UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Scottish Election Study, 2007

Title details

SN: 6026
Title: Scottish Election Study, 2007
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6026-1
Series: British Election Study [British Election Studies, 1969-]
Depositor: Johns, R., University of Strathclyde. Department of Government
Principal investigator(s): Johns, R., University of Strathclyde. Department of Government
Denver, D.T., Lancaster University. Department of Politics
Mitchell, J., University of Strathclyde. Department of Government
Pattie, C., University of Sheffield. Department of Geography
Data collector(s): YouGov plc
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Grant number: RES-000-22-2256


The citation for this study is:

Johns, R., Denver, D.T., Mitchell, J., Pattie, C. (2008). Scottish Election Study, 2007. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 6026,

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Subject Categories

Election and campaign studies - Politics
Election and campaign studies - Politics
Political behaviour and attitudes - Politics


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The Scottish Election Study, 2007 (SES) is a major survey of Scottish voters before and after the Scottish Parliament elections on 3 May 2007. The aim of the survey was to explain the electoral decisions of Scottish voters on both whether and how to vote. The survey consists of three different waves. Wave One consists of the pre-election questionnaire, Wave Two is the post-election questionnaire and Wave Three is an additional post-election questionnaire to explore the problems experienced in the election.

The SES was originally designed as a two-wave panel survey, with the same respondents surveyed before and after the election. Then, in the light of the unforeseen problems surrounding the elections, in particular, the soaring number of rejected ballots, the ESRC agreed to fund a third wave of data collection. Wave Three was completed in December 2007 in order to explore respondents perceptions of the elections and the problems that arose, and to investigate whether what happened has had a lasting impact on public attitudes.

The survey was modeled closely on recent British Election Studies (BES) (held at the UKDA under GN 33066). As with the web components of recent BES, the fieldwork for the SES was conducted over the internet, by YouGov. The post-election questionnaire (Wave Two) replicates the 'election study' component of the Scottish Social Attitudes, 2007 (SSA) face-to-face questionnaire (not currently available at the UKDA however previous SSAs are available under GN 33329). This allows for comparison of the results generated by an internet and a face-to-face survey.

Further information is available from the SES 2007 website and the ESRC Scottish Election Study 2007 award page.

Main Topics:
Main topics include:
  • voting behaviour
  • attitudes to parties and leaders
  • opinions on political issues
  • national identity
  • constitutional preferences
  • socio-demographic characteristics

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: 17 April 2007 - 24 December 2007 -
Wave One: 17 - 23 April 2007; Wave Two: 4 - 10 May 2007; Wave Three: 12 – 24 December 2007
Country: Scotland
Spatial units: Scottish Electoral Regions
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Adults resident in Scotland who subscribe to YouGov plc as a panel member, 2007.
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Sampling procedures: Simple random sample; Volunteer sample
Number of units: Wave One: 1,872; Wave Two: 1,552; Wave Three: 1,166
Method of data collection: Self-completion
Email survey
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details

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Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 14 November 2008
Copyright: Copyright R. Johns
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch


Title File Name Size (KB)
User Guide 6026userguide.pdf 667
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_6026_Information.htm 6
READ File read6026.htm 10
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By principal investigator(s):
Johns, R. et al. (2008) ‘Valence politics in Scotland: towards an explanation of the 2007 election’, Political Studies. Retrieved November 13, 2008, from

Johns, R. and Carman, C. (2008), ‘Coping with coalitions? Scottish voters under a proportional system’, Representation, 44(4), pp.301–315.

Further papers are available from

British Election Study, (1974) The British Election Study panel sample 1974: methodological study, June.

British Election Study, (1974) The British Election Survey: technical document, July.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1974) `The why and how of the February voting', New Society, 12 September.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1974) The flow of the vote 1970 February 1974 - October 1974.

Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I. and Alt, J., (1974) Class and Party in the elections of 1974.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., The decline of the two-party system, paper presented to Political Studies Association Conference, Oxford, March 1975.

British Election Study, (1975) The British Election Study of October 1974: methodological report, April.

British Election Study, (1975) The British Referendum Survey: a report on fieldwork for the Referendum Recall Study, August.

Fox, A., (1975) `Attitudes to immigration: a comparison of data from the 1970 and 1974 general election surveys', New Community Vol. IV (2), Summer.

Miller, W., (1975) Series of articles on the special Scottish surveys, The Scotsman, October 10 and 12.

Sarlvik, B., et al, (1976) `Britain's membership of the EEC: a profile of electoral opinions in the spring of 1974 - with a postscript on the referendum', European Journal of Political Science Vol. 4 (1), March, pp.83-113.

Fox, A. and Alt, J., The reliability of occupational coding, paper presented to SSRC Seminar on Longitudinal Studies, Cambridge, March 1976.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., The erosion of partisanship 1964 - 1975, paper presented to the Political Studies Association Conference, Nottingham, March 1976.

Alt, J., Personal well-being and economic trends in Britain, paper presented to ECPR Workshop on Protest, Dissatisfaction and Change, ECPR Joint Sessions, Louvain-la-Neuve, April 1976.

Alt, J., Sarlvik, B. and Crewe, I., (1976) `Partisanship and policy choice: issue preferences in the British electorate, February 1974', British Journal of Political Science, 6(3), July.

Alt, J., Sarlvik, B. and Crewe, I., (1976) `Individual differences scaling and group attitude structures', Quantity and Quality, Vol.10, December.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1976) `The election of February 1974' IN R. Rose (ed.), Studies in British Politics, 3rd edition, London: Macmillan.

Crewe, I., Fox, A. and Alt, J., (1977) `Non-voting in British general elections 1966 - October 1974' IN C. Crouch (ed.), British Political Sociology Yearbook: Vol. III, Political Participation, London: Croom Helm.

Miller, W., (1977) `The connection between SNP voting and the demand for Scottish self government', The European Journal of Political Research, 5(1), March.

Crewe, I., Sarlvik, B. and Alt, J., (1977) `Partisan dealignment in Britain 1964 - 1974', British Journal of Political Science, 7(2), April.

Alt, J., Crewe, I. and Sarlvik, B., (1977) `Angels in plastic: Liberal support in 1974', Political Studies, 25(3), September.

Crewe, I. and Sarlvik, B., (1979) `The Conservative Party and the electorate', IN T.L. Henry (ed.), Conservative Party politics, London: Macmillan.

Alt, J.E., (1979) The politics of economic decline, Cambridge University Press.

Crewe, I.M. and Sarlvik, B., (1979) `Popular attitudes and electoral strategy' IN Z. Layton-Henry (ed.), Conservative Party politics, London: Macmillan.

Crewe, I.M., (1980) `Why the Conservatives Won', in H. Penniman (ed.), Britain at the Polls, American Enterprise Institute.

Crewe, I.M., Negative partisanship: some preliminary ideas using British data, Paper presented to European Consortium for Political Research, Florence, March, 1980.

Crewe, I.M., (1980) `Prospects for party realignment: an Anglo-American comparison' Comparative Politics, 12(4), July.

Crewe, I.M., The electoral decline of the Labour Party, paper presented to Conference on the Politics of the Labour Party, Nuffield College, Oxford, September 1980.

British Election Study, (1980) A comparison of respondent's characteristics with known population parameters, Technical paper 1980:1.

British Election Study, (1980) The British Election Study, May 1979 questionnaire, Technical paper 1980:2.

British Election Study, (1981) A description of surveys conducted by the BES Research Project, Technical paper 1981:1.

British Election Study, (1981) Questionnaire continuity guide, Technical paper 1981:2.

Crewe, I.M., (1981) `The Labour Party and the electorate', in D.A. Kavanagh (ed.), The politics of the Labour Party, London: Allen Unwin.

Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I.M., and Robertson, D., Why the parties were liked and disliked in the 1979 Election: an analysis of `Free Answer' survey data, paper presented to the Political Studies Association Conference, Hull, April 1981.

Crewe, I.M., Electoral Volatility in Britain Since 1945, paper presented to the European Consortium for Political Research, Lancaster, 1981.

Crewe, I.M., Party and the public, paper presented to the Hansard Society/American Enterprise Institute Conference on the Role of Political Parties, Ditchley Park, Oxfordshire, May 1981.

Heath, A.F. and MacDonald, S-K., (1988) `The demise of party identification theory?' Electoral Studies, 7, pp.95-107.

Swaddle, K. and Heath, A. (1987) Official and reported turnout in the British General Election of 1987, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.

Heath, A., (1991) Understanding political change : voting behaviour in Britain 1964-1987, Oxford: Pergamon.

Heath, A.F. and Pierce, R. (1992) 'It was party identification all along : question-order effects on reports of party identification in Britain' Electoral Studies, II.

Heath, A., et al, (eds.) (1993) Labour's last chance : the 1992 election and beyond, Aldershot: Dartmouth.

Heath, A., Jowell, R. and Curtice, J. (2001) The rise of New Labour: party policies and voter choices, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brook, L. and Taylor, B. (1996) British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Interim technical notes, CREST Working Paper 41.

Taylor, B., Heath, A. and Lynn, P. (1996) The British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Response characteristics and attrition, CREST Working Paper 40.

Surridge, P. et al, (1998) `The Scottish electorate and the Scottish parliament' Scottish Affairs special issue.

Saggar, S. (ed.) (1998) Race and British electoral politics, London: UCL Press.

Thomson, K., Park, A. and Brook, L. (1999) British General Election Study 1997: Cross-section Survey, Scottish Election Study, and Ethnic Minority Election Study, London: National Centre for Social Research.

Sanders, D., Clarke, H., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2010) 'Simulating the effects of the Alternative Vote in the 2010 UK General Election', Parliamentary Affairs, 64(1), pp.5-23.

Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Government performance and life satisfaction in contemporary Britain', Journal of Politics, 27(3), pp. 733-746.

Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Do institutions really influence participation? Contextual influences on turnout and participation in the world’s democracies', International Journal of Market Research, 52(1), pp.21-42.

Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2010) 'Polling and forecasting the General Election of 2010', International Journal of Market Research, 52(5), pp.687-691.

Sanders, D., Clarke, H., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2011) 'Downs, Stokes and the dynamics of electoral choice', British Journal of Political Science, 41(2), pp.287-314.

Whiteley, P., Clarke, H., Sanders, D., and Stewart, M.C. (2011) 'Britain says NO: Voting in the AV ballot referendum', Parliamentary Affairs, November, pp.1-22.

Clarke, H., Sanders, D., Stewart, M.C. and Whiteley, P. (2013) Campaigning for change – the dynamics of electoral choice in Britain, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Taylor-Gooby, P. (1987) `Welfare attitudes : cleavage, consensus and citizenship' The Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs, 3(3), pp.199-211.

Rabinowitz, G., Macdonald, S.E. and Listhaug, O., Competing theories of issue voting : is discounting the explanation?, paper prepared for delivery at the Annual Meeting of American Political Science Association, Washington DC, September 2-5 1993.

Baker, J.R., Looking at Legislatures : citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Great Britain and the United States, paper prepared for delivery at the 16th International Congress of the International Political Science Association (RC8:2), Berlin, August 21-25 1994.

Baker, J.E. et al (1996) `Citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Britain and the United States' The Journal of Legislative Studies, 2(2), pp.44-62.

Kobori, M. (1996) `A study on the North-South divide in Britain of 80s : with reference to the difference of Labour's votes between the North and South' Ryudai Law Review, 56, May, pp.72-104.

Bennett, S., Flickinger, R., and Rhine, S. Political talk - over here, over there and over time : a comparative analysis of who talks about politics in Britain and the United States, 1959-1994, paper presented to the International Society of Political Psychology meeting, Vancouver, June 30th-July 3rd 1996.

Evans, G. and Norris, P. (1999) Critical elections: British parties and voters in long-term perspective, London: Sage Publications.

Tunstall, H. et al (2000) 'Geographical scale, the 'feel-good factor' and voting at the 1997 general election in England and Wales' Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 25, p.51-64.

Dardanelli, P. (2001) The Europeanisation of regionalisation: European integration and public support for self-government in Scotland 1979/1997, Queen's Papers on Europeanisation, No. 5/2001, London School of Economics.

Skrondal, A. and Rabe-Hesketh, S. (2003) 'Multilevel logistic regression for polytomous data and rankings' Psychometrika, 68(2), pp.267-287.

A subset of BES 1997 data has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6. The book's companion web site includes downloadable datasets and further information: retrieved 26 January, 2009, from

Steven, M. (2010) Christianity and party politics: keeping the faith, London: Routledge, December. ISBN 978-0-415-55660-6.

Upton, G.J.G. (2016) Categorical data analysis by example, Oxford: Wiley. ISBN: 978-1-119-30786-0.


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