UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Annual Population Survey, 2004-2017: Secure Access|
|Series:||Annual Population Survey [Annual Population Survey, 2004- : Secure Access]|
|Depositor:||Office for National Statistics. Virtual Microdata Laboratory (VML)|
Office for National Statistics. Social Survey Division
Office for National Statistics
Department for Work and Pensions
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
National Assembly for Wales
Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Central Survey Unit
The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), along with the Department for Work and Pensions, fund the English Local Labour Force Survey (LLFS) boosts. Before the formation of BIS in June 2009, partial funding for the LLFS boosts was provided by the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills from June 2007, and by the Department for Education and Skills from Spring 2000 to June 2007.
The Office for National Statistics' 'Social Survey Division' was renamed the 'Social and Vital Statistics Division' in April 2006, and then renamed back to 'Social Survey Division' in April 2009.
The citation for this study is:
Select the text above to add data citation in your outputs.
Select citation format:
|XML citation formats: CSL EndNote|
Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.The Annual Population Survey (APS) is a major survey series, which aims to provide data that can produce reliable estimates at local authority level. Key topics covered in the survey include education, employment, health and ethnicity. The APS comprises key variables from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (held at the UK Data Archive under GN 33246), all of its associated LFS boosts and the APS boost. Thus, the APS combines results from five different sources: the LFS (waves 1 and 5); the English Local Labour Force Survey (LLFS), the Welsh Labour Force Survey (WLFS), the Scottish Labour Force Survey (SLFS) and the Annual Population Survey Boost Sample (APS(B) - however, this ceased to exist at the end of December 2005, so APS data from January 2006 onwards will contain all the above data apart from APS(B)). Users should note that the LLFS, WLFS, SLFS and APS(B) are not held separately at the UK Data Archive. For further detailed information about methodology, users should consult the Labour Force Survey User Guide, selected volumes of which have been included with the APS documentation for reference purposes (see 'Documentation' table below).
The APS aims to provide enhanced annual data for England, covering a target sample of at least 510 economically active persons for each Unitary Authority (UA)/Local Authority District (LAD) and at least 450 in each Greater London Borough. In combination with local LFS boost samples such as the WLFS and SLFS, the survey provides estimates for a range of indicators down to Local Education Authority (LEA) level across the United Kingdom.
Secure Access APS data
Secure Access datasets for the APS include additional variables not included in the standard End User Licence (EUL) versions (see under GN 33357). Extra variables that typically can be found in the Secure Access version but not in the EUL versions relate to:
The EUL version contains less detailed variables. For example, the lowest geography is Government Office Region, only banded age is available, only 3-digit SOC is available for main, second and last job, and only industry division for main, second and last job.
Prospective users of the Secure Access version of the APS will need to fulfil additional requirements, commencing with the completion of extra application forms to demonstrate to the data owners exactly why they need access to the extra, more detailed variables, in order to obtain permission to use that version. Secure Access data users must also complete face-to-face training and agree to the Secure Access User Agreement and Licence Compliance Policy (see 'Access' section below). Therefore, users are encouraged to download and inspect the EUL version of the data prior to ordering the Secure Access. Further details and links to all APS studies available from the UK Data Archive can be found via the APS Key Data series webpage.
Documentation and coding frames
The APS is compiled from variables present in the LFS. For variable and value labelling and coding frames that are not included either in the data or in the current APS documentation (e.g. coding frames for education, industrial and geographic variables, which are held in LFS User Guide Vol.5, Classifications), users are advised to consult the latest versions of the LFS User Guides, which are available from the ONS Labour Force Survey - User Guidance webpages.
APS Well-Being data
Since April 2011, the APS has included questions about personal and subjective well-being. The responses to these questions have been made available as annual sub-sets to the APS Person level files. Annual datasets and three-year pooled datasets are available under Secure Access from SN 7961.
Disability variables from 2013 onwards - LFS and APS
ONS have provided some information on changes since 2013 to the disability variables available on the LFS and APS. The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) disabled (current disability) category within the historic DISCURR variable no longer corresponds with the advised legal definition of 'current disability'. DISCURR should only be available on LFS microdata from Spring 1998 to January-March 2013 (JM13); beyond that point users should ignore or delete it. In addition, the same 'DDA disabled (current disability)' category within variable DISCURR13 is also not the most appropriate variable to use because a) it is not comparable to the corresponding category in variable DISCURR due to question changes, and b) it no longer measures either the DDA definition of disability or the latest Equality Act definition of disability. However, DISCURR13 is available from the April-March 2013 quarter (AJ13) onwards and was introduced to demonstrate that the variables used to compile DISCURR had also changed from that quarter. Therefore, users are advised to use the disability variable DISEA from AJ13 onwards, which reflects the Equality Act 2010 legal definition of 'disabled', measured according to the GSS Harmonised Standard on health conditions and illnesses. The harmonised disability variables DISEA and DISCURR13 should both be present on the APS person microdata from April 2013-March 2014 (A13M14) onwards. This ensures that APS users have a complete 12 months' data on which to base analysis of the variables. DISCURR should only be present on APS microdata up to and including April 2012-March 2013 (A12M13).
Note on Ninth Edition
For the ninth edition (November 2017), two-year data files covering the period January 2012 - December 2016 were added. Also annual files containing a veteran marker were added covering the period January 2014 - December 2016. In addition some extra 2017 documentation were added.
Topics covered include: household composition and relationships, housing tenure, nationality, ethnicity and residential history, employment and training (including government schemes), workplace and location, job hunting, educational background and qualifications. Many of the variables included in the survey are the same as those in the LFS.
|Time period:||January 2004 - March 2017|
Electoral Wards/Divisions (UK)
Government Office Regions (GORs)
Unitary Authorities (England)
Unitary Authorities (Wales)
Output Areas (2001)
Local Education Authorities (LEAs) (England and Wales)
Local Learning and Skills Councils (LLSC) (England)
Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies (UK)
Local Authority Districts
Wards (Census Area Statistics)
Super Output Areas (Lower Layer)
Super Output Areas (Middle Layer)
Travel to Work Areas
Clinical Commissioning Groups
Northern Ireland District Councils
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
Persons resident in the UK in private households, and young people living away from the parental home in student halls of residence or similar institutions during term time, between 2004 and 2017.
Repeated cross-sectional study
The survey has a panel element, in that the households at selected addresses are interviewed annually over four waves, in the same way as for the LFS boosts. They then leave the survey and are replaced by other households.
Multi-stage stratified random sample
|Number of units:||Approximately 300,000 to 520,000 cases|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Telephone interview
|Weighting:||Weighting used. See documentation for details.|
See the 'Abstract' section above for details of sources used.
|ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT||ADULT EDUCATION||ADVANCED LEVEL EXAMINATIONS|
|ADVANCED SUPPLEMENTARY LEVEL EXAMINATIONS||AGE||APPLICATION FOR EMPLOYMENT|
|APPOINTMENT TO JOB||APPRENTICESHIP||ARMED FORCES|
|BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION COUNCIL AWARDS||BUSINESSES||CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES|
|CARE OF DEPENDANTS||CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION||CERTIFICATE OF SIXTH YEAR STUDIES|
|CHILD BENEFITS||CHILDREN||CHRONIC ILLNESS|
|CITY AND GUILDS OF LONDON INSTITUTE AWARDS||COHABITATION||COMMUTING|
|CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT||DEBILITATIVE ILLNESS||DEGREES|
|DEPRESSION||DIABETES||DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS|
|DISABILITIES||DISABLED PERSONS||ECONOMIC ACTIVITY|
|EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND||EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES||EDUCATIONAL COURSES|
|EDUCATIONAL STATUS||EMPLOYEES||EMPLOYER-SPONSORED TRAINING|
|EMPLOYMENT HISTORY||EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES||EMPLOYMENT SERVICES|
|ETHNIC GROUPS||FAMILIES||FAMILY BENEFITS|
|FAMILY MEMBERS||FIELDS OF STUDY||FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT|
|FURNISHED ACCOMMODATION||FURTHER EDUCATION||GENDER|
|GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION||GENERAL NATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION||GENERAL SCOTTISH VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION|
|HEADS OF HOUSEHOLD||HEALTH||HEARING IMPAIRMENTS|
|HIGHER EDUCATION||HIGHER NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA||HOME BUYING|
|HOME OWNERSHIP||HOME-BASED WORK||HOURS OF WORK|
|HOUSEHOLDS||HOUSING BENEFITS||HOUSING TENURE|
|HOUSING||ILL HEALTH||INCOME TAX|
|JOB CHANGING||JOB HUNTING||JOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCE|
|LANDLORDS||LEARNING DISABILITIES||LONGTERM UNEMPLOYMENT|
|MANAGERS||MARITAL STATUS||MATERNITY BENEFITS|
|MENTAL DISORDERS||MUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASES||NATIONAL IDENTITY|
|NATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION||NATIONALITY||NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES|
|OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS||OCCUPATIONAL TRAINING||OCCUPATIONS|
|OLD AGE BENEFITS||ORDINARY LEVEL EXAMINATIONS||ORDINARY NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA|
|OVERTIME||PART-TIME COURSES||PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||PLACE OF RESIDENCE||PRIVATE SECTOR|
|PUBLIC SECTOR||QUALIFICATIONS||RECREATIONAL EDUCATION|
|RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION||RENTED ACCOMMODATION||RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY|
|RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES||ROYAL SOCIETY OF ARTS AWARDS||SCOTTISH CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION|
|SCOTTISH VOCATIONAL EDUCATION COUNCIL AWARDS||SCOTTISH VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION||SELF-EMPLOYED|
|SHIFT WORK||SICK LEAVE||SICK PAY|
|SICKNESS AND DISABILITY BENEFITS||SKIN DISEASES||SMOKING|
|SOCIAL HOUSING||SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS||SOCIAL SECURITY|
|SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS||SPEECH IMPAIRMENTS||SPOUSES|
|SQUATS||STATE RETIREMENT PENSIONS||STUDENTS|
|SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENT||SUPERVISORS||SUPERVISORY STATUS|
|TAX RELIEF||TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS||TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT|
|TERMINATION OF SERVICE||TIED HOUSING||TRAINING COURSES|
|UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS||UNEMPLOYMENT||UNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION|
|UNITED KINGDOM||UNWAGED WORKERS||VISION IMPAIRMENTS|
|VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CERTIFICATES||WAGES||WAR VETERANS|
|WELSH (LANGUAGE)||WORKING CONDITIONS||WORKPLACE|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||25 March 2011|
|Latest edition:||30 November 2017 (9th Edition)|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. Controlled data requirements and conditions also apply. Further information is available from Access Secure Lab.
In addition, the Service is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data
To apply for access, users should use the Download/Order link on this page and will be directed to the relevant forms as part of the ordering process.
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|APS List of Core Variables||aps_list_of_core_variables.xls||74|
|APS Variable Catalogue, 2004-2016||aps_var_cat_vml.xls||2989|
|SIC2007 to SIC92 Map||sic2007_to_sic92_map_final.xls||241|
|2011 Changes to How Ethnicity is Asked on Labour Force Survey||2011changes_to_how_ethnicity_is_asked_on_lfs.pdf||336|
|2011 Census-Based Reweighting Note||census_based_reweighting_sept2014.pdf||342|
|LFS Estimates of Methodological Note on People in Employment Reporting a Zero Hours Contract, August 2014||lfs_estimates_of_people_in_zero_hours_contract_aug_2014.pdf||217|
|LFS User Guide Vol.10 - Analysis of LFS Data, 2015||lfs_vol10_analysisofdatacollectedbythelfs2015.pdf||1539|
|LFS User Guide Vol.10 - Analysis of LFS Data, 2017||lfs_vol10_analysisofdatacollectedbythelfs2017.pdf||1361|
|User Guide Volume 1 - Background and Methodology, 2003||lfs_vol1_background2003.pdf||914|
|User Guide Volume 1 - Background and Methodology, 2007||lfs_vol1_background2007.pdf||2162|
|User Guide Volume 1 - Background and Methodology, 2009||lfs_vol1_background2009.pdf||1934|
|User Guide Volume 1 - Background and Methodology, 2011||lfs_vol1_background2011.pdf||1071|
|User Guide Volume 1 - Background and Methodology, 2015||lfs_vol1_background2015.pdf||2068|
|User Guide Volume 1 - Background and Methodology, 2016||lfs_vol1_background2016.pdf||1697|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2004||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2004.pdf||1559|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2005||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2005.pdf||1065|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2006||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2006.pdf||1887|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2007||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2007.pdf||1713|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2008||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2008.pdf||774|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2009||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2009.pdf||949|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2010||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2010.pdf||805|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2011||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2011.pdf||926|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2012||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2012.pdf||878|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2013||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2013.pdf||863|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2014||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2014.pdf||2638|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2015||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2015.pdf||1702|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2016||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2016.pdf||1780|
|User Guide Volume 2 - Questionnaire, 2017||lfs_vol2_questionnaire2017.pdf||3030|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 1992-2002||lfs_vol3_variabledetails1992_2002.pdf||1383|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2006||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2006.pdf||1193|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2007||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2007.pdf||1143|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2008||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2008.pdf||1061|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2009||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2009.pdf||1129|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2010||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2010.pdf||1164|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2011||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2011.pdf||973|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2012||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2012.pdf||955|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2013||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2013.pdf||956|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2014||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2014.pdf||1930|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2015||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2015.pdf||1843|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2016||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2016.pdf||2139|
|User Guide Volume 3 - Details of LFS Variables, 2017||lfs_vol3_variabledetails2017.pdf||3456|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2006||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2006.pdf||3631|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2007||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2007.pdf||4095|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2008||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2008.pdf||1538|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2009||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2009.pdf||1728|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2010||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2010.pdf||1795|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2011||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2011.pdf||1685|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2012||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2012.pdf||2815|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2015||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2015.pdf||3264|
|User Guide Volume 4 - LFS Standard Derived Variables, 2016||lfs_vol4_derivedvariables2016.pdf||9101|
|User Guide Volume 5 - LFS Classifications, 2006||lfs_vol5_classifications2006.pdf||692|
|User Guide Volume 5 - LFS Classifications, 2009||lfs_vol5_classifications2009.pdf||650|
|User Guide Volume 6 - APS User Guide, 2017||lfs_vol6_apsuserguide2017.pdf||1034|
|User Guide Volume 6 - Local Area Data, 2004||lfs_vol6_localareadata2004.pdf||477|
|User Guide Volume 6 - Local Area Data, 2007||lfs_vol6_localareadata2007.pdf||2266|
|User Guide Volume 6 - APS Local Area Data, 2014||lfs_vol6_localareadata2014_aps.pdf||3449|
|User Guide Volume 6 - APS Local Area Data, 2015||lfs_vol6_localareadata2015_aps.pdf||956|
|User Guide Volume 6 - APS Local Area Data, 2016||lfs_vol6_localareadata2016_aps.pdf||1060|
|User Guide Volume 6 - APS Local Area Data, 2017||lfs_vol6_localareadata2017_aps.pdf||797|
|User Guide Volume 8 - Household and Family Data, 2003||lfs_vol8_household2003.pdf||473|
|User Guide Volume 8 - Household and Family Data, 2008||lfs_vol8_household2008.pdf||297|
|User Guide Volume 9 - Eurostat and Eurostat Derived Variables||lfs_vol9_eurostat.pdf||345|
|User Guide Volume 9 - Eurostat and Eurostat Derived Variables 2009||lfs_vol9_eurostat2009.pdf||2399|
|User Guide Volume 9 - Eurostat and Eurostat Derived Variables, 2010||lfs_vol9_eurostat2010.pdf||1811|
|LFS User Guide Volume Summaries||lfs_volume_summaries.pdf||188|
|APS Quality and Methodology Information Report, September 2012||quality_and_methodology_information_aps_sep2012.pdf||241|
|Quality and Methodology Information Report, January 2015||quality_and_methodology_information_jan2015.pdf||316|
|Quality and Methodology Information Report, November 2011||quality_and_methodology_information_nov2011.pdf||231|
|User guidance on transition from SIC 1992 to SIC 2007 in LFS||sic_2007_user_guidance_and_explanatory_notes.pdf||1400|
|Families and Households, 2014 Statistical Bulletin||statistical_bulletin_families_and_households_2014.pdf||273|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_6721_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Data Management and Analysis Group (2006) Parents and work in London, DMAG Briefing 2006/6, London: Greater London Authority.
Data Management and Analysis Group (2006) Women and the labour market in London: key facts, DMAG Briefing 2006/33, London: Greater London Authority.
Data Management and Analysis Group (2007) Disabled people and the labour market in London: key facts, DMAG Briefing 2007/05, London: Greater London Authority.
Data Management and Analysis Group (2007) A profile of Londoners by housing tenure: analysis of Annual Population Survey and Labour Force Survey data, DMAG Briefing 2007/17, London: Greater London Authority.
Winters, G., Moloney, R. and Rowland, S. (2010) Sector skills assessment for the freight logistics and wholesale sector: UK report, Milton Keynes: Skills for Logistics.
Winters, G., Moloney, R. and Rowland, S. (2010) Sector skills assessment for the freight logistics and wholesale sector: England report, Milton Keynes: Skills for Logistics.
Winters, G., Moloney, R. and Rowland, S. (2010) Sector skills assessment for the freight logistics and wholesale sector: Scotland report, Milton Keynes: Skills for Logistics.
Winters, G., Moloney, R. and Rowland, S. (2010) Sector skills assessment for the freight logistics and wholesale sector: Wales report, Milton Keynes: Skills for Logistics.
Winters, G., Moloney, R. and Rowland, S. (2010) Sector skills assessment for the freight logistics and wholesale sector: Northern Ireland report, Milton Keynes: Skills for Logistics.
Experian/Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion (2010) Unlocking the potential of the BME population: methodology report, Northwest Regional Development Agency.
Experian/Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion (2010) Unlocking the potential of the BME population: final report, Northwest Regional Development Agency.
Piggott, G. (2010) Focus on London: labour market: beyond the headlines, London: Greater London Authority. ISBN 978-1-848781-174-5.
Walker, R. (2010) Intelligence Briefing 2010-08 - Disabled people and the labour market in London, 2009, London: Greater London Authority. ISSN 1479-7879.
Smart, E. (2010) Working Paper 43: Submission to the Hutton Review, review of fair pay in the public sector, London: Greater London Authority. ISBN 978-1-84781-391-6. Retrieved February 21st, 2011, from: http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/GLAE-wp-43.pdf.
Beatty, C., Gore, T. and Powell, R. (2010) Participation of Women in the Labour Market in Leicester, Sheffield: Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research. Retrieved July 11th, 2011, from: http://www.shu.ac.uk/_assets/pdf/women-in-the-labour-market.pdf.
Davies R., Jones, S., Munday, M., Winterbotham, M. and Williams G. (2014) The 2012 ESF Leavers Survey, Welsh European Funding Office, Merthyr. Retrieved October 21, 2014 from http://wales.gov.uk/docs/wefo/report/140127esfleaverssurvey2012reporten.pdf.
Davies R., Jones S., Roche, N., Munday M., Winterbotham, M. and Williams G. (2015) The 2013 ESF Leavers Survey’, Merthyr: Welsh European Funding Office. Retrieved January 7, 2016, from http://gov.wales/docs/wefo/publications/150701the2013esfleaverssurvey.pdf.
Singleton, C. (2016) Long-term unemployment and the Great Recession: evidence from UK stocks and flows, University of Edinburgh. Retrieved March 22nd, 2016 from http://www.econ.ed.ac.uk/papers/id273_esedps.pdf.
HM Treasury (September 2015) National Infrastructure Plan for Skills. Retrieved November 4, 2015 from https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-infrastructure-plan-for-skills. (Work done with APS data by D. Forbes et al. to derive construction labour coefficients for each of 28 occupational groups. These labour coefficients measure the number of people per £m spent in the construction industry. They were then used to define future potential scenarios for labour demand in the construction industry. The work was carried out on behalf of the Construction Industry Training Board (CITB) which fed into the government report.)
Jones, M.K., Davies, R. and Drinkwater, S. (2016) 'The dynamics of disability and work in Britain', The Manchester School, (used former APS Special Licence data, now Secure Access). doi:10.1111/manc.12177