UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||National Diet, Nutrition and Dental Survey of Children Aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 Years, 1992-1993|
|Series:||National Diet and Nutrition Survey [National Diet and Nutrition Surveys, 1992-]|
|Depositor:||Office of Population Censuses and Surveys. Social Survey Division|
Office of Population Censuses and Surveys. Social Survey Division
Medical Research Council. Dunn Nutrition Unit
Department of Health
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Office of Population Censuses and Surveys. Social Survey Division
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Department of Health
N ; 1340
Peter Davies at MRC Dunn Nutrition Unit was responsible for the blood analyses and recruitment of blood takers.
Dentists from the Community Dental Services of the NHS conducted dental examinations on the survey; they were recruited and trained by members of the University of Birmingham dental school under Professor R.J. Anderson.
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.The National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) programme was initially established in 1992 and started off as a joint initiative between the then Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) and the Department of Health. The initial phase of surveys included four cross-sectional surveys which covered separate age groups: children and young people (see SNs 3481 and 4243); adults (SN 5140); and people aged 65 years and over (SN 4036). In 2008, a new continuous cross-sectional survey was started. The NDNS Rolling Programme (RP) provides the only source of high quality nationally representative data on the types and quantities of foods consumed by individuals, from which estimates of nutrient intake for the population are derived. Results are used by Government to develop policy and monitor progress on diet and nutrition objectives of UK Health Departments. The food consumption data are also used to assess exposure to chemicals in food, as part of the risk assessment and communication process in response to a food emergency or to inform negotiations on setting regulatory limits for contaminants.
The NDNS RP is funded by Public Health England (PHE), an executive agency of the Department of Health, and the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) and is carried out by a consortium comprising NatCen Social Research and the MRC Elsie Widdowson Laboratory (MRC EWL), formerly known as MRC Human Nutrition Research (HNR).
The aims of the NDNS RP include:
|The survey of children aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 years provides detailed information on the current dietary behaviour and nutritional status of a representative sample of pre-school children. Additionally this survey provides data to assist with the development of dietary guidelines for pre-school children; characterises the socio-demographic and domestic circumstances which may affect how young children are fed; determines the pattern of stool frequency in this age group; provides baseline data for some anthropometric and biochemical indices in this age group; and provides information on the dental habits and dental condition of pre-school children.
The dental survey aimed to provide baseline information about the condition of pre-school children's teeth. Trauma and erosion were also assessed and dental behaviour was investigated through an interview. The opportunity to investigate links between diet and dental health was an important reason for linking the dental survey to the dietary survey programme.
Parents provided information about themselves, their household and general information on the child's dietary habits. They kept a four-day weighed intake record of all food and drink consumed by the child, both in and out of the home, and a record of the child's bowel movements during recording period. Information was also provided on the use of dietary supplements (eg. vitamin tablets) and all prescribed medicines being taken by the child. The child's height, supine length (for children under 2), weight, mid upper-arm circumference and head circumference measurements were taken, and a sample of blood taken for analysis.
Dental status: each tooth in mouth examined for dental caries (eg. sound/extracted/filled), for dental trauma and for erosion.
Dental care: information on visits to the dentist, tooth-brushing practices, advice on caring for teeth, use of fluoride.
Eating behaviour: information on use of bottles, dinky feeders and dummies and on consumption of different drinks and sweet foods. Some nutrient intake information.
Background characteristics: information on socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics of children's households.
Social class was coded based on Registrar General's Standard Occupational Classification.
Standard occupation coding and industry coding.
|Dates of fieldwork:||
July 1992 to June 1993 (Dietary data)
September 1992 to August 1993 (Dental data)
Dietary data was collected over 12 months to allow for seasonality of eating habits. The fieldwork was organised into 4 waves of 3 months each. The dental survey was conducted at the end of each wave.
Standard Statistical Regions
Children aged one and a half years to four and a half years (as defined by four sets of birthdates relevant to four waves of fieldwork) living in private households in Great Britain.
Repeated cross-sectional study
Multi-stage stratified random sample
|Number of units:||(A) 1,500 (target) 1,675 (obtained) 4-day weighed dietary intake records;(B) 1,500 (target) 1,658 (obtained) Dental survey|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Self-completion; Clinical measurements
Parents completed a four-day weighed dietary intake record. Interviewers measured the child's height, weight, head and mid upper-arm circumference. Phlebotomists obtained up to 4mls of blood. Dental examinations were conducted by dentists.
|Weighting:||No information recorded|
|CARE OF DEPENDANTS||CEREAL PRODUCTS||CHILD CARE|
|CLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS||COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS||CONFECTIONERY|
|COOKING FACILITIES||COOKING||DAIRY PRODUCTS|
|DAY NURSERIES||DENTAL DISEASES||DENTAL EXAMINATIONS|
|DENTAL HEALTH||DENTAL TREATMENT||DENTISTS|
|DIET AND EXERCISE||DISEASES||DOMESTIC APPLIANCES|
|DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES||DRUG USE||EDIBLE FATS|
|EDIBLE FUNGI||EMPLOYEES||EMPLOYMENT HISTORY|
|EMPLOYMENT||ETHNIC GROUPS||FAMILY MEMBERS|
|FATHER'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||FATHER'S EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND||FATHER'S OCCUPATION|
|FATHERS||FISH (AS FOOD)||FOOD SUPPLEMENTS|
|GREAT BRITAIN||HEALTH FOODS||HEALTH|
|HEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)||HOME OWNERSHIP||HOME-BASED WORKERS|
|HOSPITALIZED CHILDREN||HOURS OF WORK||HOUSEHOLDS|
|MANAGERS||MARITAL STATUS||MATERNITY LEAVE|
|MOBILE HOMES||MOTHER'S EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND||MOTHER'S OCCUPATION|
|MOTHER'S PLACE OF BIRTH||MOTHERS||MOTOR VEHICLES|
|PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT||PATIENTS||PLACE OF BIRTH|
|PREMATURE BIRTHS||PRESCHOOL CHILDREN||PRESERVED FOODS|
|PRIVATE GARDENS||QUALIFICATIONS||RENTED ACCOMMODATION|
|SAVOURY SNACKS||SELF-EMPLOYED||SICK LEAVE|
|SICK PERSONS||SMOKING||SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS|
|VITAMINS||WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)||WORKING MOTHERS|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||13 December 1995|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.|
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|User Guide Volume 1 (Part 1)||a3481uab.pdf||1741|
|User Guide Volume 1 (Part 2)||a3481ubb.pdf||1610|
|User Guide Volume 1 (Part 3)||a3481ucb.pdf||1948|
|User Guide Volume 1 (Part 4)||a3481udb.pdf||1105|
|User Guide Volume 2||a3481ueb.pdf||1514|
|User Guide Volume 3 (Part 1)||a3481ufb.pdf||956|
|User Guide Volume 3 (Part 2)||a3481ugb.pdf||1907|
|User Guide Volume 3 (Part 3)||a3481uhb.pdf||1596|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_3481_Information.htm||7|
By principal investigator(s):
Gregory, J.R. et al. (1995) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: children aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 years, volume 1: report of the Diet and Nutrition survey, London: HMSO.
Hinds, K. and Gregory, J.R. (1995) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Children Aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 years, volume 2: report of the Dental Survey, London: HMSO.
White, A.J. and Davies, P.S.W. (1994) Feasibility study for the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Children Aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 Years, London: OPCS, NM22.
Davies, P.S.W. et al. (1994) 'Total energy expenditure and energy intake in the pre-school child: a comparison', British Journal of Nutrition, 72(1).
Steele, J.G. et al. (1998) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: people aged 65 years and over, volume 2: report of the Oral Health Survey, London: TSO.
Sheiham, A. et al. (1999) 'The impact of oral health on stated ability to eat certain foods: findings from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Older People in Great Britain' Gerodontology, 16(1), July.
Gregory J. et al. (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, volume 1: report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey, London: TSO.
Walker A. (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, volume 2: report of the Oral Health Survey, London: TSO.
Walls, A.W.G. et al. (2000) 'Oral health and nutrition in older people' Journal of Public Health and Dentistry, 60(4), Fall.
Henderson L., Gregory J. and Swan G. (2002) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 1: types and quantities of foods consumed, London: TSO.
Henderson, L. et al. (2003) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 2: energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat and alcohol intake, London: TSO.
Henderson, L. et al. (2003) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 3: vitamin and mineral intake and urinary analytes, London: TSO.
Ruston, D. et al. (2004) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 4: nutritional status (anthropometry and blood analytes), blood pressure and physical activity, London: TSO.
Hoare, J. et al. (2004) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 5: summary report, London: TSO.
Bates, B., Lennox, A., Prentice, A., Bates, C. and Swan, G. (2012) (eds.) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: headline results from Years 1, 2 and 3 (combined) of the Rolling Programme (2008/2009 – 2010/11), retrieved January 18, 2013, from https://www.wp.dh.gov.uk/transparency/files/2012/07/NDNS-Y3-report_All-TEXT-docs-combined.pdf
Taylor, C.M., Golding, J. and Emond, A.M. (2013) 'Intake of game birds in the UK: assessment of the contribution to the dietary intake of lead by women of childbearing age and children', Public Health Nutrition, doi: 10.1017/S1368980013000748
Bates, B., Cox, L., Nicholson, S., Page, P., Prentice, A., Steer, T. and Swan, G. (eds.) (2016) National Diet and Nutrition Survey results from Years 5 and 6 (combined) of the Rolling Programme (2012/2013 – 2013/2014), London: PHE. Retrieved February 22nd, 2017 from: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/ndns-results-from-years-5-and-6-combined
Coulthard, J.D., Pot, G.K. (2016) 'The timing of the evening meal: how is this associated with weight status in UK children?', British Journal of Nutrition, May, 115(9), pp.1616-22. Epub 2016 Mar 15. doi: 10.1017/S0007114516000635
See also the gov.uk main National Diet and Nutrition Survey webpage for relevant publications.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Beard, T.C. et al. (1997) 'Association between blood pressure and dietary factors in the Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults' Archives of Internal Medicine, 157, January 27, pp.234-238.
Watt, R., Dykes, J. and Sheiham, A. (2000) 'Drink consumption in British pre-school children: relation to vitamin C, iron and calcium intakes' Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 13(1), pp.13-19.
Watt, R., Dykes, J. and Sheiham, A. (2000) 'Pre-school children's consumption of drinks: implications for dental health' Community Dental Health, 17(1), pp.8-13.
Gibson, S. (2003) 'Micronutrient intakes, micronutrient status and lipid profiles among young people consuming different amounts of breakfast cereals: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years', Public Health Nutrition, 6(8), pp.815-82.
Gibson, S., Lambert, J. and Neate, D. (2004) 'Associations between weight status, physical activity and consumption of biscuits, cakes and confectionery among young people in Britain' Nutrition Bulletin, 29, pp.301-309, British Nutrition Foundation.
Gibson, S. and Ashwell, M. (2004) 'Implications of low red meat consumption for iron status of young people in Britain', Nutrition and Food Science, 34(6), pp.253-259.
Rennie, K.L., Jebb, S.A., Wright, A. and Coward, W.A. (2005) 'Secular trends in under-reporting in young people', British Journal of Nutrition, 93, pp.241-247.
Jebb, S.A., Rennie, K.L. and Cole, T.J. (2003) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity among young people in Great Britain', Public Health Nutrition, 7, pp.461-465.
Rennie, K.L. and Jebb, S.A. (2003) 'Sedentary lifestyles are associated with being overweight and consumption of savoury snacks in young people (4-18 years)', Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 62(83A).
Thane, C.W., Bolton-Smith, C. and Coward, W.A. (2006) 'Comparative dietary intake and sources of phylloquinone (vitamin K1) among British adults in 1986-7 and 2000-1', British Journal of Nutrition, 96, pp.1105-1115.
Thane, C.W., Bolton-Smith, C. and Coward, W.A. (2006) 'Plasma phylloquinone (vitamin K1) concentration and its relationship to intake in British adults aged 19-64 years', British Journal of Nutrition, 96, pp.1116-1124.
Thane, C.W. and Stephen, A.M. (2006) 'Day-to-day variation in food and nutrient intakes of British adults', Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 9(7A), p.102 (abstract).
Thane, C.W. and Stephen, A.M. (2006) 'Day-to-day variation in micronutrient intakes of British young people', Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 9(7A), p.102-103 (abstract).
Thane, C.W. et al. (2007) 'Comparative whole-grain intake of British adults in 1986-7 and 2000-1', British Journal of Nutrition, 97, pp.987-92.
Gibson, S. and Neate, D. (2007) 'Sugar intake, soft drink consumption and body weight among British children: further analysis of National Diet and Nutrition Survey data with adjustment for under-reporting and physical activity', International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 58(6), pp.445-460. (Users should note that the article abstract is viewable online free of charge, but access to the full article requires subscription).
Milton, J.E. et al. (2007) 'Relationship of glycaemic index with cardiovascular risk factors: analysis of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey for people aged 65 and older', Public Health Nutrition, 10, pp.1321-35.
Mansfield, P.J. (2007) 'Fluoride consumption: much higher than we are told', British Medical Journal, Rapid Response, 5 October.
Swan, G.E. (2007) 'Fluoride intake in the National Diet and Nutrition Study', British Medical Journal, Rapid Response, 18 October.
Gibson, S. and Boyd, A. (2009) 'Associations between added sugars and micronutrient intakes and status: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years', British Journal of Nutrition, 101, pp.100â€“107. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114508981484.
Theobald, C., Chatterjee, A. and Horgan, G. (2012) 'A hierarchical Bayesian mixture model for repeated dietary records', Food and Chemical Toxicology, 50, pp.320-327. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2011.10.050
Timmins K.A., Hulme C. and Cade J.E. (2013) 'The monetary value of diets consumed by British adults: an exploration into sociodemographic differences in individual-level diet costs', Public Health Nutrition, Oct 29, pp.1-9.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013002905 [Epub ahead of print]
Timmins, K.A., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Household income as a measure of wealth: an appraisal of the benefits of equivalization in epidemiological research', European Journal of Epidemiology, 28, S136-S137.
Timmins, K.A. (2013) 'Dietary value for money? Investigating how the monetary value of diets in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey relate to dietary energy density', Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 72(OCE4), E295.
Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Food budget apportioning and body mass index in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS): introducing a fresh approach to quantifying diet costs, using constituent food groups', and Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Are cheap calories to blame? How the monetary cost of diets consumed by British adults relates to overweight and obesity', retrieved December 9, 2103 from http://secure.isbnpa.org/media/pdfs/abstracts/2013/ISBNPA2013_Abstract_Book.pdf
Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Income and wealth: what should we be measuring? A comparison of the usefulness of household income versus equivalized household income in obesity research', Obesity Facts, 6(suppl 1), pp.226-227.
Green, R.E. and Pain, D.J. (2016) 'Risks of health effects to humans in the UK from ammunition-derived lead', in R.J. Delahay and C.J. Spray (eds.) Lead ammunition: understanding and minimising the risks to human and environmental health, Proceedings of the Oxford Lead Symposium, 10 December 2014, Edward Grey Institute, University of Oxford.
Carroll, H.A., Betts, J.A. and Johnson, L. (2016) 'An investigation into the relationship between plain water intake and glycated Hb (HbA1c): a sex-stratified, cross-sectional analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008–2012)', British Journal of Nutrition. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516003688