UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Understanding Society: Waves 1-7, 2009-2016 and Harmonised BHPS: Waves 1-18, 1991-2009: Secure Access|
|Alternative title:||United Kingdom Household Longitudinal Study; UKHLS|
|Series:||Understanding Society [Understanding Society: Waves 1- , 2008-: Secure Access]|
|Depositor:||University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research|
NatCen Social Research
University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research
Millward Brown Ulster
Economic and Social Research Council
Department for Work and Pensions
Department for Education
Department for Transport
Department for Culture, Media and Sport
Department for Communities and Local Government
Welsh Assembly Government
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Food Standards Agency
Department of Health
Northern Ireland Executive
The citation for this study is:
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.Understanding Society (UK Household Longitudinal Study), which began in 2009, is conducted by the Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER), at the University of Essex, and the survey research organisations are Kantar Public and NatCen. It builds on and incorporates, the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS), which began in 1991. The latest release combines the first seven waves of Understanding Society data with harmonised data from all eighteen waves of the BHPS. As multi-topic studies, the purpose of Understanding Society and BHPS is to understand short- and long-term effects of social and economic change in the UK at the household and individual levels. The study has a strong emphasis on domains of family and social ties, employment, education, financial resources, and health.
Understanding Society is an annual survey of each adult member of a nationally representative sample. The same individuals are re-interviewed in each wave approximately 12 months apart. When individuals move they are followed within the UK and anyone joining their households are also interviewed as long as they are living with them. The study has five sample components: the general population sample, a boost sample of ethnic minority group members, an immigrant and ethnic minority boost sample (from wave 6), participants from the BHPS and the Innovation Panel (which is a separate standalone survey (see SN 6849 for EUL version; SN 7083 for Special Licence version; and SN 7332 for Secure Access version). The fieldwork period is for 24 months. Data collection primarily uses computer assisted personal interviewing (CAPI), but includes a telephone mop up, and from Wave 7 of Understanding Society, web-based interviews. One person completes the household questionnaire. Each person aged 16 or older participates in the individual adult interview and self-completed questionnaire. Youths aged 10 to 15 are asked to respond to a paper self-completion questionnaire. For the general and BHPS samples biomarker, genetic and epigenetic data are also available (see SN 7251).
Further information about the survey may be found on the Understanding Society main stage webpage.
|Secure Access Dataset:
The Understanding Society: Waves 1-7, 2009-2016 and Harmonised BHPS: Waves 1-18, 1991-2009: Secure Access dataset contains British National Grid postcode grid references (at 1m resolution) for the unit postcode of each household surveyed, derived from the ONS National Statistics Postcode Directory (NSPD). Grid references are presented in terms of Eastings and Northings, which are distances in metres (east and north, respectively) from the origin (0,0), which lies to the west of the Scilly Isles. Each grid reference is given a positional quality indicator to denote the accuracy of the grid reference. In the majority of cases, the assigned grid reference relates to the building of the matched address closest to the postcode mean. The grid references provided for Northern Ireland postcodes use the Irish National Grid system that covers all of Ireland and is independent of the British National Grid. No grid references are provided for postcodes in the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
The Secure Access version of Understanding Society 2009-2016 includes all files in the End User Licence version, plus files that contain 3 variables relating to the National Grid Reference for each household: Easting, Northing and positional quality indicator (OSGRDIND). The Secure Access version also includes a data file with full dates of birth for respondents. All other files are the same as in the End User Licence version, which is held under SN 6614.
Related UK Data Archive studies:
The Secure Access version of the dataset has more restrictive access conditions than standard End User Licence or Special Licence access datasets (see 'Access' section below). Further details and links to the less restrictive versions can be found on the Understanding Society series Key data page.
In March 2018, files g_hhresp, g_income and g_indresp were replaced with updated versions, following quality assurance checks.
Suitable data analysis software
These data are provided by the depositor in Stata format. Users are strongly advised to analyse them in Stata. Transfer to other formats may result in unforeseen issues. Stata SE or MP software is needed to analyse the larger files, which contain over 2,047 variables.
The survey instrument is constructed using modules. For a fuller listing of modules and questionnaire content see the User Manual or the online documentation system.
The household questionnaire includes a household composition listing of all household members with information about gender, date of birth, marital and employment status, and relationship to the household respondent. The household questionnaire also includes questions about housing, mortgage or rent payments, material deprivation, and consumer durables and cars.
The individual interview is asked of every person in the household aged 16 or over. It includes questions about demographics, baseline information, family background, ethnicity and language use; migration, partnership and fertility histories; health, disability and caring; current employment and earnings; employment status (for persons interviewed January-June); parenting and childcare arrangements; family networks; benefit payments; political party identification; household finances; environmental behaviours; consents to administrative data linkage. A proxy module, comprising a much shortened version of the individual questionnaire may be completed by one person on behalf of another; it collects demographic, health and employment information, as well as a summary income measure.
Those who completed an individual adult interview also complete a self-completion questionnaire. It includes subjective questions, particularly those which are potentially sensitive or require more privacy. For example, feelings of depression (GHQ-12) and well-being, sleep behaviour, environmental attitudes and beliefs, neighbourhood participation and belonging, life satisfaction, activities with partner and relationship quality. A youth self-completion questionnaire is completed by 10-15 year olds. It includes questions on computer and technology use, family support, sibling relationships, feelings about areas of life, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), health behaviours, smoking and drinking, and aspirations.
Standard measures used:
Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 12 (SF-12)
General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)
Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale
Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)
|Dates of fieldwork:||January 2009 - May 2017 - BHPS was conducted annually, between September 1991 - April 2009.|
Government Office Regions
British National Grid
Irish National Grid
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
Households and their individual members resident in the United Kingdom.
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Two-stage stratified systematic sample - see documentation for details
|Number of units:||Approximately 40,000 households were included in the sample at Wave 1. See documentation for breakdown of numbers and response rates for each wave.|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Self-completion
Web-based survey (from Wave 7).
|Weighting:||Weighting used. See documentation for details.|
|ADOLESCENTS||ADOPTED CHILDREN||ADOPTIVE PARENTS|
|ALCOHOLIC DRINKS||APPLICATION FOR EMPLOYMENT||ASPIRATION|
|BIRTH WEIGHT||BREAST-FEEDING||BRITISH POLITICAL PARTIES|
|CABLE TELEVISION||CARE OF DEPENDANTS||CARE OF THE DISABLED|
|CARE OF THE ELDERLY||CAREGIVERS||CENTRAL HEATING|
|CHILD BENEFITS||CHILD CARE||CHILD DAY CARE|
|CHILD SUPPORT PAYMENTS||CHILDBIRTH||CHILDREN|
|CLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS||CLOTHING||COHABITATION|
|COHABITING||COLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERS||COMMUNITY BEHAVIOUR|
|COMMUTING||COMPACT DISC PLAYERS||COMPUTERS|
|COUNCIL TAX||CRIME VICTIMS||CRIMINAL DAMAGE|
|CULTURAL GOODS||DEATH||DEBILITATIVE ILLNESS|
|DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES||ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND|
|EDUCATIONAL EXPECTATIONS||ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY||EMOTIONAL STATES|
|EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES||EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES||EMPLOYMENT|
|ENERGY CONSUMPTION||ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION||ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION|
|ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES||ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENTS||ETHNIC GROUPS|
|FAMILIES||FAMILY DISORGANIZATION||FAMILY ENVIRONMENT|
|FAMILY LIFE||FAMILY MEMBERS||FAMILY SIZE|
|FATHER'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||FATHER'S PLACE OF BIRTH||FATHERS|
|FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES||FINANCIAL EXPECTATIONS||FINANCIAL RESOURCES|
|FUELS||FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT||FURNISHED ACCOMMODATION|
|FURNITURE||FURTHER EDUCATION||GAS SUPPLY|
|HEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)||HIGHER EDUCATION||HOLIDAYS|
|HOME BUYING||HOME CONTENTS INSURANCE||HOME OWNERSHIP|
|HOURS OF WORK||HOUSE PRICES||HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS|
|HOUSEWORK||HOUSING BENEFITS||HOUSING CONDITIONS|
|HOUSING FACILITIES||HOUSING FINANCE||HOUSING NEEDS|
|HOUSING TENURE||HOUSING||ILL HEALTH|
|INTERNET ACCESS||INTERNET USE||INVESTMENT|
|JOB CHANGING||JOB HUNTING||JOB SATISFACTION|
|LEAVING HOME (YOUTH)||LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES||LIFE SATISFACTION|
|MARITAL HISTORY||MARITAL STATUS||MARRIAGE DISSOLUTION|
|MORTGAGE ARREARS||MORTGAGES||MOTHER'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY|
|MOTHER'S PLACE OF BIRTH||MOTHERS||MOTOR PROCESSES|
|OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS||OCCUPATIONAL TRAINING||OCCUPATIONS|
|PARENT RESPONSIBILITY||PARENTAL ROLE||PARENTAL SUPERVISION|
|PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP||PARTICIPATION||PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT|
|PATIENTS||PAYMENTS||PERSONAL DEBT REPAYMENT|
|PHYSICAL MOBILITY||PLACE OF BIRTH||PLACE OF RESIDENCE|
|POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE||POLITICAL ATTITUDES||POLITICAL INTEREST|
|PRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONS||PRIVATE SCHOOLS||PRIVATE SECTOR|
|QUALITY OF LIFE||RECREATIONAL FACILITIES||RECYCLING|
|RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION||RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCE||RELIGIOUS DOCTRINES|
|RENEWABLE ENERGY||RENTED ACCOMMODATION||RENTS|
|RURAL AREAS||SAFETY AND SECURITY||SATELLITE RECEIVERS|
|SCHOOL-LEAVING AGE||SCHOOLS||SEASONAL EMPLOYMENT|
|SOCIAL ATTITUDES||SOCIAL CAPITAL||SOCIAL CLASS|
|SOCIAL HOUSING||SOCIAL INEQUALITY||SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS|
|SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS||SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS||SOLAR POWER|
|SOLID FUEL HEATING||SPOUSES||STANDARD OF LIVING|
|STATE EDUCATION||STATE RETIREMENT PENSIONS||STEPCHILDREN|
|TELEVISION RECEIVERS||TELEVISION VIEWING||TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT|
|UNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION||UNITED KINGDOM||URBAN AREAS|
|VEGETABLES||VOTING BEHAVIOUR||VOTING INTENTION|
|WAGES||WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)||WELSH (LANGUAGE)|
|WIDOWED||WIND POWER||WORKING WOMEN|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||28 March 2011|
|Latest edition:||27 November 2017 (7th Edition)|
|Copyright:||Copyright Economic and Social Research Council|
Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor will be informed about usage. Controlled data requirements and conditions also apply. Further information is available from Access to the Secure Lab. In addition, the Service is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data.
Available to UK HE/FE applicants only.
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|Immigration and Ethnic Minority Boost: Variable Comparison||6676_iemb-non-iemb_question_comparison_2016.xlsx||68|
|Descriptions of geographical identifiers, November 2011||6676a_geographical_identifiers_nov11.pdf||467|
|Waves 1-7 geographical identifiers lookup tables||6676a_geographical_lookup_tables_waves1_7.pdf||338|
|UK Data Archive Data Dictionary - BHPS||6676a_ukda_data_dictionary_bhps.pdf||71383|
|UK Data Archive Data Dictionary - Und Soc||6676a_ukda_data_dictionary_us.pdf||22134|
|US Harmonised BHPS User Guide||6676_bhps_harmonised_user_guide.pdf||388|
|BHPS User Manual||6676_bhps_user_manual_volume_a.pdf||6546|
|Ethnicity and Immigration Research: User Guide||6676_ethnicity_immigration_guide_ed4.pdf||937|
|Immigration and Ethnic Minority Boost: Fieldwork Documents||6676_iemb_fieldwork_documents.pdf||4966|
|Immigration and Ethnic Minority Boost: Questionnaire||6676_iemb_questionnaire.pdf||3848|
|Immigration and Ethnic Minority Boost: Technical Report||6676_iemb_technical_report.pdf||310|
|Wave 1: Fieldwork Documents||6676_wave1_fieldwork_documents.pdf||2598|
|Wave 1: Questionnaires||6676_wave1_questionnaires.pdf||4244|
|Wave 1: Technical Report||6676_wave1_technical_report.pdf||389|
|Waves 1-6: Revision 2017||6676_wave1_to_6_revisions_2017.pdf||376|
|Waves 1-7: User Guide 2017||6676_wave1_to_7_user_guide.pdf||1081|
|Wave 2: Fieldwork Documents||6676_wave2_fieldwork_documents.pdf||2241|
|Wave 2: Questionnaires||6676_wave2_questionnaires.pdf||5225|
|Wave 2: Technical Report||6676_wave2_technical_report.pdf||257|
|Wave 3: Fieldwork Documents||6676_wave3_fieldwork_documents.pdf||4642|
|Wave 3: Leaflets and Advance Letter||6676_wave3_leaflets_advance_letter.pdf||2443|
|Wave 3: Questionnaires||6676_wave3_questionnaires.pdf||8356|
|Wave 3: Technical Report||6676_wave3_technical_report.pdf||1900|
|Wave 4: Fieldwork Documents||6676_wave4_fieldwork_documents.pdf||5800|
|Wave 4: Leaflets and Advance Letter||6676_wave4_leaflets_advance_letter.pdf||1179|
|Wave 4: Questionnaires||6676_wave4_questionnaires.pdf||8024|
|Wave 4: Technical Report||6676_wave4_technical_report.pdf||1473|
|Wave 5: Fieldwork Documents||6676_wave5_fieldwork_documents.pdf||5580|
|Wave 5: Leaflets and Advance Letter||6676_wave5_leaflets_advance_letter.pdf||1637|
|Wave 5: Questionnaires||6676_wave5_questionnaires.pdf||8973|
|Wave 5: Technical Report||6676_wave5_technical_report.pdf||1277|
|Wave 6: Advance Letters||6676_wave6_advance_letters.pdf||3068|
|Wave 6: Fieldwork Documents||6676_wave6_fieldwork_documents.pdf||9624|
|Wave 6: Questionnaires||6676_wave6_questionnaires.pdf||7371|
|Wave 6: Technical Report||6676_wave6_technical_report.pdf||530|
|Wave 7: Advance Letters||6676_wave7_advance_letters.pdf||4517|
|Wave 7: Fieldwork Documents||6676_wave7_fieldwork_documents.pdf||6667|
|Wave 7: Questionnaires||6676_wave7_questionnaires.pdf||18681|
|Wave 7: Technical Report||6676_wave7_technical_report.pdf||1129|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_6676_Information.htm||7|
By principal investigator(s):
For links to publications based on Understanding Society, including those listed below and others, please see the Understanding Society Publications webpage.
Burton, J., Nandi, A. and Platt, L. (2008) Who are the UK's ethnic minority groups? Issues of identification and measurement in a longitudinal survey, ISER Working Paper 2008-2. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2008-02
Gray, M., Uhrig, S. C. N., Constantine, R., d'Ardenne, J. and Blake, M. (2008) Cognitive testing of Understanding Society. The UK Household Longitudinal Study questionnaire, ISER Working Paper 2008-4. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2008-04
Lynn, P. (2009), Sample design for Understanding Society, ISER Working Paper 2009-1. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2009-01
Berthoud, R., Fumagalli, L., Lynn, P., Platt, L. (2009) Design of the ethnic minority boost sample, ISER Working Paper 2009-2. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2009-02
Nandi, A. and Platt, L. (2009) Developing ethnic identity questions for Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study, ISER Working Paper 2009-3. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2009-03
Rabe, B. (2011) Geographical identifiers in Understanding Society, version 1, ISER Working Paper 2011-1. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2011-01
Nandi, A., Platt, L. (2011) Effect of interview modes on measurement of identity, ISER Working Paper 2011-2. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2011-02
Booker, C. and Sacker, A. (2011) ‘Limiting long-term illness and subjective well-being in families’, Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 3(1), pp.41-65.
Lynn, P. (2011) Maintaining cross-sectional representativeness in a longitudinal general population survey, ISER Working Paper 2011-4. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2011-04
Ferragina, E., Tomlinson, M. and Walker, R. (2011) ‘Determinants of participation in the United Kingdom: a preliminary analysis’, Understanding Society .
Knies, G. (2011) ‘Life satisfaction and material well-being of young people in the UK’, Understanding Society .
Lynn, P., Burton, J., Kaminska, O., Knies, G. and Nandi, A. (2012) An initial look at non-response and attrition in Understanding Society, ISER Working Paper 2012-2. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2012-02
Lynn, P. (2012) The propensity of older respondents to participate in a general population survey, ISER Working Paper 2012-3. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2012-03
Knies, G., Burton, J. and Sala, E. (2012) ‘Consenting to health record linkage: evidence from a multi-purpose longitudinal survey of a general population’, BMC Health Services Research, 12(1), p.52.
Longhi S. (2013) Individual pro-environmental behaviour in the household context, ISER Working Paper 2013-21. Retrieved 17 February 2014 from https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/publications/working-papers/iser/2013-21.pdf
McFall, S. L. and Buck, N. (2013) ‘Understanding Society – the UK Household Longitudinal Survey: a resource for demographers’, in Applied Demography and Public Health, Springer Netherlands, pp.357-369.
Tippett, N., Wolke, D. and Platt, L. (2013) ‘Ethnicity and bullying involvement in a national UK youth sample’ Journal of Adolescence, 36(4), pp.639-649.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
For links to publications based on Understanding Society, including those listed below and others, please see the Understanding Society Publications webpage.
Demey, D., Berrington, A., Evandrou, M. and Falkingham, J. (2011) 'The changing demography of mid-life, from the 1980s to the 2000s', Population Trends, 145 (Autumn), pp.16-34. Retrieved October 19th, 2011 from http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/population-trends-rd/population-trends/no--145--autumn-2011/ard-pt145-changing-demography.pdf
Demey, D., Berrington, A., Evandrou, M., Falkingham, J. and McGowan, T. (2011) How has mid-life changed in Britain since the 1980s?, CPC Briefing Paper No. 2. Retrieved October 19th, 2011 from http://www.cpc.ac.uk/resources/downloads/Mid_Life_in_Britain_briefing2.pdf
McAloney, K. (2012) 'Inter-faith relationships in Great Britain: prevalence and implications for psychological well-being', Mental Health, Religion and Culture, (online), DOI:10.1080/13674676.2012.714359
Berrington, A., Stone, J. and Falkingham, J. (2013) The impact of parental characteristics and contextual effects on returns to the parental home in Britain, CPC Working Paper 29.
Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) When you are born matters: evidence for England, IFS Reports, R80, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0080. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/comms/r80.pdf
Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) The impact of age within academic year on adult outcomes, IFS Working Papers, W13/07, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1307. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp201307.pdf
Demey, D., Berrington, A., Evandrou, M. and Falkingham, J. (2013) 'Pathways into living alone in mid-life: diversity and policy implications', Advances in Life Course Research, 18(3), pp.161-174. doi:10.1016/j.alcr.2013.02.001
McAloney, K. (2013) ‘Mixed’ religion relationships and well-being in Northern Ireland’, Journal of Religion and Health, pp.1-10.
Demey, D., Berrington, A., Evandrou, M. and Falkingham, J. (2014) 'Living alone and psychological well-being in mid-life: does partnership history matter?', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 168(5), pp.403-410. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-202932
Hutchinson, J., White, P.C.L. and Graham, H. (2014) 'Differences in the social patterning of active travel between urban and rural populations: findings from a large UK household survey', International Journal of Public Health. doi 10.1007/s00038-014-0578-2
Correa, S., Durrant, G.B. and P.W. Smith (2014) When to stop calling? Using call record data to assess nonresponse bias in a longitudinal study, paper presented to the International Workshop on Household Survey Nonresponse, 2 September 2014, Reykjavik, Iceland.
Longhi S. (2014) 'Cultural diversity and subjective wellbeing', IZA Journal of Migration, 3(13), DOI: 10.1186/2193-9039-3-13
Kumar,A., Rotik, M. and Ussher, K. (2014) Pay progression: understanding the barriers for the lowest paid, London: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Retrieved April 23, 2015, from http://www.cipd.co.uk/binaries/pay-progression_2014-understanding-the-barriers-for-the-lowest-paid.pdf
Cruise, S.M., Patterson, L., Cardwell, C.R. and O'Reilly, D. (2015) 'Large panel-survey data demonstrated country-level and ethnic minority variation in consent for health record linkage', Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 68, pp.684-692. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.01.011 (ISSN 0895-4356).
Dodds, R.M., Syddall, H.E., Cooper, R. et al. (2014) 'Grip strength across the life course: normative data from twelve British studies', PLoS ONE, 9(12): e113637. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113637
Evans, K. (2016)Working well: how employers can improve the wellbeing and productivity of their workforce, London: Social Market Foundation. Retrieved February 2nd, 2016 from http://www.smf.co.uk/publications/working-well-how-employers-can-improve-the-wellbeing-and-productivity-of-their-workforce/
Keohane, N. (2016) Longer lives, stronger families: the changing nature of intergenerational support, London: Social Market Foundation. ISBN: 978-1-910683-08-8. Retrieved February 8th, 2016 from http://www.smf.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Publication-Longer-Lives-Stronger-Families-The-changing-nature-of-intergenerational-support.pdf
Wakeling, P., Berrington, A. and Duta, A. (2015) Investigating an age threshold for independence at postgraduate level, Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England. Retrieved June 7th, 2016 from http://www.hefce.ac.uk/pubs/rereports/Year/2015/pgind/Title,105806,en.html
Wheatley, D. and Bickerton, C., (2016) 'Subjective well-being and engagement in arts, culture and sport', Journal of Cultural Economics, forthcoming. doi: 10.1007/s10824-016-9270-0.
Zischka L. (2016) The link between 'giving' behaviours and a healthy social environment, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Reading. See record at http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/66399
Chng, S., White, M., Abraham, C. and Skippon, S. (2016) 'Commuting and wellbeing in London: the roles of commute mode and local public transport connectivity', Preventive Medicine, Jul;88:182-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.04.014. Epub 2016 Apr 16.
Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Baines, S.and Robertson, J. (2016) 'The physical health of British adults with intellectual disability: cross sectional study', International Journal for Equity in Health, 15:11 doi:10.1186/s12939-016-0296-x
Emerson, E., Krnjacki, K., Llewellyn, G., Vaughan, C., Kavanagh, A. (2016) 'Perceptions of safety and exposure to violence in public places among working age adults with disabilities or long-term health conditions in the UK: Cross sectional study', Public Health 135, pp.91-6. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2015.10.036
Waller, S. Deane, J., Bradley, M., Hosking, I. and Clarkson, J. (2016) Inclusive Design Toolkit [website], University of Cambridge, Engineering Design Centre. http://www.inclusivedesigntoolkit.com/
Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Robertson, J. and Baines, S. (2017) 'The mental health of British adults with intellectual impairments', Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 30, pp.188-197. doi: 10.1111/jar.12232
Evans, K., Holkar, M. and Murray. (2017) Overstretched, overdrawn, underserved: financial difficulty and mental health at work, Money and Mental Health Policy Institute. Retrieved June 8th, 2017 from http://www.moneyandmentalhealth.org/financialwellbeingatwork/
Williams, M. and E. Gardiner (2017). ‘The power of personality at work: core self-evaluations and earnings in the United Kingdom’, Human Resource Management Journal. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1748-8583.12162/abstract
Sacker, A., Ross, A., MacLeod, C.A., Netuveli, G. and Windle, G. (2017) 'Health and social exclusion in older age: evidence from Understanding Society, the UK household longitudinal study', J Epidemiol Community Health, 71(7), pp.681-690. doi:10.1136/jech-2016-208037
MacLeod, C.A., Ross, A., Sacker, A. and Windle, G. (2017) 'Re-thinking social exclusion in later life: a case for a new framework for measurement', Ageing and Society, September, pp.1-38. doi:10.1017/S0144686X17000794
Melo, P.C., Ge, J., Craig,T., Brewer, M.J. and Thronicker, I. (2018) 'Does work-life balance affect pro-environmental behaviour? Evidence for the UK using longitudinal microdata, Ecological Economics, 145, March, pp.170–181. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.09.006