UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||National Diet and Nutrition Survey : Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, 1997|
|Series:||National Diet and Nutrition Survey [National Diet and Nutrition Surveys, 1992-]|
|Depositor:||Office for National Statistics. Social Survey Division|
Office for National Statistics. Social Survey Division
Medical Research Council. Resource Centre for Human Nutrition Research
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Department of Health
Food Standards Agency
Department of Health
Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, and Southampton University (blood analysis).
Dental Schools of the Universities of Birmingham, Newcastle, Dundee and Cardiff Universities (Oral Health Survey, management and training of dentists, joint writing of Oral Health Survey report).
The citation for this study is:
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.The National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) programme was initially established in 1992 and started off as a joint initiative between the then Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) and the Department of Health. The initial phase of surveys included four cross-sectional surveys which covered separate age groups: children and young people (see SNs 3481 and 4243); adults (SN 5140); and people aged 65 years and over (SN 4036). In 2008, a new continuous cross-sectional survey was started. The NDNS Rolling Programme (RP) provides the only source of high quality nationally representative data on the types and quantities of foods consumed by individuals, from which estimates of nutrient intake for the population are derived. Results are used by Government to develop policy and monitor progress on diet and nutrition objectives of UK Health Departments. The food consumption data are also used to assess exposure to chemicals in food, as part of the risk assessment and communication process in response to a food emergency or to inform negotiations on setting regulatory limits for contaminants.
The NDNS RP is funded by Public Health England (PHE), an executive agency of the Department of Health, and the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) and is carried out by a consortium comprising NatCen Social Research and the MRC Elsie Widdowson Laboratory (MRC EWL), formerly known as MRC Human Nutrition Research (HNR).
The aims of the NDNS RP include:
|The survey of young people aged 4 to 18 years aimed to collect data on diet through a questionnaire and a 7-day weighed intake record for a nationally representative sample living in private households in Great Britain. The study also included a 7-day bowel movement record, a 7-day physical activity diary, anthropometric and blood pressure measurem ents, a spot urine sample and a blood sample. The survey consisted of two parts: Part 1, the Diet and Nutrition Survey, and Part 2, the Oral Health Survey.
In addition to the aims of the survey series as a whole, the survey of young people was designed to:
There are two groups of datasets, primary datasets containing data in the format originally collected and derived datasets.
The primary data includes dietary data from the food diary at four levels: person level, day level (seven days were collected per diary), plate level (this is a group of foods consumed together at the same serving) and food item level. It includes data from the physical activity diary for seven days and the keyed anthropometric data. The dataset also contains a file of blood and urine analyte data.
The derived datasets provided include average nutrient intake for each person, intake of food sub-groups, nutrient intakes at the food item level and average daily intake of each of 55 nutrients from different food types. In addition, SPSS data files are provided containing the key derived variables for the initial dietary interview, the smoking and drinking self-completion, blood and urine analytes, physical measurements and variables derived from the physical activity diary data.
This study also contains the MAFF nutrient databank, used to convert food weights into nutrient intake.
Full details of the datasets are provided in Section 4 of the User Guide. Specifications for the derived variables are given in Appendix J of the User Guide.
|Dates of fieldwork:||
Wave 1: January-March 1997
Wave 2: April-June 1997
Wave 3: July-September 1997
Wave 4: October-December 1997
Standard Statistical Regions
|Kind of data:||
Young people aged 4 to 18 years living in private households in Great Britain.
Repeated cross-sectional study
Multi-stage stratified random sample
|Number of units:||For full details of sample sizes, please see documentation|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Self-completion; Clinical measurements; Diaries; Physical measurements
|Weighting:||No information recorded|
|ALLERGIES||ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA||ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS|
|CHILD NUTRITION||CHILDREN||CLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS|
|COOKING FACILITIES||COOKING||DENTAL CARE|
|DENTAL EXAMINATIONS||DENTAL HEALTH||DENTAL TREATMENT|
|DIARIES||DIET AND EXERCISE||DIETARY FIBRE|
|DOMESTIC APPLIANCES||DRINKING BEHAVIOUR||ECONOMIC ACTIVITY|
|EDIBLE FATS||EMPLOYEES||EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES|
|EMPLOYMENT||ETHNIC GROUPS||FAMILY MEMBERS|
|FOOD SUPPLEMENTS||FOOD||FREE SCHOOL MEALS|
|GRANDPARENTS||HEADS OF HOUSEHOLD||HEALTH ADVICE|
|HOUSEHOLDS||HOUSING TENURE||ILL HEALTH|
|INCOME||INCOME-RELATED BENEFITS||INFORMATION SOURCES|
|JOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCE||KITCHENS||LEAVING HOME (YOUTH)|
|MILK||MINERALS||MOTHER'S EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND|
|ORAL HEALTH||ORGANIC FOODS||PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT|
|PERSONAL ORAL HYGIENE||PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES||PLACE OF BIRTH|
|PROTEINS||QUALIFICATIONS||RELIGIOUS FOOD CUSTOMS|
|SALT||SAME-SEX RELATIONSHIPS||SCHOOL MEALS|
|SOCIAL CLASS||SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS||SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS|
|SOFT DRINKS||STUDENT TRANSPORTATION||SUGAR|
|WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)||WEIGHT CONTROL||YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||25 January 2001|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.|
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|Excel version of nutrient databank||nutrient.xls||3444|
|User Guide vol 1||a4243uab.pdf||682|
|User Guide vol 2||a4243ubb.pdf||1520|
|User Guide vol 3||a4243ucb.pdf||640|
|User Guide vol 4||a4243udb.pdf||456|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_4243_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
Gregory, J.R. et al. (1995) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: children aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 years, volume 1: report of the Diet and Nutrition survey, London: HMSO.
Hinds, K. and Gregory, J.R. (1995) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Children Aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 years, volume 2: report of the Dental Survey, London: HMSO.
White, A.J. and Davies, P.S.W. (1994) Feasibility study for the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Children Aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 Years, London: OPCS, NM22.
Davies, P.S.W. et al. (1994) 'Total energy expenditure and energy intake in the pre-school child: a comparison', British Journal of Nutrition, 72(1).
Steele, J.G. et al. (1998) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: people aged 65 years and over, volume 2: report of the Oral Health Survey, London: TSO.
Sheiham, A. et al. (1999) 'The impact of oral health on stated ability to eat certain foods: findings from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Older People in Great Britain' Gerodontology, 16(1), July.
Gregory J. et al. (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, volume 1: report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey, London: TSO.
Walker A. (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, volume 2: report of the Oral Health Survey, London: TSO.
Walls, A.W.G. et al. (2000) 'Oral health and nutrition in older people' Journal of Public Health and Dentistry, 60(4), Fall.
Henderson L., Gregory J. and Swan G. (2002) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 1: types and quantities of foods consumed, London: TSO.
Henderson, L. et al. (2003) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 2: energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat and alcohol intake, London: TSO.
Henderson, L. et al. (2003) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 3: vitamin and mineral intake and urinary analytes, London: TSO.
Ruston, D. et al. (2004) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 4: nutritional status (anthropometry and blood analytes), blood pressure and physical activity, London: TSO.
Hoare, J. et al. (2004) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years: volume 5: summary report, London: TSO.
Bates, B., Lennox, A., Prentice, A., Bates, C. and Swan, G. (2012) (eds.) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: headline results from Years 1, 2 and 3 (combined) of the Rolling Programme (2008/2009 – 2010/11), retrieved January 18, 2013, from https://www.wp.dh.gov.uk/transparency/files/2012/07/NDNS-Y3-report_All-TEXT-docs-combined.pdf
Taylor, C.M., Golding, J. and Emond, A.M. (2013) 'Intake of game birds in the UK: assessment of the contribution to the dietary intake of lead by women of childbearing age and children', Public Health Nutrition, doi: 10.1017/S1368980013000748
Bates, B., Cox, L., Nicholson, S., Page, P., Prentice, A., Steer, T. and Swan, G. (eds.) (2016) National Diet and Nutrition Survey results from Years 5 and 6 (combined) of the Rolling Programme (2012/2013 – 2013/2014), London: PHE. Retrieved February 22nd, 2017 from: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/ndns-results-from-years-5-and-6-combined
Coulthard, J.D., Pot, G.K. (2016) 'The timing of the evening meal: how is this associated with weight status in UK children?', British Journal of Nutrition, May, 115(9), pp.1616-22. Epub 2016 Mar 15. doi: 10.1017/S0007114516000635
See also the gov.uk main National Diet and Nutrition Survey webpage for relevant publications.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Beard, T.C. et al. (1997) 'Association between blood pressure and dietary factors in the Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults' Archives of Internal Medicine, 157, January 27, pp.234-238.
Watt, R., Dykes, J. and Sheiham, A. (2000) 'Drink consumption in British pre-school children: relation to vitamin C, iron and calcium intakes' Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 13(1), pp.13-19.
Watt, R., Dykes, J. and Sheiham, A. (2000) 'Pre-school children's consumption of drinks: implications for dental health' Community Dental Health, 17(1), pp.8-13.
Gibson, S. (2003) 'Micronutrient intakes, micronutrient status and lipid profiles among young people consuming different amounts of breakfast cereals: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years', Public Health Nutrition, 6(8), pp.815-82.
Gibson, S., Lambert, J. and Neate, D. (2004) 'Associations between weight status, physical activity and consumption of biscuits, cakes and confectionery among young people in Britain' Nutrition Bulletin, 29, pp.301-309, British Nutrition Foundation.
Gibson, S. and Ashwell, M. (2004) 'Implications of low red meat consumption for iron status of young people in Britain', Nutrition and Food Science, 34(6), pp.253-259.
Rennie, K.L., Jebb, S.A., Wright, A. and Coward, W.A. (2005) 'Secular trends in under-reporting in young people', British Journal of Nutrition, 93, pp.241-247.
Jebb, S.A., Rennie, K.L. and Cole, T.J. (2003) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity among young people in Great Britain', Public Health Nutrition, 7, pp.461-465.
Rennie, K.L. and Jebb, S.A. (2003) 'Sedentary lifestyles are associated with being overweight and consumption of savoury snacks in young people (4-18 years)', Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 62(83A).
Thane, C.W., Bolton-Smith, C. and Coward, W.A. (2006) 'Comparative dietary intake and sources of phylloquinone (vitamin K1) among British adults in 1986-7 and 2000-1', British Journal of Nutrition, 96, pp.1105-1115.
Thane, C.W., Bolton-Smith, C. and Coward, W.A. (2006) 'Plasma phylloquinone (vitamin K1) concentration and its relationship to intake in British adults aged 19-64 years', British Journal of Nutrition, 96, pp.1116-1124.
Thane, C.W. and Stephen, A.M. (2006) 'Day-to-day variation in food and nutrient intakes of British adults', Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 9(7A), p.102 (abstract).
Thane, C.W. and Stephen, A.M. (2006) 'Day-to-day variation in micronutrient intakes of British young people', Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 9(7A), p.102-103 (abstract).
Thane, C.W. et al. (2007) 'Comparative whole-grain intake of British adults in 1986-7 and 2000-1', British Journal of Nutrition, 97, pp.987-92.
Gibson, S. and Neate, D. (2007) 'Sugar intake, soft drink consumption and body weight among British children: further analysis of National Diet and Nutrition Survey data with adjustment for under-reporting and physical activity', International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 58(6), pp.445-460. (Users should note that the article abstract is viewable online free of charge, but access to the full article requires subscription).
Milton, J.E. et al. (2007) 'Relationship of glycaemic index with cardiovascular risk factors: analysis of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey for people aged 65 and older', Public Health Nutrition, 10, pp.1321-35.
Mansfield, P.J. (2007) 'Fluoride consumption: much higher than we are told', British Medical Journal, Rapid Response, 5 October.
Swan, G.E. (2007) 'Fluoride intake in the National Diet and Nutrition Study', British Medical Journal, Rapid Response, 18 October.
Gibson, S. and Boyd, A. (2009) 'Associations between added sugars and micronutrient intakes and status: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years', British Journal of Nutrition, 101, pp.100â€“107. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114508981484.
Theobald, C., Chatterjee, A. and Horgan, G. (2012) 'A hierarchical Bayesian mixture model for repeated dietary records', Food and Chemical Toxicology, 50, pp.320-327. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2011.10.050
Timmins K.A., Hulme C. and Cade J.E. (2013) 'The monetary value of diets consumed by British adults: an exploration into sociodemographic differences in individual-level diet costs', Public Health Nutrition, Oct 29, pp.1-9.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013002905 [Epub ahead of print]
Timmins, K.A., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Household income as a measure of wealth: an appraisal of the benefits of equivalization in epidemiological research', European Journal of Epidemiology, 28, S136-S137.
Timmins, K.A. (2013) 'Dietary value for money? Investigating how the monetary value of diets in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey relate to dietary energy density', Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 72(OCE4), E295.
Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Food budget apportioning and body mass index in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS): introducing a fresh approach to quantifying diet costs, using constituent food groups', and Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Are cheap calories to blame? How the monetary cost of diets consumed by British adults relates to overweight and obesity', retrieved December 9, 2103 from http://secure.isbnpa.org/media/pdfs/abstracts/2013/ISBNPA2013_Abstract_Book.pdf
Timmins, K., Hulme, C. and Cade, J. (2013) 'Income and wealth: what should we be measuring? A comparison of the usefulness of household income versus equivalized household income in obesity research', Obesity Facts, 6(suppl 1), pp.226-227.
Green, R.E. and Pain, D.J. (2016) 'Risks of health effects to humans in the UK from ammunition-derived lead', in R.J. Delahay and C.J. Spray (eds.) Lead ammunition: understanding and minimising the risks to human and environmental health, Proceedings of the Oxford Lead Symposium, 10 December 2014, Edward Grey Institute, University of Oxford.
Carroll, H.A., Betts, J.A. and Johnson, L. (2016) 'An investigation into the relationship between plain water intake and glycated Hb (HbA1c): a sex-stratified, cross-sectional analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008–2012)', British Journal of Nutrition. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516003688