Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

British Social Attitudes Survey, 1985

Title details

SN: 2096
Title: British Social Attitudes Survey, 1985
Alternative title: BSA
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-2096-1
Series: British Social Attitudes Survey [British Social Attitudes Survey, 1983-]
Depositor: Social and Community Planning Research
Principal investigator(s): Social and Community Planning Research
Sponsor(s): Nuffield Foundation
Marks and Spencer (Firm)
Shell UK Limited
Department of Employment
Monument Trust
Department of the Environment
Countryside Commission
Economic and Social Research Council
Other acknowledgements: P ; 0815

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Social and Community Planning Research. (1986). British Social Attitudes Survey, 1985. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 2096, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-2096-1

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Subject Categories

Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Background
The British Social Attitudes (BSA) survey series began in 1983. The series is designed to produce annual measures of attitudinal movements which will complement large-scale government surveys such as the General Lifestyle Survey and the Labour Force Survey (held under GN 33090 and GN 33246 respectively), which deal largely with facts and behaviour patterns, as well as the data on party political attitudes produced by the polls. One of its main purposes is to allow the monitoring of patterns of continuity and change, and the examination of the relative rates at which attitudes, in respect of a range of social issues, change over time. Some questions are asked regularly, others less often. Funding for BSA comes a number of sources (including government departments, the Economic and Social Research Council and other research foundations), but final responsibility for the coverage and wording of the annual questionnaires rests with NatCen Social Research (formerly Social and Community Planning Research). The BSA has been conducted every year since 1983, except in 1988 and 1992 when core funding was devoted to the British Election Study (BES).

Further information about the series and links to publications may be found on the NatCen Social Research British Social Attitudes web page. In addition, a compilation of BSA data and documentation, including interactive descriptive statistics, is available via the BritSoCat web site, maintained by the Centre for Comparative European Survey Data.

International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
The ISSP is run by a group of research organisations in different countries (currently 48 countries), each of which undertakes to field annually an agreed module of questions on a chosen topic area. Since 1985, an ISSP module has been included in one or more of the BSA self-completion questionnaires. Each module is chosen for repetition at intervals to allow comparisons both between countries and over time. See the ISSP catalogue record for further details, held under SN 7259.

Main Topics:
The BSA questionnaire normally comprises two parts, one administered face-to-face and one for self-completion (since 1985, one of the self-completion option questionnaires includes the ISSP module). Each year the interview questionnaire contains a number of 'core' questions, which are repeated in most years. In addition, a wide range of background and classificatory questions is included. The remainder of the questionnaire is devoted to a series of questions (modules) on a range of social, economic, political and moral issues - some asked regularly, others less often. Cross-indexes of those questions asked more than once appear in the reports.
The 1985 interview questionnaire, as with previous Social Attitudes questionnaires, was divided into groups of questions, or modules, according to the substantive topic. Analysis of some subjects however, will require links across modules. A summary of the questionnaire structure appears below; a more complete cross indexing of the 1983, and 1984 and 1985 questionnaires appears in Appendix J of the 1985 Technical report.
Section 1: Media, politics, and international affairs
Section 2: Economic expectations and evaluations and labour market participation; work orientations
Section 3: Attitudes toward the countryside
Section 4: Social expenditure, welfare state issues, housing, education, social class, religion, racial prejudice, sexual morality
Section 5: Classification information: household composition, education level, tenure, occupation coding, income
The self-completion questionnaire contains questions on the role of government (as part of the International Social Survey Programme), and also questions on the welfare state, the environment, new technology and employment, and on nuclear war.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: April 1985 - May 1985
Country: Great Britain
Spatial units: Council Areas
Counties
Health Authority Regions
Local Authority Districts
Postcode (Sector)
Standard Statistical Regions
Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies
Observation units: Individuals
Universe: National
Adults
Adults (18 and over) living in private households in Great Britain (excluding the 'crofting counties' north of the Caledonian Canal).

Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
The BSA survey is conducted annually.
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
See documentation for each BSA year for full details.
Number of units: 1530 (obtained) (self-completion)
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion
The interview is conducted by Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI).
Weighting: No information recorded

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ABORTIONACCESS TO COUNTRYSIDEADOPTION
AGEAGRICULTUREAID
AIR POLLUTIONAIR TRAFFIC NOISEARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION
ASSOCIATIONSATTITUDE CHANGEATTITUDES
AUTOMATIONBONUS PAYMENTSBRITISH POLITICAL PARTIES
BUSINESSESCAREER DEVELOPMENTCHILD BENEFITS
CHILD PROTECTIONCLASS DIFFERENTIATIONCLUBS
COASTSCOMMUNICATION CONTROLCOMPUTERS
CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENTCONTRACEPTIVE DEVICESCOUNTRYSIDE CONSERVATION
COUNTRYSIDECRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONCRIMINALS
CULTURAL EXPENDITURECURRENCY DEVALUATIONCURRICULUM
DEATH PENALTYDECENTRALIZED GOVERNMENTDEFENCE
DETENTIONDISABLED PERSONSDISARMAMENT
DISCIPLINEDISTANCE MEASUREMENTDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES
DRIVINGECONOMIC ACTIVITYECONOMIC POLICY
EDUCATIONEDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATIONEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
EDUCATIONAL FACILITIESEDUCATIONAL GRANTSEDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
EDUCATIONAL RESOURCESELDERLYELECTRIC POWER GENERATION
EMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMESEMPLOYMENTENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATIONEQUAL EDUCATIONEQUAL OPPORTUNITY
EQUAL PAYEQUESTRIAN SPORTSETHNIC GROUPS
EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITYEUROPEAN UNIONEXAMINATIONS
FARMERSFARMING SYSTEMSFINANCIAL EXPECTATIONS
FINANCIAL RESOURCESFISHING (SPORT)FOOTPATHS
FORECASTINGFREEDOM OF EXPRESSIONFREEDOM OF SPEECH
FREEDOM OF THE PRESSFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENTFUTURE SOCIETY
GENDERGOVERNMENT POLICYGREAT BRITAIN
HEALTH SERVICESHEALTHHEDGES
HIGHER EDUCATIONHIKINGHOME BUYING
HOME OWNERSHIPHOMOSEXUALITYHOURS OF WORK
HOUSEHOLDSHOUSING FINANCEHOUSING TENURE
HOUSINGHUMAN SETTLEMENTHUNTING
IMPORT CONTROLSINCOME DISTRIBUTIONINCOME TAX
INCOMEINDUSTRIAL POLICYINDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
INDUSTRIESINFIDELITYINFLATION
INFORMATIONINNOVATIONINTERCEPTION OF COMMUNICATION
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSIN-VITRO FERTILIZATIONJOB CHANGING
JOB DESCRIPTIONJOB HUNTINGJOB REQUIREMENTS
JOB SATISFACTIONJOB SHARINGLABOUR MOBILITY
LABOUR RELATIONSLAND AMELIORATIONLANDLORDS
LAW AND JUSTICELAW ENFORCEMENTLAW
LAWFUL OPPOSITIONLEISURE TIME ACTIVITIESLOCAL GOVERNMENT
MANAGEMENTMARITAL STATUSMEMBERSHIP
MILITARY EXPENDITUREMOTOR VEHICLESNATIONALIZATION
NATONEWSPAPER READERSHIPNUCLEAR BASES
NUCLEAR POWER STATIONSNUCLEAR REACTOR SAFETYNUCLEAR WARFARE
NUCLEAR WEAPONSOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONSOCCUPATIONS
OVERTIMEPARENT-SCHOOL RELATIONSHIPPARENT-TEACHER RELATIONSHIP
PARTICIPATIONPART-TIME EMPLOYMENTPERFORMANCE
PERSONAL EFFICACYPESTICIDESPICNICKING
POLICINGPOLICINGPOLITICAL ALLEGIANCE
POLITICAL INFLUENCEPOLITICAL PARTICIPATIONPOLITICAL POWER
POLLUTIONPREMARITAL SEXPRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION
PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOLSPRICE CONTROLPRICE POLICY
PRIMARY EDUCATIONPRIMARY SCHOOLSPRIVATE EDUCATION
PRIVATE SCHOOLSPRODUCTIVITYPROFIT SHARING
PUBLIC EXPENDITUREPUBLIC TRANSPORTQUALIFICATIONS
QUALITY OF EDUCATIONRACIAL PREJUDICERACISM
RADIOACTIVE WASTESRECREATIONAL FACILITIESRELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCERENTED ACCOMMODATIONRENTS
RESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPONSIBILITYRETIREMENT
RETRAININGREVOLUTIONARY ACTIONRIGHT TO PRIVACY
ROADSRURAL AREASSATISFACTION
SECONDARY EDUCATIONSECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUMSECONDARY SCHOOLS
SELF-EMPLOYEDSEX DISCRIMINATIONSHARES
SICK PERSONSSMOKINGSOCIAL ATTITUDES
SOCIAL CHANGESOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL HOUSING
SOCIAL ORIGINSOCIAL PARTICIPATIONSOCIAL POLICY
SOCIAL PROTESTSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SECURITY
SOCIAL SERVICESSOCIAL STRATIFICATIONSOCIAL WELFARE
SOCIAL WORKERSSPECIAL EDUCATIONSPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
SPOUSE'S EMPLOYMENTSPOUSE'S OCCUPATIONSPOUSES
STATE CONTROLSTATE RESPONSIBILITYSTATE RETIREMENT PENSIONS
STUDENT LOANSSTUDENTSSUBSIDIES
SUPERVISIONSUPERVISORSSURROGATE MOTHERS
TAX RELIEFTAXATIONTENANTS' HOME PURCHASING
TERMINATION OF SERVICETOURISMTRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP
TRADE UNION OFFICIALSTRADE UNIONSTRAFFIC NOISE
UNEMPLOYEDUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITSUNEMPLOYMENT
URBAN EXPANSIONUSAUSSR
VEHICLE RESTRAINT SYSTEMSVISITORSVISITS TO RECREATIONAL FACILITIES
WAGE DETERMINATIONWAGE INCREASESWAGES POLICY
WAGESWASTESWATER POLLUTION
WILDLIFEWOMEN'S RIGHTSWORK ATTITUDE
WORKERS PARTICIPATIONWORKING CONDITIONSWORLD WAR

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 16 May 1986
Copyright: Copyright National Centre for Social Research
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Additional special conditions of use also apply. See terms and conditions for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Unclassified 2096serguide1.pdf 5769
Unclassified 2096userguide2.pdf 122
Index file for study 2096 in2096.pdf 13
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_2096_Information.htm 6
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Publications

View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
Links to publications may be found on the NatCen Social Research British Social Attitudes web page.

Social and Community Planning Research (1983-1988) British Social Attitudes technical report, London: SCPR, annual.

Social and Community Planning Research (1989-1995) British Social Attitudes and Northern Ireland Social Attitudes: technical report, London: SCPR.

McGrath, K. and Waterton, J. (1986) British Social Attitudes: 1983-1986 panel survey technical report, London: SCPR.

Brook, L. et al. (compilers) (1992) British Social Attitudes cumulative sourcebook: the first six surveys, Aldershot: Gower. ISBN 0566058294.

Social and Community Planning Research (1996) British Social Attitudes, Young People's Social Attitudes and Northern Ireland Social Attitudes: technical report, London: SCPR.

Social and Community Planning Research (1997) British Social Attitudes and Northern Ireland Social Attitudes: 1995 surveys: technical report, London: SCPR.

Lilley, S. et al. (1998) British Social Attitudes and Northern Ireland Social Attitudes: 1996 surveys: technical report, London: SCPR.

Bromley, C. et al. (1999) British Social Attitudes 1997 survey: technical report, London: National Centre for Social Research.

Thomson, K. et al. (2001) British Social Attitudes 1999 survey: technical report, London: National Centre for Social Research.

Jowell, R. and Airey, C. (eds.) (1984) British Social Attitudes: the 1984 report, Aldershot: Gower. ISBN 0566007371.

Jowell, R. and Witherspoon, S. (eds.) (1985) British Social Attitudes: the 1985 report, Aldershot: Gower. ISBN 0566007517.

Jowell, R. Witherspoon, S. and Brook, L. (eds.) (1986) British Social Attitudes: the 1986 report, Aldershot: Gower. ISBN 0566007525.

Jowell, R. Witherspoon, S. and Brook, L. (eds.) (1987) British Social Attitudes: the 1987 report, Aldershot: Gower. ISBN 0566007533.

Jowell, R., Witherspoon, S. and Brook, L. (eds.) (1988) British Social Attitudes: the 5th report, Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing. ISBN 0566057719.

Jowell, R., Witherspoon, S. and Brook, L. (eds.) (1990) British Social Attitudes: the 7th report, Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing. ISBN 0566058405.

Jowell, R., Brook, L. and Taylor, B. (eds.) (1991) British Social Attitudes: the 8th report, Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing. ISBN 1855212587.

Jowell, R. et al. (eds.) (1994) British Social Attitudes: the 11th report, Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing. ISBN 1855216124.

Jowell, R. et al. (eds.) (1995) British Social Attitudes: the 12th report, Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing.

Jowell, R. et al. (eds.) (1996) British Social Attitudes: the 13th report, Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing. ISBN 1855216078.

Jowell, R. et al. (eds.) (1997) British Social Attitudes: the 14th report: the end of conservative values, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Jowell, R. et al. (eds.) (1998) British - and European - Social Attitudes: the 15th report - how Britain differs, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Jowell, R. et al. (eds.) (1999) British Social Attitudes: the 16th report: who shares New Labour values?, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Jowell, R. et al. (eds.) (2000) British Social Attitudes: the 17th report - focusing on diversity, London: Sage.

Park, A. et al. (eds.) British Social Attitudes: the 18th report: public policy, social ties, London: Sage.

Brook, L. (1998) 'What drives support for higher public spending' in P.F. Taylor-Gooby (ed) Choice and Public Policy, London: Macmillan.

Bryson, C. and Jarvis, L. (2000) Trends in attitudes to health care 1983-1998: report based on results from the British Social Attitudes surveys, London: National Centre for Social Research. ISBN 0904607550.

Park, A. et al. (eds.) (2004) British Social Attitudes: the 21st report, London: Sage.

Park, A. et al. (eds.) (2005) British Social Attitudes: the 23rd report, London: Sage.

Park, A. et al. (eds.) (2007) British Social Attitudes: the 24th report, London: Sage.

Park, A. et al. (eds.) (2009) British Social Attitudes: the 25th report, London: Sage.

Park, A. et al. (eds.) (2010) British Social Attitudes: the 26th report, London: Sage.

Park, A. et al. (eds.) (2010) British Social Attitudes: the 27th report, London: Sage.

Park, A., Clery, E , Curtice, J., Phillips, M and Utting, D. (eds.) (2011) British Social Attitudes: the 28th report, London: Sage. Retrieved February 16th, 2011 from http://www.natcen.ac.uk/study/british-social-attitudes-28th-report

Park, A., Clery, E., Curtice, J., Phillips, M. and Utting, D. (eds.) (2012) British Social Attitudes: the 29th Report, London: NatCen Social Research. Retrieved March 11th, 2013 from http://www.natcen.ac.uk/bsa29

Park, A., Bryson, C., Clery, E., Curtice, J. and Phillips, M. (eds.) (2013) British Social Attitudes: the 30th Report, London: NatCen Social Research, ISBN 978-1-907236-28-0. Retrieved April 2nd, 2014 from http://bsa-30.natcen.ac.uk/

Park, A., Curtice, J. and Bryson, C. (eds.) (2014) British Social Attitudes: the 31st Report, London: NatCen Social Research. Retrieved from http://bsa-31.natcen.ac.uk/

Park, A., Curtice, J. and Bryson, C. (eds.) (2015) British Social Attitudes: the 32nd Report, London: NatCen Social Research. Retrieved from http://bsa.natcen.ac.uk/

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Taylor-Gooby, P. (1987) `Welfare attitudes: cleavage, consensus and citizenship', The Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs, 3(3), pp.199-211.

Taylor-Gooby, P. (1988) `The future of the British welfare state: public attitudes, citizenship and social policy under the Conservative governments of the 1980s', European Sociological Review, 4(1), pp.1-19.

Taylor-Gooby, P. (1989) `The politics of welfare privatization: the British experience', International Journal of Health Services, 19(2), pp.209-220.

Sabucedo, J. M. and Cramer, D. (1990) `Sociological and psychological predictors of voting in Great Britain', The Journal of Social Psychology, 131(5), pp.647-654.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1991) What makes an entrepreneur?, Applied Economics Discussion Paper Series No. 125, October.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1992) Does access to capital help make an entrepreneur?, NBER Working Paper No. 3252 (rev. version), July.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1992) `The wage curve', Scandinavian Journal of Economics 92 (2), pp. 215-253.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Freeman, R.B. (1992) `Unionism in the United States and other advanced OECD countries', Industrial Relations 31 (1), pp. 56-79.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1989) `International patterns of work' IN R. Jowell and S. Witherspoon (eds.) British social attitudes: international comparisons, Gower Press.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Freeman, R.B. (1993) Did the Thatcher reforms change British labour performance?, NBER Working Paper Series No. 4384, June.

Blanchflower, D.G. (1991) `Fear, unemployment and pay', The Economic Journal 101, May, pp.483-496.

Bartholomew, D.J., de Menezes, L.M. and Tzamourani, P. Latent variable models: an empirical study, paper presented at IPN Symposium - Applications of Latent Trait and Latent Class Models in the Social Sciences - Akademie Sankelmark, Germany, May 1994.

Blanchflower, D.G. and Oswald, A.J. (1994) What makes an entrepreneur?, NBER Working Paper No. 3252 (rev. version), July.

Askham, J., Hancock, R. and Hills, J. (1995) Opinions on pensions: older people's attitudes to incomes, taxes and benefits, London: Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King's College London, September.

Hancock, R., Jarvis, C. and Mueller, G. (1995) The outlook for incomes in retirement: social trends and attitudes, Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King's College London, December.

Doling, J. and Ford, J. (1996) `The new homeownership : the impact of the labour market developments on attitudes toward owning your own home', Environment and Planning A vol. 28, pp. 157-72.

Besley, T., Hall, J., and Preston, I. (1996) The demand for private health insurance: do waiting lists matter? Working Paper No. W96/7, May, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.

Shapiro, R. et al.(1996) Public opinion toward unemployment, work and well-being (report prepared for the International Labour Office), Columbia University, USA.

Besley, T., Hall, J. and Preston, I. (1996) Private health insurance and the state of the NHS, IFS Commentary No. 52, Institute for Fiscal Studies. ISBN 1-873357-52-4.

Jarvis, C. et al. (1996) Getting around after 60: a profile of Britain's older population, Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King's College London: HMSO. ISBN 0-11-321966-0.

Brook, L., Hall, J. and Preston, I. (1997) What drives support for higher public spending?, IFS Working Paper W97/16, Institute for Fiscal Studies, June.

Jarvis, C., and Hancock, R. (1997) `Trends in volunteering and implications for the future' IN C.Pharaoh (ed.) Dimensions of the voluntary sector: key facts and figures, analysis and trends, King's Hill, West Malling, Kent: Charities Aid Foundation. ISBN 1-85934-035-0.

Hall, J. and Preston, I. (1998) Public and private choice in UK health insurance, IFS Working Paper No. W98/19, Institute for Fiscal Studies.

Burchardt, T., Hills, J. and Propper, C. (1999) Private welfare and public policy, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. ISBN 1-902633-00-8.

Charlwood, A. (2001) Why do non-union employees want to unionise? Evidence from Britain, Discussion Paper 498, Leverhulme Trust.

Charlwood, A. (2001) Influences on trade union organising effectiveness in Great Britain, Discussion Paper 504, Leverhulme Trust.

Hedges, A. (2005) Perceptions of redistribution: report on exploratory qualitative research, CASEpaper 96, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, March.

Steven, M. (2010) Christianity and party politics: keeping the faith, London: Routledge, December. ISBN 978-0-415-55660-6.

Coleman, N; Sykes, W. and Groom, C. (2013) Barriers to employment and unfair treatment at work: a quantitative analysis of disabled people's experiences, Research Report no.88, Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission. Retrieved February 26, 2014 from http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/uploaded_files/barriers_and_unfair_treatment_final.pdf

Walker, J. (2014) Testing fresh expressions: identity and transformation, Farnham: Ashgate. ISBN: 978-1-4724-1184-6.

Simister, J. and Holmes, H.L. (2015) 'Discrimination against ethnic minorities in Britain: why did racial discrimination increase from 2010 to 2015?', SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies (SSRG-IJEMS), 2(2). Retrieved April 15, 2015 from http://www.internationaljournalssrg.org/IJEMS/2015/Volume2-Issue2/IJEMS-V2I2P104.pdf

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