UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Quarterly Labour Force Survey, October - December, 1994|
|Series:||Labour Force Survey [Quarterly Labour Force Survey, 1992-]|
|Depositor:||Office for National Statistics. Social and Vital Statistics Division|
Office for National Statistics. Social and Vital Statistics Division
Office for National Statistics
|Other acknowledgements:||Until 5 July 1995, the Labour Force Survey (LFS) was the responsibility of the Employment Department. On that date, the Employment Department was abolished and responsibility for the survey was passed to the Central Statistical Office (CSO). In April 1996, the Central Statistical Office and the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys amalgamated to become the Office for National Statistics (ONS).|
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.Background
The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is a unique source of information using international definitions of employment and unemployment and economic inactivity, together with a wide range of related topics such as occupation, training, hours of work and personal characteristics of household members aged 16 years and over. It is used to inform social, economic and employment policy. The LFS was first conducted biennially from 1973, then between 1984 and 1991 the survey was carried out annually and consisted of a quarterly survey conducted throughout the year and a 'boost' survey in the spring quarter (data were then collected seasonally). From 1992 quarterly data were made available, with a quarterly sample size approximately equivalent to that of the previous annual data. The survey then became known as the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS). From December 1994, data gathering for Northern Ireland moved to a full quarterly cycle to match the rest of the country, so the QLFS then covered the whole of the UK (though some additional annual Northern Ireland LFS datasets are also held at the UK Data Archive). Further information on the background to the QLFS may be found in the documentation.
The documentation available from the Archive to accompany LFS datasets largely consists of the latest version of each user guide volume alongside the appropriate questionnaire for the year concerned. However, volumes are updated periodically by ONS, so users are advised to check the latest documents on the ONS Labour Force Survey - User Guidance pages before commencing analysis. This is especially important for users of older QLFS studies, where information and guidance in the user guide documents may have changed over time.
Additional data derived from the QLFS
The Archive also holds further QLFS series: Secure Access datasets (see below); household datasets; two-quarter and five-quarter longitudinal datasets; quarterly, annual and ad hoc module datasets compiled for Eurostat; and some additional annual Northern Ireland datasets.
End User Licence and Secure Access QLFS data
Users should note that there are two discrete versions of the QLFS. One is available under the standard End User Licence (EUL) agreement, and the other is a Secure Access version. The EUL version includes country and Government Office Region geography, 3-digit Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) and 3-digit industry group for main, second and last job (from July-September 2015, 4-digit industry class is available for main job only).
The Secure Access version contains more detailed variables relating to:
|This study was deposited in 2008, as a result of the move from seasonal to calendar quarters for the QLFS, and the reweighting process to 2007-2008 population figures. It combines data from previously-available QLFS seasonal quarter datasets. The depositor has advised that small revisions to the data may have been made during this process, but they should not be significant.
The QLFS questionnaire comprises a 'core' of questions which are included in every survey, together with some 'non-core' questions which vary from quarter to quarter.
The questionnaire can be split into two main parts. The first part contains questions on the respondent's household, family structure, basic housing information and demographic details of household members. The second part contains questions covering economic activity, education and health, and also may include a few questions asked on behalf of other government departments (for example the Department for Work and Pensions and the Home Office). Until 1997, the questions on health covered mainly problems which affected the respondent's work. From that quarter onwards, the questions cover all health problems. Detailed questions on income have also been included in each quarter since 1993. The basic questionnaire is revised each year, and a new version published, along with a transitional version that details changes from the previous year's questionnaire.
|Dates of fieldwork:||October 1994 - December 1994|
Government Office Regions
Standard Statistical Regions
All persons normally resident in private households in Great Britain and (from 1994) Northern Ireland.
Repeated cross-sectional study
Data are collected quarterly
Simple random sample
Four sampling frames are used. See documentation for details.
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Telephone interview
The first interview is conducted face-to-face, and subsequent interviews by telephone where possible.
|Weighting:||Weighting used. See documentation for details.|
|ABSENTEEISM||ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT||ADVANCED LEVEL EXAMINATIONS|
|ADVANCED SUPPLEMENTARY LEVEL EXAMINATIONS||AGE||ALLERGIES|
|APPLICATION FOR EMPLOYMENT||APPOINTMENT TO JOB||APPRENTICESHIP|
|ATTITUDES||BONUS PAYMENTS||BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION COUNCIL AWARDS|
|BUSINESSES||CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES||CARE OF DEPENDANTS|
|CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION||CERTIFICATE OF SIXTH YEAR STUDIES||CHILD BENEFITS|
|CHILD CARE||CHILDREN||CHRONIC ILLNESS|
|CITIZENSHIP||CITY AND GUILDS OF LONDON INSTITUTE AWARDS||COHABITATION|
|COMPANIES||CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT||DEBILITATIVE ILLNESS|
|DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS||DISABILITIES||DISABLED PERSONS|
|DISMISSAL||DISTANCE LEARNING||DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES|
|EARLY RETIREMENT||ECONOMIC ACTIVITY||EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND|
|EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES||EDUCATIONAL COURSES||EDUCATIONAL FEES|
|EDUCATIONAL FINANCE||EDUCATIONAL GRANTS||EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS|
|EMPLOYER-SPONSORED TRAINING||EMPLOYMENT HISTORY||EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES|
|EMPLOYMENT SERVICES||EMPLOYMENT||ENDOCRINE DISORDERS|
|EPILEPSY||ETHNIC GROUPS||EVENING SCHOOLS|
|FIELDS OF STUDY||FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT||FURNISHED ACCOMMODATION|
|GENDER||GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION||GENERAL NATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION|
|GENERAL SCOTTISH VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION||GREAT BRITAIN||HEADS OF HOUSEHOLD|
|HEALTH||HEARING IMPAIRMENTS||HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS|
|HIGHER EDUCATION||HIGHER NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA||HOME BUYING|
|HOME OWNERSHIP||HOME-BASED WORK||HOURS OF WORK|
|INJURIES||IN-SERVICE TRAINING||INVESTMENT RETURN|
|INVOLUNTARY SHORT TIME WORKING||JOB CHANGING||JOB DESCRIPTION|
|JOB HUNTING||JOB SEEKER'S ALLOWANCE||LABOUR DISPUTES|
|LABOUR FORCE||LANDLORDS||LEARNING DISABILITIES|
|MATERNITY LEAVE||MATERNITY PAY||MENTAL DISORDERS|
|METHODS OF PAYMENT||MORTGAGES||MUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASES|
|NATIONAL IDENTITY||NATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION||NATIONALITY|
|NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES||OCCUPATIONAL PENSIONS||OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS|
|OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY||OCCUPATIONAL TRAINING||OCCUPATIONS|
|ONE-PARENT FAMILIES||ORDINARY LEVEL EXAMINATIONS||ORDINARY NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA|
|PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT||PATERNITY LEAVE||PLACE OF BIRTH|
|PLACE OF RESIDENCE||PRIVATE SECTOR||PUBLIC SECTOR|
|REDUNDANCY PAY||REDUNDANCY||RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION|
|RENTED ACCOMMODATION||RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY||RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES|
|RETIREMENT||ROYAL SOCIETY OF ARTS AWARDS||SANDWICH COURSES|
|SCOTTISH CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION||SCOTTISH VOCATIONAL EDUCATION COUNCIL AWARDS||SCOTTISH VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION|
|SEASONAL EMPLOYMENT||SELF-EMPLOYED||SHARED HOME OWNERSHIP|
|SICK LEAVE||SICK PAY||SICK PERSONS|
|SKIN DISEASES||SMALL BUSINESSES||SOCIAL CLASS|
|SOCIAL HOUSING||SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS||SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS|
|SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS||SPEECH IMPAIRMENTS||SPOUSES|
|STATE RETIREMENT PENSIONS||STUDENTS||SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENT|
|SUPERVISORS||SUPERVISORY STATUS||TAX RELIEF|
|TAXATION||TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS||TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT|
|TERMINATION OF SERVICE||TIED HOUSING||TRAINING CENTRES|
|UNEMPLOYMENT||UNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION||UNWAGED WORKERS|
|VISION IMPAIRMENTS||VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CERTIFICATES||VOCATIONAL EDUCATION|
|WAGES||WELSH (LANGUAGE)||WORKING CONDITIONS|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||15 July 2008|
|Copyright:||Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.|
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
|Contact:||Get in touch|
|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|User Guide Vol.1 - Background and Methodology||background.pdf||3247|
|User Guide Vol.5 - Classifications||classifications.pdf||1352|
|User Guide Vol.4 - Derived Variables||derivedvariables2007.pdf||4330|
|User Guide Vol.9 - Eurostat and Eurostat Derived Variables||eurostat.pdf||983|
|User Guide Vol.8 - Household and Family Data||household.pdf||346|
|LFS Reweighting Project 2007 Information||lfs_2007_reweighting.pdf||29|
|User Guide Vol.6 - Local Area Data||localarea.pdf||515|
|LFS User Guide Vol.2/2A - Questionnaire||questionnaire1994.pdf||201|
|User Guide Vol.3 - Details of LFS Variables 1992-2002||variabledetails1992-2002.pdf||2249|
|User Guide Vol.3 - Details of LFS Variables 2007||variabledetails2007.pdf||1242|
|User Guide Vol.7 - LFS Variables 1979-1991||variables1979_1991.pdf||727|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_5882_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
Employment Department (-July 1995), Employment Gazette, London: HMSO, monthly.
Department for Education and Employment and Central Statistical Office (August-October 1995), Employment Gazette, monthly.
Central Statistical Office (November 1995-March 1996) Labour Market Trends (incorporating Employment Gazette), monthly.
Office for National Statistics (April 1996- ) Labour Market Trends (incorporating Employment Gazette), monthly. From 2001 onwards, this publication can be accessed online via the ONS Labour Market Trends Archive.
Employment Department (1992-April 1995) Labour Force Survey Quarterly Bulletin.
Central Statistical Office (July 1995-1996) Labour Force Survey Quarterly Bulletin, quarterly.
Employment Department (1992-April 1995) Labour Force Survey Rapid Release, quarterly.
Central Statistical Office (July 1995-1996) Labour Force Survey Rapid Release, quarterly.
Office for National Statistics (1999) What exactly is the Labour Force Survey?, London: ONS.
Madouros, V. (2006) Impact of the switch from seasonal to calendar quarters in the Labour Force Survey, London: ONS. Retrieved December 14, 2007 from: http://www.statistics.gov.uk/articles/labour_market_trends/CQ_article.pdf
Resulting from secondary analysis:
Blanchflower, D. and Oswald, A., (1993) International wage curves, CEP Discussion Paper No. 116, February.
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Meager. N., Court, J. and Moralee, J., (1994) Self-employment and the distribution of income, Institute of Manpower Studies Report No. 270.
Peggs, K., Will you still feed me when I'm 64?, Paper for presentation to the British Sociological Association Annual Conference, University of Central Lancashire, March 28th to 31st, 1994.
Glover, J. and Arber, S., Polarisation in mothers' employment : occupational class, age of youngest child, employment rights and work-hours, Paper presented to the Work, Employment and Society conference, University of Kent, UK, September 12-14 1994.
Siora, G. and Pitcher, J., (1994) The nature, extent and demand for management skills in the East Midlands, Final Report, Institute for Employment Research, University of Warwick, October.
Gregg, P. and Wadsworth, J., (1995) `A short history of labour turnover, job tenure, and job security, 1975-93' Oxford Review of Economic Policy 11(1), pp.73-90.
Glover, J. and Arber, S., (1995) `Polarization in mothers' employment' Gender, Work and Organization 2(4), October, pp.165-179.
Dex, S. and McCulloch, A. (1995) Flexible employment in Britain: a statistical analysis, Research Discussion Series No.15, Manchester: Equal Opportunities Commission.
Glover, J., Smeaton, D. and Fielding, J., (1995) Gender and science, engineering and technology (SET) project, Memorandum submitted to the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology.
Felstead, A., (1996) `Identifying gender inequalities in the distribution of vocational qualifications in the UK' Gender, Work and Organization 3(1), January, pp.38-50.
Glover, J., Fielding, J., and Smeaton, D. (1996) `What happens to women and men with SET degrees?' Labour Market Trends 104(2), February, pp.63-67.
Blundell, R., Magnac, T., and Meghir, C. (1996) Savings and labour market transitions, Working Paper No. W96/5, April, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.
Machin, S., Ryan, A., and Van Reenen, J. (1996) Technology and changes in skill structure: evidence from an international panel of industries, Working Paper No. W96/6, April, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.
Drinkwater, S. and Leslie, D. (1996) Adult earnings variables to the SARs: accounting for the ethnicity effect, Department of Economics, Manchester Metropolitan University.
Employment Policy Institute (1996) `Introducing the employment audit' Employment Audit 1, Summer.
Felstead, A. (1996) `Homeworking in Britain: the national picture in the mid-1990s' Industrial Relations Journal 27(3), September, pp.225-238.
Felstead, A. (1996) `Training implications of regulation compliance and business cycles' in A. Booth and D.J. Snowner (eds.) Acquiring skills: market failures, their symptoms and policy responses, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Alpin, C., Shackleton, J.R. and Walsh, S. Employee self-financed training in Britain : some summary data from the Labour Force Survey, paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the European Association of Labour Economists. Education, Training and the Labour Market Research Group, University of Westminster, 1996.
Shackleton, J.R. and Walsh, S. (1996) `The determinants of NVQ acquisition'Education Economics.
Shackleton, J.R. and Walsh, S. (1996) The determinants of self-financed work-related education and training, Research Working Paper Series 2: No.13, Faculty of Business, Management and Social Studies, University of Westminster.
Urwin, P. (1996) Older workers - an opportunity for London's businesses?, Labour Market Briefing, University of Westminster and London Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Urwin, P. and Alpin, C. (1996) Atypical employment in the capital, Labour Market Briefing, University of Westminster and London Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Smeaton, D., Glover, J. and Fielding, J. (1997) 'Recent trends in women's representation in science and engineering' Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 3(1).
Dawe, F. and Knight, I. (1997) 'A study of proxy response on the Labour Force Survey' Survey Methodology Bulletin no. 40, p.30-36.
Tate, P. (1997) 'Data on households and families from the Labour Force Survey (special report)' Labour Market Trends 105(3), March, p.89-98.
Felstead, A., Krahn, H., Powell, M. (1997) Contrasting fortunes across the life course : non-standard work among women and men in Canada and the United Kingdom, CLMS Working Paper No.17, Centre for Labour Market Studies, Leicester University, May.
Tate, P. Utilising longitudinally linked data from the Labour Force Survey, paper presented to the Labour Market Statistics User Group seminar, 8th July 1997.
Gasson, R. (1997) Educational attainment levels of farmers, Department of Agricultural Economics and Business Management, Wye College, University of London, July.
Brauns, H., Mueller, W. and Steinmann, S. (1997) Educational expansion and returns to education : a comparative study on Germany, France, the UK and Hungary, Arbeitspapiere ABI/Nr.23, Mannheimer Zentrum fuer Europaeische Sozial Forschung, Germany.
Waldfogel, J., Higuchi, Y. and Abe, M. (1998) Maternity leave policies and women's employment after childbirth : evidence from the United States, Britain and Japan, CASEpaper CASE/3, January, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Urwin, P. (1998) London as a business centre - the skills and experience base, School of Economic and Business Studies, University of Westminster.
Gasson, R. (1998) `Educational attainment levels of UK farmers - a review' European Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 4(4), pp.231-242.
Canty, A.J. and Davison, A.C. (1998) Resampling-based variance estimation for labour force surveys, Department of Mathematics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, June 9th.
Shields, M.A. and Wheatley Price, S. (1998) 'The earnings of male immigrants in England : evidence from the quarterly LFS' Applied Economics, 30, pp.1157-1168.
Papasolomontos, C. and Christie, T. (1998) 'Using national surveys : a review of secondary analyses with special reference to education' Educational Research, 40(3), Winter, pp.295-309.
Dickens, R. and Machin, S. (1998) 'Minimum wage: maximum impact?' CentrePiece, 3(3), pp.10-13, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics.
Machin, S. and Gregg, P. (1998) Child development and success or failure in the youth labour market Discussion Paper 397, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science.
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Campbell, N. (1999) The decline of employment among older people in Britain, CASEpaper 19 (and CASEbrief 9), Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion, STICERD, London School of Economics.
Labour Research Department London Allowance : further inquiries, paper presented to the Metropolitan Police Federation, June 1999.
Manning, A. (1999) Pretty vacant: recruitment in low-wage labour markets, Discussion Paper 418, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science.
Taylor, P. and Urwin, P. (1999) 'Recent trends in the labour force participation of older people in the UK' The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, 24(4), pp.551-579.
Urwin, P. and Shackleton, J.R. (1999) 'Search methods and transitions into employment and inactivity' International Journal of Manpower, 20(3/4), pp.189-230.
Alpin, C., Shackleton, J.R. and Urwin, P. (1999) Strength through diversity: ethnic minorities in London's economy, London Skills Forecasting Unit, London: London TEC Council.
Fielding, J. and Glover, J. (1999) 'Women science graduates in Britain: the value of secondary analysis of large scale data sets' Work, Employment and Society, 13(2), pp.353-367.
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Burgess, S. et al (1999) The class of '81: the effects of early-career unemployment on subsequent unemployment experiences, CASEpaper 32, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics and Political Science.
Green, F., McIntosh, S. and Vignoles, A. (1999) 'Overeducation' and skills - clarifying the concepts, Discussion Paper 435, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science. ISBN 0753013061.
Glover, J. (2000) Women and scientific employment, London: Macmillan. ISBN 0333683188.
Carmichael, F. and Woods, R. (2000) 'Ethnic penalties in unemployment and occupational attainment: evidence for Britain' International Review of Applied Economics, 14(1).
Felstead, A. et al (2000) A statistical portrait of working at home in the UK: evidence from the Labour Force Survey, Working Paper No.4, ESRC Future of Work Programme, Swindon: ESRC.
Egerton, M. (2000) 'Monitoring contemporary student flows and characteristics: secondary analyses using the Labour Force Survey and the General Household Survey' Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A 163, Part 1, pp.63-80.
Metcalf, D., Hansen, K. and Charlwood, A. (2001) 'Unions and the sword of justice: unions and pay systems, pay inequality, pay discrimination and low pay', offprint from WERS Dissemination Service.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R., Robinson, H. and Wass, V. (2002) 'Court awards of damages for loss of future earnings: An empirical study and an alternative method of calculation', Journal of Law and Society, 29, pp.406-435.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R. and Wass, V. (2002) 'A new way to assess damages for loss of future earnings', New Law Journal, pp.1042-3.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R. and Wass, V. (2002) 'Methods for calculating damages for loss of future earnings', Journal of Personal Injury Litigation, 2, pp.151-165.
Bailey, M. F. (2003) 'The labour market participation of Northern Ireland university students' Applied Economics, 35, pp.1345-1350.
Felstead, A., Jewson, N. and Walters, S. (2003) The changing place of work, ESRC Future of Work Programme Working Paper No.28, Centre for Labour Market Studies, University of Leicester, 24 June.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R. and Wass, V. (2003) 'The calculation of damages for personal injury in respect of loss of future earnings', Insurance Research and Practice, 18(1), pp.4-7.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R., Robinson, H. and Wass, V. (2003) 'Loss of earnings following personal injury: Do the courts adequately compensate injured parties?', Economic Journal, 113 (491), pp.568-584.
Chevalier, A. and Viitanen, T. (2003) 'The causality between female labour force participation and the supply of childcare', Applied Economics Letters, 9, pp.915-918.
Chevalier, A. et al. (2004) 'Does education raise productivity, or just reflect it?', Economic Journal, 114, F499-F517.
Chevalier, A. et al. (2005) 'Parental education, income and child's education', IZA, DP 1496.
Felstead, A., Jewson, N. and Walters, S. (2005) 'The shifting location of work: new statistical evidence on the spaces and places of employment', Work, Employment and Society, 19(2), pp.415-431.
Frijters, P., Shields, M.A. and Wheatley Price, S. (2005) 'Job search methods and their success: A comparison of immigrants and natives in the UK', Economic Journal, 115, pp.F359-F376.
Frijters, P., Shields, M.A. and Wheatley Price, S. (2006) 'Investigating the quitting decision of nurses: Panel data evidence from the British National Health Service', Health Economics.
Rigg, J. (2006) Labour market disadvantage amongst disabled people: a longitudinal perspective, CASEpaper 103, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Ma, A. H. Y. et al. (2006) 'Comparing the NES and LFS: an analysis of the differences between the data sets and their implications for the pattern of geographical pay in the UK', Regional Studies, 40(6), pp.645-665.
Siebert, W.S., Addison J. and Bailey, R. (2006) 'The impact of deunionisation on earnings dispersion revisited', Research in Labor Economics, pp.337-364. (Uses 1995 QLFS and 1983 GHS).
Elliott, R. F. et al. (2007) 'Geographically differentiated pay in the labour market for nurses', Journal of Health Economics, 26(1), pp.190-212.
Sriskandarajah, D., Cooley, L. and Kornblatt, T. (2007) Britain's immigrants: an economic profile: a report for Class Films and Channel 4 'Dispatches', London: Institute for Public Policy Research.
The LFS data have been used in constructing some of the UK labour market variables in the EU KLEMS database. Specific relevant documents include:
Timmer, M. et al. (prepared on behalf of the EU KLEMS Consortium) (2007) EUKLEMS growth and productivity accounts: part 1: methodology. This publication is available from http://www.euklems.net/
Timmer, M. et al. (prepared on behalf of the EU KLEMS Consortium) (2007) EUKLEMS growth and productivity accounts: part 2. This publication is available from http://www.euklems.net/
Data from the Labour Force Survey, 2002: Teaching Dataset (SN 4736) has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6.
Longhi S., Nicoletti C. and Platt L. (2009) 'Decomposing wage gaps across the pay distribution: investigating inequalities of ethno-religious groups and disabled people', ISER Working Paper 2009-31.
Longhi S. and Platt L. (2008) Pay gaps across equalities areas, EHRC Research Report 9. This publication is also available on the Equality and Human Rights Commission website.
Sutherland, J. (2009) Monitoring and ealuating the performance of the labour market in Scotland, Centre for Public Policy for Regions Working Paper No. 18, Glasgow: University of Glasgow.
Sutherland, J. (2009) Occupational change in Scotland, 2001-2008, Centre for Public Policy for Regions Working Paper No. 20, Glasgow: University of Glasgow.
Sutherland, J. (2009) 'Occupational change in Scotland, 2001–2008', Scottish Affairs, 69, Autumn.
Sutherland, J. (2010) 'The structure of employment and graduate employment in Scotland, 2001 -2009', The Fraser Economic Commentary, June.
Sumption, M. and Somerville, W. (2010) The UK's new Europeans: progress and challenges five years after accession, Equality and Human Rights Commission/Migration Policy Institute. ISBN 978 1 84206 252 4. This publication is also available on the Equality and Human Rights Commission website.
Davies, R. et al. (2011) An anatomy of economic inequality in Wales: A report prepared on behalf of the Wales Equality and Human Rights Commission, Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data and Methods (WISERD) Research Reports Series RRS/002, University of Cardiff. This publication is also available on the WISERD website.
Williams, B. (2011) A study of the UK labour market during the 2008/2009 UK recession, unpublished M.Sc. Economics dissertation, University of the West of England.
Forth, J., Bryson, A., Humphris, A., Kleiner, M. and Koumenta, M.(2011) A review of occupational regulation and its impact, UK Commission for Employment and Skills Evidence Report No. 40.
Urwin, P. and Buscha, F. (2012) Back to work: the role of small businesses in employment and enterprise, London: Federation of Small Businesses.
Davies R. (2012) Secondary analysis of the 2009 and 2010 ESF Leavers Surveys, Merthyr: Welsh European Funding Office. Retrieved January 7, 2016, from http://gov.wales/docs/wefo/report/130607esfsurvey2009-2010furtheranalysisen.pdf
Davies R., Makepeace G., Munday M., Winterbotham, M. and Williams G. (2013) The 2011 ESF Leavers Survey, Merthyr: Welsh European Funding Office. Retrieved January 7, 2016, from http://gov.wales/docs/wefo/report/1306072011esfsurveyreportmainen.pdf
Davies R., Jones S, Munday M., Winterbotham, M. and Williams G. (2013) The 2012 ESF Leavers Survey, Merthyr: Welsh European Funding Office. Retrieved January 7, 2016, from http://gov.wales/docs/wefo/report/140127esfleaverssurvey2012reporten.pdf
Blundell, R., Crawford, C. and Jin, W.(M.) (2013) What can wages and employment tell us about the UK's productivity puzzle?, IFS Working Papers, W13/11, June. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1311.
Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) When you are born matters: evidence for England, IFS Reports, R80, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0080.
Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) The impact of age within academic year on adult outcomes, IFS Working Papers, W13/07, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1307.
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