UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Annual Respondents Database X, 1998-2014: Secure Access|
|Depositor:||Office for National Statistics. Virtual Microdata Laboratory (VML)|
Office for National Statistics. Virtual Microdata Laboratory (VML)
University of the West of England, Bristol
|Original data producer(s):||
Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
The citation for this study is:
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.The Annual Respondents Database X (ARDx) has been created by researchers at the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Virtual Microdata Laboratory (VML) and the University of the West of England to allow users of Annual Respondents Database (ARD) (held at the UK Data Archive under SN 6644) to continue analysis even though the Annual Business Inquiry (ABI) which was used to create ARD ceased in 2008. ARDx contains harmonised variables from 1998 to 2014.
The basic unit of production of any business is the local unit (LU), or establishment. However, the data for ARDx are collected and organised at the reporting unit (RU) level; this reflects the smallest collection of local units able to provide the financial information required. In most cases, these will be LUs carrying out the same activity. Around 95 per cent of the RUs in the ONS data have only one LU i.e. they are single-site businesses.
ARDx is created from two ONS surveys, the Annual Business Inquiry (ABI; 1998-2008, held at the UK Data Archive under SN 6644) and the Annual Business Survey (ABS; 2009 onwards, held at the UK Data Archive under SN 7451). The ABI has an employment survey (ABI1) and a second survey for financial information (ABI2). ABS only collects financial data, and so is supplemented with employment data from the Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES; 2009 onwards, held at the UK Data Archive under SN 7463).
ARDx consists of two types of files: 'respondent files' which have reported and derived information from survey questionnaire responses; and 'universe files' which contain limited information on all business that are within scope of the ABI/ABS. There is also a 'register panel' containing all RUs observed over the period in one file. Users are advised to consult the documentation for further information.
Linking to other business studies
These data contain Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) reference numbers. These are anonymous but unique reference numbers assigned to business organisations. Their inclusion allows researchers to combine different business survey sources together. Researchers may consider applying for other business data to assist their research.
For the fourth edition (April 2017), ARD X Version 3.3 data for 1998-2015 have been added. This replaces the Version 3.2 data however the code from the previous version remains and should be used with caution.
Version 3.3 has been withdrawn in January 2018 due to data issues. Therefore, only version 3.2 (including the years 1998-2014) is available to users.
The variables included in ARDx are of three different types:
|Time period:||1998 - 2015|
Government Office Regions
Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies
Local Authority Districts
Training and Enterprise Councils
Travel to Work Areas
|Kind of data:||
Businesses in Great Britain registered for VAT and/or PAYE in 1998-2015.
One-stage stratified or systematic random sample
|Number of units:||ARDx files contain between 42,000 - 57,000 cases|
|Method of data collection:||
Compilation or synthesis of existing material
|Weighting:||Weighting variable in data. No further information available.|
ARDx contains data derived from the following surveys:
|CONSUMPTION TAX||COSTS||ECONOMIC VALUE|
|ELECTRONIC COMMERCE||EMPLOYEES||ENERGY CONSUMPTION|
|EXPENDITURE||EXPORTS AND IMPORTS||FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT|
|GREAT BRITAIN||GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT||HOTEL AND CATERING INDUSTRY|
|INSURANCE CLAIMS||INSURANCE PREMIUMS||MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES|
|MOTOR INDUSTRY||PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT||PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS|
|PRODUCTION||PRODUCTIVITY||PROPERTY, OWNERSHIP AND TENURE|
|REDUNDANCY PAY||RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT||RETAIL TRADE|
|SERVICE INDUSTRIES||SHARES||SOCIAL SECURITY|
|TURNOVER||WAGES||WASTE DISPOSAL AND HANDLING|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||15 June 2016|
|Latest edition:||05 April 2017 (4th Edition)|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. Controlled data requirements and conditions also apply. Further information is available from Access Secure Lab.
In addition, the Service is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data
To apply for access, users should use the Download/Order link on this page and will be directed to the relevant forms as part of the ordering process.
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|ARDx Capital Stock User Guide||7989_ardx_capital_stock_userguide.pdf||442|
|ARDx Capital Stock: Data Manager Guide||7989_ardx_capstock_data_manager_guide.pdf||517|
|Overview of ARDx Code||7989_ardx_pics_for_guides_v03a.pdf||279|
|ARDx Draft Guide||7989_ardx_userguide.pdf||326|
|UK Data Archive Data Dictionary - ARDx Files||7989_ukda_data_dictionary_ardx_files.pdf||1829|
|UK Data Archive Data Dictionary - LU Files||7989_ukda_data_dictionary_lu_files.pdf||469|
|UK Data Archive Data Dictionary - RU Files||7989_ukda_data_dictionary_ru_files.pdf||527|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_7989_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
Resulting from secondary analysis: