Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Poverty in the United Kingdom: A Survey of Household Resources and Standards of Living, 1967-1969

Title details

SN: 1671
Title: Poverty in the United Kingdom: A Survey of Household Resources and Standards of Living, 1967-1969
Alternative title: Poverty in the UK
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-1671-1
Depositor: Townsend, P., University of Essex. Department of Sociology
Principal investigator(s): Townsend, P., University of Essex. Department of Sociology
Abel-Smith, B., University of Essex. Department of Sociology
Data collector(s): Townsend, P., University of Essex. Department of Sociology
Original data producer(s): Townsend, P., University of Essex. Department of Sociology
Sponsor(s): Joseph Rowntree Memorial Trust
Economic and Social Research Council
Grant number: ESRC: ES/FO35098/1

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Townsend, P., Abel-Smith, B. Poverty in the United Kingdom: A Survey of Household Resources and Standards of Living, 1967-1969. [data collection]. University of Essex. Department of Sociology, [original data producer(s)]. UK Data Service. SN: 1671, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-1671-1

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Subject Categories

Consumer behaviour - Economics
Equality and inequality - Social stratification and groupings
Income, property and investment - Economics
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture
Use and provision of specific social services - Social welfare policy and systems

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

This is a quantitative data collection. This study aimed to collect comprehensive information on all forms of resources (including income and assets) and indicative information on deprivation and style of living in order to define and measure poverty among a representative sample of the population of the United Kingdom. This major study was the result of fifteen years research. In 1964 the Joseph Rowntree Memorial Trust agreed to finance pilot studies on fatherless families, large families and unemployed and disabled people which were then to be followed by a national survey of poverty. In 1967-68, following pilot work, interviews were completed with 2,052 households (6,045 people), in 630 parliamentary constituencies throughout the United Kingdom. Another 1,514 households (3,539 people), were later interviewed in a poor area of Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales to secure information about the populations of the poorest areas. There were mixed reactions to the book's publication in 1979. The concept of relative deprivation provoked much discussion but the issue of multiple deprivation experienced by individuals and families was largely ignored. Comparatively little attention was paid to certain forms of deprivation - such as deprivation at work and environmental or locational deprivation - although the report gave data about multiple deprivation drawn from 60 indicators. Nearly 50 years later this study was reanalysed in a project funded by Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). The 'Advancing Paradata' project looked at shifts and continuities in the social process of gathering household survey data about poverty. In part it does this through analysis of survey paradata from the 1968 Poverty in the UK survey. Paradata captures the gamut of by-products of the collection of survey data and is of interest in understanding and improving survey quality and costs. The main focus has been on automatically captured macro items, but this is now expanding to include interviewer-generated observations. For the 'Advancing Paradata' project, information available only on paper questionnaires at the UK Data Archive was converted into digitised form and related metadata was created. A sample of 100 survey booklets has been selected for this collection. These booklets were chosen because they have significant quantities of marginalia written on the booklets. These booklets are available via the UK Data Service QualiBank, an online tool for browsing, searching and citing the content of selected qualitative data collections held at the UK Data Service. Names of survey respondents have been removed to protect confidentiality.
Main Topics:
Variables:
(i) Housing and living facilities: exact composition of household; adequacy of basic facilities; degree of overcrowding; deficiency of bedrooms; overall household facilities; degree of satisfaction with facilities and environment.
(ii) Employment: 'work record' of each individual over previous twelve months; educational background.
(iii) Occupational facilities and fringe benefits: type of facilities provided for indoor and outside employment; eligibility for fringe benefits (e.g. sick pay, occupational pension); value of fringe benefits in kind received during the year (e.g. meal vouchers, subsidised meals, use of vehicles).
(iv) Current Monetary Income: information on total cash income in (a) previous week, (b) previous twelve months, from any source of each income unit in the household. Questions on earnings, income of self- employed, government social security benefits, and miscellaneous sources of income. Also questions on housing costs and house value.
(v) Savings and assets: information on the value of savings and assets owned by the household, including housing and household or personal possessions.
(vi) Health and disability: general assessment of health of household members; details of any illnesses or disabilities; capacity to undertake ordinary personal and household activities;
(vii) Social services: utilisation of services including periods in hopital and visits to doctors and dentists. Information on welfare benefits received e.g. free school meals, educational maintenance allowances.
(viii) Income in kind: questions on goods and services received in the previous twelve months from relatives and friends.
(ix) Style of living: leisure time activities including holidays; questions on diet, clothing and fuel supply; assessment of own financial situation; arrangements for payment of housekeeping and bills; whether manage to have savings; feelings about 'poverty'.

In addition to the questionnaire and data codebook, the documentation for this study also includes qualitative information of various kinds about the original survey, including interviewers' documents, sampling information, survey documents (including meeting notes), reports and papers. These items were originally held separately by Qualidata, and have been added to the study during 2002 to enhance the available documentation.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: 1967 - 1969
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Wards (Electoral)
Observation units: Individuals
Families/households
Kind of data: Textual data
Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Interviewers briefing notes
Progress reports
Correspondence and minutes from meetings.
Universe: National
Consumers
Households
Low income families
Households in the United Kingdom
Time dimensions: Cross-sectional (one-time) study
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample. In addition to the national sample, interviews were conducted in four special areas in Belfast, Neath, Glasgow and Salford. These areas, chosen from among the constituencies already included in the sample, were selected using criteria indicating that the incidence of the main types of low-income households would be well above the national average
Number of units: 2,052 (obtained) Main sample: households; 6,098 (obtained) Main sample: individuals; 1,208 (obtained) Poor areas: households; 3,950 (obtained) Poor areas: individuals
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview
Weighting: No information recorded

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ABSENTEEISMAGEAIR POLLUTION
APPRENTICESHIPASSETSATTITUDES
BANK ACCOUNTSBEVERAGESBUSINESSES
CARE OF DEPENDANTSCARSCATERING
CHILD BENEFITSCHILD WELFARECHILDREN
CLOTHINGCOMMERCIAL BUILDINGSCOMPANY CARS
CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENTCONSUMER GOODSCOSTS
DAY CENTRESDEBTSDENTAL TREATMENT
DISABLED PERSONSDISMISSALDIVORCE
DOMESTIC APPLIANCESECONOMIC VALUEEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
EDUCATIONAL FINANCEELECTRIC POWER SUPPLYEMPLOYMENT HISTORY
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIESEMPLOYMENT SERVICESEMPLOYMENT
ENTERTAINMENTETHNIC GROUPSEXPENDITURE
FAMILIESFAMILY MEMBERSFEES
FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIESFINANCIAL RESOURCESFINANCIAL SUPPORT
FOODFRINGE BENEFITSFUELS
GAMBLINGGENDERGIFTS
HEALTH CONSULTATIONSHEALTHHEARING AIDS
HEARINGHEATING SYSTEMSHOLIDAYS
HOME HELPHOME OWNERSHIPHOME SHARING
HORTICULTUREHOSPITAL SERVICESHOURS OF WORK
HOUSEHOLD BUDGETSHOUSEHOLDSHOUSING AGE
HOUSING CONDITIONSHOUSING FACILITIESHOUSING FINANCE
HOUSING NEEDSHOUSINGINCOME TAX
INCOMEINTEREST (FINANCE)JOB CHANGING
JOB HUNTINGJOB SATISFACTIONLEAVE
LIFE INSURANCELODGERSMARITAL STATUS
MARRIAGE DISSOLUTIONMARRIAGEMEALS
MEATMEDICAL CAREMILK
MINORITY GROUPSMORTGAGESMOTOR VEHICLES
NURSING CAREOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONSOCCUPATIONS
PATIENTSPENSION CONTRIBUTIONSPHYSICAL DISABILITIES
PLACE OF BIRTHPLAYPLAYGROUNDS
POCKET MONEYPOVERTYPRIMARY DOCUMENTS
PRIVATE GARDENSRATESREBATES
REDUNDANCY PAYRELIGIOUS ATTENDANCERENTS
REPORTSRESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRETIREMENT
RETRAININGROOMSSAVINGS
SCHOOL MEALSSCHOOL UNIFORMSELF-EMPLOYED
SHARESSICK PAYSIGHT
SMOKINGSOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL DISADVANTAGE
SOCIAL EXCLUSIONSOCIAL HOUSINGSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS
SOCIAL SERVICESSOCIAL SUPPORTSOCIAL WELFARE
SPECIAL EDUCATIONSPECTACLESSTANDARD OF LIVING
STATE RETIREMENT PENSIONSSUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENTSUBSIDIES
SYMPTOMSTAX RELIEFTAXATION
TIED HOUSINGTRADE UNION MEMBERSHIPTRAINING COURSES
TRAVELUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITSUNEMPLOYMENT
UNITED KINGDOMVOTING BEHAVIOURWAGES
WORKING CONDITIONS

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 01 January 1982
Copyright: Copyright Professor Peter Townsend
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions for further information.
Please note: Please note: This study is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence. Available via the UK Data Service QualiBank, the Services' online tool for browsing, searching and citing the content of selected qualitative data.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Data list 1671datalist.xls 36
Data list 1671datalist.pdf 222
User Guide 1671uguide.pdf 11913
Codebook a1671cab.pdf 4026
"Interviewer instructions, reports and papers" a1671iab.pdf 11536
Questionnaire a1671qab.pdf 4610
Unclassified in1671.pdf 15
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_1671_Information.htm 6
READ File read1671.txt 6

Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
Townsend, P. (1979) Poverty in the United Kingdom : a survey of household resources and standards of living, London: Allen Lane; Penguin Books.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Dorling, D. et al. (2007) Poverty and wealth across Britain 1968 to 2005, Findings No.2077, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Dorling, D. et al. (2007) Poverty, wealth and place in Britain, 1968 to 2005, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation/Policy Press. ISBN 978 1 86134 995 8.

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