UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Family Life and Work Experience Before 1918, 1870-1973|
|Alternative title:||The Edwardians|
|Depositor:||Thompson, P., University of Essex. Department of Sociology|
Thompson, P., University of Essex. Department of Sociology
Lummis, T., University of Essex. Department of Sociology
Economic and Social Research Council
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.This study is available via the UK Data Service QualiBank, an online tool for browsing, searching and citing the content of selected qualitative data collections held at the UK Data Service.
This qualitative data collection comprises 453 life-story interviews originally collected as part of the study The Edwardians: Family Life and Work Experience Before 1918. The interviews were undertaken in the late 1960s and early 1970s and formed the basis of the first national oral history project in the United Kingdom.
Paul Thompson first became aware of the need for a project of this kind in the late 1960s while in the process of writing a book about the social history of Britain between 1900 and 1918. He recognised that there existed little direct evidence of life during this period from a working class point of view, that such material would be valuable, and that it must be gathered immediately while there were still people alive who were able to provide testimony of this kind. His objective was to examine social life and social change during this period, focusing upon work experience and family and community life.
The project resulted in a number of publications, including Thompson's The Edwardians: The Remaking of British Society, which was published in 1975 and again in revised form in 1992. In his introduction, he detailed three basic aims for the book: The first was 'to establish what I believe to be the most important dimensions of social change in the early twentieth century' (1992: xv). In doing so, he concentrated upon specific issues which he considered to be fundamental to social structure, notably class, gender and age, while also exploring other issues such as work experience, education and leisure. His second intention was 'to suggest the main reasons for social change, and especially the extent to which conscious effort by Edwardians for social change was critical' (1992: xvi). Finally, he aimed 'to give a place, in this evaluation of general social change, to the contribution and experience of ordinary individuals' (1992: xvi). The experiences gained from the project also contribute greatly to Paul Thompson's 'The Voice of the Past' (1978, second edition 1988).
A total of 537 interviews were recorded on reel-to-reel audio tape and 453 later transcribed as typed, paper documents. The interviews were open-ended (guided by a schedule) and of between one and six hours duration.
A related project, Systematic Analysis of Life Histories, is also included. The aim of this project was to prepare the qualitative interviews for numerical coding shortly after completion. Additionally, this quantitative component of the collection has been enhanced. A selection of the original variables was cross-referenced for verification. The data set was then expanded to include a set of additional variables on occupation and location as well as textual summaries of the interview transcripts.
The original sound recordings are deposited at the British Library National Sound Archive.
The interview schedule covered: domestic routine, including the roles of husbands and children; meals; the upbringing of children; emotional relationships and values in the family; leisure; religion; politics; school; courtship and marriage; the wider family; relationships with neighbours and perception of the community structure; experience of work and occupational history of the whole family.
|Time period:||1870 - 1973|
|Dates of fieldwork:||1969 - 1973|
No spatial unit
|Kind of data:||
in-depth interview transcripts
Men and women born between 1870 and 1908 in England, Scotland and Wales
Cross-sectional (one-time) study
Quota sample derived from the occupational census of 1911, clustered and stratified by region and social class
|Number of units:||453 (qualitative and quantitative)|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Compilation or synthesis of existing material
|Weighting:||No weighting used|
|CHILD CARE||CHILD WORKERS||CHILDBIRTH|
|CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS||DISCIPLINE||DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES|
|EDUCATIONAL ADMISSION AGE||EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND||EMPLOYERS|
|FAMILY INFLUENCE||FAMILY LIFE||FAMILY MEMBERS|
|HOME OWNERSHIP||HOME SEWING||HOME-GROWN FOODS|
|LANDLORDS||LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES||LIFE HISTORIES|
|ORAL HISTORY||PARENT RESPONSIBILITY||PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP|
|PARENTS||PARENT-SCHOOL RELATIONSHIP||PEER-GROUP RELATIONSHIPS|
|PERSONAL HYGIENE||PLAY||POCKET MONEY|
|POLICE SERVICES||POLICE-COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIP||POLITICAL INTEREST|
|RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCE||RELIGIOUS BEHAVIOUR||RELIGIOUS CEREMONIES|
|RELIGIOUS FOOD CUSTOMS||RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY||SAVINGS|
|SCHOOL DISCIPLINE||SCHOOL-LEAVING AGE||SCHOOLS|
|SOCIAL CLASS||SOCIAL HISTORY||SOCIAL MOBILITY|
|SOCIAL SANCTIONS||SOCIAL SUPPORT||SPORT|
|SPOUSES||STUDENT EMPLOYMENT||TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP|
|TRADE UNIONS||TRAINING||VISITS (PERSONAL)|
|WALES||WOMEN'S EDUCATION||WORKING MOTHERS|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||01 January 1984|
|Latest edition:||12 May 2009 (7th Edition)|
|Copyright:||Copyright P. Thompson, University of Essex. Database right P. Thompson, University of Essex and UK Data Service, University of Essex, 2006|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is not required.|
|Please note:||These data are available to any user for any purpose under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0)|
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
Zip files contain data, documentation and licence details
|SPSS (Zip)||34862[MD5Checksum: 53D033B1AD2A2D69FDF8D02CD4B7FD5C]|
|Stata (Zip)||34519[MD5Checksum: 96FDCEFA4F1DCE065C3DE6DEEC0339AD]|
|Tab-delimited (Zip)||34750[MD5Checksum: 223AD4AF3782194BF8E1F6E9D40B040C]|
|xml (Zip)||35214[MD5Checksum: 3F663419F439DFEE89210DD051C353CF]|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|File Manifest for SPSS format zip file||2000_file_information_spss.csv||46|
|File Manifest for Stata format zip file||2000_file_information_stata.csv||47|
|File Manifest for tab-delimited format zip file||2000_file_information_tab.csv||46|
|File Manifest for XML format zip file||2000_file_information_xml.csv||46|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_2000_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
Thompson, P.R. and Harkel, G. (1979) The Edwardians in photographs, London: Batsford. ISBN 0-713421-71-1
Thompson, P.R., Itzin, C. and Abendstern, M. (1990) I Don't Feel Old: The Experience of Later Life, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-820147-8
Thompson, P.R. (1992) The Edwardians: the remaking of British society, 2nd ed. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415061-14-8
Thompson, P.R. (2000) The voice of the past: oral history, 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-192893-17-3
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Foley, A. (1973) A Bolton childhood, Manchester: North Western District of the Workers' Educational Association. ISBN 0-90-263709-6
Wolff, M. and Dyos, H.J. (eds.) (1973) The Victorian city: images and realities, London: Routledge. ISBN 0-71-007384-4
Howkins, A. (1977) 'The small shopkeeper in industrial and market towns', in G. Crossick (ed.) The lower middle class in Britain, 1870-1914, London: Croom Helm. ISBN 0-85-664348-3
Meacham, S. (1977) A life apart: the English working class 1890-1914, London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-50-025055-3
Joyce, P. (1980) Work, society and politics: the culture of the factory in later Victorian England, Brighton: Harvester Press. ISBN 0-85-527680-0
More, C. (1980) Skill and the English working class 1870-1914, London: Croom Helm. ISBN 0-31-272772-0
Thompson, T. (1981) Edwardian childhoods, London: Routledge. ISBN 0-71-000676-4
Ross, E. (1982) ''Fierce questions and taunts': married life in working-class London, 1870-1914', Feminist Studies, 8(3), pp.575-602.
Ross, E. (1983) 'Survival networks: women's neighbourhood sharing in London before World War One', History Workshop 15, Spring, pp.1-27.
Gillis, J.R. (1985) For better, for worse: British marriages, 1600 to the present, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-503614-X
McLeod, H. (1986) 'New perspectives on Victorian working-class religion: the oral evidence', Oral History 14, pp.31-49
Burchardt, N. (1990) 'Stepchildren's memories: myth, understanding and forgiveness', in R. Samuel and P.R. Thompson (eds.) The myths we live by, London: Routledge. ISBN 0-41-503609-7
Child, M.J. (1992) Labour's apprentices: working-class lads in late Victorian and Edwardian England, Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 0-77-350915-1
Rose, J. (1993) 'Willingly to school: the working-class response to elementary education in Britain, 1875-1918', Journal of British Studies 32(2), pp.114-138.
Vincent, D. and Miles, A. (eds.) (1993) Building European society: occupational change and social mobility in Europe 1840-1940, Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-71-903499-X
Oram, A. (1996) Women teachers and feminist politics, 1900-1939, Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-71-902759-4
Crouch, D. and Ward, C. (1997) The allotment: its landscape and culture, 3rd ed. Nottingham: Five Leaves Publications. ISBN 0-90-712391-0
Vincent, D. (1997) 'Shadow and reality in occupational history', in D. Bertaux and P.R. Thompson (eds.) Pathways to social class: a qualitative approach to social mobility, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-827931-0
Williams, S. (1999) Religious Belief and Popular Culture in Southwark c.1880-1939, Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-820769-7
Brown, C. (2000) The death of Christian Britain: understanding secularisation 1800-2000, London: Routledge. ISBN 0-41-524184-7
Rose, J. (2001) The intellectual life of the British working classes, New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-30-008886-8
Trentmann, F. and Taylor, V. (2005), 'From users to consumers: water politics in nineteenth-century London' in F.Trentmann (ed.) The making of the consumer: knowledge, power and identity in the modern world, Oxford: Berg.
Roper, M. (2009) The secret battle: emotional survival in the Great War, Manchester University Press.
Trentmann, F. (2009) Free trade nation: consumption, commerce and civil society in modern Britain, Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Taylor, V., Chappells, H., Medd, W., and Trentmann, F. (2009), 'Drought is normal: the socio-technical evolution of drought and water demand in the UK, 1893-2006', Journal of Historical Geography, 35 (July), pp.568-91.
Taylor, V., and Trentmann, F. (2011), 'Liquid politics: water and the politics of everyday life in the modern city', Past and Present, 211 (May), pp.199-241.
Cook H. (2012) 'Emotion, bodies, sexuality, and sex education in Edwardian England', The Historical Journal, 55(2), pp.475-495.