Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Living Costs and Food Survey, 2014

Title details

SN: 7992
Title: Living Costs and Food Survey, 2014
Alternative title: Expenditure and Food Survey; LCF; EFS
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-7992-3
Series: Living Costs and Food Survey (Expenditure and Food Survey) [Living Costs and Food Survey, 2001-]
Depositor: Office for National Statistics
Depositor: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Principal investigator(s): Office for National Statistics
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Sponsor(s): Office for National Statistics
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Office for National Statistics, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. (2016). Living Costs and Food Survey, 2014. [data collection]. 2nd Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 7992, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-7992-3

Select the text above to add data citation in your outputs.

Select citation format: 
XML citation formats:  CSL  EndNote

Subject Categories

Consumer behaviour - Economics
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
Income, property and investment - Economics
Nutrition - Health

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Background:
A household food consumption and expenditure survey has been conducted each year in Great Britain (excluding Northern Ireland) since 1940. At that time the National Food Survey (NFS) covered a sample drawn solely from urban working-class households, but this was extended to a fully demographically representative sample in 1950. From 1957 onwards the Family Expenditure Survey (FES) provided information on all household expenditure patterns including food expenditure, with the NFS providing more detailed information on food consumption and expenditure. The NFS was extended to cover Northern Ireland from 1996 onwards. In April 2001 these surveys were combined to form the Expenditure and Food Survey (EFS), which completely replaced both series. From January 2008, the EFS became known as the Living Costs and Food (LCF) module of the Integrated Household Survey (IHS). As a consequence of this change, the questionnaire was altered to accommodate the insertion of a core set of questions, common to all of the separate modules which together comprised the IHS. Some of these core questions are simply questions which were previously asked in the same or a similar format on all of the IHS component surveys. For further information on the LCF questionnaire, see Volume A of the LCF 2008 User Guide, held with SN 6385. Further information about the LCF, including links to published reports based on the survey, may be found on the ONS Living Costs and Food Survey webpage. Further information on the NFS and Living Costs and Food Module of the IHS can be found by searching for 'Family Food' on the GOV.UK website.

History:
The LCF (then EFS) was the result of more than two years' development work to bring together the FES and NFS; both survey series were well-established and important sources of information for government and the wider community, and had charted changes and patterns in spending and food consumption since the 1950s. Whilst the NFS and FES series are now finished, users should note that previous data from both series are still available from the UK Data Archive, under GNs 33071 (NFS) and 33057 (FES).

Purpose of the LCF
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has overall project management and financial responsibility for the LCF, while the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) sponsors the food data element. As with the FES and NFS, the LCF continues to be primarily used to provide information for the Retail Prices Index, National Accounts estimates of household expenditure, analysis of the effect of taxes and benefits, and trends in nutrition. The results are multi-purpose, however, providing an invaluable supply of economic and social data. The merger of the two surveys also brings benefits for users, as a single survey on food expenditure removes the difficulties of reconciling data from two sources. Design and methodology The design of the LCF is based on the old FES, although the use of new processing software by the data creators has resulted in a dataset which differs from the previous structure. The most significant change in terms of reporting expenditure, however, is the introduction of the European Standard Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP), in place of the codes previously used. An additional level of hierarchy has been developed to improve the mapping to the previous codes. The LCF was conducted on a financial year basis from 2001, then moved to a calendar year basis from January 2006 (to complement the IHS) until 2015-16, when the financial year survey was reinstated at the request of users. Therefore, whilst SN 5688 covers April 2005 - March 2006, SN 5986 covers January-December 2006. Subsequent years cover January-December until 2014. SN 8210 returns to the financial year survey and currently covers April 2015 - March 2016.

Northern Ireland sample
Users should note that, due to funding constraints, from January 2010 the Northern Ireland (NI) sample used for the LCF was reduced to a sample proportionate to the NI population relative to the UK.

Food database:
Further information about the LCF food databases can be found on the GOV.UK Family Food Statistics web pages.

Secure Access version
A Secure Access version of the LCF from 2006 onwards is available from the UK Data Archive under SN 7047, subject to stringent access conditions. The Secure Access version includes variables that are not included in the standard End User Licence (EUL) version, including geographical variables with detail below Government Office Region, to postcode level; urban/rural area indicators; other sensitive variables; raw diary information files (derived variables are available in the EUL) and the family expenditure codes files. Users are strongly advised to check whether the EUL version is sufficient for their needs before considering an application for the Secure Access version.

For the second edition (September 2016), the DEFRA Family Food database was added to the study. The documentation remains unchanged.

Main Topics:
Household questionnaire:
The first part of the LCF questionnaire collects information about households; the majority of the questions are asked at a household-level, with the household reference person typically responding on behalf of the household as a whole. The household questionnaire includes questions on a range of subjects including family relationships, ethnicity, employment details and the ownership of household durables. It is also the source of all expenditure information not recorded in the LCF diary; principally that which concerns regular payments typically made by all households and large, infrequently purchased items such as vehicles, package holidays and home improvements.

Individual questionnaire:
The income questionnaire follows on immediately from the household questionnaire and collects the key person-level variables used on the survey. The principal components of the LCF income questionnaire are the sections covering income from employment, benefits and assets. These together form an overview of the total income received by each household, as well as each household member individually.

LCF Diary:
In addition to the two questionnaires, each individual aged 16 years and over in the household is asked to keep diary records of daily expenditure for two weeks. The EUL version includes only derived variables from the expenditure diary.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: January 2014 - December 2014
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Government Office Regions
Observation units: Families/households
a household comprises one person or a group of people who have the accommodation as their only or main residence and (for a group) share the living accommodation (i.e. a living or sitting room), or share meals together or have common housekeeping.
Kind of data: Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Households in the United Kingdom surveyed during 2014.
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: 5,133 households
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Diaries
Only derived variables from the diary are included in the EUL version.
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ADMINISTRATIVE AREASAGEAIR TRAVEL
ALCOHOLIC DRINKSAPARTMENTSAPPOINTMENT TO JOB
ASSOCIATIONSBANK ACCOUNTSBANK CHARGES
BEDROOMSBEVERAGESBICYCLES
BONDSBONUS PAYMENTSBOOKS
BUILDING MAINTENANCEBUILDING MATERIALSBUILDING OPERATIONS
BUILDING SERVICESBUILDING SOCIETIESBUILDING SOCIETY ACCOUNTS
BUSINESS RECORDSCARE OF DEPENDANTSCARERS' BENEFITS
CARPETSCENTRAL HEATINGCEREAL PRODUCTS
CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONSCHIEF INCOME EARNERSCHILD BENEFITS
CHILD WORKERSCHILD-MINDINGCHILDREN
CLEANING AGENTSCLEANING SERVICESCLOTHING
COALCOHABITATIONCOLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERS
COMMERCIAL BUILDINGSCOMPACT DISC PLAYERSCOMPANY CARS
COMPUTER SOFTWARECOMPUTERSCONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
CONFECTIONERYCONSUMER GOODSCONSUMERS
CONSUMPTIONCONVEYANCINGCOSTS
COUNCIL TAXCREDIT CARD USECREDIT
CULTURAL GOODSDAIRY PRODUCTSDEATH ALLOWANCES
DIESEL OILDISABLED PERSONSDOMESTIC APPLIANCES
DRIVING LICENCESDRIVINGDRUG USE
ECONOMIC ACTIVITYECONOMIC VALUEEDIBLE FATS
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL COURSESEDUCATIONAL FEES
EDUCATIONAL GRANTSEDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONSELDERLY
ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLYELECTRIC POWERELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
ELECTRONIC COMMERCEELECTRONIC GAMESELEVATORS
EMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES
EMPLOYMENTENDOWMENT ASSURANCEENERGY
ENTERTAINMENTEQUIPMENT RENTALETHNIC GROUPS
EXAMINATIONSEXPENDITUREFAMILIES
FAMILY BENEFITSFEESFINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
FINANCIAL RESOURCESFINANCIAL SUPPORTFINES
FISH (AS FOOD)FOODFOSTER CHILDREN
FREQUENCYFRINGE BENEFITSFRUIT
FUEL OILSFUELSFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT
FURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONFURNITUREGAMBLING
GARAGESGARDENINGGAS FUELS
GAS SUPPLYGENDERGIFTS
HEADS OF HOUSEHOLDHEALTH SERVICESHEATING SYSTEMS
HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONSHIGHER EDUCATIONHIRE PURCHASE
HOBBIESHOLIDAYS ABROADHOLIDAYS
HOME BUYINGHOME OWNERSHIPHOME SELLING
HOME SHARINGHORTICULTUREHOURS OF WORK
HOUSEHOLD BUDGETSHOUSEHOLD PETSHOUSEHOLDS
HOUSESHOUSING BENEFITSHOUSING FINANCE
HOUSING IMPROVEMENTHOUSING TENUREHOUSING
INCOME TAXINCOMEINCOME-RELATED BENEFITS
INDUSTRIESINSURANCE CLAIMSINSURANCE PREMIUMS
INSURANCEINTEREST (FINANCE)INTERNET USE
INTERNETINVESTMENT RETURNINVESTMENT
JOB DESCRIPTIONJOB HUNTINGJOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCE
LANDLORDSLEAVELEISURE GOODS
LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIESLESSONSLICENCES
LIFE INSURANCELOANSLOCAL TAX BENEFITS
LODGERSLOTTERIESMAIL ORDER SERVICES
MANAGERSMARITAL STATUSMARKETING
MARRIED WOMEN WORKERSMARRIED WOMENMATERNITY BENEFITS
MATERNITY LEAVEMATERNITY PAYMEALS
MEALS-ON-WHEELSMEATMEDICAL CARE
MEDICAL INSURANCEMEDICAL PRESCRIPTIONSMETHODS OF PAYMENT
MILKMOBILE HOMESMOBILE PHONES
MORTGAGE PROTECTION INSURANCEMORTGAGESMOTOR VEHICLE HIRE
MOTOR VEHICLESNEWSPAPERSNUTRIENTS
OCCUPATIONAL PENSIONSOCCUPATIONSONE-PARENT FAMILIES
ONLINE BANKINGONLINE SERVICESONLINE SHOPPING
OUTDOOR PURSUITSOVERSEAS TRANSACTIONSOVERTIME
PACKAGE HOLIDAYSPACKETED FOODSPARTNERSHIPS (BUSINESS)
PART-TIME COURSESPART-TIME EMPLOYMENTPATERNITY LEAVE
PENSION CONTRIBUTIONSPERIODICALSPERSONAL FASHION GOODS
PET FOODSPETROLPETROLEUM PRODUCTS
PHOTOGRAPHIC EQUIPMENTPOCKET MONEYPOSTAL SERVICES
PRESERVED FOODSPRICESPRIVATE EDUCATION
PRIVATE PENSIONSPRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONSPRIVATE SCHOOLS
PRIVATE SECTORPROFIT SHARINGPROFITS
PUBLIC SECTORPURCHASINGRATES
REBATESRECREATIONAL EDUCATIONREDUNDANCY PAY
REDUNDANCYREMOVAL SERVICESRENTED ACCOMMODATION
RENTSRESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRETAIL SERVICES
RETIREMENTROAD VEHICLE MAINTENANCEROOM SHARING
ROOMSROYALTIESSALT
SAME-SEX RELATIONSHIPSSATELLITE RECEIVERSSAVINGS
SCHOLARSHIPSSCHOOL MEALSSCHOOL MILK PROVISION
SCHOOLCHILDRENSCHOOLSSECOND HOMES
SELF-EMPLOYEDSERVICE INDUSTRIESSEWAGE DISPOSAL AND HANDLING
SHARESSICK LEAVESICK PAY
SICK PERSONSSICKNESS AND DISABILITY BENEFITSSMALL BUSINESSES
SOAPSOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL HOUSING
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONSSOCIAL SECURITY
SOCIAL SERVICESSOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUSSOFT DRINKS
SPECTACLESSPORTSPORTS EQUIPMENT
SPOUSESSTATE RETIREMENT PENSIONSSTRIKE PAY
STRIKESSTUDENT LOANSSTUDENT TRANSPORTATION
STUDENTSSUBSCRIPTIONSSUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENT
SUPERVISORSTAKE-AWAY MEALSTAX RELIEF
TAXATIONTELEPHONESTELEVISION CHANNELS
TELEVISION LICENCESTELEVISION RECEIVERSTEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
TENANTS' HOME PURCHASINGTIED HOUSINGTINNED FOODS
TOBACCOTOP MANAGEMENTTOURIST ACCOMMODATION
TRADE UNIONSTRANSPORTTRAVEL PASSES
TRAVELTURNOVERTUTORING
UNEARNED INCOMEUNEMPLOYEDUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
UNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATIONUNITED KINGDOMUNWAGED WORKERS
VEGETABLE OILSVEGETABLESVIDEO RECORDERS
WAGESWATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)WINNINGS
WORKERSWORKING MOTHERSWORKING WOMEN
WRITING MATERIALS

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 28 June 2016
Latest edition: 19 September 2016 (2nd Edition)
Copyright: Crown Copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Specifications, 2014 7992_spec2014.xls 2618
User Guide: Volume D - Expenditure Codes, 2014 7992_volume_d_expenditure_codes_2014.xls 4243
User Guide: Volume E - Raw Variable, 2014 7992_volume_e_raw_variables_2014.xls 6659
User Guide: Volume F - Derived Variable, 2014 7992_volume_f_derived_variables_2014.xls 5587
User Guide: Volume H - Changes Database, 2014 7992_volume_h_changes_database_2014.xls 6186
User Guide: Volume A - Introduction, 2014 7992_volume_a_introduction_2014.pdf 239
User Guide: Volume B - The Household Questionnaire, 2014 7992_volume_b_household_questionnaire_2014.pdf 698
User Guide: Volume C - The Income Questionnaire, 2014 7992_volume_c_income_questionnaire_2014.pdf 1733
User Guide: Volume G - Derived Variable Flowcharts, 2014 7992_volume_g_derived_variables_flowcharts_2014.pdf 3711
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_7992_Information.htm 6
READ File read7992.htm 11

Publications

View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
The ONS and DEFRA reports for the LCF/EFS are available from their respective web sites, as listed below:

DEFRA (2003) Family food in 2001/2, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2003) Family spending: a report on the 2001-2002 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

DEFRA (2004) Family food in 2002/3, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2004) Family spending: a report on the 2002-2003 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

DEFRA (2005) Family food in 2003/4, London: DEFRA.

ONS (2005) Family spending: a report on the 2003-2004 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

ONS (2006) Family spending: a report on the 2004-2005 Expenditure and Food Survey, London: ONS.

ONS (2007) Family spending: 2007 edition, London: ONS.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Gregg, P., Waldfogel, J. and Washbrook, E. (2005) Expenditure patterns post-welfare reform in the UK: are low-income families starting to catch up?, CASEpaper 99, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Chai, A. and A. Moneta (2009) 'Comparing shapes of Engel curves', Economics Bulletin, 29(2), pp.1164-1170; also published as Chai, A. and Moneta, A. (2008), Comparing shapes of Engel curves, Jena Economic Research Papers, no.093.

Chai, A. and A. Moneta (2008) Satiation, escaping satiation, and structural change: some evidence from the evolution of Engel curves, Papers on Economics and Evolution, no. 0818.

Gough, I., Abdallah, S., Johnson, V., Ryan-Collins, J. and Smith, C. (July 2011) The distribution of total greenhouse gas emissions by households in the UK and some implications for social policy, CASEpaper 152, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics. Retrieved October 19th, 2011 from http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper152.pdf

Ludbrook, A., Petrie, D., McKenzie, L. and Farrar, S. (2012) 'Tackling alcohol misuse purchasing patterns affected by minimum pricing for alcohol', Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 10(1), pp.51-63.

Adam, S. (2013) 'Housing taxation and support for housing costs', in T. Callan (ed.) Budget perspectives 2014, Dublin: Economic and Society Research Institute. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/RS31.pdf

Adam, S. and Browne, J. (2013) Do the UK Government’s welfare reforms make work pay?, IFS Working Paper W13/26, Institute for Fiscal Studies, September.

Adam, S., Johnson, P. and Roantree, B. (2013) Taxing an Independent Scotland, IFS Briefing Note B141, Institute for Fiscal Studies, October.

Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) The UK's public finances in the long run: the IFS model, IFS Working Paper W13/29, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.

Meng, Y., Brennan, A., Purshouse, R., Hill-McManus, D., Angus, C., et al. (2014) 'Estimation of own and cross price elasticities of alcohol demand in the UK – a pseudo-panel approach using the Living Costs and Food Survey 2001 to 2009', Journal of Health Economics, 34, pp.96-103.

Banks, J., Kelly, E. and Smith, J.P. (2014) 'Spousal health effects: the role of selection', in D. Wise and R. Woodbury (eds.) Discoveries in the economics of aging, Chicago University Press, pp.255-279.

Adams, A., Hood, A. and Levell, P. (2014) 'The squeeze on incomes', The IFS Green Budget 2014 (Chapter 6), London IFS, 2014. retrieved May 12th, 2014 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/budgets/gb2014/gb2014.pdf. Also presented at the Green Budget Launch on 6 February 2014 and the ONS Labour Market Statistics User Group Conference at the Royal Society, London, 24 March 2014.

Healy, A.E. (2014) 'Convergence or difference: Western European household food expenditure', British Food Journal [online], 116(5), pp.792-804. doi: 10.1108/BFJ-11-2012-0274

Healy, A.E. (2014) 'Eating and ageing: a comparison over time of Italy, Ireland, the United Kingdom and France', International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 55, pp.379-403. doi: 10.1177/0020715214561132

Syntax/Code

No previously uploaded files

  (login required)

Upload syntax/code file


7992
Living Costs and Food Survey, 2014

I agree to the terms and conditions *

Confirm new syntax/code file version


A previous version of syntax file "" has already been uploaded and approved.

If you continue with this upload, the previous version of the syntax file will be overwritten with this new version.

This new version of the syntax file will be subject to the UK Data Service approval process before it becomes available for download.

Do you want to continue?

    


Back to top