Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

European Working Conditions Survey Integrated Data File, 1991-2015

Title details

SN: 7363
Title: European Working Conditions Survey Integrated Data File, 1991-2015
Alternative title: EWCS
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-7363-5
Series: European Working Conditions Survey [European Working Conditions Surveys, 1991-]
Depositor: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Principal investigator(s): European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Sponsor(s): European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

Citation

The citation for this study is:

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. (2017). European Working Conditions Survey Integrated Data File, 1991-2015. [data collection]. 5th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 7363, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-7363-5

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Subject Categories

General - Employment and labour
Social and occupational mobility - Social stratification and groupings
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) is conducted by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound). Since its launch in 1990, the EWCS has provided an overview of working conditions in Europe in order to;
  • assess and quantify working conditions of both employees and the self-employed across Europe on a harmonised basis;
  • analyse relationships between different aspects of working conditions;
  • identify groups at risk and issues of concern as well as of progress;
  • monitor trends by providing homogeneous indicators on these issues; and
  • contribute to European policy development in particular on quality of work and employment issues.
The EWCS paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. Its findings highlight actions for policy actors to help them address the challenges facing Europe today. The EWCS is generally conducted once every five years, although an extra wave was conducted in 2001 to cover the new acceding and candidate EU countries. The survey is based on a questionnaire which is administered face-to-face to a random sample of 'persons in employment' (i.e. employees and the self-employed), representative of the working population in each EU country. An integrated dataset is also available (see SN 7363) which combines data from the first five waves of the survey in one file.

Before working with the EWCS data, users are recommended to read the latest supplementary supporting documentation on the Eurofound European Working Conditions Survey webpages. Further information about the series can be found there, including methodological information, technical reports and reports on translation, sampling implementation, sampling evaluation and weighting, coding, quality control, quality assurance and other publications.

Users of the Integrated Data File are advised to consult the documentation of individual year studies for the questionnaires and information on methodology and weighting. These are listed on the EWCS series webpage.

Latest Edition Information:
For the fifth edition (November 2017), a new version of the data file was deposited, with some edits made. The depositor has supplied the following information: "Variables relating to income in the EWCS are the combination of question 104 (income) and 105 (income brackets). For the respondents in FYR Macedonia and France that were unable to answer question 104 but who provided an approximate range instead (question 105), there was an error when converting to Euro during the process of combining the variables. This only applies to 66 respondents in FYR Macedonia and 94 respondents in France in 2015. The variable 'inc_euro' has now been corrected, as well as the variables 'adincome_mth' and 'inc_deciles'. This only affects the trend data since the 2015 dataset does not contain the variables based on the combination of Q104 and Q105."

Main Topics:
The Integrated Data File includes all the questions which were asked over the life course of the EWCS. Main topics covered include: employment status, sectors and occupations, company size; physical environment; work intensity; working time and commuting; social environment; work-related health risks and well-being; cognitive and psychosocial factors; harassment and discrimination; skills, training and discretion; job prospects, job security and sustainability; work satisfaction; earnings; unpaid work; work-life balance.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: 1991 - 2015
Country: Albania | Austria | Belgium | Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia | Finland | France | Germany (October 1990-) | Greece | Hungary | Ireland | Italy | Kosovo | Latvia | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Montenegro | Netherlands | Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | Turkey | United Kingdom
Spatial units: Countries
NUTS-II Areas
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Individual (micro) level
Universe: Cross-national; National
Persons in employment (employees and self-employed) during 1991-2015. Composition of the countries differs from wave to wave as it follows: Sixth EWCS in 2015: EU28, Norway, Switzerland, Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey; Fifth EWCS in 2010: EU27, Norway, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Albania, Montenegro and Kosovo; Fourth EWCS in 2005: EU27, plus Norway, Croatia, Turkey and Switzerland; Third EWCS in 2000: EU15 and Norway were surveyed in a first phase, with the survey being extended to cover the 12 'new' Member States in 2001, and Turkey in 2002 in a second phase; Second EWCS in 1995/1996: EU15; First EWCS in 1990/1991: EC12
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: 178,905 cases
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ACCIDENTS AT WORKAGE DISCRIMINATIONAGE
ALBANIAALLERGIESANXIETY
ASSAULTAUSTRIAAUTONOMY AT WORK
BACK PAINBELGIUMBONUS PAYMENTS
BULGARIABULLYINGCARE OF DEPENDANTS
CAREER DEVELOPMENTCHIEF INCOME EARNERSCHILD CARE
CHILD DAY CARECHRONIC ILLNESSCITIZENSHIP
COLLEAGUE RELATIONSHIPSCOMMUNICATION PROCESSCOMMUTING
COMPUTERSCONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENTCROATIA
CUSTOMERSCYPRUSCZECH REPUBLIC (1993- )
DECISION MAKINGDENMARKDISABILITY DISCRIMINATION
DISCRIMINATION AGAINST HOMOSEXUALSDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIESECONOMIC ACTIVITY
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL COURSESEDUCATIONAL LEAVE
EMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS
EMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENTESTONIA
EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATESEUROPEAN UNIONFATIGUE (PHYSIOLOGY)
FINANCIAL INCENTIVESFINLANDFLEXIBLE WORKING TIME
FRANCEFREQUENCY OF PAYFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT
FUMESGARDENINGGENDER
GERMANY (OCT 1990-)GREECEHARASSMENT
HEADACHESHEALTH RISKSHEALTH
HEARING IMPAIRMENTSHEART DISEASESHOLIDAY LEAVE
HOME-BASED WORKHOURS OF WORKHOUSEHOLDS
HUNGARYILL HEALTHINDUSTRIAL INJURIES
INDUSTRIAL NOISEINDUSTRIESINFORMATION SOURCES
IN-SERVICE TRAININGINTERNETITALY
JOB CHANGINGJOB SATISFACTIONJOB SECURITY
KOSOVOLABOUR LAWLATVIA
LEAVELEISURE TIME ACTIVITIESLITHUANIA
LUXEMBOURGMACEDONIAMALTA
MANAGEMENT OPERATIONSMANAGERSMANUAL WORKERS
MARITAL STATUSMATERNITY LEAVEMUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASES
NATIONALITY DISCRIMINATIONNETHERLANDSNORWAY
OCCUPATIONAL DISEASESOCCUPATIONAL LIFEOCCUPATIONAL SAFETY
OCCUPATIONSPARENTAL LEAVEPART-TIME EMPLOYMENT
PASSIVE SMOKINGPATERNITY LEAVEPAYMENTS
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE GEARPOLANDPOLITICAL PARTICIPATION
PORTUGALPRIVATE SECTORPROBLEM SOLVING
PRODUCTION MANAGEMENTPROFIT SHARINGPUBLIC SECTOR
QUALITY OF LIFERACIAL DISCRIMINATIONRADIATION
RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATIONREPETITIVE WORKREPUBLIC OF IRELAND
REPUBLIC OF MONTENEGRORESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASESRESPONSIBILITY
RESTRISKROMANIA
SAFETY AND SECURITY MEASURESSELF-EMPLOYEDSEX DISCRIMINATION
SEXUAL HARASSMENTSHARESSHIFT WORK
SICK LEAVESKIN DISEASESSLEEP DISORDERS
SLOVAKIA (1993- )SLOVENIASOCIAL LIFE
SOCIAL PARTICIPATIONSPAINSTATUS IN EMPLOYMENT
STOMACH DISORDERSSTRESS (PSYCHOLOGICAL)SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENT
SUPERVISORY STATUSSWEDENSWITZERLAND
TELEPHONESTELEWORKTEMPERATURE
TIMETRAININGTRAVELLING TIME
TURKEYUNITED KINGDOMUNSOCIAL WORKING HOURS
VIBRATIONSVOLUNTARY WORKWAGES
WORKERS PARTICIPATIONWORKING CONDITIONSWORK-LIFE BALANCE
WORKPLACE

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 12 August 2013
Latest edition: 21 November 2017 (5th Edition)
Copyright: Copyright European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Questionnaire Concordance Grid 1991-2015 7363_ewcs_questionnaire_concordance_grid_1991-2015_historical_overview.xlsx 139
Integrated Data File Guidance 7363_readme_trend.pdf 236
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_7363_Information.htm 6
READ File read7363.htm 11

Publications

View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
Seifert, H. and Tangian, A. (2007) Flexicurity: reconciling social security with flexibility - empirical findings for Europe, WSI-Diskussionspapier 154, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut in der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, Dusseldorf: Hans-Böckler Foundation. Retrieved December 7, 2007 from: http://www.boeckler.de/pdf/p_wsi_diskp_154_e.pdf

Von Hahn, N. et al.(2009) 'Die Gemeinsame Deutsche Arbeitsschutzstrategie - ein Schrittmacher in Europa?', DGUV Forum, 3, pp.12-21.

Humborstad, S.I.W. Institutional effects of empowerment: a comparison between an Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian context, paper presented at the Academy of Management annual meeting, Canada, 2010.

Bukowski, M. (2010) (ed.) Employment in Poland 2009: entrepreneurship for jobs, Warsaw: Institute for Structural Research. Retrieved September 13th 2011, from http://ibs.org.pl/site/upload/publikacje/Employment_in_Poland_2009.pdf.

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (2010) Changes over time: first findings from the Fifth European Working Conditions Survey, Dublin: EFILWC. Retrieved February 20, 2012, from http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef1074.htm

Plantenga, J. and Remery, C. (2013) 'Flexible working arrangements and gender equality: categorizing the European Member States', in F. Bettio, J. Plantenga and M. Smith (eds.), Gender and the European Labour Market, London: Routledge, pp.73-91. ISBN 978-0-415-66433-2.

Matta, V. (2013) 'Kongruenz und Inkongruenz zwischen gewünschten und tatsaechlichen Wochenarbeitsstunden: Was wollen wir wissen, wenn wir in Umfragen nach 'gewuenschten Wochenarbeitsstunden' fragen?', paper presented at the 1. Symposium der Arbeitszeitgesellschaft, 23rd August 2013, Munich, Germany.

Matta, V. (2013): 'Vertrauensarbeitszeit und individuelle Ueberbeschaeftigung - Eine Analyse auf Basis tatsaechlicher und gewuenschter Arbeitsstunden der deutschen Arbeitnehmerschaft', paper presented the Kongress der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft fuer Soziologie, 26 -28 June 2013, Bern, Switzerland.

Lehmann, S. (16 December 2013) 'Revenus et temps de travail: les grandes fractures europeennes', retrieved February 17, 2014 from: http://www.metiseurope.eu/revenus-et-temps-de-travail-les-grandes-fractures-europeennes_fr_70_art_29801.html

Matta, V. (2014) 'Kommentierte Grafik zur individuellen Ueberbeschaeftigung in Europa (EU-27)', retrieved 17 February 2014 from http://www.suz.uzh.ch/matta/dissprojekt/Matta_2014_IndividuelleUeberbeschaeftigung_in_EU27.pdf

Eurofound (2016) Sixth European Working Conditions Survey – Overview report, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. ISBN 978-92-897-1548-5

Further publications and a bibliography resulting from the EWCS series may be found on the EFILWC European Working Conditions Survey web pages.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Bednarska, M.A. (2013) 'Quality of work life in tourism – implications for competitive advantage of the tourism industry', Journal of Travel and Tourism Research, Spring and Fall, s.1-17.

Hammerman, A. and Stettes, O. (2013) Qualitaet der Arbeit – zum Einfluss der Arbeitsplatzmerkmale auf die Arbeitszufriedenheit im europaeischen Vergleich, Cologne Economic Research Institute IW-Trends Paper No.2, April. Retrieved April 14, 2014 from http://www.iwkoeln.de/en/studien/iw-trends/beitrag/andrea-hammermann-oliver-stettes-qualitaet-der-arbeit-117782

Terres, F., Mondelo, P. and Sanchez Ferradal, P. (2014) 'Innovarse o Sufrir?', in F. Terres, P. Mondelo and P. Sanchez Ferradal, et al. (eds.) Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention (ORP2014), ISBN: 978-84-616-3573-3.

Vyrost, J. (2013) 'Impact of physical and psychosocial risk factors on perceived work safety of women and men in the European Working Conditions Survey 2010 (EWCS) data' (in Slovak), Individual and Society, 16(1). See also http://www.saske.sk/cas/zoznam-rocnikov/2013/1/6016/

Vyrost, J. (2012) 'Social and personal factors of perceived work safety in the EWCS 2010 data' (in Slovak), Individual and Society, 15(1). See also http://www.saske.sk/cas/zoznam-rocnikov/2012/1/5963/

Wiß, Tobias (2014) 'Betriebliche Familienpolitik: Österreich im europäischen Vergleich' [Occupational family policy: Austria in comparison with European countries], Kontraste, 08/2014, pp.18-32.

Matta, V.I.(2015) Selbstgesteuerte Arbeitszeit, Arbeitsstunden und individuelle Uberbeschaftigung Dissertation, Soziologisches Institut, Universitat Zurich.

Miraglia, M. and Johns, G. (2015) 'Going to work ill: a meta-analysis of the correlates of presenteeism and a dual-path model', Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, advance online publication, November 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000015

Dzhambov, A. and Dimitrova, D. (2016) 'Heart disease attributed to occupational noise, vibration and other co-exposures – a self-reported population-based survey among Bulgarian workers', Medycyna Pracy (uses integrated dataset).

Böhnke, P., Renneberg, A-C. and Valdes Cifuentes, I. (2016) 'Atypische Beschäftigung und Gesundheit in Europa' (Atypical employment and health in Europe), WSI-Mitteilungen, 69(2), pp.113-120.

Dzhambov, A.M. and Dimitrova, D.D. (2016) 'Heart disease attributed to occupational noise, vibration and other co-exposure: self-reported population-based survey among Bulgarian workers', Medycyna Pracy, 67(4), pp.435–445.

Ghenta, M. (2016) 'Calitatea locului de munca în organizasiile din sectorul sanatate si asistensa social' (Quality of employment in health and social assistance organisations), in D. Badoi, A. Matei and B. Sanduleasa, Ocuparea în sectorul sanatate si asistensa sociala Provocari si Tendinse (Employment in health and social assistance sector: challenges and trends), Editura Universitara Publishing House, Bucharest, Romania. doi:10.5682/9786062804930

McCrate, E. (2017) 'Gender and the organization of working time (Jiendaa to Rodo Jikan no Hensei)', Journal of Ohara Institute for Social Research (Ohara Shakaimondai Kenkyujo Zasshi), March, pp.1-23 (in Japanese).

Stettes, O. (2017) Digitaler Wandel: Keine Ausweitung flexibler Beschäftigungsformen, IW-Kurzbericht 66/2017, Cologne. Retrieved October 4th, 2017 from https://www.iwkoeln.de/studien/iw-kurzberichte/beitrag/oliver-stettes-digitaler-wandel-keine-ausweitung-flexibler-beschaeftigungsformen-350731

Hammermann, A. and Stettes, O. (2017) 'Mobiles Arbeiten in Deutschland und Europa – Eine Auswertung auf Basis des European Working Conditions Survey 2015', IW-Trends, 44(3), pp.3-23. Retrieved October 4th, 2017 from https://www.iwkoeln.de/studien/iw-trends/beitrag/andrea-hammermann-oliver-stettes-mobiles-arbeiten-in-deutschland-und-europa-356407

Hammermann, A. and Stettes, O. (2017) Quality of work in Europe – an empirical analysis on the basis of the EWCS 2015, IW-Report 24/2017, Cologne. Retrieved October 4th, 2017 from https://www.iwkoeln.de/en/studies/beitrag/andrea-hammermann-oliver-stettes-qualitaet-der-arbeit-in-europa-355697

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European Working Conditions Survey Integrated Data File, 1991-2015

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