Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Living Costs and Food Survey, 2006-2016: Secure Access

Title details

SN: 7047
Title: Living Costs and Food Survey, 2006-2016: Secure Access
Alternative title: Expenditure and Food Survey; LCF; EFS
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-7047-9
Series: Living Costs and Food Survey (Expenditure and Food Survey) [Living Costs and Food Survey, 2006-: Secure Access]
Depositor: Office for National Statistics
Principal investigator(s): Office for National Statistics
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Sponsor(s): Office for National Statistics
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Office for National Statistics, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. (2017). Living Costs and Food Survey, 2006-2016: Secure Access. [data collection]. 9th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 7047, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-7047-9

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Subject Categories

Consumer behaviour - Economics
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
Income, property and investment - Economics
Nutrition - Health

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Background
A household food consumption and expenditure survey has been conducted each year in Great Britain (excluding Northern Ireland) since 1940. At that time the National Food Survey (NFS) covered a sample drawn solely from urban working-class households, but this was extended to a fully demographically representative sample in 1950. From 1957 onwards the Family Expenditure Survey (FES) provided information on all household expenditure patterns including food expenditure, with the NFS providing more detailed information on food consumption and expenditure. The NFS was extended to cover Northern Ireland from 1996 onwards. In April 2001 these surveys were combined to form the Expenditure and Food Survey (EFS), which completely replaced both series. From January 2008, the EFS became known as the Living Costs and Food (LCF) module of the Integrated Household Survey (IHS). As a consequence of this change, the EFS questionnaire was altered to accommodate the insertion of a core set of questions, common to all of the separate modules which together comprise the IHS. Some of these core questions are simply questions which were previously asked in the same or a similar format on all of the IHS component surveys (including the EFS). For further information on the LCF questionnaire, see Volume A of the LCF 2008 User Guide, held with SN 6385. Further information about the LCF/EFS, including links to published reports based on the survey, may be found on the ONS Living Costs and Food Survey webpage. Further information on the NFS and Living Costs and Food Module of the IHS can be found by searching for 'Family Food' on the GOV.UK website.

Purpose of the LCF (formerly EFS)
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has overall project management and financial responsibility for the LCF/EFS, while the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) sponsors the food data. As with the FES and NFS, the LCF continues to be primarily used to provide information for the Retail Prices Index, National Accounts estimates of household expenditure, analysis of the effect of taxes and benefits, and trends in nutrition. The results are multi-purpose, however, providing an invaluable supply of economic and social data. The merger of the two surveys also brings benefits for users, as a single survey on food expenditure removes the difficulties of reconciling data from two sources.

Design and methodology
The design of the LCF/EFS is based on the FES, although the use of new processing software by the data creators has resulted in a dataset which differs from the previous FES structure. The most significant change in terms of reporting expenditure, however, is the introduction of the European Standard Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP), in place of the codes used in the FES and NFS, which were unique to the two surveys. An additional level of hierarchy has been developed for the EFS to improve the mapping to the previous FES and NFS codes. The LCF/EFS was conducted on a financial year basis from 2001, but was moved from a financial to a calendar year basis from January 2006 in anticipation of the introduction of the IHS. Therefore, whilst SNs 4697, 5003, 5210, 5375 and 5688 cover 2001-2002, 2002-2003, 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 respectively, SN 5986 covers January-December 2006, and subsequent studies cover January-December of the survey year. The documentation for SN 5986 provides further details of the change in methodology.

Northern Ireland sample
Users of the LCF/EFS should note that, due to funding constraints, from January 2010 the Northern Ireland (NI) sample used for the LCF was reduced to a sample proportionate to the NI population relative to the UK.

Variables available in the Secure Access version
The Secure Access version includes geographical variables with detail below government office region up to the postcode level, and urban/rural area indicators, as well as other sensitive variables. Also included are the raw diary information files and the family expenditure codes files.

In response to user demand, the Living Costs and Food Survey moved from a calendar to financial year survey from 2015. Therefore, the main survey data files cover April 2015 - March 2016. To cover the transition, data are available for Quarter 1, 2015 (January - March), but are in separate files, all clearly marked as Quarter 1. See documentation for further details of the change.

Latest edition information
For the ninth edition (November 2017), the data files covering 2015 Quarter 1 and 2015 Quarter 2 to 2016 Quarter 1 have been added to the study, accompanied by updated documentation.

Main Topics:
Household questionnaire:
The first part of the LCF/EFS questionnaire collects information about households; the majority of the questions are asked at a household-level, with the household reference person typically responding on behalf of the household as a whole. The household questionnaire includes questions on a range of subjects including family relationships, ethnicity, employment details and the ownership of household durables. It is also the source of all expenditure information not recorded in the LCF/EFS diary; principally that which concerns regular payments typically made by all households and large, infrequently purchased items such as vehicles, package holidays and home improvements.

Individual questionnaire:
The income questionnaire follows on immediately from the household questionnaire and collects the key person-level variables used on the survey. The principal components of the LCF income questionnaire are the sections covering income from employment, benefits and assets. These together form an overview of the total income received by each household, as well as each household member individually.

LCF/EFS Diary:
In addition to the two questionnaires, each individual aged 16 years and over in the household is asked to keep diary records of daily expenditure for two weeks. The raw diary data are held in separate files available only in the Secure Access version of the study.

Standard measures
  • Urban/rural area indicators: The rural and urban classification of postcodes for England and Wales allows datasets to be analysed according to different types of rural and urban area. This is based on the National Statistics Rural and Urban Classification of Output Areas released on 21 July 2004. In Scotland and Northern Ireland different sampling frames are used for this classification. For further details please refer to the document '6032userguide.pdf', included in the documentation for SN 6032 British Household Panel Survey, waves 1-17 (1991-2008)

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: 01 January 2006 - 31 March 2016
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Wards (Electoral)
Government Office Regions
Output Areas
Postcode (Unit)
Local Authority Districts
Observation units: Individuals
Families/households
A household comprises one person or a group of people who have the accommodation as their only or main residence and (for a group) share the living accommodation (i.e. a living or sitting room), or share meals together or have common housekeeping.
Kind of data: Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Households in the United Kingdom surveyed during 2006-2016.
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
From January 2006, the EFS (now LCF) moved from a financial to calendar year basis in anticipation of the IHS. However, in response to user demand, the Living Costs and Food Survey moved back from a calendar to financial year survey from 2015.
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Due to funding constraints, from January 2010 the Northern Ireland (NI) sample used for the LCF was reduced to a sample proportionate to the NI population relative to the UK.
Number of units: Between approximately 5,000 cases to 6,500 cases throughout the survey years.
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Diaries
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Thesaurus search on keywords

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ADMINISTRATIVE AREASAGEAIR TRAVEL
ALCOHOLIC DRINKSAPARTMENTSAPPOINTMENT TO JOB
ASSOCIATIONSBANK ACCOUNTSBANK CHARGES
BEDROOMSBEVERAGESBICYCLES
BONDSBONUS PAYMENTSBOOKS
BUILDING MAINTENANCEBUILDING MATERIALSBUILDING OPERATIONS
BUILDING SERVICESBUILDING SOCIETIESBUILDING SOCIETY ACCOUNTS
BUSINESS RECORDSCARE OF DEPENDANTSCARERS' BENEFITS
CARPETSCENTRAL HEATINGCEREAL PRODUCTS
CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONSCHIEF INCOME EARNERSCHILD BENEFITS
CHILD WORKERSCHILD-MINDINGCHILDREN
CLEANING AGENTSCLEANING SERVICESCLOTHING
COALCOHABITATIONCOLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERS
COMMERCIAL BUILDINGSCOMPACT DISC PLAYERSCOMPANY CARS
COMPUTER SOFTWARECOMPUTERSCONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
CONFECTIONERYCONSUMER GOODSCONSUMERS
CONSUMPTIONCONVEYANCINGCOSTS
COUNCIL TAXCREDIT CARD USECREDIT
CULTURAL GOODSDAIRY PRODUCTSDEATH ALLOWANCES
DIESEL OILDISABLED PERSONSDOMESTIC APPLIANCES
DRIVING LICENCESDRIVINGDRUG USE
ECONOMIC ACTIVITYECONOMIC VALUEEDIBLE FATS
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL COURSESEDUCATIONAL FEES
EDUCATIONAL GRANTSEDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONSELDERLY
ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLYELECTRIC POWERELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
ELECTRONIC COMMERCEELECTRONIC GAMESELEVATORS
EMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES
EMPLOYMENTENDOWMENT ASSURANCEENERGY
ENTERTAINMENTEQUIPMENT RENTALETHNIC GROUPS
EXAMINATIONSEXPENDITUREFAMILIES
FAMILY BENEFITSFEESFINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
FINANCIAL RESOURCESFINANCIAL SUPPORTFINES
FISH (AS FOOD)FOODFOSTER CHILDREN
FREQUENCYFRINGE BENEFITSFRUIT
FUEL OILSFUELSFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT
FURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONFURNITUREGAMBLING
GARAGESGARDENINGGAS FUELS
GAS SUPPLYGENDERGIFTS
HEADS OF HOUSEHOLDHEALTH SERVICESHEATING SYSTEMS
HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONSHIGHER EDUCATIONHIRE PURCHASE
HOBBIESHOLIDAYS ABROADHOLIDAYS
HOME BUYINGHOME OWNERSHIPHOME SELLING
HOME SHARINGHORTICULTUREHOURS OF WORK
HOUSEHOLD BUDGETSHOUSEHOLD PETSHOUSEHOLDS
HOUSESHOUSING BENEFITSHOUSING FINANCE
HOUSING IMPROVEMENTHOUSING TENUREHOUSING
INCOME TAXINCOMEINCOME-RELATED BENEFITS
INDUSTRIESINSURANCE CLAIMSINSURANCE PREMIUMS
INSURANCEINTEREST (FINANCE)INTERNET USE
INTERNETINVESTMENT RETURNINVESTMENT
JOB DESCRIPTIONJOB HUNTINGJOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCE
LANDLORDSLEAVELEISURE GOODS
LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIESLESSONSLICENCES
LIFE INSURANCELOANSLOCAL TAX BENEFITS
LODGERSLOTTERIESMAIL ORDER SERVICES
MANAGERSMARITAL STATUSMARKETING
MARRIED WOMEN WORKERSMARRIED WOMENMATERNITY BENEFITS
MATERNITY LEAVEMATERNITY PAYMEALS
MEALS-ON-WHEELSMEATMEDICAL CARE
MEDICAL INSURANCEMEDICAL PRESCRIPTIONSMETHODS OF PAYMENT
MILKMOBILE HOMESMOBILE PHONES
MORTGAGE PROTECTION INSURANCEMORTGAGESMOTOR VEHICLE HIRE
MOTOR VEHICLE VALUEMOTOR VEHICLESNATIONAL IDENTITY
NEWSPAPERSNUTRIENTSOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS
OCCUPATIONSONE-PARENT FAMILIESONLINE BANKING
ONLINE SERVICESONLINE SHOPPINGOUTDOOR PURSUITS
OVERSEAS TRANSACTIONSOVERTIMEPACKAGE HOLIDAYS
PACKETED FOODSPARTNERSHIPS (BUSINESS)PART-TIME COURSES
PART-TIME EMPLOYMENTPATERNITY LEAVEPAYMENTS
PENSION CONTRIBUTIONSPENSIONSPERIODICALS
PERSONAL FASHION GOODSPET FOODSPETROL
PETROLEUM PRODUCTSPHOTOGRAPHIC EQUIPMENTPOCKET MONEY
POSTAL SERVICESPRESERVED FOODSPRICES
PRIVATE EDUCATIONPRIVATE PENSIONSPRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONS
PRIVATE SCHOOLSPRIVATE SECTORPROFIT SHARING
PROFITSPUBLIC SECTORPURCHASING
QUANTITYRATESREBATES
RECREATIONAL EDUCATIONREDUNDANCY PAYREDUNDANCY
REFUNDSREMOVAL SERVICESRENTED ACCOMMODATION
RENTSRESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRETAIL SERVICES
RETIREMENTROAD TAXROAD VEHICLE MAINTENANCE
ROOM SHARINGROOMSROYALTIES
SALTSAME-SEX RELATIONSHIPSSATELLITE RECEIVERS
SAVINGSSCHOLARSHIPSSCHOOL MEALS
SCHOOL MILK PROVISIONSCHOOLCHILDRENSCHOOLS
SECOND HOMESSELF-EMPLOYEDSERVICE INDUSTRIES
SEWAGE DISPOSAL AND HANDLINGSHARESSICK LEAVE
SICK PAYSICK PERSONSSICKNESS AND DISABILITY BENEFITS
SMALL BUSINESSESSOAPSOCIAL CLASS
SOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS
SOCIAL SECURITYSOCIAL SERVICESSOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
SOFT DRINKSSPECTACLESSPORT
SPORTS EQUIPMENTSPOUSESSTATE RETIREMENT PENSIONS
STRIKE PAYSTRIKESSTUDENT LOANS
STUDENT TRANSPORTATIONSTUDENTSSUBSCRIPTIONS
SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENTSUPERVISORSTAKE-AWAY MEALS
TAX RELIEFTAXATIONTELEPHONES
TELEVISION CHANNELSTELEVISION LICENCESTELEVISION RECEIVERS
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENTTENANTS' HOME PURCHASINGTIED HOUSING
TINNED FOODSTOBACCOTOP MANAGEMENT
TOURIST ACCOMMODATIONTRADE UNIONSTRANSPORT
TRAVEL PASSESTRAVELTURNOVER
TUTORINGUNEARNED INCOMEUNEMPLOYED
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITSUNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONUNITED KINGDOM
UNWAGED WORKERSVEGETABLE OILSVEGETABLES
VEHICLESVIDEO RECORDERSVOUCHER SCHEMES
WAGESWATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)WEIGHT MEASUREMENT
WINNINGSWORKERSWORKING MOTHERS
WORKING WOMENWRITING MATERIALS

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 03 October 2012
Latest edition: 02 November 2017 (9th Edition)
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. Controlled data requirements and conditions also apply. Further information is available from Access Secure Lab.

In addition, the Service is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data

Please note:
Since these data are more sensitive and/or pose a higher risk of disclosure than data made available under the standard End User Licence, they are not available for download but may be accessed through our Secure Lab. Access requires: ONS Accredited Researcher status (including the requirement to attend and pass the Safe User of Research data Environments (SURE) training course); submission of a project proposal; and completion of a Secure Access User Agreement. This is to ensure that the guarantee of confidentiality given to survey respondents is protected. Users are required to read and follow the Microdata Handling and Security: Guide to Good Practice.

To apply for access, users should use the Download/Order link on this page and will be directed to the relevant forms as part of the ordering process.

Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
EFS 2006 Specification of Family Spending 7047specification_family_spending_efs_2005-06.xlsx 1296
EFS 2007 Specification of Family Spending 7047spec2007_userguide.xls 2366
EFS 2007 anonymised variable list 7047uk_anonymised_variable_list_2007.xls 726
EFS 2007 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047volume_d_expenditure_codes_2007.xls 1149
EFS 2007 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047volume_e_raw_variables_2007.xls 494
EFS 2007 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047volume_f_derived_variables_2007.xls 639
EFS 2007 Volume G - Changes Database 7047volume_g_changes_database_2007.xls 120
LCF 2008 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047volume_d_expenditure_codes_2008.xls 1143
LCF 2008 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047volume_e_raw_variables_2008.xls 558
LCF 2008 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047volume_f_derived_variables_2008.xls 725
LCF 2008 Volume G - Changes Database 7047volume_g_lcf_changes_database_2008.xls 267
LCF 2009 Specification of Family Spending 7047spec2009_v2.xlsx 1295
LCF 2009 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047volume_d_expenditure_codes_2009.xls 2414
LCF 2010 Specification of Family Spending 7047spec2010.xls 2477
LCF 2010 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047volume_d_expenditure_codes_2010.xls 2414
LCF 2011 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047volume_d_expenditure_codes_2011.xls 2414
LCF 2011 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047volume_e_raw_variables_2011.xls 6577
LCF 2011 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047volume_f_derived_variables_2011.xls 5569
LCF 2011 Volume H - Changes Database 7047volume_h_changes_database_2011.xls 997
LCF 2012 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047volume_d_expenditure_codes_2012.xlsx 665
LCF 2012 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047volume_e_raw_variables_2012.xls 6602
LCF 2012 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047volume_f_derived_variables_2012.xls 5619
LCF 2012 Volume H - Changes Database 7047volume_h_changes_database_2012.xls 6232
LCF 2013 Specification of Family Spending 7047specification_2013.xls 2626
LCF 2013 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047volume_d_expenditure_codes_2013.xlsx 671
LCF 2013 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047volume_e_raw_variables_2013.xls 6677
LCF 2013 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047volume_f_derived_variables_2013.xls 5597
LCF 2013 Volume H - Changes Database 7047volume_h_changes_database_2013.xls 6868
LCF 2014 Specification of Family Spending 7047spec2014.xls 2624
LCF 2014 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047volume_d_expenditure_codes_2014.xls 4243
LCF 2014 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047volume_e_raw_variables_2014.xls 6660
LCF 2014 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047volume_f_derived_variables_2014.xls 5587
LCF 2014 Volume H - Changes Database 7047volume_h_changes_database_2014.xls 6187
LCF 2015-16 Specification of Family Spending 7047_spec_2015-16.xls 2624
LCF 2015-16 Volume D - Expenditure Codes 7047_volume_d_expenditure_codes_2015-16.xls 3350
LCF 2015-16 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047_volume_e_raw_variables_2015-16.xls 6651
LCF 2015-16 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047_volume_f_derived_variables_2015-16.xls 5577
LCF 2015-16 Volume H - Changes Database 7047_volume_h_changes_database_2015-16.xls 6189
UK Data Archive Data Dictionary, 2006-2010 7047allfiles_ukda_data_dictionary_2006_2010.pdf 10037
UK Data Archive Data Dictionary, 2011-2013 7047allfiles_ukda_data_dictionary_2011_2013.pdf 9476
UK Data Archive Data Dictionary, 2014-2016 7047allfiles_ukda_data_dictionary_2014_2016.pdf 15129
LCF 2005-06 past queries regarding food database 7047queries_on_family_food_access_database_2005-06_2.pdf 189
EFS 2005-06 Questionnaires 7047questionnaires_2005-06.pdf 1113
EFS 2005-06 User Guide Volume 1 7047userguidevol1_2005-06.pdf 622
EFS 2005-06 User Guide Volume 2 7047userguidevol2_2005-06.pdf 707
EFS 2005-06 User Guide Volume 3 7047userguidevol3_2005-06.pdf 1101
EFS 2005-06 User Guide Volume 4 7047userguidevol4_2005-06.pdf 476
EFS 2005-06 User Guide Volume 5 7047userguidevol5_2005-06.pdf 419
EFS 2007 OAC variables 7047oac_variables.pdf 270
EFS 2007 prompt cards 7047prompt_cards_2007.pdf 478
EFS 2007 Volume A - Introduction 7047volume_a_introduction_2007.pdf 605
EFS 2007 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 7047volume_b_household_questionnaire_2007.pdf 723
EFS 2007 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047volume_c_income_questionnaire_2007.pdf 502
LCF 2008 Showcards 7047lcf_showcards_2008.pdf 349
LCF 2008 Volume A - Introduction 7047volume_a_introduction_2008.pdf 403
LCF 2008 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 7047volume_b_household_questionnaire_2008.pdf 1379
LCF 2008 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047volume_c_income_questionnaire_2008.pdf 929
LCF 2009 Volume A - Introduction 7047volume_a_introduction_2009.pdf 699
LCF 2009 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 7047volume_b_household_questionnaire_2009.pdf 1182
LCF 2009 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047volume_c_income_questionnaire_2009.pdf 584
LCF 2009 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047volume_e_raw_variables_2009.pdf 538
LCF 2009 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047volume_f_derived_variables_2009.pdf 621
LCF 2009 Volume G - Derived Variables Flowcharts 7047volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2009.pdf 106743
LCF 2009 Volume H - Changes Database 7047volume_h_changes_database_2009.pdf 358
LCF 2010 Volume A - Introduction 7047volume_a_introduction_2010.pdf 472
LCF 2010 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 7047volume_b_household_questionnaire_2010.pdf 1149
LCF 2010 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047volume_c_income_questionnaire_2010.pdf 471
LCF 2010 Volume E - Raw Variables 7047volume_e_raw_variables_2010.pdf 781
LCF 2010 Volume F - Derived Variables 7047volume_f_derived_variables_2010.pdf 585
LCF 2010 Volume G - Derived Variables Flowcharts 7047volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2010.pdf 6076
LCF 2010 Volume H - Changes Database 7047volume_h_changes_database_2010.pdf 406
LCF 2011 Volume A - Introduction 7047volume_a_introduction_2011.pdf 364
LCF 2011 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 7047volume_b_household_questionnaire_2011.pdf 822
LCF 2011 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047volume_c_income_questionnaire_2011.pdf 386
LCF 2011 Volume G - Derived Variables Flowcharts 7047volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2011.pdf 3432
LCF 2012 Volume A - Introduction 7047volume_a_introduction_2012.pdf 648
LCF 2012 Volume B: Household Questionnaire 7047volume_b_household_questionnaire_2012.pdf 1125
LCF 2012 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047volume_c_income_questionnaire_2012.pdf 668
LCF 2012 Volume G - Derived Variables Flowcharts 7047volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2012.pdf 5204
LCF 2013 Volume A - Introduction 7047volume_a_introduction_2013.pdf 367
LCF 2013 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 7047volume_b_household_questionnaire_2013.pdf 1581
LCF 2013 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047volume_c_income_questionnaire_2013.pdf 1179
LCF 2013 Volume C - Benefits Update 7047volume_c_july_to_december_benefits_update_2013.pdf 959
LCF 2013 Volume G - Derived Variables Flowcharts 7047volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2013.pdf 4239
LCF 2014 Summary, VML 7047data_summary_vml_2014.pdf 293
LCF 2014 Volume A - Introduction 7047volume_a_introduction_2014.pdf 222
LCF 2014 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 7047volume_b_household_questionnaire_2014.pdf 673
LCF 2014 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047volume_c_income_questionnaire_2014.pdf 1747
LCF 2014 Volume G - Derived Variables Flowcharts 7047volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2014.pdf 3705
LCF 2015-16 Volume A - Introduction 7047_volume_a_introduction_2015-16.pdf 1077
LCF 2015-16 Volume B - Household Questionnaire 7047_volume_b_household_questionnaire_2015-16.pdf 3962
LCF 2015-16 Volume C - Income Questionnaire 7047_volume_c_income_questionnaire_2015-16.pdf 2429
LCF 2015-16 Volume G - Derived Variables Flowcharts 7047_volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2015-16.pdf 6562
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_7047_Information.htm 6
READ File read7047.htm 11
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Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
The ONS and DEFRA reports for the LCF/EFS are available from their respective web sites, as listed below:

DEFRA (2003) Family food in 2001/2, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2003) Family spending: a report on the 2001-2002 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

DEFRA (2004) Family food in 2002/3, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2004) Family spending: a report on the 2002-2003 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

DEFRA (2005) Family food in 2003/4, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2005) Family spending: a report on the 2003-2004 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

ONS (2006) Family spending: a report on the 2004-2005 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

ONS (2007) Family spending: 2007 edition, London: ONS.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Gregg, P., Waldfogel, J. and Washbrook, E. (2005) Expenditure patterns post-welfare reform in the UK: are low-income families starting to catch up?, CASEpaper 99, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Chai, A. and A. Moneta (2009) 'Comparing shapes of Engel curves', Economics Bulletin, 29(2), pp.1164-1170; also published as Chai, A. and Moneta, A. (2008), Comparing shapes of Engel curves, Jena Economic Research Papers, no.093.

Chai, A. and A. Moneta (2008) Satiation, escaping satiation, and structural change: some evidence from the evolution of Engel curves, Papers on Economics and Evolution, no. 0818.

Gough, I., Abdallah, S., Johnson, V., Ryan-Collins, J. and Smith, C. (July 2011) The distribution of total greenhouse gas emissions by households in the UK and some implications for social policy, CASEpaper 152, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics. Retrieved October 19th, 2011 from http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper152.pdf

Ludbrook, A., Petrie, D., McKenzie, L. and Farrar, S. (2012) 'Tackling alcohol misuse purchasing patterns affected by minimum pricing for alcohol', Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 10(1), pp.51-63.

Adam, S. and Browne, J. (2013) Do the UK Government's welfare reforms make work pay?, IFS Working Paper W13/26, Institute for Fiscal Studies, September.

Adam, S., Johnson, P. and Roantree, B. (2013) Taxing an Independent Scotland, IFS Briefing Note B141, Institute for Fiscal Studies, October.

Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) The UK's public finances in the long run: the IFS model, IFS Working Paper W13/29, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.

Meng, Y., Brennan, A., Purshouse, R., Hill-McManus, D., Angus, C., et al. (2014) 'Estimation of own and cross price elasticities of alcohol demand in the UK - a pseudo-panel approach using the Living Costs and Food Survey 2001 to 2009', Journal of Health Economics, 34, pp.96-103.

Banks, J., Kelly, E. and Smith, J.P. (2014) 'Spousal health effects: the role of selection', in D. Wise and R. Woodbury (eds.) Discoveries in the economics of aging, Chicago University Press, pp.255-279.

Adams, A., Hood, A. and Levell, P. (2014) 'The squeeze on incomes', The IFS Green Budget 2014 (Chapter 6), London IFS, 2014. retrieved May 12th, 2014 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/budgets/gb2014/gb2014.pdf. Also presented at the Green Budget Launch on 6 February 2014 and the ONS Labour Market Statistics User Group Conference at the Royal Society, London, 24 March 2014.

Healy, A.E. (2014) 'Convergence or difference: Western European household food expenditure', British Food Journal [online], 116(5), pp.792-804. doi: 10.1108/BFJ-11-2012-0274.

Healy, A.E. (2014) 'Eating and ageing: a comparison over time of Italy, Ireland, the United Kingdom and France', International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 55, pp.379-403. doi: 10.1177/0020715214561132.

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