UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Last Refuge, 1958-1959|
|Alternative title:||The Last Refuge|
|Depositor:||Townsend, P., London School of Economics and Political Science. Department of Social Policy and Administration|
Townsend, P., London School of Economics and Political Science. Department of Social Policy and Administration
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.This is a qualitative data collection.
In the late 1950s Peter Townsend undertook a national study which investigated the provision of long-stay institutional care for old people in England and Wales. His findings and recommendations were published in 1962 in his book The Last Refuge. The study sought to ask "Are long stay institutions for old people necessary in our society, and, if so, what form should they take?"
Interviews were conducted with local authority chief welfare officers; and over one hundred institutions - local authority, voluntary and private - were visited and interviews made with their matrons, wardens and proprietors; as well as residents. In many cases, detailed notes were also made about the condition of the buildings and the facilities that were offered.
The study was conducted in 5 distinct stages:
A teaching resource has been created which can be used alongside this data collection - Re-using qualitative data - The Last Refuge. The resource has activities that can be used in the classroom or as self-paced learning activities. The aim is to think critically about the project's methodology and information provided by the data and what kinds of opportunities and challenges these might present for re-use of that data.
For the second edition (August 2011), 112 digitised photographs have been added to the data collection.
Old age; elderly people; residential care of the elderly; nursing homes; old people's homes; care of dependants; retirement; nursing; nursing staff; poverty; welfare services; welfare service administration; social isolation; loneliness.
|Dates of fieldwork:||1958 - 1959|
|Country:||England and Wales|
No spatial unit
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
Chief welfare officers, matrons/wardens and elderly people in residential accommodation in England and Wales, 1958-1959.
Cross-sectional (one-time) study
One-stage stratified or systematic random sample
|Number of units:||Interview summaries = 194; Field notes = 22; Photographs = 112|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Observation
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||31 January 2005|
|Latest edition:||31 August 2011 (2nd Edition)|
|Copyright:||Copyright P. Townsend|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.|
|Please note:||Online documentation, prepared by the UK Data Archive, is available via the link below.|
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|Data Listing - anonymised version||4750ulist.xls||60|
|Data Listing - photographs||4750ulist_photographs.xls||69|
|Data Listing - anonymised version||4750ulist.pdf||506|
|Data Listing - photographs||4750ulist_photographs.pdf||440|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_4750_Information.htm||19|
By principal investigator(s):
Townsend, P. (1954) Providing for pensions, Planning, No. 364, Political and Economic Planning, London, pp.93-116.
Townsend, P. (1954) 'Measuring poverty', British Journal of Sociology, June, pp.130-137.
Townsend, P. (1955) 'The family life of old people', The Sociological Review, December, pp.175-195.
Townsend, P. (1957) The family life of old people, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Townsend, P. (1959) The home and welfare services for the aged: 1945-1958 and beyond, Report No. 379 for the Labour Party study group on social security and old age, April.
Townsend, P. and Woodroffe, C. (1961) Nursing homes in England and Wales - a study of public responsibility, National Corporation for the Care of Old People.
Townsend, P. (1962) The last refuge: a survey of residential institutions and homes for the aged in England and Wales, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Townsend, P. (1963) 'The argument for gradually abandoning communal homes for the aged', International Social Science Journal, Vol. XV, No. 3.
Townsend, P. (1964) 'Family and kinship in industrial society' IN P. Halmos (ed.) Proceedings of the Conference of the British Sociological Association, April, Sociological Review Monograph No. 8, October.
Townsend, P. and Abel-Smith, B. (1965) The poor and the poorest: a new analysis of the Ministry of Labour's Family Expenditure Surveys of 1953-4 and 1960, London: Bell.
Townsend, P. and Wedderburn, D (1970) The aged in the welfare state, London: Bell.
Townsend, P. and Field, F. (1970) 'Poverty and the Labour Government', The Spokesman, Summer.
Townsend, P. (1973) The social minority, London: Allen Lane.
Townsend, P. (1975) Sociology and social policy, London: Allen Lane.
Townsend, P. (1979) Poverty in the United Kingdom: a Survey of Household Resources and Standards of Living, London: Penguin Books and Allen Lane.
Townsend, P. (1983) 'A theory of poverty and the role of social policy' IN M. Loney, D. Boswell and J. Clarke (eds.) Social Policy and Social Welfare, Milton Keynes: Open University Press, pp.58-82.
Townsend, P., Corrigan, P. and Kowarzik, U. (1987) 'Poverty and labour in London', Survey of Londoners' Living Standards, Report No. 1, London.
Townsend, P. (1991) 'Rethinking anti-poverty strategies: the last 25 years and the next', Poverty, the Journal of the Child Poverty Action Group, No. 78, Spring, pp.14-16.
Townsend, P. (1993) The international analysis of poverty, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp.291.
Townsend, P. et al. (1997), Absolute and overall poverty in Britain in 1997: what the population themselves say, Bristol Statistical Monitoring Unit, University of Bristol, pp.66.
Townsend, P. et al. (2000) Poverty and social exclusion in Britain, 2000, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
Townsend, P. and Gordon, D. (eds.)(2001) Breadline Europe: the measurement of poverty, Bristol: Policy Press, pp.465.
Townsend, P. and Gordon, D.(eds.)(2002) World poverty: new policies to defeat an old enemy, Bristol: Policy Press, pp.350.
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Johnson, J., Rolph, S. and Smith, R. (2007) ‘Revisiting “The Last Refuge”: present day methodological challenges’ in M. Bernard, T. Scharf (eds) Critical perspectives on ageing societies, Policy Press, pp. 89-104.
Rolph, S., Johnson, J. and Smith, R. (2009) 'Using photography to understand change and continuity in the history of residential care for older people’, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 12(5) pp.421-439.
Johnson, J., Rolph, S. and Smith, R. (2010) Residential care transformed: revisiting 'The Last Refuge', Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Johnson, J., Rolph, S. and Smith, R. (2010) ‘Uncovering history: private sector care homes for older people’, Journal of Social Policy, 39(2) pp.235-253.