Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Family Resources Survey, 2005/06-2015/16 and Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16: Safe Room Access

Title details

SN: 7196
Title: Family Resources Survey, 2005/06-2015/16 and Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16: Safe Room Access
Alternative title: FRS; HBAI
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-7196-8
Series: Family Resources Survey [Family Resources Survey, 2005- and Households Below Average Income, 1994-: Safe Room Access]
Depositor: Department for Work and Pensions
Principal investigator(s): Department for Work and Pensions
Office for National Statistics. Social and Vital Statistics Division
NatCen Social Research
Data collector(s): Department for Work and Pensions
Sponsor(s): Department for Work and Pensions

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Department for Work and Pensions, Office for National Statistics. Social and Vital Statistics Division, NatCen Social Research. (2016). Family Resources Survey, 2005/06-2015/16 and Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16: Safe Room Access. [data collection]. 6th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 7196, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-7196-8

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Subject Categories

Consumer behaviour - Economics
Economic conditions and indicators - Economics
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
Income, property and investment - Economics

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Safe Room Access FRS and HBAI data
Safe Room access datasets for the Family Resources Survey (FRS) and Households Below Average Income (HBAI) are available in addition to the versions available under the standard End User Licence (EUL) held at the UK Data Archive under GN 33283 and SN 5828. SN 7196, Family Resources Survey, 2005/06-2015/16 and Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16: Safe Room Access, replaces SNs 5839, 6083, 6253 and 6532, which were previously available under Special Licence.

The Safe Room access data are only available for access from the UK Data Archive's Safe Room at the University of Essex, Colchester. Prospective users of the Safe Room access version of the FRS/HBAI will need to fulfil requirements additional to those associated with standard End User Licence datasets, commencing with the completion of an extra application form to demonstrate to the data owners exactly why they need access to the extra, more detailed variables, in order to obtain permission to use that version. Safe Room access users must also complete face-to-face training and agree to Secure Access User Agreement and Licence Compliance Policy (see 'Access' section below), as well as completing a Baseline Personal Security Standard (BPSS) check. Full details of the application requirements will be provided to users when they have placed an order for access to the data, and are available from Guidance on applying for the Family Resources Survey: Secure Access. Users are encouraged to download and inspect the EUL versions of the data prior to ordering the Safe Room access version. As the FRS is the main source of data used by the HBAI, the Safe Room access version of the HBAI data has been included with the FRS.

Further information about the FRS can be found on the Family Resources Survey pages on the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) web site and further information regarding HBAI is also available from the DWP HBAI web page.

European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)
In 2005, the European Union (EU) made a legal obligation for member states to collect additional statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC). In addition to this the EU-SILC data cover poverty and social exclusion. These statistics are used to help plan and monitor European social policy by comparing poverty indicators and changes over time across the EU. The EU-SILC requirement was integrated into the General Household Survey (GHS)/General Lifestyle Survey (GLF) in 2005. Since the closure of the GLF in 2012 the cross-sectional element of EU-SILC has been collected via the FRS. The FRS also provides the first wave of the EU-SILC longitudinal element, which is carried out by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Please refer to study documentation for further details.

FRS:
The FRS aims to:
  • support the monitoring of the social security programme
  • support the costing and modelling of changes to National Insurance contributions and social security benefits
  • provide better information for the forecasting of benefit expenditure
From April 2002, the FRS was extended to include Northern Ireland.

As the FRS does not track individuals over time, analysis of incomes is supplemented by the use of longitudinal data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) element of the Understanding Society survey (held at the Archive under GN 33423). The BHPS (held at the Archive under GN 33196) was subsumed into Understanding Society from the beginning of 2009.

The Safe Room access version of the FRS contains unrounded data and data within the following variables which are not available within the standard EUL versions:

Household Table:
  • LAC (Local Authority Code)- all years
  • NICOUN (Northern Ireland District Council Code) - from 2007/08
  • LONDON (location of household) - from 2007/08
  • CAPVAL - Weeklyised Capital Value - from 2008/09
  • BRMA - Broad Rental Market Area - from 2008/09
  • OAC - ONS Area Classification - from 2009/10
  • SSTRTREG (FRS regional stratifier) - from 2009/10
  • URINDS (urban and rural indicators for Scotland) - from 2009/10
  • URINDEW (urban and rural indicators for England and Wales) - from 2009/10
  • GROSSCT (gross Council Tax - Band D) - from 2009/10
  • URB - Northern Ireland Urban Rural var (3 category) - from 2011/12
  • URBRUR - Northern Ireland Urban Rural var (5 category) - from 2011/12
  • LAUA - Local Authority Code (new) from 2012/13
Adult Table:
  • AGE - all years
  • IAGEGR2 - Individual Adult 10 Year Age Bands – Pub - all years
  • IAGEGRP - Individual Adult 5 Year Age Bands – Pub – all years
  • MS - Marital status - all years
  • W1 - Age when widowed – all years
  • NIREL2 (alternative religious denomination) - from 2008/09
  • DOBMONTH - Month of birth - from 2009/10
  • DOBYEAR - Year of birth - from 2009/10
  • AGEHQUAL - How old were you when you achieved your highest qualification - from 2011/12
  • PENFLAG - Whether is State Pension Age - from 2010/11
  • POLLOPIN - Do you regard yourself as a nationalist, unionist or neither - from 2011/12
  • RELIGENW - Religion in England and Wales - from 2011/12
  • RELIGSC - Religion in Scotland- from 2011/12
  • SIDQN - Sexual Identity - from 2011/12
  • TYPEED - Type of school or college attended - from 2012-13
Child Table:
  • DOBMONTH (date of birth month) - from 2009/10
  • DOBYEAR (date of birth year) - from 2009/10
  • TYPEED - Type of school or college attended - from 2012-13
HBAI:
The HBAI uses household disposable incomes, after adjusting for the household size and composition, as a proxy for material living standards. More precisely, it is a proxy for the level of consumption of goods and services that people could attain given the disposable income of the household in which they live. In order to allow comparisons of the living standards of different types of households, income is adjusted to take into account variations in the size and composition of the households in a process known as equivalisation. A key assumption made in HBAI is that all individuals in the household benefit equally from the combined income of the household. This enables the total equivalised income of the household to be used as a proxy for the standard of living of each household member.

This Safe Room access version of the HBAI comprises unrounded data and extra variable CTLIAB - Amount of council tax the household is liable for.

An earlier HBAI study, Institute for Fiscal Studies Households Below Average Income Dataset, 1961-1991, is held at the Archive under SN 3300.

PI series:
The Safe Room access version of the FRS/HBAI also contains the Pensioners' Incomes (PI) series data from 2007/08 onwards. The PI series carries out a few extra steps beyond the FRS and HBAI data to derive pension income variables. Unlike the standard EUL versions, the ages of the head of household and spouse have not been top-coded at 80 years in the Safe Room access version.

Further details of FRS and HBAI data can be found on the FRS major studies and HBAI major studies web pages.

The study documentation in the table below includes the UK Data Archive Data Dictionaries for all years of available data, as well as all documentation for 2015/16. Documentation for previous years will be provided alongside the data for access and are also available upon request.

For the seventh edition (May 2017) data and documentation were added for the year 2015/16.

Main Topics:
FRS:
Household characteristics (composition, tenure type); tenure and housing costs including Council Tax, mortgages, insurance, water and sewage rates; welfare/school milk and meals; educational grants and loans; children in education; informal care (given and received); childcare; occupation and employment; health restrictions on work; travel to work (certain years only); children's health; National Health Service treatment (certain years only); prescriptions (certain years only); wage details; self-employed earnings; personal and occupational pension schemes; income and benefit receipt; income from pensions and trusts, royalties and allowances, maintenance and other sources; income tax payments and refunds; National Insurance contributions; earnings from odd jobs; children's earnings; interest and dividends; investments; Company cards; National Savings products; assets; dental treatment and examinations (certain years only); travel documents; medical care; dental treatment; well-being; vehicle ownership(certain years only).

Standard Measures:
Standard Occupational Classification

HBAI:
HBAI provides information on potential living standards in the United Kingdom as determined by disposable income and allows for changes in income patterns to be analysed over time.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: FRS: April 2005-March 2016; HBAI: 1994-2016; PI: 2010-2016
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Government Office Regions
Local Authority Districts
Northern Ireland District Councils
Observation units: Individuals
Families/households
Kind of data: Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
FRS: Private households in the United Kingdom; HBAI: Respondents of the FRS.
Time dimensions: FRS: Repeated cross-sectional study; annual - analysed on a financial year basis. HBAI: Time series
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: FRS: approx. 25,000 - 34,000; HBAI: approx. 27,000 - 34,000
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Compilation or synthesis of existing material
Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.
Data sources: The HBAI data comprises information included in the main FRS, which is supplemented by data from Understanding Society.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ABSENTEEISMACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTADMINISTRATIVE AREAS
AGEANXIETYAPARTMENTS
APPLICATION FOR EMPLOYMENTAPPOINTMENT TO JOBATTITUDES
BANK ACCOUNTSBEDROOMSBONDS
BONUS PAYMENTSBUILDING SOCIETY ACCOUNTSBUSES
BUSINESS RECORDSCARE OF DEPENDANTSCARE OF THE DISABLED
CARE OF THE ELDERLYCARE OF THE SICKCARS
CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONSCHILD BENEFITSCHILD CARE
CHILD DAY CARECHILD SUPPORT PAYMENTSCHILD TRUST FUNDS
CHILD WORKERSCHILD-MINDERSCHILD-MINDING
CHILDRENCHRONIC ILLNESSCOHABITATION
COLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERSCOMMERCIAL BUILDINGSCOMPANY CARS
CONCESSIONARY TELEVISION LICENCESCONSUMPTIONCONTACT LENSES
COST OF LIVINGCOSTSCOUNCIL TAX
CREDIT UNIONSDAY NURSERIESDEBILITATIVE ILLNESS
DEBTSDENTAL EXAMINATIONSDENTAL TREATMENT
DENTISTSDISABILITIESDISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ACT
DISABLED CHILDRENDISABLED PERSONSDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES
ECONOMIC ACTIVITYECONOMIC VALUEEDUCATION
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL FEESEDUCATIONAL GRANTS
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONSEDUCATIONAL VOUCHERSELDERLY
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTEMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEES
EMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMESEMPLOYMENT
ENDOWMENT ASSURANCEETHNIC GROUPSEXPENDITURE
EYESIGHT TESTSFAMILIESFAMILY MEMBERS
FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIESFINANCIAL INSTITUTIONSFINANCIAL RESOURCES
FINANCIAL SUPPORTFOODFREE SCHOOL MEALS
FRIENDSFRINGE BENEFITSFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT
FURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONFURTHER EDUCATIONGENDER
GIFTSGRANDPARENTSGRANTS
HAPPINESSHEADS OF HOUSEHOLDHEALTH SERVICES
HEALTHHEARING IMPAIRED PERSONSHEARING IMPAIRMENTS
HIGHER EDUCATIONHOLIDAY LEAVEHOME OWNERSHIP
HOME SHARINGHOME-BASED WORKHOURS OF WORK
HOUSEHOLD BUDGETSHOUSEHOLD HEAD'S OCCUPATIONHOUSEHOLD INCOME
HOUSEHOLDSHOUSING FACILITIESHOUSING FINANCE
HOUSING TENUREHOUSINGINCOME TAX
INCOMEINDUSTRIESINSURANCE PREMIUMS
INSURANCEINTEREST (FINANCE)INVESTMENT RETURN
INVESTMENTJOB DESCRIPTIONJOB HUNTING
JOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCELANDLORDSLEAVE
LOANSLODGERSLOW PAY
MANAGERSMARITAL STATUSMARRIED WOMEN WORKERS
MARRIED WOMENMATERNITY LEAVEMATERNITY PAY
MEDICAL CAREMEDICAL PRESCRIPTIONSMORTGAGE PROTECTION INSURANCE
MORTGAGESMOTORCYCLESNEIGHBOURS
OCCUPATIONAL PENSIONSOCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONSOCCUPATIONS
ONE-PARENT FAMILIESOVERTIMEPARENTS
PARTNERSHIPS (BUSINESS)PART-TIME COURSESPART-TIME EMPLOYMENT
PASSENGERSPATERNITY LEAVEPENSION CONTRIBUTIONS
PENSIONSPERSONAL SOCIAL SERVICESPHYSICALLY DISABLED PERSONS
PHYSICIANSPOVERTYPRESCRIPTION DRUGS
PRIVATE EDUCATIONPRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONSPRIVATE SCHOOLS
PROFITSQUALIFICATIONSRATES
REBATESREDUNDANCY PAYREDUNDANCY
RENTED ACCOMMODATIONRENTSRESIDENTIAL MOBILITY
RETIREMENTROOM SHARINGROOMS
ROYALTIESSAVINGS ACCOUNTS AND PRODUCTSSAVINGS
SCHOLARSHIPSSCHOOL MILK PROVISIONSCHOOLCHILDREN
SCHOOLSSEASONAL EMPLOYMENTSECONDARY EDUCATION
SECONDARY SCHOOLSSELF-EMPLOYEDSEWAGE DISPOSAL AND HANDLING
SHARESSHELTERED HOUSINGSHIFT WORK
SICK LEAVESICK PAYSICK PERSONS
SOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL DISADVANTAGESOCIAL HOUSING
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONSSOCIAL SECURITY
SOCIAL SERVICESSOCIAL SUPPORTSOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS
SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUSSPECIAL EDUCATIONSPECTACLES
SPOUSE'S AGESPOUSESSTATE EDUCATION
STATE HEALTH SERVICESSTATE RETIREMENT PENSIONSSTUDENT HOUSING
STUDENT LOANSSTUDENTSSTUDY
SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENTSUPERVISORSSUPERVISORY STATUS
TAXATIONTELEVISION LICENCESTELEVISION RECEIVERS
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENTTENANCY AGREEMENTSTENANTS' HOME PURCHASING
TERMINATION OF SERVICETIED HOUSINGTIME
TOP MANAGEMENTTRAININGTRAVEL DOCUMENTS
UNEARNED INCOMEUNEMPLOYEDUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
UNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONUNITED KINGDOMUNWAGED WORKERS
VEHICLESVISION IMPAIRMENTSVISUALLY IMPAIRED PERSONS
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CERTIFICATESVOLUNTARY WORKWAGES
WATER RATESWATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)WELL-BEING (SOCIETY)
WIDOWEDWORKING MOTHERSWORKING WOMEN

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 15 February 2013
Latest edition: 03 August 2016 (6th Edition)
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. UK Data Archive Safe Room requirements and conditions also apply. Please contact the Secure Access team on 01206 874968 if you require further information regarding requirements and conditions. In addition, the Archive is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data. More information is available upon applying for the data.

Please note:
Since these data are deemed to be more sensitive and/or pose a higher risk of disclosure than data made available under the standard End User Licence, Special Licence or via Secure Access, the data owner has stipulated that they can only be accessed at the UK Data Archive Safe Room at the University of Essex, Colchester. Access requires accreditation as an ESRC Accredited Researcher, completion of face-to-face training, and agreement to theSecure Access User Agreement and the Licence Compliance Policy. Further information is available from Access to the Secure Lab. This is to ensure that the guarantee of confidentiality given to survey respondents is protected. Applications are screened by the UK Data Archive and the individual or institution having ownership of the data (or their designated authority), and access is only granted to those researchers requiring data for statistical research purposes and who can justify their need for the data. Users who obtain access to these data are also required to read and follow the Microdata Handling and Security: Guide to Good Practice.

Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Benefits table frs_15_16_benefits.xls 71
Benefit edits: CA multiple, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_ca_multiple.xls 22
Benefit edits: CHB multiple, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_chb_multiple.xls 25
Benefit edits: DLACDLAM combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlacdlam_combined.xls 17
Benefit edits: DLAC multiple, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlac_multiple.xls 40
Benefit edits: DLAIBIS combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlaibis_combined.xls 85
Benefit edits: DLAIB combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlaib_combined.xls 85
Benefit edits: DLAIS combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlais_combined.xls 26
Benefit edits: DLAM multiple, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlam_multiple.xls 19
Benefit edits: IBIS combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_ibis_combined.xls 59
Benefit edits: IS multiple, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_is_multiple.xls 17
Benefit edits: JSA(IB) multiple, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_jsa_ib_multiple.xls 24
Benefit edits: PC multiple, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_pc_multiple.xls 25
Benefit edits: RPAA(DLA) combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_rpaa_dla_combined.xls 22
Benefit edits: RPAA(DLA)PC combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_rpaa_dla_pc_combined.xls 28
Benefit edits: RPPC combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_rppc_combined.xls 21
Benefit edits: RP multiple, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_rp_multiple.xls 17
Benefit edits: SDADLAIS combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_sdadlais_combined.xls 42
Benefit edits: SDAIS combined, 2015-16 frs_15_16_ben_edits_sdais_combined.xls 22
Variable changes between 2014/15-2015/16 frs_15_16_changes_metadata.xls 649
Information on derived variables, 2015-16 frs_15_16_dvsummary.xls 159
Fixed rate constants, 2015-16 frs_15_16_fixed_rate_constants.xls 36
Flatfile mapping, 2015-16 frs_15_16_flatfile_documentation.xls 1224
Hierarchical documentation, 2015-16 frs_15_16_hierarchical_documentation.xls 2207
Income tree, 2015-16 frs_15_16_income_tree.xls 32
End-to-end process, 2015-16 frs_15_16_introduction_annex_a_end-end_process.xls 42
Variable rate constants, 2015-16 frs_15_16_variable_rate_constants.xls 32
HBAI data variable list hbai_variable_list_g4_15_16.xls 439
Pensioner income table variable list pi_variable_list_15_16.xls 34
UKDA Data Dictionary, 2015-2016 7196allfiles_ukda_data_dictionary_15_16.pdf 4377
Benefits table technical note, 2015-16 frs_15_16_benefits_documentation.pdf 515
Dataset and changes 2015-2016 frs_15_16_dataset_and_changes_summary.pdf 447
Summary of changes 2016-2017 frs_15_16_future_changes_summary_of_changes_1617.pdf 416
Questionnaire instructions (GB), 2015-16 frs_15_16_gb_frs_question_instructions.pdf 2116
Guide to changes, 2015-16 frs_15_16_guide_to_changes.pdf 537
Interviewers’ Guide to Savings, Mortgages, Pensions, Benefits and Tax Credits, 2015-16 frs_15_16_interviewer_pocket_guide.pdf 792
FRS Tables, 2015-16 frs_15_16_introduction_annex_b_frs_tables.pdf 375
User documentation, 2015-16 frs_15_16_introduction_annex_c_user_documentation.pdf 461
Intro to the Family Resources Survey, 2015-16 frs_15_16_introduction_family_resources_survey.pdf 616
Questionnaire instructions (NI), 2015-16 frs_15_16_ni_frs_question_instructions.pdf 2847
Releases information 2015-16 frs_15_16_releases_documentation.pdf 298
Showcards, 2015-16 frs_15_16_showcards.pdf 456
HBAI Analysis Report, 2015-16 hbai_15_16_analysis_report.pdf 2110
HBAI revisions to historical datasets, 2015-16 hbai_15_16_revisions_to_historical_datasets.pdf 512
Example Queries, 2015-16 hbai_15_16_sas_examples.pdf 1369
Commonly used HBAI variables, 2015-16 hbai_15_16_useful_variables.pdf 767
HBAI user guide, 2015-16 hbai_15_16_userguide.pdf 408
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_7196_Information.htm 7
READ File read7196.htm 11

Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
Department of Social Security (1995) Family Resources Survey statistics Great Britain 1993/94, revised edition, February.

Department of Social Security (1996) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1994-95, London: HMSO. ISBN 0-11-762389-X.

Department of Social Security (1997) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1995-96, London: The Stationery Office. ISBN 0-11-762537-X.

Department of Social Security (1998) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1996-97, London: Corporate Document Services. ISBN 1-84123-047-2.

Department of Social Security (1999) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1997-98, London: Corporate Document Services. ISBN 1-84123-117-7.

Wilmot, A. (1999) Family Resources Survey: technical report on the fifth survey year: April 1997 - March 1998, London: ONS. ISBN 1857743229.

Department of Social Security (2000) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1998-99, London: Corporate Document Services. ISBN 1-84123-237-8.

Department of Social Security/ONS (2001) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1999-2000, London: Corporate Document Services. ISBN 1-84123-367-6.

Department for Work and Pensions/ONS (2004) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2002-2003, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84388-263-9.

Department for Work and Pensions/ONS (2005) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2003-2004, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84388-470-4.

Department for Work and Pensions/ONS (2006) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2004-2005, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84388-857-2.

Department for Work and Pensions (2012) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2010-2011, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-526-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2013) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2011-2012, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78153-456-4.

Department for Work and Pensions (2014) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom, 2012-2013, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-186-4.

Department for Work and Pensions (2015) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom, 2013-2014, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-533-6.

Department for Work and Pensions (2016) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom, 2014-2015, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-801-6.

Department for Work and Pensions (2017) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom, 2015-2016, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-915-0.

Department for Work and Pensions (2015) Pensioners’ incomes series: an analysis of trends in pensioner incomes 1979 to 2013-2014, United Kingdom, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-532-9.

Department for Work and Pensions (2016) Pensioners’ incomes series: an analysis of trends in pensioner incomes 1994-1995 to 2014-2015, United Kingdom, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-802-3.

Department for Work and Pensions (2017) Pensioners’ incomes series: an analysis of trends in pensioner incomes 1994-1995 to 2015-2016, United Kingdom, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-931-6.

Department for Work and Pensions (2007) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2005/06 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84695-860-1.

Department for Work and Pensions (2008) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2006/07 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84763-298-2.

Department for Work and Pensions (2009) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2007/08 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84763-999-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2010) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2008/09, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-84947-351-4.

Department for Work and Pensions (2011) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2009/10, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-84947-584-6.

Department for Work and Pensions (2012) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2010/11, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78153-046-7.

Department for Work and Pensions (2013) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2011/12, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78153-531-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2014) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2012/13, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-188-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2015) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2013/14, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-526-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2016) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2014/15, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-800-9.

Department for Work and Pensions (2017) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2015/16, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-912-9.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Department of Social Security (1996) FRS Update, February.

Government Statistical Service (1996) Family Resources Survey statistical report 1994-95, Press Release, Department of Social Security.

Ray, A. (1996) Grossing up: an investigation of different methods applied to data from the Family Resources Survey, Analytical Notes: No.5, Analytical Services Division, Department of Social Security.

Kiernan, K. and Mueller, G. (1998) The divorced and who divorces?, CASEpaper CASE/7, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, May.

Berthoud, R. (1998) Incomes of ethnic minorities, Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex.

Barrientos, A. (1998) 'Supplementary pension coverage in Britain' Fiscal Studies, 19(4), pp.429-446. Also available as: University of Hertfordshire Business School Economics Paper 18 (UHBS 1997:18).

DETR (1998) The incidence effects of charging for domestic water and sewerage services, London: DETR.

Paull, G., Walker, I. and Zhu, Y. (2000) 'Child support reform: some analysis of the 1999 White Paper' Fiscal Studies, 21(1), pp.105-140.

Ginn, J. and Arber, S. (2000) 'Ethnic inequality in later life: variation in financial circumstances by gender and ethnic group' Education and Ageing, 15(1), pp.65-83.

Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2000) Paying for water and sewerage in Scotland: domestic incidence and vulnerable households, Discussion Paper in Economics No.2000/7, Economics Division, School of Management, Heriot-Watt University.

Dickie, V.A. and Sawkins, J.W. (2000) Increased water and sewerage charges in Scotland: mitigating the impact on vulnerable households, Occasional Papers in Economics, Economics Division, School of Management, Heriot-Watt University.

Piachaud, D. and Sutherland, H. (2002) Changing poverty post-1997, CASEPaper 63, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2002) Affordability of water and sewerage services in Great Britain, Scottish Economics Policy Network (scotecon.net), Department of Economics, School of Management, Heriot-Watt University. ISBN 190436506x.

Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2002) Council Tax in Scotland: the economic case for reform, Scottish Economy Policy Network Research Paper (scotecon.net), Department of Economics, School of Management, Heriot-Watt University. ISBN 1904365027.

Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2003) Affordability of water and sewerage charges for low income households. Reports and recommendations, Water Customer Consultation Panels. ISBN 0954591615.

Zaidi, A. and Burchardt, T. (2003) Comparing incomes when needs differ: equivalisation for the extra costs of disability in the UK, CASEpaper 64, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Hancock, R. and Barker, G. (2005) 'The quality of social security benefit data in the British Family Resources Survey: implications for investigating income support take-up by pensioners', Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A, 168(1), pp.63-82.

Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2005) 'Affordability of household water and sewerage services in Great Britain', Fiscal Studies, 26(2), pp. 225-244.

Myck, M. and Reed, H. (2006) 'Tax and benefit reforms in a model of labour market transitions', Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung, 75(3), pp.208–239.

Myck, M. (2007) Wages and ageing: is there evidence for the “Inverse-U” profile?, IZA Discussion Paper No.2983, Bonn, Germany: Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit. Also published as DIW Berlin Discussion Paper 724, Berlin, Germany: DIW Berlin (German Institute for Economic Research).

Haan, P. and Myck, M. (2007) 'Apply with caution: introducing UK-style in-work support in Germany', Fiscal Studies, 28(1), pp.43-72.

Prasad, N. (ed.) (2008) Social policies and private sector participation in water supply: beyond regulation, Social Policy in a Development Context series, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sawkins, J. and Dickie, V.A. (2008) Affordability of Scottish household water and sewerage charges: historic trends and current position, Edinburgh: Waterwatch Scotland/Heriot-Watt University.

Sutherland, H. et al. (2008) 'Keeping up or falling behind? The impact of benefit and tax uprating on incomes and poverty', Fiscal Studies, 29(4), pp.467–498.

McKay, S. (2010) Secondary analysis of low income working households in the private rented sector, London: Department for Work and Pensions, Working Paper No 85.

Walker, R. (2010) Intelligence Briefing 2010-06 - towards defining a healthy living income standard for London, London: Greater London Authority.

Blackburn, C., Read, J. and Spencer, N. (2010) 'Prevalence of childhood disability and the characteristics and circumstances of disabled children in the UK: secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey', BMC Paediatrics, 10, 21.

The FRS has been used by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation for their 'Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion' research programme. The 2010 report may be found at http://www.jrf.org.uk/publications/monitoring-poverty-2010 and further reports may be found at http://www.poverty.org.uk/.

Spencer N.J., Blackburn C.M. and Read, J.M. (2010) 'Prevalence and social patterning of limiting long-term illness/disability in children and young people under the age of 20 years in 2001: UK census-based cross-sectional study', Child Care Health Dev., 36(4), pp.566-73.

Blackburn, C.M., Spencer, N.J. and Read J.M. (2010) 'Prevalence of childhood disability and the characteristics and circumstances of disabled children in the UK: secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey', BMC Pediatr., 16(10), p.21.

Adam, S. (2013) 'Housing taxation and support for housing costs', in T. Callan (ed.) Budget perspectives 2014, Dublin: Economic and Society Research Institute. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/RS31.pdf

Adam, S. and Browne, J. (2013) Do the UK Government’s welfare reforms make work pay?, IFS Working Paper W13/26, Institute for Fiscal Studies, September.

Adam, S., Johnson, P. and Roantree, B. (2013) Taxing an Independent Scotland, IFS Briefing Note B141, Institute for Fiscal Studies, October.

Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) The UK's public finances in the long run: the IFS model, IFS Working Paper W13/29, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.

Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) Fiscal sustainability of an independent Scotland, IFS Report R88, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.

Chevalier, A., Harmon, C., O'Sullivan, V. and Walker, I. (2013) 'The impact of parental income and education on the schooling of their children', IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 2(8). doi:10.1186/2193-8997-2-8

Adams, A., Hood, A. and Levell, P. (2014) 'The squeeze on incomes', The IFS Green Budget 2014, (Chapter 6), London IFS, 2014. retrieved May 12th, 2014 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/budgets/gb2014/gb2014.pdf . Also presented at the Green Budget Launch on 6 February 2014 and the ONS Labour Market Statistics User Group Conference at the Royal Society, London, 24 March 2014.

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