Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Neighbourhood Boundaries, Social Disorganisation and Social Exclusion, 2001-2002

Title details

SN: 4841
Title: Neighbourhood Boundaries, Social Disorganisation and Social Exclusion, 2001-2002
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-4841-1
Depositor: Atkinson, R., University of Glasgow. Department of Urban Studies
Principal investigator(s): Atkinson, R., University of Glasgow. Department of Urban Studies
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Grant number: R000223560

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Atkinson, R. (2004). Neighbourhood Boundaries, Social Disorganisation and Social Exclusion, 2001-2002. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 4841, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-4841-1

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Subject Categories

Community and urban studies - Society and culture
Crime and law enforcement - Law, crime and legal systems
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The central aim of the research was to investigate the underlying premises of UK neighbourhood crime policies through a comparative study of the responses to crime and disorder within both affluent and deprived neighbourhoods, the extent and nature of informal means of social control utilised by their residents and how collective efficacy is related to social capital and social cohesion. A further aim of the research was to examine the nature of social interaction relating to crime and disorder between the neighbourhoods in order to identify the extent to which such defensive or exclusive strategies may contribute to the social and spatial exclusion of deprived neighbourhoods.

The key research objectives were:
  • to examine the relationship between the organisational characteristics of the neighbourhoods and levels of informal social control, including the relationship between mechanisms of formal and informal social control, and;
  • to study the construction of territories of control and the importance of boundaries in the neighbourhood governance of crime and disorder.


  • Two Scottish cities, Edinburgh and Glasgow, were included in the project. One affluent area and one deprived area were chosen from each city, and the research objectives were addressed utilising a mixed methodology combining quantitative and qualitative data:
  • individual interviews were conducted in all the four locations with officers from community, council and housing organisations, community police officers and councillors;
  • focus group interviews were conducted with residents from each of the areas studied;
  • a postal survey was undertaken with residents from each of the areas (1,207 in total), and the results coded into a quantitative data file for analysis.
  • Main Topics:
    Topics covered in the individual and focus group interviews include crime, fear of crime, perceptions of neighbourhood and attitudes towards residents of neighbouring areas and others from 'outside' the immediate community, social deprivation, social and community cohesion, establishment of Neighbourhood Watch groups and other crime prevention and community organisations, and attitudes towards community policing.

    Topics covered in the quantitative data file include respondent's trust of neighbours and others, perceived 'community spirit' in the area, local crime and social disorder problems, perceptions of whether crime is committed by people living inside or outside the area, experience of victimisation, attitudes to 'strangers' in the area, attitudes to crime prevention organisations, the police and other groups, and demographic information such as age, gender, occupation, household type and tenure.

    Coverage, universe, methodology

    Time period: 2001 - 2002
    Country: Scotland
    Geography: Edinburgh
    Glasgow
    Greater Glasgow
    Lothian Region
    Spatial units: No spatial unit
    Observation units: Individuals
    Groups
    Kind of data: Textual data
    Numeric data
    Individual (micro) level
    Universe: Subnational
    Residents of one affluent neighbourhood and one deprived neighbourhood in each of two Scottish cities (Edinburgh and Glasgow), during 2001-2002
    Time dimensions: Cross-sectional (one-time) study
    Sampling procedures: The four neighbourhoods were chosen on the basis of social profile. The quantitative postal survey survey was based on a sample of households randomly generated from the Postcode Address File (PAF) by CACI for each of the four defined neighbourhoods. Qualitative interviews were carried out with five key actors in each neighbourhood. One focus group interview was conducted in each of the four neighbourhoods, and two additional ones with residents drawn unwittingly from across each pair of neighbourhoods.
    Number of units: 15 individual interviews, six focus group interviews, one set of interview notes and one quantitative data file containing survey information gathered from 1,207 respondents.
    Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Postal survey; Focus group
    Weighting: Not applicable

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    Administrative and access information

    Date of release:
    First edition: 05 April 2004
    Copyright: No information recorded
    Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
    Availability: UK Data Service
    Contact: Get in touch

    Documentation

    Title File Name Size (KB)
    Data List q4841ulist.xls 26
    User Guide 4841userguide.pdf 311
    Data List q4841ulist.pdf 12
    Study information and citation UKDA_Study_4841_Information.htm 20
    READ File read4841.txt 7
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    Publications

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    By principal investigator(s):
    Atkinson, R. and Flint, J. (2002) 'The defended neighbourhood : a comparative study of informal social control', paper presented at the European Network for Housing Research Conference, Vienna, Austria, 1-5 July 2002.

    Resulting from secondary analysis:

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