Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty: Round 4, 2013-2014

Title details

SN: 7931
Title: Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty: Round 4, 2013-2014
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-7931-1
Series: Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty [Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty]
Depositor: Solon,A., University of Oxford. Young Lives
Principal investigator(s): Boyden, J., University of Oxford. Young Lives
Woldehanna, T., Ethiopian Development Research Institute
Galab, S., Centre for Economic and Social Studies (CESS) (India)
Sanchez, A., Grupo de Analisis para el Desarollo (GRADE) (Peru)
Penny, M., Instituto de Investigacion Nutricional (IIN) (Peru)
Duc, L.T., Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (CAF-VASS). Centre for Analysis and Forecast
Data collector(s): Instituto de Investigacion Nutricional (IIN) (Peru)
General Statistics Office of Viet Nam
Centre for Economic and Social Studies (CESS) (India)
Ethiopian Development Research Institute
Sponsor(s): Department for International Development
Grant number: R8544
Other acknowledgements: Acknowledgement:
The depositor has supplied the following text for users as an example of the acknowledgement that should be used in publications resulting from use of the Young Lives study:

"The data used in this publication come from Young Lives, a 15-year survey investigating the changing nature of childhood poverty in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam, based at the University of Oxford (www.younglives.org.uk). Young Lives is core funded by the UK Department for International Development. The views expressed here are those of the author(s). They are not necessarily those of the Young Lives project, the University of Oxford, DFID or other funders."

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Boyden, J., Woldehanna, T., Galab, S., Sanchez, A., Penny, M., Duc, L.T. (2016). Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty: Round 4, 2013-2014. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 7931, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-7931-1

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Subject Categories

Agriculture, forestry and rural industry - Industry and management
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
General - Education
General - Employment and labour
General - Health
Housing
Time use - Society and culture
Use and provision of specific social services - Social welfare policy and systems
Youth - Social stratification and groupings

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The Young Lives survey is an innovative long-term project investigating the changing nature of childhood poverty in four developing countries. The purpose of the project is to improve understanding of the causes and consequences of childhood poverty and examine how policies affect children's well-being, in order to inform the development of future policy and to target child welfare interventions more effectively. The study is being conducted in Ethiopia, India (in Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam. These countries were selected because they reflect a range of cultural, geographical and social contexts and experience differing issues facing the developing world; high debt burden, emergence from conflict, and vulnerability to environmental conditions such as drought and flood. The Young Lives study aims to track the lives of 12,000 children over a 15-year period, surveyed once every 3-4 years. Round 1 of Young Lives surveyed two groups of children in each country, at 1 year old and 5 years old. Round 2 returned to the same children who were then aged 5 and 12 years old. Round 3 surveyed the same children again at aged 7-8 years and 14-15 years, and Round 4 surveyed them at 12 and 19 years old. Thus the younger children are being tracked from infancy to their mid-teens and the older children through into adulthood, when some will become parents themselves.

The survey consists of three main elements: a child questionnaire, a household questionnaire and a community questionnaire. The household data gathered is similar to other cross-sectional datasets (such as the World Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study). It covers a range of topics such as household composition, livelihood and assets, household expenditure, child health and access to basic services, and education. This is supplemented with additional questions that cover caregiver perceptions, attitudes, and aspirations for their child and the family. Young Lives also collects detailed time-use data for all family members, information about the child's weight and height (and that of caregivers), and tests the children for school outcomes (language comprehension and mathematics). An important element of the survey asks the children about their daily activities, their experiences and attitudes to work and school, their likes and dislikes, how they feel they are treated by other people, and their hopes and aspirations for the future. The community questionnaire provides background information about the social, economic and environmental context of each community. It covers topics such as ethnicity, religion, economic activity and employment, infrastructure and services, political representation and community networks, crime and environmental changes. The Young Lives survey is carried out by teams of local researchers, supported by the Principal Investigator and Data Manager in each country.

Further information about the survey, including publications, can be downloaded from the Young Lives website.

This study includes data and documentation for Round 4 only. Round 1 is available under SN 5307, Round 2 under SN 6852 and Round 3 under SN 6853.

Main Topics:
  • Older Cohort Household Questionnaire (age 19): includes sections on: Parental background; Household and child education; Livelihoods and asset framework; Household food and non-food consumption and expenditure; Social capital; Economic changes and recent life history; Socio-economic status.
  • Older Cohort Child Questionnaire (age 19): includes sections on: Parents and Caregiver update; Mobility; Subjective well-being; Education; Employment, earnings, and time-use; Feelings and attitudes; Household decision-making; Marital and living arrangements; Fertility; Anthropometry; Health and nutrition.
  • Older Cohort Cognitive Tests (age 19): includes Mathematics test; Reading comprehension test.
  • Older Cohort Self-Administered Questionnaire (age 19): includes sections on: Relationship with parents, Smoking, Violence, Alcohol, Sexual behaviour (administered in Peru only).
  • Younger Cohort Household Questionnaire (age 12): includes sections: on Parental background; Household and child education; Livelihoods and asset framework; Household food and non-food consumption and expenditure; Social capital; Economic changes and recent life history; Socio-economic status, Health; Anthropometry (for the study child and a sibling); Caregiver perceptions and attitudes.
  • Younger Cohort Child Questionnaire (age 12): includes sections on Schooling; Time-use; Health; Social networks; Feelings and attitudes.
  • Younger Cohort Cognitive Tests (age 12): include Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (administered to the study child and a sibling); Mathematics test; Reading comprehension test. In Ethiopia and Peru only: a computerised cognitive skill (Executive Functioning) test administered on touch-screen tablet computers for the study child and a younger sibling. In Ethiopia only an additional English and Amharic reading test.
  • Community Questionnaire: (administered in the main communities where Young Lives children live) includes sections on: General characteristics of the locality; Social environment; Access to services; Economy; Local prices; Social protection; Educational services; Health services; Migration.
  • Mini-community questionnaire: (administered in communities into which one or study children moved) includes sections on: General characteristics of the locality; Social environment; Access to Services; Economy; Local prices.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: June 2013 - March 2014
Country: Ethiopia | India | Peru | Vietnam
Geography: Andhra Pradesh
Spatial units: Countries
Observation units: Individuals
Families/households
Data are also gathered at Community and Mini-Community level. Data for India cover Andhra Pradesh only.
Kind of data: Numeric data
Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: Cross-national; Subnational
Children aged 12 years old, children aged 19 years old, and the households of both sets, in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam. These children were originally interviewed in Rounds 1-3 of the study.
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
It is intended that data will be collected once every three or four years.
Sampling procedures: Purposive selection/case studies
Number of units: Ethiopia: 1,875 (12-year-olds), 908 (19-year-olds); India: 1,915 (12-year-olds), 952 (19-year-olds); Peru: 1,902 (12-year-olds), 635 (19-year-olds); Vietnam: 1,932 (12-year-olds), 887 (19-year-olds)
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion
Weighting: No weighting used.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ACCESS TO INFORMATIONACCESS TO PUBLIC SERVICESACCIDENTS
ADULT EDUCATIONAGEAGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT
AGRICULTUREALIMONYANDHRA PRADESH
ANIMAL HUSBANDRYANTHROPOMETRIC DATAARABLE FARMING
ASPIRATIONATTITUDESAUTHORITY
BIRTH WEIGHTBREAST-FEEDINGBUILDING MAINTENANCE
BULLYINGCARE OF DEPENDANTSCAREGIVERS
CASTECHILD CARECHILD LABOUR
CHILD PSYCHOLOGYCHILD WORKERSCHILDBIRTH
CHILDRENCHRONIC ILLNESSCOMMUNITIES
COMMUNITY ACTIONCOMMUNITY BEHAVIOURCOMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
CONSCRIPTIONCONSUMER GOODSCOST OF LIVING
COSTSCREDITCROP YIELDS
CROPSCULTURAL GOODSDAY NURSERIES
DEATHDEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDEBTS
DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMESDIET AND NUTRITIONDISABILITIES
DISASTERSDOMESTIC APPLIANCESDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES
ECONOMIC ACTIVITYEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL CHOICE
EDUCATIONAL FEESEDUCATIONAL TESTSELECTRIC POWER
EMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEESETHIOPIA
ETHNIC GROUPSFAMILIESFAMILY LIFE
FAMILY MEMBERSFARM VEHICLESFATHERS
FERTILIZERSFINANCIAL DIFFICULTIESFINANCIAL RESOURCES
FINANCIAL SUPPORTFOOD AIDFOOD SHORTAGES
FOODFRIENDSFUELS
FURNITUREGENDERGIFTS
GROUPSHANDICRAFTSHEALTH
HEATING SYSTEMSHEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)HOME OWNERSHIP
HOME-GROWN FOODSHOMEWORKHOUSEHOLD BUDGETS
HOUSEHOLD INCOMEHOUSEHOLDSHOUSING CONSTRUCTION
HOUSING IMPROVEMENTIMMUNIZATIONIMPRISONMENT
INCOMEINDIAINDUSTRIES
INFANTSINJURIESINTERNET ACCESS
KITCHENSLAND OWNERSHIPLAND TENURE
LANGUAGE SKILLSLANGUAGES USED AT HOMELAVATORIES
LEARNINGLIFE EVENTSLIFE SATISFACTION
LITERACYLIVESTOCKLIVING CONDITIONS
MARITAL STATUSMARRIAGE DISSOLUTIONMEALS
MEDICAL CAREMEMBERSHIPMOBILE PHONES
MORTGAGESMOTHER TONGUEMOTHERS
MOTOR VEHICLESNUMERACYORGANIZATIONS
PARENTSPAYMENTSPERSONAL FINANCE MANAGEMENT
PERUPOPULATION MIGRATIONPOVERTY
PREGNANCYPREMATURE BIRTHSPRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION
PRIVATE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONSPUBLIC WORKSPURCHASING
QUALITY OF LIFERESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPONSIBILITY
ROOMSRURAL AREASSATISFACTION
SCHOOL PUNISHMENTSSCHOOLCHILDRENSCHOOLS
SELLINGSEXUAL AWARENESSSIBLINGS
SINGLE-SEX SCHOOLSSLEEPSOCIAL CAPITAL
SOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL NETWORKSSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS
SOCIAL SKILLSSOCIAL SUPPORTSOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
SPOUSESSTANDARD OF LIVINGSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS (BUILDINGS)
STUDENT ATTITUDESTUDENT BEHAVIOURSTUDENT TRANSPORTATION
TELEPHONESTEMPORARY EMPLOYMENTTHEFT
TIME BUDGETSTRADE UNION MEMBERSHIPTRANSPORT FARES
TRAVELLING TIMETRUANCYTRUST
TUTORINGUNITS OF MEASUREMENTURBAN AREAS
VIET NAMVOTING BEHAVIOURWATER POLLUTION
WATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)WOMEN
YOUTH

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 06 April 2016
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Young Lives, Round 4: Ethiopia Data Dictionaries 7931_r4_ethiopia_data_dictionaries.pdf 1222
Young Lives, Round 4: Ethiopia Fieldworker Manuals 7931_r4_ethiopia_fieldworker_manuals.pdf 2052
Young Lives, Round 4: Ethiopia Questionnaires 7931_r4_ethiopia_questionnaires.pdf 4872
Young Lives, Round 4: India Data Dictionaries 7931_r4_india_data_dictionaries.pdf 2047
Young Lives, Round 4: India Fieldworker Manuals 7931_r4_india_fieldworker_manuals.pdf 6295
Young Lives, Round 4: India Questionnaires 7931_r4_india_questionnaires.pdf 5594
Young Lives, Round 4: Peru Data Dictionaries 7931_r4_peru_data_dictionaries.pdf 2425
Young Lives, Round 4: Peru Fieldworker Manuals 7931_r4_peru_fieldworker_manuals.pdf 9429
Young Lives, Round 4: Peru Questionnaires 7931_r4_peru_questionnaires.pdf 7396
Young Lives, Round 4: Vietnam Data Dictionaries 7931_r4_vietnam_data_dictionaries.pdf 1941
Young Lives, Round 4: Vietnam Fieldworker Manuals 7931_r4_vietnam_fieldworker_manuals.pdf 5248
Young Lives, Round 4: Vietnam Questionnaires 7931_r4_vietnam_questionnaires.pdf 3078
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_7931_Information.htm 7
READ File read7931.htm 10

Publications

View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
Publications and working papers associated with the project can be viewed online and downloaded from the Young Lives Publications webpages.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Crookston, B.T. et al., (2010) 'Impact of early and concurrent stunting on cognition', Maternal and Child Nutrition, no. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00255.x . Retrieved October 1, 2010 from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00255.x/full (may require subscription to view).

Crookston, B.T. et al., (2010) 'Children who recover from early stunting and
children who are not stunted demonstrate similar levels of cognition', Journal of Nutrition, September. doi: 10.3945/jn.109.118927.

Tesfay, N. and Malmberg, L.E (2014) 'Horizontal inequalities in children's educational outcomes in Ethiopia', International Journal of Educational Development, November, pp.110-120.

Vellakkal, S., Fledderjohann, J., Basu, S., Agrawal, S., Ebrahim, S., Campbell, O., Doyle, P. and Stuckler, D. (2015) 'Food price spikes are associated with increased malnutrition among children in Andhra Pradesh, India', Journal of Nutrition. doi: 10.3945/jn.115.211250

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