UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Residence and Kinship in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804

Title details

SN: 3896
Title: Residence and Kinship in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-3896-1
Depositor: Hudson, J., University of Bristol. Department of Historical Studies
Principal investigator(s): Hudson, J., University of Bristol. Department of Historical Studies


The citation for this study is:

Hudson, J. (1999). Residence and Kinship in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 3896,

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Subject Categories

Community and urban studies - Society and culture
Economic history - History
Economic systems and development - Economics
Local history - History
Social history - History
Urban history - History


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

This study of the parish of Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, is mainly intended to contribute to the current debate about rural industry and the circumstances under which it became a full factory industry in some areas but not in others. Stonehouse is in the upper Stroudwater district, a former centre of the cloth industry. While other regions began to produce lighter fabrics, Stroudwater continued to specialise in woollen broadcloth. During the seventeenth century the whole district developed an expertise in producing coloured cloth. Factory mills were established after 1800, but by 1850 the local industry was declining in the face of competition from Yorkshire.
Any population sample taken in the district during the early-modern period might therefore be expected to show numerical and social domination by cloth workers. To test this expectation, a sample was constructed from manorial resiant lists, which offer unusual scope in this parish for identifying men and placing them in properties. The enquiry looked for the incidence of male and female kinship-links in the passage of property between residents, to see whether kinship gave property resources, and consequently social influence, to workers in the cloth industry rather than to those in other occupations.
The expected domination of property and society before 1800 by cloth industry workers in Stonehouse was found to be no more than proportional to their numerical presence, and the same applied to other occupations. Kinship networks had produced a mixed society which was cautious about change, a possible factor in the eventual decline of large-scale cloth production in Stroudwater.
Main Topics:
The data consist of a list of names taken from the resiant lists and other sources, with personal information added from other sources. There are two main tables, one giving all the list entries and one forming them into lifecycles. The main variables in the list table include: names (original spelling); kinship links; standardised names; and places of residence. The main variables in the lifecycle table include: standardised names; gender; baptism; burial; marriages; spouses; children; parents; occupation; place of residence; and kinship links.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: 1558 - 1804
Dates of fieldwork: 1990 - 1997
Country: England
Geography: Stonehouse
Spatial units: No information recorded
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Textual data
Numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: Subnational
Adult males in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804 and those of their wives who may have transmitted property.
Time dimensions: Cross-sectional (one-time) study
Sampling procedures: No sampling (total universe)
Number of units: (A) 1931 (obtained) Men;(B) 895 (obtained) Women
Method of data collection: Transcription of existing materials
Weighting: No information recorded
Data sources: Resiant Lists
Stonehouse Resiant Lists, Gloucestershire Record Ofice, D445/M7-11 and D517/1772. Complete transcription. Petty constables were required to submit 'resiant lists' to the hundred containing the names of all those liable to attend each six-monthly court. These lists potentially provide a fuller record of residents than a schedule of manor tenants would provide. All males over the age of fealty (usually sixteen by 1600) should have been included, and although men over sixty were excused attendance, the upper age for inclusion could be flexible and in most lists after 1700 it appears to be seventy. Fifty-nine resiant lists dated before 1800 survive for Stonehouse for 1622, 1632, 1657-1659, 1661, 1663-1667, 1675, 1676 (for one 'leete', half the parish), 1683, 1685, 1691, 1709, 1714-1727, 1729-1743, 1736-1741, 1743-1752 (one undated list attributed to 1745 or 1746), 1772, 1784, 1788, 1793 and 1799.
Stonehouse Manor Survey 1558, Gloucestershire Record Office, D4289/M1. Partial Transcription. This written survey was conducted when the manor of Stonehouse was sold by the Earl of Arundel to two Stroudwater clothiers, William Fowler and William Sandford. It details the copyholds and their grantees, the land in each and often its use, the demesne and some of the mills then existing; it also summarises the freeholds.
Survey by John Elliott 1804, Gloucestershire Record Office, P263/MI9. Partial Transcription. In 1803 John Elliott, a professional land surveyor and member of a local family, drew up a detailed map of Stonehouse parish. The schedule which relates to it is lost, but in 1804 he prepared this schedule which gives owners, some occupiers, areas and field names.
Muster Rolls
Muster Roll of Gloucestershire, 1608, published as Smith, J. (1980) Men and Armour for Gloucestershire 1608, Gloucester. Partial Transcription.

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Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 10 September 1999
Copyright: Copyright J. Hudson
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch


Title File Name Size (KB)
User Guide 3896userguide.pdf 392
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_3896_Information.htm 21
Database Definitions dbdef.doc 196
Depositor's Documentation docu.doc 1208
READ File read3896.txt 5


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By principal investigator(s):
Hudson, J. (1998) Residence and Kinship in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804, University of Bristol PhD Thesis.

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