Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16

Title details

SN: 5828
Title: Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16
Alternative title: HBAI
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-5828-8
Series: Households Below Average Income [Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-]
Depositor: Department for Work and Pensions
Principal investigator(s): Department for Work and Pensions
Data collector(s): Department for Work and Pensions
Sponsor(s): Department for Work and Pensions

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Department for Work and Pensions. (2017). Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16. [data collection]. 10th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 5828, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-5828-8

Select the text above to add data citation in your outputs.

Select citation format: 
XML citation formats:  CSL  EndNote

Subject Categories

Consumer behaviour - Economics
Economic conditions and indicators - Economics
Income, property and investment - Economics

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Households Below Average Income, 1994/95 – 2015/16 (HBAI) uses household disposable incomes, after adjusting for the household size and composition, as a proxy for material living standards. More precisely, it is a proxy for the level of consumption of goods and services that people could attain given the disposable income of the household in which they live. In order to allow comparisons of the living standards of different types of households, income is adjusted to take into account variations in the size and composition of the households in a process known as equivalisation. A key assumption made in HBAI is that all individuals in the household benefit equally from the combined income of the household. This enables the total equivalised income of the household to be used as a proxy for the standard of living of each household member.

The main source of data used in this study is the Family Resources Survey (FRS) (held at the UK Data Archive under GN 33283), which is a continuous cross-sectional survey.

Further information, along with the latest publication, can be found on the Department for Work and Pensions' HBAI collection web page.

An earlier HBAI study, Institute for Fiscal Studies Households Below Average Income Dataset, 1961-1991, is held at the Archive under SN 3300.

For the tenth edition (April 2017), data for 2015/16 were added to the study and the documentation updated accordingly.

Safe Room Access HBAI data
Safe Room access datasets for HBAI are available in addition to the versions available under the standard End User Licence (EUL) held at the UK Data Archive under SN 7196, Family Resources Survey, 2005/06-2015/16 and Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16: Safe Room Access. These data replace SNs 5839, 6083, 6253 and 6532, which were previously available under Special Licence.

The Safe Room access data are currently only available to UK HE/FE applicants and for access from the UK Data Archive's Safe Room at the University of Essex, Colchester. Prospective users of the Safe Room access version of the FRS/HBAI will need to fulfil requirements additional to those associated with standard End User Licence datasets. Full details of the application requirements are provided at Guidance on applying for the Family Resources Survey: Secure Access.
Main Topics:
HBAI provides information on potential living standards in the United Kingdom as determined by disposable income and allows for changes in income patterns to be analysed over time.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: 1994/95 to 2015/16
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Government Office Regions
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Numeric data
Universe: National
Respondents of the FRS
Time dimensions: Time Series
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Compilation or synthesis of existing material
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details
Data sources: The HBAI time series comprises information included in the main FRS from 1994/95 – 2015/16.

Thesaurus search on keywords

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 19 May 2008
Latest edition: 10 April 2017 (10th Edition)
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Variable List 5828hbai_variable_list_g4.xls 439
HBAI Analysis Report 5828analysis_report.pdf 1985
Revisions to 95/96 - 11/12 Datasets 5828revisions_to_historical_datasets.pdf 387
SAS Example Queries 5828sas_examples.pdf 1245
Details of Useful Variables 5828useful_variables.pdf 643
User Guide 5828userguide.pdf 282
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_5828_Information.htm 6
READ File read5828.htm 10

Publications

View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
Department for Work and Pensions (2007) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2005/06 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84695-860-1.

Department for Work and Pensions (2008) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2006/07 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84763-298-2.

Department for Work and Pensions (2009) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2007/08 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84763-999-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2010) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2008/09, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-84947-351-4.

Department for Work and Pensions (2011) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2009/10, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-84947-584-6.

Department for Work and Pensions (2012) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2010/11, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78153-046-7.

Department for Work and Pensions (2013) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2011/12, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78153-531-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2014) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2012/13, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-188-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2015) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2013/14, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-526-8.

Department for Work and Pensions (2016) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2014/15, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-800-9.

Department for Work and Pensions (2017) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2015/16, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-912-9.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Davies, R. et al. (2011) An anatomy of economic inequality in Wales: A report prepared on behalf of the Wales Equality and Human Rights Commission, Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data and Methods (WISERD) Research Reports Series RRS/002, University of Cardiff.

Equality and Human Rights Commission (2013) Standard of Living, Measurement Framework Series Briefing Paper no.10, Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission.

Aldridge, H. (2015) Why has poverty risen so much for young adults?, New Policy Institute. Retrieved July 20, 2015 from: http://npi.org.uk/files/5514/2488/0296/Why_has_poverty_risen_so_much_for_young_adults.pdf

MacInnes, T., Aldridge, H., Bushe, S., Tinson, A., Barry Born, T. (2015) Monitoring poverty and social exclusion 2014, New Policy Institute. Retrieved July 20, 2015 from: http://npi.org.uk/files/8214/1658/1400/Monitoring_Poverty_and_Social_Exclusion_2014.pdf

Kenway, P., Bushe, S., Tinson, A. and Barry Born, T. (2015) Monitoring poverty and social exclusion in Scotland 2015, New Policy Institute. Retrieved July 20, 2015 from: http://npi.org.uk/files/6914/2736/4937/MPSE-scotland-full.pdf

Variables

Syntax/Code

No previously uploaded files

  (login required)

Upload syntax/code file


5828
Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16

I agree to the terms and conditions *

Confirm new syntax/code file version


A previous version of syntax file "" has already been uploaded and approved.

If you continue with this upload, the previous version of the syntax file will be overwritten with this new version.

This new version of the syntax file will be subject to the UK Data Service approval process before it becomes available for download.

Do you want to continue?

    


Back to top