UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Family Resources Survey, 2005/06-2015/16 and Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16: Safe Room Access|
|Alternative title:||FRS; HBAI|
|Series:||Family Resources Survey [Family Resources Survey, 2005- and Households Below Average Income, 1994-: Safe Room Access]|
|Depositor:||Department for Work and Pensions|
Department for Work and Pensions
Office for National Statistics. Social and Vital Statistics Division
NatCen Social Research
Department for Work and Pensions
Department for Work and Pensions
The citation for this study is:
Select the text above to add data citation in your outputs.
Select citation format:
|XML citation formats: CSL EndNote|
Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.Safe Room Access FRS and HBAI data
Safe Room access datasets for the Family Resources Survey (FRS) and Households Below Average Income (HBAI) are available in addition to the versions available under the standard End User Licence (EUL) held at the UK Data Archive under GN 33283 and SN 5828. SN 7196, Family Resources Survey, 2005/06-2015/16 and Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-2015/16: Safe Room Access, replaces SNs 5839, 6083, 6253 and 6532, which were previously available under Special Licence.
The Safe Room access data are only available for access from the UK Data Archive's Safe Room at the University of Essex, Colchester. Prospective users of the Safe Room access version of the FRS/HBAI will need to fulfil requirements additional to those associated with standard End User Licence datasets, commencing with the completion of an extra application form to demonstrate to the data owners exactly why they need access to the extra, more detailed variables, in order to obtain permission to use that version. Safe Room access users must also complete face-to-face training and agree to Secure Access User Agreement and Licence Compliance Policy (see 'Access' section below), as well as completing a Baseline Personal Security Standard (BPSS) check. Full details of the application requirements will be provided to users when they have placed an order for access to the data, and are available from Guidance on applying for the Family Resources Survey: Secure Access. Users are encouraged to download and inspect the EUL versions of the data prior to ordering the Safe Room access version. As the FRS is the main source of data used by the HBAI, the Safe Room access version of the HBAI data has been included with the FRS.
Further information about the FRS can be found on the Family Resources Survey pages on the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) web site and further information regarding HBAI is also available from the DWP HBAI web page.
European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)
In 2005, the European Union (EU) made a legal obligation for member states to collect additional statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC). In addition to this the EU-SILC data cover poverty and social exclusion. These statistics are used to help plan and monitor European social policy by comparing poverty indicators and changes over time across the EU. The EU-SILC requirement was integrated into the General Household Survey (GHS)/General Lifestyle Survey (GLF) in 2005. Since the closure of the GLF in 2012 the cross-sectional element of EU-SILC has been collected via the FRS. The FRS also provides the first wave of the EU-SILC longitudinal element, which is carried out by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Please refer to study documentation for further details.
The FRS aims to:
As the FRS does not track individuals over time, analysis of incomes is supplemented by the use of longitudinal data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) element of the Understanding Society survey (held at the Archive under GN 33423). The BHPS (held at the Archive under GN 33196) was subsumed into Understanding Society from the beginning of 2009.
The Safe Room access version of the FRS contains unrounded data and data within the following variables which are not available within the standard EUL versions:
The HBAI uses household disposable incomes, after adjusting for the household size and composition, as a proxy for material living standards. More precisely, it is a proxy for the level of consumption of goods and services that people could attain given the disposable income of the household in which they live. In order to allow comparisons of the living standards of different types of households, income is adjusted to take into account variations in the size and composition of the households in a process known as equivalisation. A key assumption made in HBAI is that all individuals in the household benefit equally from the combined income of the household. This enables the total equivalised income of the household to be used as a proxy for the standard of living of each household member.
This Safe Room access version of the HBAI comprises unrounded data and extra variable CTLIAB - Amount of council tax the household is liable for.
An earlier HBAI study, Institute for Fiscal Studies Households Below Average Income Dataset, 1961-1991, is held at the Archive under SN 3300.
The Safe Room access version of the FRS/HBAI also contains the Pensioners' Incomes (PI) series data from 2007/08 onwards. The PI series carries out a few extra steps beyond the FRS and HBAI data to derive pension income variables. Unlike the standard EUL versions, the ages of the head of household and spouse have not been top-coded at 80 years in the Safe Room access version.
Further details of FRS and HBAI data can be found on the FRS major studies and HBAI major studies web pages.
The study documentation in the table below includes the UK Data Archive Data Dictionaries for all years of available data, as well as all documentation for 2015/16. Documentation for previous years will be provided alongside the data for access and are also available upon request.
For the seventh edition (May 2017) data and documentation were added for the year 2015/16.
Household characteristics (composition, tenure type); tenure and housing costs including Council Tax, mortgages, insurance, water and sewage rates; welfare/school milk and meals; educational grants and loans; children in education; informal care (given and received); childcare; occupation and employment; health restrictions on work; travel to work (certain years only); children's health; National Health Service treatment (certain years only); prescriptions (certain years only); wage details; self-employed earnings; personal and occupational pension schemes; income and benefit receipt; income from pensions and trusts, royalties and allowances, maintenance and other sources; income tax payments and refunds; National Insurance contributions; earnings from odd jobs; children's earnings; interest and dividends; investments; Company cards; National Savings products; assets; dental treatment and examinations (certain years only); travel documents; medical care; dental treatment; well-being; vehicle ownership(certain years only).
Standard Occupational Classification
HBAI provides information on potential living standards in the United Kingdom as determined by disposable income and allows for changes in income patterns to be analysed over time.
|Time period:||FRS: April 2005-March 2016; HBAI: 1994-2016; PI: 2010-2016|
Government Office Regions
Local Authority Districts
Northern Ireland District Councils
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
FRS: Private households in the United Kingdom; HBAI: Respondents of the FRS.
FRS: Repeated cross-sectional study; annual - analysed on a financial year basis. HBAI: Time series
Multi-stage stratified random sample
|Number of units:||FRS: approx. 25,000 - 34,000; HBAI: approx. 27,000 - 34,000|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Compilation or synthesis of existing material
Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing
|Weighting:||Weighting used. See documentation for details.|
The HBAI data comprises information included in the main FRS, which is supplemented by data from Understanding Society.
|ABSENTEEISM||ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT||ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS|
|APPLICATION FOR EMPLOYMENT||APPOINTMENT TO JOB||ATTITUDES|
|BONUS PAYMENTS||BUILDING SOCIETY ACCOUNTS||BUSES|
|BUSINESS RECORDS||CARE OF DEPENDANTS||CARE OF THE DISABLED|
|CARE OF THE ELDERLY||CARE OF THE SICK||CARS|
|CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS||CHILD BENEFITS||CHILD CARE|
|CHILD DAY CARE||CHILD SUPPORT PAYMENTS||CHILD TRUST FUNDS|
|COLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERS||COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS||COMPANY CARS|
|CONCESSIONARY TELEVISION LICENCES||CONSUMPTION||CONTACT LENSES|
|COST OF LIVING||COSTS||COUNCIL TAX|
|CREDIT UNIONS||DAY NURSERIES||DEBILITATIVE ILLNESS|
|DEBTS||DENTAL EXAMINATIONS||DENTAL TREATMENT|
|DENTISTS||DISABILITIES||DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ACT|
|DISABLED CHILDREN||DISABLED PERSONS||DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES|
|ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||ECONOMIC VALUE||EDUCATION|
|EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND||EDUCATIONAL FEES||EDUCATIONAL GRANTS|
|EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS||EDUCATIONAL VOUCHERS||ELDERLY|
|ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT||EMOTIONAL STATES||EMPLOYEES|
|EMPLOYMENT HISTORY||EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES||EMPLOYMENT|
|ENDOWMENT ASSURANCE||ETHNIC GROUPS||EXPENDITURE|
|EYESIGHT TESTS||FAMILIES||FAMILY MEMBERS|
|FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES||FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS||FINANCIAL RESOURCES|
|FINANCIAL SUPPORT||FOOD||FREE SCHOOL MEALS|
|FRIENDS||FRINGE BENEFITS||FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT|
|FURNISHED ACCOMMODATION||FURTHER EDUCATION||GENDER|
|HAPPINESS||HEADS OF HOUSEHOLD||HEALTH SERVICES|
|HEALTH||HEARING IMPAIRED PERSONS||HEARING IMPAIRMENTS|
|HIGHER EDUCATION||HOLIDAY LEAVE||HOME OWNERSHIP|
|HOME SHARING||HOME-BASED WORK||HOURS OF WORK|
|HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS||HOUSEHOLD HEAD'S OCCUPATION||HOUSEHOLD INCOME|
|HOUSEHOLDS||HOUSING FACILITIES||HOUSING FINANCE|
|HOUSING TENURE||HOUSING||INCOME TAX|
|INSURANCE||INTEREST (FINANCE)||INVESTMENT RETURN|
|INVESTMENT||JOB DESCRIPTION||JOB HUNTING|
|JOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCE||LANDLORDS||LEAVE|
|MANAGERS||MARITAL STATUS||MARRIED WOMEN WORKERS|
|MARRIED WOMEN||MATERNITY LEAVE||MATERNITY PAY|
|MEDICAL CARE||MEDICAL PRESCRIPTIONS||MORTGAGE PROTECTION INSURANCE|
|OCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS||OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS||OCCUPATIONS|
|PARTNERSHIPS (BUSINESS)||PART-TIME COURSES||PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT|
|PASSENGERS||PATERNITY LEAVE||PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS|
|PENSIONS||PERSONAL SOCIAL SERVICES||PHYSICALLY DISABLED PERSONS|
|PRIVATE EDUCATION||PRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONS||PRIVATE SCHOOLS|
|RENTED ACCOMMODATION||RENTS||RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY|
|ROYALTIES||SAVINGS ACCOUNTS AND PRODUCTS||SAVINGS|
|SCHOLARSHIPS||SCHOOL MILK PROVISION||SCHOOLCHILDREN|
|SCHOOLS||SEASONAL EMPLOYMENT||SECONDARY EDUCATION|
|SECONDARY SCHOOLS||SELF-EMPLOYED||SEWAGE DISPOSAL AND HANDLING|
|SHARES||SHELTERED HOUSING||SHIFT WORK|
|SICK LEAVE||SICK PAY||SICK PERSONS|
|SOCIAL CLASS||SOCIAL DISADVANTAGE||SOCIAL HOUSING|
|SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS||SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS||SOCIAL SECURITY|
|SOCIAL SERVICES||SOCIAL SUPPORT||SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS|
|SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS||SPECIAL EDUCATION||SPECTACLES|
|SPOUSE'S AGE||SPOUSES||STATE EDUCATION|
|STATE HEALTH SERVICES||STATE RETIREMENT PENSIONS||STUDENT HOUSING|
|SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENT||SUPERVISORS||SUPERVISORY STATUS|
|TAXATION||TELEVISION LICENCES||TELEVISION RECEIVERS|
|TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT||TENANCY AGREEMENTS||TENANTS' HOME PURCHASING|
|TERMINATION OF SERVICE||TIED HOUSING||TIME|
|TOP MANAGEMENT||TRAINING||TRAVEL DOCUMENTS|
|UNEARNED INCOME||UNEMPLOYED||UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS|
|UNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION||UNITED KINGDOM||UNWAGED WORKERS|
|VEHICLES||VISION IMPAIRMENTS||VISUALLY IMPAIRED PERSONS|
|VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CERTIFICATES||VOLUNTARY WORK||WAGES|
|WATER RATES||WATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)||WELL-BEING (SOCIETY)|
|WIDOWED||WORKING MOTHERS||WORKING WOMEN|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||15 February 2013|
|Latest edition:||03 August 2016 (6th Edition)|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. UK Data Archive Safe Room requirements and conditions also apply. Please contact the Secure Access team on 01206 874968 if you require further information regarding requirements and conditions. In addition, the Archive is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data. More information is available upon applying for the data.
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|Benefit edits: CA multiple, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_ca_multiple.xls||22|
|Benefit edits: CHB multiple, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_chb_multiple.xls||25|
|Benefit edits: DLACDLAM combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlacdlam_combined.xls||17|
|Benefit edits: DLAC multiple, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlac_multiple.xls||40|
|Benefit edits: DLAIBIS combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlaibis_combined.xls||85|
|Benefit edits: DLAIB combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlaib_combined.xls||85|
|Benefit edits: DLAIS combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlais_combined.xls||26|
|Benefit edits: DLAM multiple, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_dlam_multiple.xls||19|
|Benefit edits: IBIS combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_ibis_combined.xls||59|
|Benefit edits: IS multiple, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_is_multiple.xls||17|
|Benefit edits: JSA(IB) multiple, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_jsa_ib_multiple.xls||24|
|Benefit edits: PC multiple, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_pc_multiple.xls||25|
|Benefit edits: RPAA(DLA) combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_rpaa_dla_combined.xls||22|
|Benefit edits: RPAA(DLA)PC combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_rpaa_dla_pc_combined.xls||28|
|Benefit edits: RPPC combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_rppc_combined.xls||21|
|Benefit edits: RP multiple, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_rp_multiple.xls||17|
|Benefit edits: SDADLAIS combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_sdadlais_combined.xls||42|
|Benefit edits: SDAIS combined, 2015-16||frs_15_16_ben_edits_sdais_combined.xls||22|
|Variable changes between 2014/15-2015/16||frs_15_16_changes_metadata.xls||649|
|Information on derived variables, 2015-16||frs_15_16_dvsummary.xls||159|
|Fixed rate constants, 2015-16||frs_15_16_fixed_rate_constants.xls||36|
|Flatfile mapping, 2015-16||frs_15_16_flatfile_documentation.xls||1224|
|Hierarchical documentation, 2015-16||frs_15_16_hierarchical_documentation.xls||2207|
|Income tree, 2015-16||frs_15_16_income_tree.xls||32|
|End-to-end process, 2015-16||frs_15_16_introduction_annex_a_end-end_process.xls||42|
|Variable rate constants, 2015-16||frs_15_16_variable_rate_constants.xls||32|
|HBAI data variable list||hbai_variable_list_g4_15_16.xls||439|
|Pensioner income table variable list||pi_variable_list_15_16.xls||34|
|UKDA Data Dictionary, 2015-2016||7196allfiles_ukda_data_dictionary_15_16.pdf||4377|
|Benefits table technical note, 2015-16||frs_15_16_benefits_documentation.pdf||515|
|Dataset and changes 2015-2016||frs_15_16_dataset_and_changes_summary.pdf||447|
|Summary of changes 2016-2017||frs_15_16_future_changes_summary_of_changes_1617.pdf||416|
|Questionnaire instructions (GB), 2015-16||frs_15_16_gb_frs_question_instructions.pdf||2116|
|Guide to changes, 2015-16||frs_15_16_guide_to_changes.pdf||537|
|Interviewers’ Guide to Savings, Mortgages, Pensions, Benefits and Tax Credits, 2015-16||frs_15_16_interviewer_pocket_guide.pdf||792|
|FRS Tables, 2015-16||frs_15_16_introduction_annex_b_frs_tables.pdf||375|
|User documentation, 2015-16||frs_15_16_introduction_annex_c_user_documentation.pdf||461|
|Intro to the Family Resources Survey, 2015-16||frs_15_16_introduction_family_resources_survey.pdf||616|
|Questionnaire instructions (NI), 2015-16||frs_15_16_ni_frs_question_instructions.pdf||2847|
|Releases information 2015-16||frs_15_16_releases_documentation.pdf||298|
|HBAI Analysis Report, 2015-16||hbai_15_16_analysis_report.pdf||2110|
|HBAI revisions to historical datasets, 2015-16||hbai_15_16_revisions_to_historical_datasets.pdf||512|
|Example Queries, 2015-16||hbai_15_16_sas_examples.pdf||1369|
|Commonly used HBAI variables, 2015-16||hbai_15_16_useful_variables.pdf||767|
|HBAI user guide, 2015-16||hbai_15_16_userguide.pdf||408|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_7196_Information.htm||7|
By principal investigator(s):
Department of Social Security (1995) Family Resources Survey statistics Great Britain 1993/94, revised edition, February.
Department of Social Security (1996) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1994-95, London: HMSO. ISBN 0-11-762389-X.
Department of Social Security (1997) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1995-96, London: The Stationery Office. ISBN 0-11-762537-X.
Department of Social Security (1998) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1996-97, London: Corporate Document Services. ISBN 1-84123-047-2.
Department of Social Security (1999) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1997-98, London: Corporate Document Services. ISBN 1-84123-117-7.
Wilmot, A. (1999) Family Resources Survey: technical report on the fifth survey year: April 1997 - March 1998, London: ONS. ISBN 1857743229.
Department of Social Security (2000) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1998-99, London: Corporate Document Services. ISBN 1-84123-237-8.
Department of Social Security/ONS (2001) Family Resources Survey Great Britain 1999-2000, London: Corporate Document Services. ISBN 1-84123-367-6.
Department for Work and Pensions/ONS (2004) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2002-2003, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84388-263-9.
Department for Work and Pensions/ONS (2005) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2003-2004, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84388-470-4.
Department for Work and Pensions/ONS (2006) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2004-2005, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84388-857-2.
Department for Work and Pensions (2012) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2010-2011, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-526-8.
Department for Work and Pensions (2013) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom 2011-2012, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78153-456-4.
Department for Work and Pensions (2014) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom, 2012-2013, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-186-4.
Department for Work and Pensions (2015) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom, 2013-2014, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-533-6.
Department for Work and Pensions (2016) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom, 2014-2015, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-801-6.
Department for Work and Pensions (2017) Family Resources Survey: United Kingdom, 2015-2016, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-915-0.
Department for Work and Pensions (2015) Pensioners’ incomes series: an analysis of trends in pensioner incomes 1979 to 2013-2014, United Kingdom, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-532-9.
Department for Work and Pensions (2016) Pensioners’ incomes series: an analysis of trends in pensioner incomes 1994-1995 to 2014-2015, United Kingdom, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-802-3.
Department for Work and Pensions (2017) Pensioners’ incomes series: an analysis of trends in pensioner incomes 1994-1995 to 2015-2016, United Kingdom, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-931-6.
Department for Work and Pensions (2007) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2005/06 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84695-860-1.
Department for Work and Pensions (2008) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2006/07 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84763-298-2.
Department for Work and Pensions (2009) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2007/08 (Revised), London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 1-84763-999-8.
Department for Work and Pensions (2010) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2008/09, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-84947-351-4.
Department for Work and Pensions (2011) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2009/10, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-84947-584-6.
Department for Work and Pensions (2012) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2010/11, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78153-046-7.
Department for Work and Pensions (2013) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2011/12, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78153-531-8.
Department for Work and Pensions (2014) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2012/13, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-188-8.
Department for Work and Pensions (2015) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2013/14, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-526-8.
Department for Work and Pensions (2016) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2014/15, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-800-9.
Department for Work and Pensions (2017) Households Below Average Income: an analysis of the income distribution 1994/95 -2015/16, London: Department for Work and Pensions. ISBN 978-1-78425-912-9.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Department of Social Security (1996) FRS Update, February.
Government Statistical Service (1996) Family Resources Survey statistical report 1994-95, Press Release, Department of Social Security.
Ray, A. (1996) Grossing up: an investigation of different methods applied to data from the Family Resources Survey, Analytical Notes: No.5, Analytical Services Division, Department of Social Security.
Kiernan, K. and Mueller, G. (1998) The divorced and who divorces?, CASEpaper CASE/7, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, May.
Berthoud, R. (1998) Incomes of ethnic minorities, Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex.
Barrientos, A. (1998) 'Supplementary pension coverage in Britain' Fiscal Studies, 19(4), pp.429-446. Also available as: University of Hertfordshire Business School Economics Paper 18 (UHBS 1997:18).
DETR (1998) The incidence effects of charging for domestic water and sewerage services, London: DETR.
Paull, G., Walker, I. and Zhu, Y. (2000) 'Child support reform: some analysis of the 1999 White Paper' Fiscal Studies, 21(1), pp.105-140.
Ginn, J. and Arber, S. (2000) 'Ethnic inequality in later life: variation in financial circumstances by gender and ethnic group' Education and Ageing, 15(1), pp.65-83.
Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2000) Paying for water and sewerage in Scotland: domestic incidence and vulnerable households, Discussion Paper in Economics No.2000/7, Economics Division, School of Management, Heriot-Watt University.
Dickie, V.A. and Sawkins, J.W. (2000) Increased water and sewerage charges in Scotland: mitigating the impact on vulnerable households, Occasional Papers in Economics, Economics Division, School of Management, Heriot-Watt University.
Piachaud, D. and Sutherland, H. (2002) Changing poverty post-1997, CASEPaper 63, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2002) Affordability of water and sewerage services in Great Britain, Scottish Economics Policy Network (scotecon.net), Department of Economics, School of Management, Heriot-Watt University. ISBN 190436506x.
Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2002) Council Tax in Scotland: the economic case for reform, Scottish Economy Policy Network Research Paper (scotecon.net), Department of Economics, School of Management, Heriot-Watt University. ISBN 1904365027.
Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2003) Affordability of water and sewerage charges for low income households. Reports and recommendations, Water Customer Consultation Panels. ISBN 0954591615.
Zaidi, A. and Burchardt, T. (2003) Comparing incomes when needs differ: equivalisation for the extra costs of disability in the UK, CASEpaper 64, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Hancock, R. and Barker, G. (2005) 'The quality of social security benefit data in the British Family Resources Survey: implications for investigating income support take-up by pensioners', Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A, 168(1), pp.63-82.
Sawkins, J.W. and Dickie, V.A. (2005) 'Affordability of household water and sewerage services in Great Britain', Fiscal Studies, 26(2), pp. 225-244.
Myck, M. and Reed, H. (2006) 'Tax and benefit reforms in a model of labour market transitions', Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung, 75(3), pp.208–239.
Myck, M. (2007) Wages and ageing: is there evidence for the “Inverse-U” profile?, IZA Discussion Paper No.2983, Bonn, Germany: Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit. Also published as DIW Berlin Discussion Paper 724, Berlin, Germany: DIW Berlin (German Institute for Economic Research).
Haan, P. and Myck, M. (2007) 'Apply with caution: introducing UK-style in-work support in Germany', Fiscal Studies, 28(1), pp.43-72.
Prasad, N. (ed.) (2008) Social policies and private sector participation in water supply: beyond regulation, Social Policy in a Development Context series, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Sawkins, J. and Dickie, V.A. (2008) Affordability of Scottish household water and sewerage charges: historic trends and current position, Edinburgh: Waterwatch Scotland/Heriot-Watt University.
Sutherland, H. et al. (2008) 'Keeping up or falling behind? The impact of benefit and tax uprating on incomes and poverty', Fiscal Studies, 29(4), pp.467–498.
McKay, S. (2010) Secondary analysis of low income working households in the private rented sector, London: Department for Work and Pensions, Working Paper No 85.
Walker, R. (2010) Intelligence Briefing 2010-06 - towards defining a healthy living income standard for London, London: Greater London Authority.
Blackburn, C., Read, J. and Spencer, N. (2010) 'Prevalence of childhood disability and the characteristics and circumstances of disabled children in the UK: secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey', BMC Paediatrics, 10, 21.
The FRS has been used by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation for their 'Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion' research programme. The 2010 report may be found at http://www.jrf.org.uk/publications/monitoring-poverty-2010 and further reports may be found at http://www.poverty.org.uk/.
Spencer N.J., Blackburn C.M. and Read, J.M. (2010) 'Prevalence and social patterning of limiting long-term illness/disability in children and young people under the age of 20 years in 2001: UK census-based cross-sectional study', Child Care Health Dev., 36(4), pp.566-73.
Blackburn, C.M., Spencer, N.J. and Read J.M. (2010) 'Prevalence of childhood disability and the characteristics and circumstances of disabled children in the UK: secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey', BMC Pediatr., 16(10), p.21.
Adam, S. (2013) 'Housing taxation and support for housing costs', in T. Callan (ed.) Budget perspectives 2014, Dublin: Economic and Society Research Institute. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/RS31.pdf
Adam, S. and Browne, J. (2013) Do the UK Government’s welfare reforms make work pay?, IFS Working Paper W13/26, Institute for Fiscal Studies, September.
Adam, S., Johnson, P. and Roantree, B. (2013) Taxing an Independent Scotland, IFS Briefing Note B141, Institute for Fiscal Studies, October.
Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) The UK's public finances in the long run: the IFS model, IFS Working Paper W13/29, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.
Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) Fiscal sustainability of an independent Scotland, IFS Report R88, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.
Chevalier, A., Harmon, C., O'Sullivan, V. and Walker, I. (2013) 'The impact of parental income and education on the schooling of their children', IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 2(8). doi:10.1186/2193-8997-2-8
Adams, A., Hood, A. and Levell, P. (2014) 'The squeeze on incomes', The IFS Green Budget 2014, (Chapter 6), London IFS, 2014. retrieved May 12th, 2014 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/budgets/gb2014/gb2014.pdf . Also presented at the Green Budget Launch on 6 February 2014 and the ONS Labour Market Statistics User Group Conference at the Royal Society, London, 24 March 2014.