Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

National Diet and Nutrition Survey : People Aged 65 Years and Over, 1994-1995

Title details

SN: 4036
Title: National Diet and Nutrition Survey : People Aged 65 Years and Over, 1994-1995
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-4036-1
Series: National Diet and Nutrition Survey [National Diet and Nutrition Surveys, 1992-]
Depositor: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Depositor: Walls, A.W.G., University of Newcastle upon Tyne. School of Dental Sciences. Department of Restorative Dentistry
Principal investigator(s): Finch, S.A., Social and Community Planning Research
Doyle, W., Social and Community Planning Research
Lowe, C., Social and Community Planning Research
Bates, C.J., Medical Research Council. Resource Centre for Human Nutrition Research
Prentice, A., Medical Research Council. Resource Centre for Human Nutrition Research
Smithers, G., Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Clarke, P.C., Department of Health
Walls, A.W.G., University of Newcastle upon Tyne. School of Dental Sciences. Department of Restorative Dentistry
Sponsor(s): Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Department of Health
Grant number: Department of Health Grant No. MTN 12 covered the oral health survey.
Other acknowledgements: P ; 1403
The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) deposited the dietary survey, and the oral health survey was deposited by Professor A.W.G. Walls. University College London Department of Epidemiology and Public Health contributed to the design of the survey and the training of fieldworkers.
Dr. Michael Whitelaw was the Survey doctor.
Addenbrooke's Hospital Clinical Haematological Laboratory carried out analysis of haematological analytes.

Oral Health survey:
Professor A. Shieham and Dr. W. Marcenes, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1-19, Torrington Place, London WC1E 1BT.
Dr. J. G. Steele, University of Newcastle, Dental School.

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Finch, S.A., Doyle, W., Lowe, C., Bates, C.J., Prentice, A., Smithers, G., Clarke, P.C., Walls, A.W.G. (2001). National Diet and Nutrition Survey : People Aged 65 Years and Over, 1994-1995. [data collection]. 2nd Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 4036, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-4036-1

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Subject Categories

Elderly - Social stratification and groupings
Nutrition - Health
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) programme was initially established in 1992 and started off as a joint initiative between the then Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) and the Department of Health. The initial phase of surveys included four cross-sectional surveys which covered separate age groups: children and young people (see SNs 3481 and 4243); adults (SN 5140); and people aged 65 years and over (SN 4036). In 2008, a new continuous cross-sectional survey was started. The NDNS Rolling Programme (RP) provides the only source of high quality nationally representative data on the types and quantities of foods consumed by individuals, from which estimates of nutrient intake for the population are derived. Results are used by Government to develop policy and monitor progress on diet and nutrition objectives of UK Health Departments. The food consumption data are also used to assess exposure to chemicals in food, as part of the risk assessment and communication process in response to a food emergency or to inform negotiations on setting regulatory limits for contaminants.

The NDNS RP is funded by Public Health England (PHE), an executive agency of the Department of Health, and the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) and is carried out by a consortium comprising NatCen Social Research and the MRC Elsie Widdowson Laboratory (MRC EWL), formerly known as MRC Human Nutrition Research (HNR).

The aims of the NDNS RP include:
  • providing quantitative data on the food and nutrient intakes, sources of nutrients and nutritional status of the UK population;
  • providing information on trends in food consumption, nutrient intake and nutritional status in different age groups;
  • describing the characteristics of individuals with intakes of specific nutrients above/below the national average;
  • monitoring the extent to which the diets of population sub-groups vary from expert recommendations;
  • measuring blood/urine indices that provide evidence of nutritional status/dietary biomarkers;
  • monitoring the diet of the population to establish the extent to which it is adequately nutritious/varied; and
  • assessing total energy expenditure and physical activity levels/patterns in the study population.
Further information is available from the gov.uk National Diet and Nutrition Survey webpage.

The survey of people aged 65 years and over was the third of four surveys in this programme. The main aim of the survey was to provide detailed quantitative information on the food and nutrient intakes of the population and to describe the characteristics of individuals with intakes of specific nutrients which were above or below the national average. In addition to collecting information about diet, background information was collected about the characteristics of individuals, to measure blood and urine indices to give evidence of nutritional status, to provide height, weight and other body size measurements which could be related to the social and dietary data and to assess physical activity levels. Information was collected about both the free-living elderly population and those who lived in institutions. The survey aims were achieved by carrying out a series of data collection processes with elderly individuals including a face-to-face interview, a four-day food diary, physical measurements and samples of blood and urine.

The aim of the oral health component of the survey was to provide accurate information on the condition and the function of the tissues in the mouths of a national sample of subjects aged 65 and over in relation to their dietary and nutrition status. The four specific objectives were:
  • to establish the dental and oral health status of the sample including the condition of natural teeth and dentures along with the ability to chew and swallow - this was to give a nationally representative picture of the oral health status and level of function of older adults in Great Britain
  • to identify any relationships between patterns of clinical dental and oral disease and general health, including illness, disability, or medication usage - this was to address specifically the relationship between the oral condition and dietary intakes and nutritional status
  • to assess the impact of nutritional status, dietary intake and age on dental and oral diseases and conditions, such as dental caries of the crowns and roots of the teeth, and wear of the natural teeth
  • to assess the degree to which the condition of an individual's mouth influences the quality of daily life and their utilization of and satisfaction with dental care - this was to include the perceived need for dental treatment
The oral health data were added to the dataset and the documentation updated accordingly for the second edition of this study, in November 2001.
Main Topics:
There are two groups of datasets in the study: primary datasets containing data in the format originally collected and derived datasets.
The primary data includes dietary data from the food diary at four levels; person level, day level, (up to four days were collected per diary), plate level (i.e. a group of foods consumed together at the same serving) and food item level. These data also include a file of blood and urine analyte data and a copy of the MAFF nutrient database which is used to convert food weights into nutrient intake.
The derived datasets include average nutrient intake for each person, estimates of seven-day intake of food sub-groups, nutrient intakes at the food item level and average daily intake of each of 38 nutrients from different food types. Key derived variables are also provided for dietary data, blood and urine analytes, physical measurements and variables derived from the interview-administered questionnaires.
Further details of the datasets are given in section 4 of the user guide.

Oral health survey
The dataset for the oral health part of the survey comprises the outcomes of a dental interview and examination of around 1000 subjects over the age of 65, of whom around 50% should be dentate. To that end, all of the subjects who agreed to participate in the programme who were dentate were examined along with a sub-set of the edentate subjects (approximately 60% of the edentate element of the sample). The sub-set were selected at random within each wave of the study. The oral health questionnaire covered satisfaction with teeth, complete and partial dentures; personal oral hygiene and denture-cleaning habits; awareness of problems with teeth, mouth or dentures (including xerostomia); impact of oral health on activities of daily living; ability to chew foods; habitual dental attendance pattern. in addition a formal dental examination was undertaken including dental caries, tooth wear, periodontal disease (including attachment loss), oral mucosal lesions and an examination of the condition of dentures. The data for the survey were deposited as four ascii files covering the four waves of the survey in 39 'rows'; they are also available as 39 SPSS portable files, each covering one 'row' over each of the four waves. These data can be linked to the dietary survey data via the unique subject identifier.

Standard Measures
Dietary data:
The collection and analysis of dietary data followed a methodology which has been established on previous nutritional surveys for MAFF. Similarly, the physical measurements were carried out in a similar way to those on the Department of Health's Health Survey for England (held at the Data Archive under GN:33261).

Oral health data:
Likert scales were used to assess the impact of oral health on social and attitudinal variables.
The Community Index for Periodontal Disease (CPITN) standard probe was used to assess the extent and severity of periodontal disease.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: October 1994 - September 1995 - Oral health survey:
Wave 1 - January-February 1995
Wave 2 - April-May 1995
Wave 3 - July-August 1995
Wave 4 - October-November 1995
Country: Great Britain
Spatial units: Postcode (Sector)
Standard Statistical Regions
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Numeric data
Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Elderly
People aged 65 years and over living in Great Britain during 1994-1995, including both those living in the community ('free-living') and in institutions.
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: (A) 1,632 (obtained) Free-living (main interview responding sample);(B) 1,621 (obtained) Free-living (main interview weighted sample);(C) 425 (obtained) Institution (main interview responding sample);(D) 436 (obtained) Institution (main interview weighted sample);(E) 1,275 (obtained) Free-living (food diary sample);(F) 412 (obtained) Institutions (food diary sample);(G) 1,000 (target) 955 (obtained) Oral health survey
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Psychological measurements; Clinical measurements; Physical measurements
oral health survey
Weighting: No information recorded

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ACCIDENTSAGEALCOHOL USE
ALCOHOLIC DRINKSANTHROPOMETRIC DATAANXIETY
ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERSATTITUDESBEVERAGES
BOREDOMBUILDING MAINTENANCECARE OF THE ELDERLY
CEREAL PRODUCTSCHRONIC ILLNESSCLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS
COFFEE (BEVERAGE)COGNITIVE PROCESSESCONTACT LENSES
COOKING FACILITIESDAIRY PRODUCTSDELIVERY SERVICES
DENTAL DISEASESDENTAL EXAMINATIONSDENTAL HEALTH
DENTAL TREATMENTDENTISTSDENTURES
DIARIESDIET AND EXERCISEDISABILITIES
DISABLED PERSONSDISTANCE MEASUREMENTDOMESTIC APPLIANCES
DRIVINGECONOMIC ACTIVITYEDIBLE FATS
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDELDERLYEMPLOYEES
EMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENTETHNIC GROUPS
EYESIGHT TESTSFAMILY MEMBERSFOOD PRESERVATION
FOOD SUPPLEMENTSFOODFRIENDS
FRUITGARDENINGGENDER
GENERAL PRACTITIONERSGREAT BRITAINHAEMATOLOGIC DISEASES
HAPPINESSHEADS OF HOUSEHOLDHEALTH CONSULTATIONS
HEALTHHEARING AIDSHEARING IMPAIRMENTS
HEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)HOBBIESHOME-BASED WORK
HOSPITAL OUTPATIENT SERVICESHOSPITAL SERVICESHOURS OF WORK
HOUSEHOLD HEAD'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITYHOUSEHOLD HEAD'S OCCUPATIONHOUSEHOLD HEAD'S OCCUPATIONAL STATUS
HOUSEHOLD PETSHOUSEHOLDSHOUSEWORK
HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLYHOUSING TENUREHOUSING
ILL HEALTHINCOMEINDOOR GAMES
INJURIESJOB DESCRIPTIONLEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES
LIVESTOCKLIVING ABROADMARITAL STATUS
MEALSMEALS-ON-WHEELSMEDICAL CENTRES
MEMORYMILKMOTOR PROCESSES
NON-PRESCRIPTION DRUGSNUTRIENTSOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS
OCCUPATIONSOPTIMISMPATIENTS
PENSIONSPHYSICAL ACTIVITIESPLACE OF BIRTH
POULTRYPRESCRIPTION DRUGSPRIVATE PENSIONS
PRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONSQUALIFICATIONSQUALITY OF LIFE
RESIDENTIAL CARE OF THE ELDERLYSALTSATISFACTION
SELF-EMPLOYEDSHOPPINGSHOPS
SIGHTSIZESMOKING CESSATION
SMOKINGSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SUPPORT
SPECTACLESSTATE RETIREMENT PENSIONSSUGAR
SUPERVISORSSURGERYTEA
TEETHTEETOTALISMTIME
TINNED FOODSTOBACCOTRANSPORT
TRAVELVEGETABLESVISION IMPAIRMENTS
VISITORSVISITS (PERSONAL)VITAMINS
VOLUNTARY WORKWALKING AIDSWALKING
WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)WORKPLACE

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 23 December 1999
Latest edition: 30 November 2001 (2nd Edition)
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
User guide part 1 a4036uab.pdf 373
User guide part 2 a4036ubb.pdf 3040
User guide part 3 a4036ucb.pdf 2224
User guide part 4 a4036udb.pdf 3434
User guide part 5 a4036ueb.pdf 1146
Index file in4036.pdf 9
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_4036_Information.htm 7
READ File read4036.txt 9

Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
Gregory, J.R. et al. (1995) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: children aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 years, volume 1: report of the Diet and Nutrition survey, London: HMSO.

Hinds, K. and Gregory, J.R. (1995) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Children Aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 years, volume 2: report of the Dental Survey, London: HMSO.

White, A.J. and Davies, P.S.W. (1994) Feasibility study for the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Children Aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 Years, London: OPCS, NM22.

Davies, P.S.W. et al. (1994) 'Total energy expenditure and energy intake in the pre-school child: a comparison', British Journal of Nutrition, 72(1).

Steele, J.G. et al. (1998) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: people aged 65 years and over, volume 2: report of the Oral Health Survey, London: TSO.

Sheiham, A. et al. (1999) 'The impact of oral health on stated ability to eat certain foods: findings from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Older People in Great Britain' Gerodontology, 16(1), July.

Gregory J. et al. (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, volume 1: report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey, London: TSO.

Walker A. (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, volume 2: report of the Oral Health Survey, London: TSO.

Walls, A.W.G. et al. (2000) 'Oral health and nutrition in older people' Journal of Public Health and Dentistry, 60(4), Fall.

Henderson L., Gregory J. and Swan G. (2002) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 1: types and quantities of foods consumed, London: TSO.

Henderson, L. et al. (2003) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 2: energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat and alcohol intake, London: TSO.

Henderson, L. et al. (2003) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 3: vitamin and mineral intake and urinary analytes, London: TSO.

Ruston, D. et al. (2004) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 4: nutritional status (anthropometry and blood analytes), blood pressure and physical activity, London: TSO.

Hoare, J. et al. (2004) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 5: summary report, London: TSO.

Bates, B., Lennox, A., Prentice, A., Bates, C. and Swan, G. (2012) (eds.) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: headline results from Years 1, 2 and 3 (combined) of the Rolling Programme (2008/2009 – 2010/11), retrieved January 18, 2013, from https://www.wp.dh.gov.uk/transparency/files/2012/07/NDNS-Y3-report_All-TEXT-docs-combined.pdf

Taylor, C.M., Golding, J. and Emond, A.M. (2013) 'Intake of game birds in the UK: assessment of the contribution to the dietary intake of lead by women of childbearing age and children', Public Health Nutrition, doi: 10.1017/S1368980013000748

Bates, B., Cox, L., Nicholson, S., Page, P., Prentice, A., Steer, T. and Swan, G. (eds.) (2016) National Diet and Nutrition Survey results from Years 5 and 6 (combined) of the Rolling Programme (2012/2013 – 2013/2014), London: PHE. Retrieved February 22nd, 2017 from: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/ndns-results-from-years-5-and-6-combined

Coulthard, J.D., Pot, G.K. (2016) 'The timing of the evening meal: how is this associated with weight status in UK children?', British Journal of Nutrition, May, 115(9), pp.1616-22. Epub 2016 Mar 15. doi: 10.1017/S0007114516000635

See also the gov.uk main National Diet and Nutrition Survey webpage for relevant publications.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Beard, T.C. et al. (1997) 'Association between blood pressure and dietary factors in the Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults' Archives of Internal Medicine, 157, January 27, pp.234-238.

Watt, R., Dykes, J. and Sheiham, A. (2000) 'Drink consumption in British pre-school children: relation to vitamin C, iron and calcium intakes' Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 13(1), pp.13-19.

Watt, R., Dykes, J. and Sheiham, A. (2000) 'Pre-school children's consumption of drinks: implications for dental health' Community Dental Health, 17(1), pp.8-13.

Gibson, S. (2003) 'Micronutrient intakes, micronutrient status and lipid profiles among young people consuming different amounts of breakfast cereals: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years', Public Health Nutrition, 6(8), pp.815-82.

Gibson, S., Lambert, J. and Neate, D. (2004) 'Associations between weight status, physical activity and consumption of biscuits, cakes and confectionery among young people in Britain' Nutrition Bulletin, 29, pp.301-309, British Nutrition Foundation.

Gibson, S. and Ashwell, M. (2004) 'Implications of low red meat consumption for iron status of young people in Britain', Nutrition and Food Science, 34(6), pp.253-259.

Rennie, K.L., Jebb, S.A., Wright, A. and Coward, W.A. (2005) 'Secular trends in under-reporting in young people', British Journal of Nutrition, 93, pp.241-247.

Jebb, S.A., Rennie, K.L. and Cole, T.J. (2003) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity among young people in Great Britain', Public Health Nutrition, 7, pp.461-465.

Rennie, K.L. and Jebb, S.A. (2003) 'Sedentary lifestyles are associated with being overweight and consumption of savoury snacks in young people (4-18 years)', Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 62(83A).

Thane, C.W., Bolton-Smith, C. and Coward, W.A. (2006) 'Comparative dietary intake and sources of phylloquinone (vitamin K1) among British adults in 1986-7 and 2000-1', British Journal of Nutrition, 96, pp.1105-1115.

Thane, C.W., Bolton-Smith, C. and Coward, W.A. (2006) 'Plasma phylloquinone (vitamin K1) concentration and its relationship to intake in British adults aged 19-64 years', British Journal of Nutrition, 96, pp.1116-1124.

Thane, C.W. and Stephen, A.M. (2006) 'Day-to-day variation in food and nutrient intakes of British adults', Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 9(7A), p.102 (abstract).

Thane, C.W. and Stephen, A.M. (2006) 'Day-to-day variation in micronutrient intakes of British young people', Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 9(7A), p.102-103 (abstract).

Thane, C.W. et al. (2007) 'Comparative whole-grain intake of British adults in 1986-7 and 2000-1', British Journal of Nutrition, 97, pp.987-92.

Gibson, S. and Neate, D. (2007) 'Sugar intake, soft drink consumption and body weight among British children: further analysis of National Diet and Nutrition Survey data with adjustment for under-reporting and physical activity', International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 58(6), pp.445-460. (Users should note that the article abstract is viewable online free of charge, but access to the full article requires subscription).

Milton, J.E. et al. (2007) 'Relationship of glycaemic index with cardiovascular risk factors: analysis of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey for people aged 65 and older', Public Health Nutrition, 10, pp.1321-35.

Mansfield, P.J. (2007) 'Fluoride consumption: much higher than we are told', British Medical Journal, Rapid Response, 5 October.

Swan, G.E. (2007) 'Fluoride intake in the National Diet and Nutrition Study', British Medical Journal, Rapid Response, 18 October.

Gibson, S. and Boyd, A. (2009) 'Associations between added sugars and micronutrient intakes and status: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years', British Journal of Nutrition, 101, pp.100–107. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114508981484.

Theobald, C., Chatterjee, A. and Horgan, G. (2012) 'A hierarchical Bayesian mixture model for repeated dietary records', Food and Chemical Toxicology, 50, pp.320-327. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2011.10.050

Timmins K.A., Hulme C. and Cade J.E. (2013) 'The monetary value of diets consumed by British adults: an exploration into sociodemographic differences in individual-level diet costs', Public Health Nutrition, Oct 29, pp.1-9.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013002905 [Epub ahead of print]

Timmins, K.A., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Household income as a measure of wealth: an appraisal of the benefits of equivalization in epidemiological research', European Journal of Epidemiology, 28, S136-S137.

Timmins, K.A. (2013) 'Dietary value for money? Investigating how the monetary value of diets in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey relate to dietary energy density', Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 72(OCE4), E295.

Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Food budget apportioning and body mass index in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS): introducing a fresh approach to quantifying diet costs, using constituent food groups', and Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Are cheap calories to blame? How the monetary cost of diets consumed by British adults relates to overweight and obesity', retrieved December 9, 2103 from http://secure.isbnpa.org/media/pdfs/abstracts/2013/ISBNPA2013_Abstract_Book.pdf

Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Income and wealth: what should we be measuring? A comparison of the usefulness of household income versus equivalized household income in obesity research', Obesity Facts, 6(suppl 1), pp.226-227.

Green, R.E. and Pain, D.J. (2016) 'Risks of health effects to humans in the UK from ammunition-derived lead', in R.J. Delahay and C.J. Spray (eds.) Lead ammunition: understanding and minimising the risks to human and environmental health, Proceedings of the Oxford Lead Symposium, 10 December 2014, Edward Grey Institute, University of Oxford.

Carroll, H.A., Betts, J.A. and Johnson, L. (2016) 'An investigation into the relationship between plain water intake and glycated Hb (HbA1c): a sex-stratified, cross-sectional analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008–2012)', British Journal of Nutrition. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516003688

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