UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

National Travel Survey, 2002-2016

Title details

SN: 5340
Title: National Travel Survey, 2002-2016
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-5340-8
Series: National Travel Survey [National Travel Survey, 1972-]
Depositor: Department for Transport
Principal investigator(s): Department for Transport
Data collector(s): National Centre for Social Research
Sponsor(s): Department for Transport


The citation for this study is:

Department for Transport. (2017). National Travel Survey, 2002-2016. [data collection]. 12th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 5340,

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Subject Categories

Travel and transport


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The National Travel Survey (NTS) is a series of household surveys designed to provide regular, up-to-date data on personal travel and monitor changes in travel behaviour over time. The first NTS was commissioned by the Ministry of Transport in 1965. Further periodic surveys were carried out in 1972/73, 1975/76, 1978/79 and 1985/86 (the UK Data Service holds data from 1972 onwards). Since July 1988 the NTS has been carried out as a continuous survey with field work being carried out in every month of the year, and an annual set sample of over 5,000 addresses. From 2002, the NTS sample was increased approximately threefold, to approximately 15,000 per year. The advantage of the continuous study is that users will be able to discern seasonal and cyclical movements as well as trend changes over time. The NTS is carried out primarily for the purposes of government. The most fundamental use of the National Travel Survey within the Department for Transport (DfT) is as core base data for key transport models. These are critical to the assessment and appraisal of transport scheme proposals (national and local), transport policy proposals, and contribute to the development of our long-term strategy. The NTS data is used to develop consistent sets of transport policies. Because it relates travel to travellers, it makes it possible to relate policies to people and to predict their impact. The survey provides detailed information on different types of travel: where people travel from and to, distance, purpose and mode. The NTS records personal and socio-economic information to distinguish between different types of people, and the differences in the way they travel and how often they do so. The NTS is the only source of national information on subjects such as walking which provide a context for the results of more local studies.

Further information may be found on the National Travel Survey webpage.

End-User Licence, Special Licence and Secure Access NTS data
The UK Data Archive holds three versions of the NTS:
  • the End User Licence (EUL) versions (SNs 5340 and 6108) contain a comprehensive range of NTS data at Government Office Region geographic level and should be sufficient for most research needs. EUL data are available to registered users of the UK Data Service (see the Administrative and Access section below for details).
  • The Special Licence versions (SNs 7553 and 7804) contain more detailed travel (including accidents), demographic and socio-economic data, and the geographic level is Local Authority/Unitary Authority. Special Licence data are subject to more restricted access conditions.
  • The Secure Access version (SN 7559) contains more detailed information and postcode sector geographies. Secure Access data are subject to further restricted access conditions, including the completion of a training course.
Full information about the variables contained at each level are available in the NTS Table Structures spreadsheet, available in the documentation.

Changes to the methodology in 2002 mean that there are some inconsistencies with data for previous years. Most notably, an under-recording of short walks in 2002 and 2003 affects trends over this period, particularly in terms of the number of trips per person.

For the 12th edition (October 2017), data and documentation for 2016 were added to the study.

Main Topics:
The 2002-2016 NTS includes:
  • attitudinal variables: in 2016 a split-sample experiment was conducted to explore the feasibility of moving attitudinal questions from the household level questionnaire to the individual level questionnaire. In one half of the sample, the attitudinal questions were asked as part of the household questionnaire (as has been in the case in previous years) and in the other half one randomly selected adult per household was asked the attitudinal questions;
  • household variables: address type information, accessibility of public transport, access to amenities, household vehicle access, household composition and household socio-economic information;
  • individual information: age, gender and marital status, social and economic information, frequency of use of various methods of transport, driving licences and type of vehicle driven, employment, occupation and industry details, income, place of work and travel to work, season ticket details, travel difficulties;
  • vehicle information: vehicle type, registration details, parking, fuel type, mileage, engine capacity;
  • trips: day, date and time, main mode, purpose, origin and destination information;
  • stage: mode, number in party, distance, duration, costs;
  • long-distance trips (over 50 miles): stage: mode, purpose, origin and destination;
Please see the Table Structures document available in the table below for the full list of variables.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: 2002 - 2016
Country: Great Britain
Spatial units: Government Office Regions
Rural-Urban Indicators
Observation units: Families/households
Kind of data: Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Households in Great Britain
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: 8,849 households in 2002; 9,196 households in 2003; 8,991 households in 2004; 9,453 households in 2005; 9,261 households in 2006; 9,278 households in 2007; 8,924 households in 2008, 9,128 households in 2009; 8,775 households in 2010; 8,461 households in 2011; 8,972 households in 2012; 7,327 households in 2013; 7,439 households in 2014; 7,564 households in 2015; 6,656 households in 2016.
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Diaries
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

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Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 29 March 2006
Latest edition: 09 October 2017 (12th Edition)
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Please note: The UK Data Archive holds End User Licence (EUL) NTS from 1972 onwards. However, the data for 1978-1979 are unavailable, as the response rate was poor and the depositors consider the data to be unreliable. Special Licence NTS data are available from 1995 onwards (SNs 7804 and 7553) and Secure Access NTS data are available from 2002 onwards (SN 7559).
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch


Title File Name Size (KB)
NTS Lookup Tables Banded Variables 5340_nts_lookup_tables_banded_variables_2016.xls 3764
NTS Table Structures 5340_nts_table_structures_historic_2016.xls 902
NTS Notes and Definitions 2016 5340_nts_notes_and_definitions_2016.pdf 406
NTS Technical Report 2003-2004 5340_nts_technical_report_2003_2004.pdf 3374
NTS Technical Report 2006 5340_nts_technical_report_2006.pdf 3388
NTS Technical Report 2008 5340_nts_technical_report_2008.pdf 3894
NTS Technical Report 2010 5340_nts_technical_report_2010.pdf 3533
NTS Technical Report 2011 5340_nts_technical_report_2011.pdf 3839
NTS Technical Report 2012 5340_nts_technical_report_2012.pdf 4194
NTS Technical Report 2014 5340_nts_technical_report_2014.pdf 4378
NTS Technical Report 2015 5340_nts_technical_report_2015.pdf 4893
NTS Technical Report 2016 5340_nts_technical_report_2016.pdf 5405
NTS User Guide 1995-2016 5340_nts_user_guidance_1995-2016.pdf 1971
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_5340_Information.htm 6
READ File read5340.htm 10


View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
Department for Transport (2005) Focus on personal travel, London: The Stationery Office.

Department for Transport (2006) Transport statistics bulletin: National Travel Survey 2005, London: The Stationery Office.

Department for Transport (2007) Transport statistics bulletin: National Travel Survey 2006, London: The Stationery Office.

Department for Transport (2008) Transport statistics bulletin: National Travel Survey 2007.

Department for Transport (2009) Transport statistics bulletin: National Travel Survey 2008.

Department for Transport (2010) National Travel Survey 2009.

Department for Transport (2011) National Travel Survey 2010.

Department for Transport (2012) National Travel Survey: 2011.

Department for Transport (2013) National Travel Survey: 2012.

Department for Transport (2014) National Travel Survey: England 2013.

Bulletins and other publications may be found on the National Travel Survey web pages.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Jarvis, C., et al. (1996) Getting around after 60: a profile of Britain's older population, Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King's College London: HMSO. ISBN 0-11-321966-0.

Stead, D. (1999) Planning for less travel - identifying land use characteristics associated with more sustainable travel patterns, unpublished PhD thesis, Bartlett School of Planning, University College London.

Fearnley, N. (1999) Distributional effects of public transport subsidies, unpublished dissertation for MA Transport Economics, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds.

Mattioli, G. (2014) 'Where sustainable transport and social exclusion meet: households without cars and car dependence in Great Britain', Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, online version doi: 10.1080/1523908x.2013.858592

Equality and Human Rights Commission (2013) Standard of Living, Measurement Framework Series Briefing Paper no.10, Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission. Retrieved February 26, 2014 from

Parry, E. L. and Redfern, M. A. (2011) 'Exploiting plug-in vehicles to enable better management of electricity demands and generation', paper prepared for delivery at the 46th International Universities' Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 5-7 July 2011, Soest, Germany.

Parry, E. L. and Redfern, M. A. (2011) 'Plug-in vehicles for Smart Grids: what can and cannot be done with existing technology', paper prepared for delivery at 2nd IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES) International Conference and Exhibition on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT Europe), 5-7 December 2011, Manchester, England.

Parry, E.L. and Redfern, M.A. (2012) 'The construction of weekly recharging regimes for plug-in vehicles', in Proceedings of the Universities Power Engineering Conference, IEEE.

Parry, E. (2014) Electricity load estimation and management for plug-in vehicle recharging on a national scale prior to the development of third party monitoring and control mechanisms, Ph.D. thesis, University of Bath. Retrieved August 4, 2014 from

Mattioli, G., Wadud, Z. and Lucas, K. (2018) 'Vulnerability to fuel price increases in the UK: A household level analysis', Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 113, pp.227-242. doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2018.04.002

Mattioli, G., Wadud, Z. and Lucas, K. (2016) Developing a novel approach for assessing the transport vulnerability to fuel price rises at the household level, paper presented at the 14th World Conference on Transport Research, 10-15 July 2016, Shanghai, China.

Mattioli, G., Lucas, K., Marsden, G. and Wadud, Z. (2016) Transport-related economic stress and vulnerability to fuel price spikes: intermediate findings from the (t)ERES project, paper presented at the DEMAND Centre Conference 2016, April 13-15 2016, Lancaster University.


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