UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

ADDResponse: European Social Survey Round 6 (UK) Plus Auxiliary Data, 2010-2014: Secure Access

Title details

SN: 8066
Title: ADDResponse: European Social Survey Round 6 (UK) Plus Auxiliary Data, 2010-2014: Secure Access
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-8066-1
Depositor: Butt, S., City, University of London
Principal investigator(s): Butt, S., City, University of London
Fitzgerald, R., City, University of London
Data collector(s): Ipsos MORI
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Grant number: ES/L013118/1
Other acknowledgements: The dataset contains small-area statistics produced by government departments (Office for National Statistics, Department of Energy and Climate Change, Department for Work and Pensions, Department for Education, Home Office, Department for Communities and Local Government, The Scottish Government, Stats Wales, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency). Additional small-area estimates were provided by the Local Elections Centre, University of Plymouth and the BBC Big Personality Test 2009-2011 (UK Data Archive SN 7656).


The citation for this study is:

Butt, S., Fitzgerald, R. (2016). ADDResponse: European Social Survey Round 6 (UK) Plus Auxiliary Data, 2010-2014: Secure Access. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 8066,

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Subject Categories

Political behaviour and attitudes - Politics
Population censuses - Population, vital statistics and censuses
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The ADDResponse study appended geocoded auxiliary data from a range of different sources to UK data from Round 6 of the European Social Survey (ESS, UK Data Archive SN 4732), a methodologically rigorous general population survey of public attitudes and opinion. The ADDResponse dataset was used to explore survey nonresponse – arguably one of the major challenges facing social research today. As non-respondents may be very different from respondents, nonresponse can introduce significant bias into the conclusions drawn from survey data and there is a pressing need, therefore, to understand more about the extent and sources of nonresponse bias. This requires having information about both respondents and non-respondents. In the absence of interview data being available for non-respondents, this information must be obtained from other, external, sources.

The ADDResponse project explored the opportunities that exist for matching external data from three different sources of survey data: small-area administrative data; commercial marketing data and geocoded information from the Ordnance Survey. Each data source was evaluated in terms of: what information it can provide which may be matched to the survey records of respondents and non-respondents; the accuracy and completeness of this information; and the challenges that matching data presents in terms of the increased risk of individuals or households being identified from the combination of data held about them. ADDResponse focused on the usefulness of these data for nonresponse modelling and adjustment. However, the same data sources may also be useful for substantive analysis, exploring the effect of local context on attitudes and behaviour.

Further information about the ADDResponse project and the ESS is provided in the ADDResponse and the European Social Survey websites.

Main Topics:
This study includes the following data files for ESS respondents only:
  • individual level ESS data on public attitudes and behaviour focusing on the topics of personal and social wellbeing and understanding and evaluations of democracy
  • ESS Contact Form data on the number, date, time and outcome of contact attempts made to obtain productive interviews
  • ESS interviewer questionnaire data
  • geographic identifiers and small-area administrative data on a range of topics including: Census 2011 socio-demographics, crime rates, Indices of Deprivation, electricity consumption, school absences, benefit claimants, wellbeing, and voting in local elections

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: 01 January 2010 - 31 March 2014 - Appended auxiliary data cover different time points within this range, depending on the source
Dates of fieldwork: 01 September 2012 - 28 February 2013 - ESS fieldwork was carried out in this period
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Countries
Wards (Electoral)
Output Areas
Postcode (Sector)
NUTS-I Areas
Super Output Areas (Lower Layer)
Super Output Areas (Middle Layer)
Local Authority Districts
Wards (Census Area Statistics)
British National Grid
Observation units: Individuals
Administrative units (geographical/political)
Kind of data: Numeric data
Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
The ESS survey data consist of a nationally representative sample of adults aged 15 and over and resident in private households in the UK; the small-area data are population statistics for the UK and/or its constituent countries.
Time dimensions: Cross-sectional (one-time) study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample; Volunteer sample
No sampling (total universe)
ESS survey data were collected via a multi-stage stratified random sample; ONS wellbeing data were collected via the face to face Annual Population Survey, a multi-stage stratified random sample; data from the BBC Big Personality Test were collected via an opt-in internet survey; appended small-area data include population statistics.
Number of units: 2,286 individuals
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview
Compilation or synthesis of existing data
Weighting: Weighting used. See for details.
Data sources: See list supplied in document: "8066_data_sources_used_in_constructing_addresponse.pdf"

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Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 14 October 2016
Copyright: Crown Copyright under Open Government Licence held jointly with City, University of London, British Broadcasting Corporation and University of Cambridge, Local Elections Centre University of Plymouth, and Economic and Social Research Council. Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland.
Access conditions: Registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor will be informed about usage. Controlled data requirements and conditions also apply. Further information is available from Access to the Secure Lab. In addition, the Service is required to request explicit permission from the data owner prior to providing the researcher with access to the data.
Available to UK HE/FE applicants only.

Please note:
Since these data are more sensitive and/or pose a higher risk of disclosure than data made available under the standard End User Licence or under a Special Licence, they are not available for download but may be accessed through Secure Access. Access requires accreditation as an ESRC Accredited Researcher, completion of face-to-face training, and agreement to the Secure Access User Agreement and the Licence Compliance Policy. This is to ensure that the guarantee of confidentiality given to survey respondents is protected. Applications are screened by the UK Data Archive and the individual or institution having ownership of the data (or their designated authority), and access is only granted to those researchers requiring data for statistical research purposes and who can justify their need for the data. Users who obtain access to these data are also required to read and follow the Microdata Handling and Security: Guide to Good Practice.

Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch


Title File Name Size (KB)
ADDResponse Variable Listing 8066_addresponse_variable_listing.xlsx 81
UK Data Archive Data Dictionaries 8066allfiles_ukda_data_dictionary.pdf 1455
Technical Report 8066_addresponse_technical_report_final.pdf 1679
Data Sources Used In Constructing ADDResponse Dataset 8066_data_sources_used_in_constructing_addresponse.pdf 435
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_8066_Information.htm 7
READ File read8066.htm 10
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By principal investigator(s):
Butt, S. and Lahtinen, K. (2016) ADDResponse: auxiliary data driven nonresponse bias analysis. Technical report on appending geocoded auxiliary data to Round 6 of European Social Survey (UK).

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