UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

British Household Panel Survey Calibrated Time Use Data, 1994-2004

Title details

SN: 5363
Title: British Household Panel Survey Calibrated Time Use Data, 1994-2004
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-5363-1
Series: British Household Panel Survey [British Household Panel Survey, 1991-2009]
Depositor: Kan, M.Y., University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research
Principal investigator(s): Kan, M.Y., University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research
Gershuny, J.I., University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research
Original data producer(s): University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Grant number: RES-225-25-2001; RES-518-28-5001


The citation for this study is:

Kan, M.Y., Gershuny, J.I. (2006). British Household Panel Survey Calibrated Time Use Data, 1994-2004. [data collection]. University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research, [original data producer(s)]. UK Data Service. SN: 5363,

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Subject Categories

Time use - Society and culture


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

For this project, a set of time use variables were calibrated for the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS), which ran from 1991-2009 (see the BHPS series webpage), using evidence derived from a smaller-scale panel survey that collected time use information by both the survey and diary methods, Home OnLine, 1998-2001 (HoL) (held at the UK Data Archive under SN 4607). Past research has suggested that the time diary method produces more accurate and reliable measures of time use than the survey approach. The diary approach, however, usually has a low response rate and is not practicable for a large-scale panel study like the BHPS. However, direct questioning in survey interviews is a relatively flexible approach to collecting time use data. The project therefore developed a method to combine the strengths of the survey approach and the diary method. The survey part of HoL shared the same questionnaire-derived time use predictor variables with the BHPS. Regression of the predictors on the time diary data in the HoL study was used to calibrate time use in the BHPS by multiplying the resulting regression coefficients with the same BHPS predictor variables. This produced a calibrated index of time use patterns based on BHPS questionnaire items. The calibrated time use variables cover all major categories of daily activities and are available in Wave 4 (1994) to Wave 14 (2004) of the BHPS.

Main Topics:
The variables in the dataset cover time spent on employment, educational courses and associated travel, consumption and leisure, housework and other domestic concerns, sleep and personal care.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: 1991 - 2004
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: No spatial unit
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Respondents to the BHPS Waves 4-13, between 1994 and 2004
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Data are taken from the longitudinal BHPS series.
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Method of data collection: Compilation or synthesis of existing material
variables taken from BHPS
Weighting: Weighting used for main BHPS. See BHPS documentation for details

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Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 02 June 2006
Copyright: Copyright M. Y. Kan and J. Gershuny. Copyright of the original BHPS data rests with the Institute for Social and Economic Research
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required. Available to all registered users. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch


Title File Name Size (KB)
User guide 5363userguide.pdf 79
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_5363_Information.htm 6
READ File read5363.htm 10
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By principal investigator(s):
Kan, M. Y. and Gershuny, J. (2006) Infusing time diary evidence into panel data: an exercise in calibrating time use estimates for the BHPS, ISER Working Paper 2006-19. Colchester: University of Essex.

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