORDS
LEAVELEISURE GOODSLEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES
LESSONSLICENCESLIFE INSURANCE
LOANSLOCAL TAX BENEFITSLODGERS
LOTTERIESMAIL ORDER SERVICESMANAGERS
MARITAL STATUSMARKETINGMARRIED WOMEN WORKERS
MARRIED WOMENMATERNITY BENEFITSMATERNITY LEAVE
MATERNITY PAYMEALSMEALS-ON-WHEELS
MEATMEDICAL CAREMEDICAL INSURANCE
MEDICAL PRESCRIPTIONSMETHODS OF PAYMENTMILK
MOBILE HOMESMOBILE PHONESMORTGAGE PROTECTION INSURANCE
MORTGAGESMOTOR VEHICLE HIREMOTOR VEHICLES
NEWSPAPERSNUTRIENTSOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS
OCCUPATIONSONE-PARENT FAMILIESONLINE BANKING
ONLINE SERVICESONLINE SHOPPINGOUTDOOR PURSUITS
OVERSEAS TRANSACTIONSOVERTIMEPACKAGE HOLIDAYS
PACKETED FOODSPARTNERSHIPS (BUSINESS)PART-TIME COURSES
PART-TIME EMPLOYMENTPATERNITY LEAVEPENSION CONTRIBUTIONS
PERIODICALSPERSONAL FASHION GOODSPET FOODS
PETROLPETROLEUM PRODUCTSPHOTOGRAPHIC EQUIPMENT
POCKET MONEYPOSTAL SERVICESPRESERVED FOODS
PRICESPRIVATE EDUCATIONPRIVATE PENSIONS
PRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONSPRIVATE SCHOOLSPRIVATE SECTOR
PROFIT SHARINGPROFITSPUBLIC SECTOR
PURCHASINGRATESREBATES
RECREATIONAL EDUCATIONREDUNDANCY PAYREDUNDANCY
REMOVAL SERVICESRENTED ACCOMMODATIONRENTS
RESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRETAIL SERVICESRETIREMENT
ROAD VEHICLE MAINTENANCEROOM SHARINGROOMS
ROYALTIESSALTSATELLITE RECEIVERS
SAVINGSSCHOLARSHIPSSCHOOL MEALS
SCHOOL MILK PROVISIONSCHOOLCHILDRENSCHOOLS
SECOND HOMESSELF-EMPLOYEDSERVICE INDUSTRIES
SEWAGE DISPOSAL AND HANDLINGSHARESSICK LEAVE
SICK PAYSICK PERSONSSICKNESS AND DISABILITY BENEFITS
SMALL BUSINESSESSOAPSOCIAL CLASS
SOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS
SOCIAL SECURITYSOCIAL SERVICESSOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
SOFT DRINKSSPECTACLESSPORT
SPORTS EQUIPMENTSPOUSESSTATE RETIREMENT PENSIONS
STRIKE PAYSTRIKESSTUDENT LOANS
STUDENT TRANSPORTATIONSTUDENTSSUBSCRIPTIONS
SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENTSUPERVISORSTAKE-AWAY MEALS
TAX RELIEFTAXATIONTELEPHONES
TELEVISION CHANNELSTELEVISION RECEIVERSTEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
TENANTS' HOME PURCHASINGTIED HOUSINGTINNED FOODS
TOBACCOTOP MANAGEMENTTOURIST ACCOMMODATION
TRADE UNIONSTRANSPORTTRAVEL
TURNOVERTUTORINGUNEARNED INCOME
UNEMPLOYEDUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITSUNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION
UNITED KINGDOMUNWAGED WORKERSVEGETABLE OILS
VEGETABLESVIDEO RECORDERSWAGES
WATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)WINNINGSWORKERS
WORKING MOTHERSWORKING WOMENWRITING MATERIALS

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 10 February 2012
Latest edition: 11 July 2012 (2nd Edition)
Copyright: Crown Copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Specification 2010 6945spec2010.xls 2626
LCF 2010 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 6945volume_d_expenditure_codes_2010.xls 2404
LCF 2010 Volume A -Introduction 6945volume_a_introduction_2010.pdf 346
LCF 2010 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 6945volume_b_household_questionnaire_2010.pdf 1021
LCF 2010 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 6945volume_c_income_questionnaire_2010.pdf 345
LCF 2010 Volume E - Raw Variables 6945volume_e_raw_variables_2010.pdf 655
LCF 2010 Volume F - Derived Variables 6945volume_f_derived_variables_2010.pdf 460
LCF 2010 Volume G - Derived Variables Flowcharts 6945volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2010.pdf 5951
LCF 2009 Volume H - Database Changes 6945volume_h_changes_database_2010.pdf 281
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_6945_Information.htm 6
READ File read6945.htm 11

Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
The ONS and DEFRA reports for the LCF/EFS are available from their respective web sites, as listed below:

DEFRA (2003) Family food in 2001/2, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2003) Family spending: a report on the 2001-2002 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

DEFRA (2004) Family food in 2002/3, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2004) Family spending: a report on the 2002-2003 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

DEFRA (2005) Family food in 2003/4, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2005) Family spending: a report on the 2003-2004 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

ONS (2006) Family spending: a report on the 2004-2005 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

ONS (2007) Family spending: 2007 edition, London: ONS.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Gregg, P., Waldfogel, J. and Washbrook, E. (2005) Expenditure patterns post-welfare reform in the UK: are low-income families starting to catch up?, CASEpaper 99, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Chai, A. and A. Moneta (2009) 'Comparing shapes of Engel curves', Economics Bulletin, 29(2), pp.1164-1170; also published as Chai, A. and Moneta, A. (2008), Comparing shapes of Engel curves, Jena Economic Research Papers, no.093.

Chai, A. and A. Moneta (2008) Satiation, escaping satiation, and structural change: some evidence from the evolution of Engel curves, Papers on Economics and Evolution, no. 0818.

Gough, I., Abdallah, S., Johnson, V., Ryan-Collins, J. and Smith, C. (July 2011) The distribution of total greenhouse gas emissions by households in the UK and some implications for social policy, CASEpaper 152, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics. Retrieved October 19th, 2011 from http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper152.pdf

Ludbrook, A., Petrie, D., McKenzie, L. and Farrar, S. (2012) 'Tackling alcohol misuse purchasing patterns affected by minimum pricing for alcohol', Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 10(1), pp.51-63.

Adam, S. (2013) 'Housing taxation and support for housing costs', in T. Callan (ed.) Budget perspectives 2014, Dublin: Economic and Society Research Institute. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/RS31.pdf

Adam, S. and Browne, J. (2013) Do the UK Government’s welfare reforms make work pay?, IFS Working Paper W13/26, Institute for Fiscal Studies, September.

Adam, S., Johnson, P. and Roantree, B. (2013) Taxing an Independent Scotland, IFS Briefing Note B141, Institute for Fiscal Studies, October.

Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) The UK's public finances in the long run: the IFS model, IFS Working Paper W13/29, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.

Meng, Y., Brennan, A., Purshouse, R., Hill-McManus, D., Angus, C., et al. (2014) 'Estimation of own and cross price elasticities of alcohol demand in the UK – a pseudo-panel approach using the Living Costs and Food Survey 2001 to 2009', Journal of Health Economics, 34, pp.96-103.

Banks, J., Kelly, E. and Smith, J.P. (2014) 'Spousal health effects: the role of selection', in D. Wise and R. Woodbury (eds.) Discoveries in the economics of aging, Chicago University Press, pp.255-279.

Adams, A., Hood, A. and Levell, P. (2014) 'The squeeze on incomes', The IFS Green Budget 2014 (Chapter 6), London IFS, 2014. retrieved May 12th, 2014 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/budgets/gb2014/gb2014.pdf. Also presented at the Green Budget Launch on 6 February 2014 and the ONS Labour Market Statistics User Group Conference at the Royal Society, London, 24 March 2014.

Healy, A.E. (2014) 'Convergence or difference: Western European household food expenditure', British Food Journal [online], 116(5), pp.792-804. doi: 10.1108/BFJ-11-2012-0274

Healy, A.E. (2014) 'Eating and ageing: a comparison over time of Italy, Ireland, the United Kingdom and France', International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 55, pp.379-403. doi: 10.1177/0020715214561132

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