Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Millennium Cohort Study: Fifth Survey, 2012

Title details

SN: 7464
Title: Millennium Cohort Study: Fifth Survey, 2012
Alternative title: MCS5; Child of the New Century
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-7464-4
Series: Millennium Cohort Study [Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-]
Depositor: University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Principal investigator(s): University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Data collector(s): Ipsos MORI
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Department for Education and Skills
Department for Work and Pensions
Department of Health
Welsh Assembly Government
Scottish Government
Northern Ireland Executive
Department for Transport
United States. Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Other acknowledgements: The Information Centre, Newcastle, Analytic and Services Branch, Department for Work and Pensions (formerly Department of Social Security) who: identified the main Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) sample from Child Benefit records, and ran an opt-out exercise for MCS1; provided a similar service to enable the inclusion in MCS2 of 'new families' (eligible for inclusion in MCS1 but not identfied in the records until after the completion of the first survey); and assisted with tracing families who had moved, for both MCS1 and MCS2.

Members of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) funding consortium provided advice as well as funding.

Individual academic advisers:
Specialist advisers: Julia Brannen, Tim Cole, Leon Feinstein, Charlie Owen.
Members of the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) internal team: Neville Butler, John Bynner, Elsa Ferri, Ian Plewis, Peter Shepherd and Kate Smith.

Collaborators on the MCS included: Mel Bartley, Helen Bedford, Dermot Bowler, Leslie Davidson, Carol Dezateux, Harvey Goldstein, Kath Kiernan, Yvonne Kelly, Michael Marmot, Barbara Maughan, Alison McFarlane, Catherine Peckham, Chris Power, Ingrid Schoon and Marjorie Smith.

Members of the Millennium Cohort Study Advisory Group, for advice on the form and content of MCS1, MCS2, MCS3, MCS4 and MCS5.

Citation

The citation for this study is:

University of London. Institute of Education. Centre for Longitudinal Studies. (2017). Millennium Cohort Study: Fifth Survey, 2012. [data collection]. 4th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 7464, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-7464-4

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Subject Categories

Child development and child rearing - Social stratification and groupings
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Background:
The original objectives of the first MCS survey, as laid down in the proposal to the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) in March 2000, were:
  • to chart the initial conditions of social, economic and health advantages and disadvantages facing children born at the start of the 21st century, capturing information that the research community of the future will require
  • to provide a basis for comparing patterns of development with the preceding cohorts (the National Child Development Study, held at the UK Data Archive under GN 33004, and the 1970 Birth Cohort Study, held under GN 33229)
  • to collect information on previously neglected topics, such as fathers' involvement in children's care and development
  • to focus on parents as the most immediate elements of the children's 'background', charting their experience as mothers and fathers of newborn babies in the year 2000, recording how they (and any other children in the family) adapted to the newcomer, and what their aspirations for her/his future may be
  • to emphasise intergenerational links including those back to the parents' own childhood
  • to investigate the wider social ecology of the family, including social networks, civic engagement and community facilities and services, splicing in geo-coded data when available
Additional objectives subsequently included for MCS were:
  • to provide control cases for the national evaluation of Sure Start (a government programme intended to alleviate child poverty and social exclusion)
  • to provide samples of adequate size to analyse and compare the smaller countries of the United Kingdom
The first sweep (MCS1) interviewed both mothers and (where resident) fathers (or father-figures) of infants included in the sample when the babies were nine months old, and the second sweep (MCS2) was carried out with the same respondents when the children were three years of age. The third sweep (MCS3) was conducted in 2006, when the children were aged five years old, the fourth sweep (MCS4) in 2008, when they were seven years old, and the fifth sweep (MCS5) in 2012-2013, when they were eleven years old.

Sub-sample studies:
Some studies based on sub-samples of MCS have also been conducted, including a study of MCS respondent mothers who had received assisted fertility treatment, conducted in 2003 (see SN 5559). Also, birth registration and maternity hospital episodes for the MCS respondents are held as a separate dataset (see SN 5614).

Weighting:
Users should note that the weighting section in the 'Guide to the Datasets' document recommends analysis in Stata, as SPSS is not currently able to weight the data using the survey design factors. The depositor is working on a solution for SPSS, but this is not yet available. A Stata version of the dataset is available for download by registered users, alongside the SPSS and tab-delimited versions.

MCS web pages:
Further information about the MCS can be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.

MCS5:
The fifth sweep took place when the children were aged around 11 and in their last year of primary school. Fieldwork started in January 2012 and finished in February 2013. Interviews were conducted with the main carer (typically the child's parent) and their co-resident partner (typically the child's other parent). The cohort children had measurements taken of their height, weight and body fat; participated in three cognitive assessments and completed a self-completion questionnaire. A survey of class teachers was also conducted but only in England and Wales, and consent was collected from the parent and children to contact the teacher.

Latest edition:
For the fourth edition (June 2017), two updated data files were deposited. Firstly, the 'mcs5_parent_derived' data file has been updated with rows for proxy partner respondents added. Proxy partner respondent (and data file) applies for families that have a person eligible for the partner interview but s/he was not available, so the main respondent has provided information about him/her. This means that in the updated data file the key variables EELIG00, ERESP00 and EPNUM00 also provide information for proxy partners. Secondly, the 'mcs5_family_derived' data file has also been updated to resolve an issue with the OECD family income derived variables EOEDE000, EOEDP000, EOECDUK0 and EOECDSC0.

File and variable name changes, 29 March 2017:
In late March 2017, CLS supplied syntax to harmonise the MCS5 filenames to the new MCS format; harmonise key identifiers into a new MCS naming convention for key IDs to make merging within a sweep easier; and to correct variable labels of SEOF in the MCS5 Parent Interview file. The files and variables amended are as follows:
  • mcs5_cm_assessment: variable ECCNUM00 renamed to ECNUM00.
  • mcs5_cm_capi: file renamed to 'mcs5_parent_cm_interview'; variables EPPNUM00 renamed to EPNUM00; EPELIG00 renamed to EELIG00; EPRESP00 renamed to ERESP00; and ECCNUM00 renamed to ECNUM00.
  • mcs5_cm_dvs: file renamed to 'mcs5_cm_derived'; variable ECCNUM00 renamed to ECNUM00.
  • mcs5_cm_measurement: variable ECCNUM00 renamed to ECNUM00.
  • mcs5_cm_self_completion: file renamed to 'mcs5_cm_interview'; variable ECCNUM00 renamed to ECNUM00.
  • mcs5_family_dvs: file renamed to 'mcs5_family_derived'.
  • mcs5_cm_dvs: file renamed to 'mcs5_cm_derived'; variable ECCNUM00 renamed to ECNUM00.
  • mcs5_hhgrid: variables EPPNUM00 renamed to EPNUM00; EPELIG00 renamed to EELIG00; EPRESP00 renamed to ERESP00; and ECCNUM00 renamed to ECNUM00.
  • mcs5_parent_interview: variables EPPNUM00 renamed to EPNUM00; EPELIG00 renamed to EELIG00; EPRESP00 renamed to ERESP00; variable labels for EPSEOFA0 and EPSEOFB0 amended.
  • mcs5_parental_dvs: file renamed to 'mcs5_parent_derived'; variables EPPNUM00 renamed to EPNUM00; EPELIG00 renamed to EELIG00; EPRESP00 renamed to ERESP00.
  • mcs5_proxy_interview: file renamed to 'mcs5_proxy_partner_interview'; variables EPPNUM00 renamed to EPNUM00; EPELIG00 renamed to EELIG00; EPRESP00 renamed to ERESP00.
  • mcs5_teacher_survey: file renamed to 'mcs5_cm_teacher_survey'; variable ECCNUM00 renamed to ECNUM00.
May 2017: The longitudinal family file is now available separately under SN 8172.

Main Topics:
The files currently included in the MCS5 study comprise data from the main Parent Interview, the Household Grid, Child Measurement and Assessment and the Cohort Member self-completion questionnaire. The Parent Interview file comprises data from the Main Respondent, Partner Respondent and Proxy Respondent questionnaires, which covered household information; family context; education, schooling and childcare; child and family activities; parenting activities; child's health; parent's health; employment, income and education; housing and local area; and other matters. The Household Grid file comprises demographic data on households and additional derived variables. The Child Assessments and Measurement files include cognitive and physical measurements, including verbal similarities; a memory task (officially named the Spatial Working Memory task); a decision-making task (officially named the Cambridge Gambling task); height; weight; and waist circumference and body fat measurement. The Cohort Member paper self-completion was given to all participant children. The Teacher Survey data covered information about the child (ability, attitude, behaviour, Special Educational Needs, friends); the child's parents; streaming and setting, the child's class; and basic demographics about the teacher.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: January 2012 - February 2013
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Countries
Government Office Regions
Observation units: Individuals
Families/households
Kind of data: Numeric data
Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
The sample population for MCS was drawn from all live births in the United Kingdom over 12 months (from 1 September 2000 in England and Wales and for 59 weeks from 22 November 2000 in Scotland and Northern Ireland).
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Six waves have been conducted to date: MCS1 (age 9 months), MCS2 (age 3 years), MCS3 (age 5 years), MCS4 (age 7 years), MCS5 (age 11 years) and MCS6 (age 14 years)
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: 13,287 parents; 7,430 teachers
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion; Psychological measurements; Educational measurements; Observation; Physical measurements
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ABILITY EVALUATIONABILITY GROUPINGACADEMIC ABILITY
ACCIDENTSAGEALCOHOL USE
ANTHROPOMETRIC DATAARRANGEMENT OF WORKING TIMEASPIRATION
ASTHMAATTITUDESAUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS
BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEMSBOOKSCARE OF DEPENDANTS
CARSCHILD BEHAVIOURCHILD CARE
CHILD NUTRITIONCHILDRENCLASS SIZE
COGNITIVE PROCESSESCOHABITATIONCOMPUTERS
CYCLINGDEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDECISION MAKING
DEPRESSIONDEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGYDISABILITIES
DYSLEXIAECONOMIC ACTIVITYEDUCATION
EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENTEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL CHOICE
EDUCATIONAL FEESEDUCATIONAL LEVELSEDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENTS
EDUCATIONAL TESTSELECTRONIC GAMESEMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
EMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENT HISTORY
ENURESISETHNIC GROUPSEXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
FAMILIESFATHERSFINANCIAL RESOURCES
FOSTER CHILDRENFOSTER PARENTSFREE SCHOOL MEALS
FRIENDSFRUITGENDER
GIFTED STUDENTSGRANDPARENTSHAPPINESS
HEALTHHEARING IMPAIRMENTSHEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
HOME OWNERSHIPHOME-BASED WORKHOMELESSNESS
HOMEWORKHOSPITALIZATIONHOURS OF WORK
HOUSE PRICESHOUSEHOLD PETSHOUSEHOLDS
HOUSING CONDITIONSHOUSING TENUREHOUSING
ILL HEALTHINCOMEINDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT
INJURIESINTERNET ACCESSINTERNET USE BY CHILDREN
INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSLANGUAGES USED AT HOMELANGUAGES
LEARNING DISABILITIESLEARNINGLIBRARY USERS
LIFE SATISFACTIONLITERACYMARITAL HISTORY
MARITAL STATUSMATERNITY LEAVEMEDICINAL DRUGS
MEMORYMORAL VALUESMORTGAGES
MOTHERSMOTOR VEHICLESMULTIPLE BIRTHS
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTSNUMERACYOCCUPATIONS
OPEN SPACES AND RECREATIONAL AREASOVERTIMEPARENT PARTICIPATION
PARENTAL DEPRIVATIONPARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENTPARENTAL LEAVE
PARENTAL ROLEPARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIPPARENTS
PATERNITY LEAVEPERSONAL CONTACTPERSONAL DEBT REPAYMENT
PHYSICAL ACTIVITIESPHYSICAL MOBILITYPLACE OF BIRTH
POCKET MONEYPRIMARY EDUCATIONPRIVATE GARDENS
PRIVATE SCHOOLSPUBERTYQUALIFICATIONS
READING (ACTIVITY)READING SKILLSRELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCERENTSRESIDENTIAL MOBILITY
ROOMSRURAL AREASSAVINGS
SCHOOL PUNISHMENTSSCHOOLTEACHERSSECONDARY SCHOOLS
SELF-EMPLOYEDSELF-ESTEEMSIBLINGS
SINGLE-SEX SCHOOLSSMOKINGSOCIAL ATTITUDES
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUSSOFT DRINKS
SPECIAL NEEDS STUDENTSSPEECHSPOUSE'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
SPOUSE'S EMPLOYMENTSPOUSESSTATUS IN EMPLOYMENT
STUDENT TRANSPORTATIONSUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENTSUPERVISORY STATUS
SURGERYTANTRUMSTELEVISION VIEWING
TOBACCOTRAVELLING TIMETUTORING
UNDERAGE DRINKINGUNITED KINGDOMURBAN AREAS
VISION IMPAIRMENTSVOTING BEHAVIOURWAGES
WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)WELSH (LANGUAGE)WIDOWED

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 20 February 2014
Latest edition: 26 June 2017 (4th Edition)
Copyright: Copyright University of London. Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage.
Additional special conditions of use also apply. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
MCS5 CAPI Variables Listing archive_capi_variables_listing.xlsx 110
MCS5 Derived Variables mcs5_derived_variables.pdf 506
MCS5 Child Questionnaire (England, Scotland and Northern Ireland) mcs5_survey_child_self_completion_questionnaire_esni.pdf 667
MCS5 Child Questionnaire (Wales) mcs5_survey_child_self_completion_questionnaire_wales.pdf 663
MCS5 Child Questionnaire (Wales, Welsh) mcs5_survey_child_self_completion_questionnaire_wales_welsh.pdf 673
MCS5 Coding and Editing Booklet mcs5_survey_coding_and_editing_booklet.pdf 650
MCS5 Measurement Assessment Observations mcs5_survey_measurement_assessment_observations.pdf 759
MCS5 Parental Interview Questionnaire mcs5_survey_parental_interview.pdf 2424
MCS5 Technical Report mcs5_survey_technical_report.pdf 2160
MCS5 Technical Report - Appendix 1 (Pre-notification mailing, briefing documents, practice session materials) mcs5_survey_technical_report_appendices_section1.pdf 11796
MCS5 Technical Report - Appendix 2 (Advance materials, field materials, tracing materials, thank you mailing) mcs5_survey_technical_report_appendices_section2.pdf 21182
MCS5 Technical Report - Appendix 3 (Translated materials) mcs5_survey_technical_report_appendices_section3.pdf 18651
MCS5 Teacher Survey Coding and Editing Booklet mcs5_teacher_survey_coding_and_editing_booklet.pdf 207
MCS5 Teacher Survey Questionnaire (England) mcs5_teacher_survey_questionnaire_eng.pdf 375
MCS5 Teacher Survey Questionnaire (England, Waves 5-10) mcs5_teacher_survey_questionnaire_eng_waves5-10.pdf 387
MCS5 Teacher Survey Questionnaire (Wales) mcs5_teacher_survey_questionnaire_wal.pdf 397
MCS5 Teacher Survey Questionnaire (Wales, Waves 5-10) mcs5_teacher_survey_questionnaire_wal_waves5-10.pdf 404
MCS5 Teacher Survey Questionnaire (Wales, Welsh) mcs5_teacher_survey_questionnaire_wal_welsh.pdf 385
MCS5 Teacher Survey Questionnaire (Wales, Welsh, Waves 5-10) mcs5_teacher_survey_questionnaire_wal_welsh_waves5-10.pdf 406
MCS5 Teacher Survey Technical Report mcs5_teacher_survey_technical_report.pdf 10337
MCS Guide to the Datasets (eighth edition) mcs_guide_to_the_datasets_020214.pdf 966
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_7464_Information.htm 7
READ File read7464.htm 11
View related studies and guides... Hide related studies and guides...

Related studies:

  Millennium Cohort Study: First Survey, 2001-2003 (SN 4683)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Second Survey, 2003-2005 (SN 5350)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Survey of Mothers who Received Assisted Fertility Treatment, 2003 (SN 5559)
  Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-2003: Birth Registration and Maternity Hospital Episode Data (SN 5614)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Third Survey, 2006 (SN 5795)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Fourth Survey, 2008 (SN 6411)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Third Survey, Teacher Survey and Foundation Stage Profile, 2006 (SN 6847)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Fourth Survey, Teacher Survey, 2008 (SN 6848)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Second Survey, 2003-2005: Oral Fluid Collection Bioassay Data (SN 6993)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Fourth Survey, Physical Activity Data, 2008 (SN 7238)
  Millennium Cohort Study: First Survey, Health Visitor Survey, 2002-2003 (SN 7261)
  Millennium Cohort Study, Sweeps 1-6, 2001-2015: Linked to MEDIx Air Pollution Deciles (SN 8153)
  Millennium Cohort Study, Sweeps 1-5, 2001-2012: Linked to Green Space Deciles at LSOA (England) and Ward Level (UK) (SN 8154)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Sixth Survey, 2015 (SN 8156)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Longitudinal Family File, 2001-2015 (SN 8172)
  Millennium Cohort Study: Third Survey, 2006: Banded Distances to Current, First, Second, and Third Choice Schools (SN 8240)
  Ethnicity Coding for the Millennium Cohort Study, First Survey, 2001-2003 (SN 6073)
  Bikeability Dataset based on Millennium Cohort Study, Fifth Survey, 2012 (SN 7942)

Related case studies:

The effect of infertility and its treatment on child health and development
Does premature birth affect a child's long-term health or development?
What predicts our level of well-being?
Parenting and contact before and after separation

Publications

View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
Publications based on the MCS can be found on the Centre for Longitudinal Studies website.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Waldfogel, J. (2004) Social mobility, life chances and the early years, CASEpaper 88, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

McKay, S. (2004) 'Charting change in the devolved administrations: assessing the evidence base', Benefits, 12, pp.183-191.

Rowlingson, K. and McKay, S. (2005) 'Lone motherhood and socio-economic disadvantage: insights from quantitative and qualitative evidence', Sociological Review, 53(1), pp. 30-49.

Kiernan, K. (2005) Non-residential fatherhood and child involvement: evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study, CASEpaper 100, STICERD, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Kiernan, K. and Pickett, K. (2006) 'Marital status disparities in maternal smoking during pregnancy, breastfeeding and maternal depression', Social Science and Medicine, 63, pp.335-346.

Kiernan, K.E. and Huerta, M.C. (2008) 'Economic deprivation, maternal depression, parenting and children's cognitive and emotional development in early childhood' British Journal of Sociology, December, 59(4), pp.781-806.

Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2009) 'Poverty, maternal depression, family status and children's cognitive and behavioural development in early childhood: a longitudinal study', Journal of Social Policy, 38(4) pp.569-588.

Pollet, T.V., Nelissen, M. and Nettle, D. (2009) 'Lineage based differences in grandparental investment: evidence from a large British cohort study', Journal of Biosocial Science, 41, pp.353-379.

Mensah, F.K and Kiernan, K.E. (2010) 'Gender differences in educational attainment: influences of the family environment', British Journal of Educational Research, 36(2), pp.239-260.

Emerson, E., Graham, H., McCulloch, A., Blacher, J., Hatton, C., and Llewellyn, G. (2009) 'The social context of parenting three year old children with developmental delay in the UK', Child: Health, Care, Development, 35(1), pp.63-70.

Emerson, E., and Einfeld, S. (2010) 'Emotional and behavioural difficulties in young children with and without developmental delay: a bi-national perspective' Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 51, pp.583-93.

Emerson, E., McCulloch, A., Graham, H., Blacher, J., Llewellyn, G., and Hatton, C. (2010) 'Socio-economic circumstances and risk of common psychiatric disorders among parents of young children with and without early cognitive delay in the UK', American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 115, pp.30-42.

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Graham, H., Blacher, J., and Llewellyn, G. (2010) 'Changes in family composition and marital status in families with a young child with cognitive delay', Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23, pp.14-26.

Jones, M., Blackaby, D. and Murphy, P. (2010) An investigation into regional differences in child health and cognitive function, report for the Welsh Assembly Government Economic Research Unit, Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government.

Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2010) 'Unmarried parenthood, family trajectories, parent and child well-being', in K. Hansen, H. Joshi and S. Dex (eds.) Children of the 21st century: from birth to age 5, London: Policy Press, Chapter 5, pp.75-92.

Mensah, F.K. and Kiernan, K.E. (2010) 'Parents' mental health and children's cognitive and social development', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 45(11), pp.1023-1035.

Nikiema, B., Spencer, N. and Seguin L. (2010) 'Poverty and chronic illness in early childhood: a comparison between the United Kingdom and Quebec', Pediatrics, originally published online Feb 1, 2010 (2010;125;e499-e507;). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-0701.

Totsika, V., Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E, Berridge, D.M., and Lancaster, G.A. (2011) 'Behavior problems at five years of age and maternal mental health in autism and intellectual disability', Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, pp.1137-47.

Totsika, V., Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G.A. and Berridge, D M. (2011) 'A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability', Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 52, pp.91-99.

Tunstall, R., Lupton, R., Kneale, D. and Jenkins, A. (2011) Growing up in social housing in the New Millennium: housing, neighbourhoods and early outcomes for children born in 2000, CASEpaper 143, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Mensah, F.K. and Kiernan, K.E. (2011) 'Maternal general health and children's cognitive development and behaviour in the early years: findings from the Millennium Cohort Study', Child Care, Health and Development, 37, pp.44-54.

Kiernan, K.E. and Mensah, F.K. (2011) 'Poverty, family resources and children's educational attainment: the mediating role of parenting', British Journal of Educational Research, 37(2), pp.317-336.

Pollet, T.V., Nelissen, M. and Nettle D. (2012) 'A 'gendered need' explanation does not
fully explain lineage based differences in grandparental investment found in a
large british cohort study', Journal of Biosocial Science, 44, pp.377-381.

Holford, A. (July 2012) Take-up of free school meals: price effects and peer effects, ISER Working Paper Series, No.2012-12.

Lakshman R., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Koch, F.S., Marcus, C., Ludvigsson, J., Ong, K.K. and Sobko, T. (2012) 'Higher maternal education is associated with favourable growth of young children in different countries', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, published online first: doi:10.1136/jech-2012-202021

Jackson, M., Mclanahan, S. and Kiernan, K. (2012) 'Nativity differences in mothers' health behaviors: a cross-national and longitudinal lens', The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 642(1), pp.192-218.

Jackson, M., Kiernan, K. and Mclanahan, S. (2012) 'Immigrant-native differences in child health: does maternal education narrow or widen the gap?', Journal of Child Development, 83(5), pp.1501-1509.

Prady, S.L., Kiernan, K., Bloor, K. and Pickett, K.E. (2012) 'Do risk factors for post-partum smoking vary according to marital status?', Maternal and Child Health, 16(7), pp.1364-1373.

Taulbut, M. and Walsh, D. (2013) Poverty, parenting and poor health: comparing early years' experiences in Scotland, England and three city regions, Glasgow Centre for Population Health, February.

Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) When you are born matters: evidence for England, IFS Reports, R80, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0080. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/comms/r80.pdf

Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) Identifying the drivers of month of birth differences in educational attainment, IFS Working Papers, W13/09, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1309. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp201309.pdf

Greaves, E. (2013) 'Parents' preferences for school attributes: a discrete choice model incorporating unobserved heterogeneity', paper presented at CMPO conference, London, Thursday 23 May 2013.

Greaves, E. (2013) 'Parents' preferences for school attributes: a discrete choice model incorporating unobserved heterogeneity', paper presented at ESPE conference, Aarhus, Denmark, Thursday 13 June 2013.

Greaves, E. (2013) 'Marriage, cohabitation and child outcomes', paper presented at Understanding Society conference, University of Essex, Thursday 25 July 2013.

Prady, S.L. and Kiernan, K.E. (2013) 'The effect of post-natal mental distress amongst Indian and Pakistani mothers living in England on children's behavioural outcomes', Child Care, Health and Development, 39(5), pp.710-721.

Holmes, J. and Kiernan, K. (2013) 'Persistent poverty and children's development in the early years of childhood', Policy and Politics, 41(1), pp.19-42. doi:10.1332/030557312x645810

Totsika, V, Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E., Lancaster , G.A., Berridge, D.M., Vagenas, D. (2013) 'Is there a bidirectional relationship between maternal well-being and child behavior problems in autism spectrum disorders? Longitudinal analysis of a population-defined sample of young children, Autism Research, 6, pp.201-11.

Shackleton, N.L. and Campbell, T. (2013) 'Are teachers' judgements of pupils' ability influenced by body shape?', International Journal of Obesity, 15 November. doi:10.1038/ijo.2013.210

Campbell, T. (2013) 'Stratified at seven: in-class ability grouping and the relative age effect', British Educational Research Journal, 40(5). doi:10.1002/berj.3127

Campbell, T. (2013) In-school ability grouping and the month of birth effect: preliminary evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study, Centre for Longitudinal Studies Cohort Studies Working paper 2013/1. See http://www.cls.ioe.ac.uk

Campbell, T. (2014) Selected at seven: The relationship between teachers' judgments and assessments of pupils, and pupils' stream placements, Department of Quantitative Social Science Working Paper No. 14-10, Institute of Education, University of London. Retrieved May 10th, 2017 from: http://repec.ioe.ac.uk/REPEc/pdf/qsswp1410.pdf

Sellers, R., Maughan, B., Pickles, A., Thapar, A. and Collishaw, S. (2014) 'Trends in parent- and teacher-rated emotional, conduct and ADHD problems and their impact in prepubertal children in Great Britain: 1999–2008', Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12273.

Chiorri, C., Day, T. and Malmberg, L-E. (2014) 'An approximate measurement invariance approach to within-couple relationship quality', Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement, (special issue edited by R. Van De Schoot, P. Schmidt and A. De Beuckelaer), 19 September. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00983 Retrieved October 21, 2014 from http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00983/abstract

Emerson, E., Blacher, J., Einfeld, S., Hatton, C., Robertson, J. and Stancliffe, R.J. (2014) 'Environmental risk factors associated with the persistence of conduct difficulties in children with intellectual disabilities and autistic spectrum disorders, Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35, pp.3508–3517.

Totsika, V, Hastings, R.P., Vagenas, D. and Emerson, E. (2014) 'Parenting and the behaviour problems of young children with an intellectual disability: Concurrent and longitudinal relationships in a population-based study, American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 119, pp.422-435.

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