UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Crime Survey for England and Wales, 2015-2016|
|Series:||Crime Survey for England and Wales [Crime Survey for England and Wales, 1982-]|
|Depositor:||Office for National Statistics|
Office for National Statistics
Ministry of Justice
Office for National Statistics
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.Background:
The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW), previously known as the British Crime Survey (BCS), has been in existence since 1981. The survey traditionally asks a sole randomly selected adult, in a random sample of households, details pertaining to any instances where they, or the household, has been a victim of a crime in the previous 12 months. These are recorded in the victim form data file (VF). A wide range of questions are then asked covering demographics and crime-related subjects such as attitudes to the police and the criminal justice system (CJS). Most of the questionnaire is completed in a face-to-face interview in the respondent's home; these variables are contained within the non-victim form (NVF) data file. Since 2009, the survey has been extended to children aged 10-15 years old; one resident of that age range has also been selected at random from the household and asked about incidents where they have been a victim of crime, and other related topics. The first set of children's data, covering January-December 2009, had experimental status, and is held separately under SN 6601. From 2009-2010, the children's data cover the same period as the adult data and are included with the main dataset. Further information may be found on the ONS Crime Survey for England and Wales webpage and for the previous BCS, from the GOV.UK BCS Methodology webpage.
A series of questions on drinking behaviour, drug use, self-offending, gangs and personal security, and intimate personal violence (IPV) (including stalking and sexual victimisation) are administered to adults via a self-completion module which the respondent completes on a laptop computer. Children aged 10-15 years also complete a separate self-completion questionnaire. The questions are contained within the main questionnaire documents, but the data are not available with the main survey; they are available only under Secure Access conditions (see SN 7280).
From 2008-2009, low-level geographic variables are available under Secure Access conditions to match to the survey/ From 2011-2012 onwards, further lower-level geographic variables are also available under Secure Access conditions.
Up to 2001, the survey was conducted biennially. From April 2001, interviewing was carried out continually and reported on in financial year cycles and the crime reference period was altered to accommodate this change. The core sample size has increased from around 11,000 in the earlier cycles to over 46,000 up until 2011/12 where it was then reduced to 35,000. Following the National Statistician's Review of Crime Statistics in June 2011 the collation and publication of Crime Statistics moved to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) from 1st April 2012, and the survey changed its name to the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) accordingly.
The 1982 and 1988 BCS waves were also conducted in Scotland. The England and Wales data for 1982 and 1988 are held at the UKDA under SNs 1869 and 2706, but the Scottish data for these studies are held separately under SNs 4368 and 4599. Since 1993, separate Scottish Crime and Justice Surveys have been conducted, and these are held under GN 33330.
The study includes information from the adult and child questionnaires. Data from the adult and child samples are available as separate files.
The adult non-victim form questionnaire covers: perceptions of crime and local area; performance of the CJS; mobile phone crime; experiences of the police (Module A); attitudes to the CJS (Module B); crime prevention and security (Module C); online security (Module D); plastic card fraud; mass-marketing fraud; anti-social behaviour; demographics and media.
The adult victim form contains offence-level data. Up to six different incidents were asked about for each respondent. Each of these constituted a separate victim form and can be matched back to the respondent-level data. Topics covered included: the nature and circumstances of the incident; details of offenders; security measures; costs; emotional reactions; contact with the CJS; and outcomes where known.
Self-completion modules for adult respondents covered drug use and drinking behaviour, gangs and personal security, interpersonal violence (IPV) (domestic violence, sexual victimisation and stalking) and nature of partner domestic abuse. The data are subject to Secure Access conditions (see 'Access' section below).
The child questionnaire included: schooling and perceptions of crime; crime screener questions; victimisation module; perceptions of and attitudes towards the police; anti-social behaviour; and personal safety, crime prevention and security.
The child self-completion questionnaire covered: use of the internet; bullying; street gangs; school truancy; personal security; drinking behaviour and cannabis use. Data from the child self-completion questions are also available only under Secure Access.
|Time period:||The survey covers experiences of crime in the 12 months prior to interview.|
|Dates of fieldwork:||April 2015 - March 2016|
|Country:||England and Wales|
Government Office Regions
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
Adults aged 16 and over in private households in England and Wales, and children aged 10-15 years resident in the same households, during 2015-2016. See documentation for further details.
Repeated cross-sectional study
Multi-stage stratified random sample
|Number of units:||Adults: 35,324 cases. Children: 2,804 cases.|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Self-completion
Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) was used.
|Weighting:||Weighting used. See documentation for details.|
|ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE||ADOLESCENTS||ADVICE|
|AUDIO EQUIPMENT||BICYCLES||BINGE DRINKING|
|CAR PARKING AREAS||CHILDREN||CHRONIC ILLNESS|
|COUNSELLING||CREDIT CARD USE||CRIME PREVENTION|
|CRIME VICTIMS||CRIMINAL DAMAGE||CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION|
|CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM||CRIMINALS||CULTURAL GOODS|
|CULTURAL IDENTITY||DAMAGE||DEBILITATIVE ILLNESS|
|DISCIPLINE||DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES||DRINKING BEHAVIOUR|
|DRUG-RELATED CRIME||ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||ECONOMIC VALUE|
|EDUCATIONAL ATTENDANCE||EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT||EDUCATIONAL PERSONNEL|
|ELECTRONIC MAIL||EMERGENCY AND PROTECTIVE SERVICES||EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES|
|EMPLOYEES||EMPLOYMENT||ENGLAND AND WALES|
|ETHNIC GROUPS||EVERYDAY LIFE||FAMILIES|
|FAMILY MEMBERS||FEAR OF CRIME||FEAR|
|FINANCIAL COMPENSATION||FINANCIAL RESOURCES||FRAUD|
|GUNS||HARASSMENT||HEADS OF HOUSEHOLD|
|HOURS OF WORK||HOUSEHOLD HEAD'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||HOUSEHOLD HEAD'S OCCUPATION|
|INJURIES||INTERNET ACCESS||INTERNET USE|
|INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION||INTERPERSONAL CONFLICT||JUVENILE DELINQUENCY|
|LANDLORDS||LAW ENFORCEMENT||LEGAL PROCEDURE|
|LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES||LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES||LOCKS|
|MARITAL STATUS||MEDICAL CARE||MOBILE PHONES|
|ONLINE SERVICES||ONLINE SHOPPING||PARENTS|
|PERSONAL CONTACT||PERSONAL FASHION GOODS||PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENTS|
|POLICE OFFICERS||POLICE SERVICES||PREJUDICE|
|PUBLIC HOUSES||PUBLIC TRANSPORT||QUALIFICATIONS|
|QUALITY OF LIFE||RACIAL CONFLICT||RECIDIVISM|
|REFUSE||RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION||RENTED ACCOMMODATION|
|ROAD SAFETY||ROBBERY||SAFETY AND SECURITY MEASURES|
|SCHOOL DISCIPLINE||SCHOOL PUNISHMENTS||SECURITY SYSTEMS|
|SOCIAL ACTIVITIES (LEISURE)||SOCIAL HOUSING||SOCIAL PARTICIPATION|
|SOCIAL SUPPORT||STUDENT BEHAVIOUR||STUDENTS|
|TERRORIST ACTS||THEFT||TRAINING COURSES|
|UNWAGED WORKERS||VAGRANTS||VISITS (PERSONAL)|
|VOLUNTARY WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS||WEAPONS||WORKPLACE|
|YOUTH CRIME||YOUTH CULTURE||YOUTH EMPLOYMENT|
|YOUTH GANGS||YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT||YOUTH|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||17 February 2017|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions for further information.|
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) took over administration of the CSEW/BCS from 2012. Data from most of the self-completion modules fielded over the survey years are now available under Secure Access conditions, to ONS Accredited Researchers only (see SN 7280). These include:
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|Questionnaires: Adults and Children, 2015-16||8140_questionnaires.pdf||1631|
|User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales, 2017||8140_userguidecrimestats.pdf||1229|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_8140_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
Links to more recent publications may be found on the ONS Crime Survey for England and Wales webpages and the Home Office BCS Methodology webpages.
Previous technical reports and papers, 1982-2001:
Wood, D. (1982) British crime survey: technical report, London: SCPR.
National Opinion Polls (1985) 1984 British Crime Survey: technical report, London: NOP.
Social and Community Planning Research (1988) 1988 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: SCPR.
Allen, D. and Payne, D. (1991) Crime prevention in Scotland - findings from the 1988 British Crime Survey, Scottish Office.
Allen, D. and Payne, D. (1991) The public and the police in Scotland - findings from the 1988 British Crime Survey, Scottish Office.
Payne, D. (1992) Crime in Scotland - findings from the 1988 British Crime Survey, Scottish Office.
Kinsey, R. and Anderson, S. (1992) Crime and quality of life - public perceptions and experiences of crime in Scotland: findings from the 1988 British Crime Survey, Scottish Office.
Hales, J. (1993) 1992 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: SCPR.
White, A. and Malbon, G. (June 1995) 1994 British Crime Survey: technical report, London: OPCS Social Survey Division.
Hales, J. and Stratford, N. (1996?) 1996 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: SCPR.
Hales, J. and Stratford, N. (1999) 1998 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: SCPR.
Hales, J., et al. (2001) 2000 British Crime Survey (England and Wales): technical report, London: National Centre for Social Research.
Budd, T. (2001) Burglary: practice messages from the British Crime Survey, Briefing Note 5/01, London: Home Office.
Kinshott, G. (2001) Vehicle related thefts: practice messages from the British Crime Survey, Briefing Note 6/01, London: Home Office.
Mattinson, J. (2001) Stranger and acquaintance violence: practice messages from the British Crime Survey, Briefing Note 7/01, London: Home Office.
Budd, T. and Sims, L. (2001) Antisocial behaviour and disorder: findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey, Findings 145, London: Home Office.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Pease, K. (1988) Judgements of crime seriousness : findings from the 1984 British Crime Survey, Research and Planning Unit Paper 44, London: Home Office.
Shah, R. and Pease, K. (1992) `Crime, race and reporting to the police' Howard Journal of Crime and Justice, 31, pp.192-199.
Webb, P.M. (1994) Housing tenure as a determinant of the decision to report vandalism to the police: secondary analysis of the 1988 British Crime Survey, England and Wales, Dissertation for MSc Social Research, University of Surrey, September.
Bucke, T. (1997) Ethnicity and contacts with the police: latest findings from the British Crime Survey, Research Findings No.59, Research and Statistics Directorate, London: Home Office.
Ramsay, M. and Spiller, J. (1997) Drug misuse declared in 1996: latest findings from the British Crime Survey, Home Office Research Study 172, London: Home Office. ISBN 1-85893-917-8.
Hough, M. and Roberts, J. (1998) Attitudes to punishment: findings from the British Crime Survey, Home Office Research Study 179, London: Home Office. ISBN 1-84082-017-9.
Macdonald, Z. (1999) 'Illicit drug use in the UK', British Journal of Criminology, 39(4), pp.585-608.
Macdonald, Z. (2000) 'Illicit drug use, unemployment and occupational attainment', Journal of Health Economics, 19, pp.1089-1115.
Macdonald, Z. (2000) 'The impact of under-reporting on the relationship between unemployment and property crime', Applied Economic Letters, 7, pp.659-663.
Macdonald, Z. and Pudney, S. (2000) 'Analysing drug abuse with British Crime Survey data: modelling and questionnaire design issues', Applied Statistics, 49(1), pp.95-117.
Data from the British Crime Survey, 2000: Teaching Dataset (SN 4740) has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6. The book's companion web site includes downloadable datasets and further information: retrieved 26 March, 2013, from http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448406/links.asp.
Equality and Human Rights Commission (2013) Standard of Living, Measurement Framework Series Briefing Paper no.10, Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission.
Iparraguirre, J. (2014) 'Hate crime against older people in England and Wales – an econometric enquiry', Journal of Adult Protection, 16(3).
Bennett, T.H. and Holloway, K. (2014) 'Drug use among university students: Findings from a national survey', Journal of Substance Use, Early Online: January 2014. doi:10.3109/14659891.2013.878762
Bennett, T.H. (2014) 'Differences in the age-drug use curve among students and non-students in the UK', Drug and Alcohol Review, 33(3), pp.280-6. Epub 2014 Mar 25. doi: 10.1111/dar.12100
Walby, S., Towers, J. and Francis, B. (2014) 'Mainstreaming domestic and gender-based violence in to sociology and the criminology of violence', The Sociological Review, 62(S2), pp.187-214.
Brennan, I. (2015) 'Victim responses to violence: the effect of alcohol context on crime labeling', Journal of Interpersonal Violence, pp.1-25. DOI: 10.1177/0886260514564068
Walby, S., Towers, J. and Francis, B. (2016) 'Is violent crime increasing or decreasing? A new methodology to measure repeat attacks making visible the significance of gender and domestic relations', British Journal of Criminology, 56(6), pp.1203-1234.
Ludwig, A. and McLean, I. (2016) Principles of police funding in the UK, Gwilym Gibbon Centre for Public Policy Working Paper.
McLean, I., Norton, M. and Ludwig, A. (2016) What are PCCs for? The intended role of Police and Crime Commissioners and their performance since 2012, Gwilym Gibbon Centre for Public Policy Working Paper.
Ludwig, A., Norton, M. and McLean, I. (2017) Resource allocation processes in policing in Great Britain – project report, Gwilym Gibbon Centre for Public Policy Paper.
Ludwig, A., Norton, M. and McLean, I. (2017) Measuring police effectiveness, Gwilym Gibbon Centre for Public Policy Working Paper.
Walby, S. and Towers, J. (2017) 'Measuring violence to end violence: Mainstreaming gender', Journal of Gender-Based Violence, 1(1), pp.11-31.
Walby, S., Towers, J., Balderston, S., Corradi, C., Francis, B., Heiskanen, M., Helweg-Larsen, K., Mergaert, L., Olive, P., Palmer, P., Stockl, H. and Strid, S. (2017) The concept and measurement of violence against women and men, Bristol, Policy Press.