Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Understanding Society: Waves 1-6, 2009-2015

Title details

SN: 6614
Title: Understanding Society: Waves 1-6, 2009-2015
Alternative title: United Kingdom Household Longitudinal Study; UKHLS
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6614-9
Series: Understanding Society [Understanding Society: Waves 1- , 2008-]
Depositor: University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research
Principal investigator(s): University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research
NatCen Social Research
Kantar Public
Data collector(s): Millward Brown Ulster
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Department for Work and Pensions
Department for Education
Department for Transport
Department of Health
Welsh Assembly Government
Food Standards Agency
Scottish Government
Grant number: ES/K005146

Citation

The citation for this study is:

University of Essex. Institute for Social and Economic Research, NatCen Social Research, Kantar Public. (2016). Understanding Society: Waves 1-6, 2009-2015. [data collection]. 8th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 6614, http://dx.doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-6614-9

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Subject Categories

Consumer behaviour - Economics
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
General - Employment and labour
General - Health
Income, property and investment - Economics
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Understanding Society (the UK Household Longitudinal Study) is conducted by the Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER), at the University of Essex. The survey research organisation that collects the data is Kantar Public (formerly TNS BMRB) in Great Britain and Millward Brown Ulster in Northern Ireland. As a multi-topic household survey, the purpose of the study is to understand social and economic change at the household and individual levels. It is anticipated that over time Understanding Society will permit examination of short- and long-term effects of social and economic change, including policy interventions, on the general wellbeing of the UK population. The study has a strong emphasis on the domains of family and social ties, work, financial resources, and health.

Understanding Society is an annual survey of each adult member of a nationally representative sample. The same individuals are re-interviewed in each wave, approximately 12 months apart. When individuals move they are followed within the UK and anyone joining their households is also interviewed, as long as they are living with them. The fieldwork period is 24 months. The first wave of data was collected between January 2009 and January 2011, the second wave between January 2010 and January 2012, and so forth. Data collection primarily uses computer assisted personal interviewing (CAPI). One person completes the household questionnaire. Each person aged 16 or older participates in the individual adult interview and self-completed questionnaire. Young people aged 10-15 years are asked to respond to a paper self-completion questionnaire. The study has five sample components: the general population; a boost sample of ethnic minority group members; an immigrant and ethnic minority boost sample; participants in the former British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and the Innovation Panel (which is a separate standalone survey (see SN 6849) and so not included in the main release.

Further information about the survey may be found on the Understanding Society web site.

End User Licence, Special Licence and Secure Access versions:
Users should note that there are two versions of the main Understanding Society data. One is available under the standard End User Licence (EUL) agreement, and the other is a Special Licence (SL) version. The SL version contains month and year of birth variables instead of just age, more detailed country and occupation coding for a number of variables and various income variables have not been top-coded (see the documentation available with the SL version for more detail on the differences). Users are advised to first obtain the standard EUL version of the data to see if they are sufficient for their research requirements. The SL data have more restrictive access conditions; prospective users of the SL version will need to complete an extra application form and demonstrate to the data owners exactly why they need access to the additional variables in order to get permission to use that version. The SL versions of the main Understanding Society and Innovation Panel studies may be found under SNs 6931 and 7083 respectively. Low-level and Medium-level Geographical Identifiers data are also available subject to SL access conditions; see SNs 6666, 6668-6675 and 7182 (main study) and 6908-6916 (Innovation Panel). In addition, a fine detail geographic dataset (SN 6676) is available under more restrictive Secure Access conditions that contains British National Grid postcode grid references (at 1m resolution) for the unit postcode of each household surveyed, derived from the ONS National Statistics Postcode Directory (NSPD). For details on how to make an application for Secure Access dataset, please see the SN 6676 catalogue record.

Edition history:
  • The first edition (released December 2010) comprised data and documentation from Wave 1, Year 1.
  • For the second edition (November 2011), materials for the second year of Wave 1 were added to the study, which now comprises the full set of Wave 1 data and documentation.
  • For the third edition (February 2012) data and materials for the first year of Wave 2 were added to the study. The purpose of the Wave 2 interim release was to provide early access to longitudinal data from Understanding Society for the general population sample component, prior to the release of the full Wave 2 data in late 2012. This early release also contained data from the sample component of BHPS participants, but not the Ethnic Minority Boost sample component.
  • For the fourth edition (January 2013) finalised data and documentation from Wave 2 were deposited, along with updated data and documentation for Wave 1. See documentation for full details of revisions and updates.
  • For the fifth edition (November 2013) data and documentation from Wave 3 were deposited, along with updated data and documentation for Waves 1 and 2. See documentation for full details of revisions and updates.
  • For the sixth edition (November 2014) data and documentation from Wave 4 were deposited, along with updated data and documentation for Waves 1, 2 and 3. See documentation for full details of revisions and updates.
  • For the seventh edition (November 2015) data and documentation from Wave 5 were deposited, along with updated data and documentation for Waves 1-4. See documentation for full details of revisions and updates.
  • For the eighth edition (November 2016) data and documentation from Wave 6 were deposited (including a new Immigrant and Ethnic Minority Boost), along with updated data and documentation for Waves 1-5. See documentation for full details of revisions and updates.
Suitable data analysis software
These data are provided by the depositor in Stata format. Users are strongly advised to analyse them in Stata. Transfer to other formats may result in unforeseen issues. Stata SE software is needed to analyse the larger files, which contain over 2,047 variables.

Main Topics:
The survey instrument is constructed with modules. For a fuller listing of modules and questionnaire content see the User Manual or the online documentation system.

The household questionnaire includes a household composition listing of all household members with information about gender, date of birth, marital and employment status, and relationship to the household respondent. The household questionnaire also includes questions about housing, mortgage or rent payments, material deprivation, and consumer durables and cars.

The individual interview is asked of every person in the household aged 16 or over. It includes questions about demographics, baseline information, family background, ethnicity and language use; migration, partnership and fertility histories; health, disability and caring; current employment and earnings; employment status (for persons interviewed January-June); parenting and childcare arrangements; family networks; benefit payments; political party identification; household finances; environmental behaviours; consents to administrative data linkage. A proxy module, comprising a much shortened version of the individual questionnaire may be completed by one person on behalf of another; it collects demographic, health and employment information, as well as a summary income measure.

Those who completed an individual adult interview also complete a self-completion questionnaire. It includes subjective questions, particularly those which are potentially sensitive or require more privacy. For example, feelings of depression (GHQ-12) and well-being, sleep behaviour, environmental attitudes and beliefs, neighbourhood participation and belonging, life satisfaction, activities with partner and relationship quality. A youth self-completion questionnaire is completed by 10-15 year olds. It includes questions on computer and technology use, family support, sibling relationships, feelings about areas of life, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), health behaviours, smoking and drinking, and aspirations.

Standard measures used:
Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 12 (SF-12)
General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)
Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale
Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)
Material deprivation
Child deprivation
Neighbourhood cohesion

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: January 2009 - May 2016
Country: United Kingdom
Spatial units: Countries
Government Office Regions
Observation units: Individuals
Families/households
Kind of data: Numeric data
Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: National
Households and their individual members resident in the United Kingdom.
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Two-stage stratified systematic sample - see documentation for details.
Number of units: Over 40,000 households were included in the sample at Wave 1. See documentation for breakdown of numbers and response rates for each wave so far.
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview; Self-completion
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTACCIDENTSACCOUNTS
ADOLESCENTSADOPTED CHILDRENADOPTIVE PARENTS
ADULTSAGEALCOHOL USE
ALCOHOLIC DRINKSAPPLICATION FOR EMPLOYMENTASPIRATION
ASSAULTATTITUDESBEDROOMS
BIRTH WEIGHTBREAST-FEEDINGBRITISH POLITICAL PARTIES
BROADBANDBULLYINGBUSINESSES
CABLE TELEVISIONCARE OF DEPENDANTSCARE OF THE DISABLED
CARE OF THE ELDERLYCAREGIVERSCENTRAL HEATING
CHILD BENEFITSCHILD CARECHILD DAY CARE
CHILD SUPPORT PAYMENTSCHILDBIRTHCHILDREN
CITIZENSHIPCIVIL PARTNERSHIPSCLEANING
CLINICAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTSCLOTHINGCOHABITATION
COHABITINGCOLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERSCOMMUNITY BEHAVIOUR
COMMUTINGCOMPACT DISC PLAYERSCOMPUTERS
CONFECTIONERYCONSUMER GOODSCOSTS
COUNCIL TAXCRIME VICTIMSCRIME
CRIMINAL DAMAGECULTURAL GOODSDEATH
DEBILITATIVE ILLNESSDEBTSDEGREES
DEPRESSIONDIET AND NUTRITIONDISABILITIES
DISABLED PERSONSDISCRIMINATIONDISEASES
DIVORCEDOMESTIC APPLIANCESDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES
ECONOMIC ACTIVITYEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL EXPECTATIONS
ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLYELECTRONIC GAMESEMOTIONAL STATES
EMPLOYEESEMPLOYERSEMPLOYMENT HISTORY
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIESEMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMESEMPLOYMENT
ENERGY CONSUMPTIONENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATIONENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUESENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENTSETHNIC GROUPS
ETHNIC MINORITIESEXAMINATIONSEXPENDITURE
FAMILIESFAMILY DISORGANIZATIONFAMILY ENVIRONMENT
FAMILY LIFEFAMILY MEMBERSFAMILY SIZE
FATHER'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITYFATHER'S PLACE OF BIRTHFATHERS
FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIESFINANCIAL EXPECTATIONSFINANCIAL RESOURCES
FINANCIAL SUPPORTFOODFREQUENCY
FRIENDSFRUITFUEL OILS
FUELSFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENTFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION
FURNITUREFURTHER EDUCATIONGAS SUPPLY
GENDERGRANDPARENTSHAPPINESS
HEALTHHEATING SYSTEMSHEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
HIGHER EDUCATIONHOLIDAYSHOME BUYING
HOME CONTENTS INSURANCEHOME OWNERSHIPHOURS OF WORK
HOUSE PRICESHOUSEHOLD BUDGETSHOUSEHOLD INCOME
HOUSEHOLDSHOUSESHOUSEWORK
HOUSING BENEFITSHOUSING CONDITIONSHOUSING FACILITIES
HOUSING FINANCEHOUSING NEEDSHOUSING TENURE
HOUSINGILL HEALTHINCOME
INSURANCEINTEREST (FINANCE)INTERNET ACCESS
INTERNET USEINVESTMENTJOB CHANGING
JOB HUNTINGJOB SATISFACTIONJUVENILE DELINQUENCY
LANDLORDSLANGUAGESLEAVING HOME (YOUTH)
LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIESLIFE SATISFACTIONLIVING ABROAD
LOANSMANAGERSMARITAL HISTORY
MARITAL STATUSMARRIAGE DISSOLUTIONMARRIAGE
MEALSMOBILE PHONESMORTGAGE ARREARS
MORTGAGESMOTHER'S ECONOMIC ACTIVITYMOTHER'S PLACE OF BIRTH
MOTHERSMOTOR PROCESSESMOTOR VEHICLES
NATIONALISMNATIONALITYNEIGHBOURHOODS
NEIGHBOURSOCCUPATIONAL PENSIONSOCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
OCCUPATIONAL TRAININGOCCUPATIONSONE-PARENT FAMILIES
OVERTIMEPAINPARENT RESPONSIBILITY
PARENTAL ROLEPARENTAL SUPERVISIONPARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP
PARTICIPATIONPART-TIME EMPLOYMENTPATIENTS
PAYMENTSPERSONAL DEBT REPAYMENTPHYSICAL MOBILITY
PLACE OF BIRTHPLACE OF RESIDENCEPOLITICAL ALLEGIANCE
POLITICAL ATTITUDESPOLITICAL INTERESTPRIVATE PERSONAL PENSIONS
PRIVATE SCHOOLSPRIVATE SECTORPROFITS
PUBLIC SECTORQUALIFICATIONSQUALITY OF LIFE
RECREATIONAL FACILITIESRECYCLINGRELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCERELIGIOUS DOCTRINESRENEWABLE ENERGY
RENTED ACCOMMODATIONRENTSRESIDENTIAL MOBILITY
RETIREMENTROOMSRURAL AREAS
SAFETY AND SECURITYSATELLITE RECEIVERSSATISFACTION
SAVINGSSCHOOL PUNISHMENTSSCHOOL-LEAVING AGE
SCHOOLSSEASONAL EMPLOYMENTSELF-EMPLOYED
SELF-ESTEEMSHOPPINGSIBLINGS
SLEEPSMOKINGSOCIAL ATTITUDES
SOCIAL CAPITALSOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL HOUSING
SOCIAL INEQUALITYSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITSSOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS
SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUSSOLAR POWERSOLID FUEL HEATING
SPOUSESSTANDARD OF LIVINGSTATE EDUCATION
STATE RETIREMENT PENSIONSSTEPCHILDRENSTUDENT TRANSPORTATION
STUDENTSSUBCONTRACTINGSUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENT
SUPERVISORSTELEPHONESTELEVISION RECEIVERS
TELEVISION VIEWINGTEMPORARY EMPLOYMENTTHEFT
TIED HOUSINGTIMETRAINING
TRAVELLING TIMETRUANCYUNEARNED INCOME
UNEMPLOYEDUNEMPLOYMENTUNFURNISHED ACCOMMODATION
UNITED KINGDOMURBAN AREASVEGETABLES
VOTING BEHAVIOURVOTING INTENTIONWAGES
WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)WELSH (LANGUAGE)WIDOWED
WIND POWERWORKING WOMENWORKPLACE
YOUTH

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 13 December 2010
Latest edition: 23 November 2016 (8th Edition)
Copyright: Copyright Economic and Social Research Council
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Immigration and Ethnic Minority Boost: Variable Comparison 6614_iemb-non-iemb_question_comparison_2016.xlsx 68
Ethnicity and Immigration Research: User Guide 6614_ethnicity_immigration_guide_ed3.pdf 2115
Immigration and Ethnic Minority Boost: Fieldwork Documents 6614_iemb_fieldwork_documents.pdf 5035
Immigration and Ethnic Minority Boost: Questionnaire 6614_iemb_questionnaire.pdf 3719
Immigration and Ethnic Minority Boost: Technical Report 6614_iemb_technical_report.pdf 417
Wave 1: Fieldwork Documents 6614_wave1_fieldwork_documents.pdf 2691
Wave 1: Questionnaires 6614_wave1_questionnaires.pdf 4153
Wave 1: Technical Report 6614_wave1_technical_report.pdf 478
Waves 1-5: Revision, 2016 6614_wave1_to_5_revisions_2016.pdf 224
Waves 1-6: User Guide, 2016 6614_wave1_to_6_user_guide.pdf 821
Wave 2: Fieldwork Documents 6614_wave2_fieldwork_documents.pdf 2338
Wave 2: Questionnaires 6614_wave2_questionnaires.pdf 5031
Wave 2: Technical Report 6614_wave2_technical_report.pdf 347
Wave 3: Fieldwork Documents 6614_wave3_fieldwork_documents.pdf 4744
Wave 3: Leaflets and Advance Letter 6614_wave3_leaflets_advance_letter.pdf 2546
Wave 3: Questionnaires 6614_wave3_questionnaires.pdf 7958
Wave 3: Technical Report 6614_wave3_technical_report.pdf 1998
Wave 4: Fieldwork Documents 6614_wave4_fieldwork_documents.pdf 5909
Wave 4: Leaflets and Advance Letter 6614_wave4_leaflets_advance_letter.pdf 1282
Wave 4: Questionnaires 6614_wave4_questionnaires.pdf 8139
Wave 4: Technical Report 6614_wave4_technical_report.pdf 1574
Wave 5: Fieldwork Documents 6614_wave5_fieldwork_documents.pdf 5683
Wave 5: Leaflets and Advance Letter 6614_wave5_leaflets_advance_letter.pdf 1738
Wave 5: Questionnaires 6614_wave5_questionnaires.pdf 8413
Wave 5: Technical Report 6614_wave5_technical_report.pdf 1375
Wave 6: Advance Letters 6614_wave6_advance_letters.pdf 3182
Wave 6: Fieldwork Documents 6614_wave6_fieldwork_documents.pdf 9705
Wave 6: Questionnaires 6614_wave6_questionnaires.pdf 7627
Wave 6: Technical Report 6614_wave6_technical_report.pdf 635
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_6614_Information.htm 7
READ File read6614.htm 12

Publications

View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):

For links to publications based on Understanding Society, including those listed below and others, please see the Understanding Society Publications webpage.


Burton, J., Nandi, A. and Platt, L. (2008) Who are the UK's ethnic minority groups? Issues of identification and measurement in a longitudinal survey, ISER Working Paper 2008-2. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2008-02

Gray, M., Uhrig, S. C. N., Constantine, R., d'Ardenne, J. and Blake, M. (2008) Cognitive testing of Understanding Society. The UK Household Longitudinal Study questionnaire, ISER Working Paper 2008-4. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2008-04

Lynn, P. (2009), Sample design for Understanding Society, ISER Working Paper 2009-1. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2009-01

Berthoud, R., Fumagalli, L., Lynn, P., Platt, L. (2009) Design of the ethnic minority boost sample, ISER Working Paper 2009-2. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2009-02

Nandi, A. and Platt, L. (2009) Developing ethnic identity questions for Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study, ISER Working Paper 2009-3. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2009-03

Rabe, B. (2011) Geographical identifiers in Understanding Society, version 1, ISER Working Paper 2011-1. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2011-01

Nandi, A., Platt, L. (2011) Effect of interview modes on measurement of identity, ISER Working Paper 2011-2. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2011-02

Booker, C. and Sacker, A. (2011) ‘Limiting long-term illness and subjective well-being in families’, Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 3(1), pp.41-65.

Lynn, P. (2011) Maintaining cross-sectional representativeness in a longitudinal general population survey, ISER Working Paper 2011-4. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2011-04

Ferragina, E., Tomlinson, M. and Walker, R. (2011) ‘Determinants of participation in the United Kingdom: a preliminary analysis’, Understanding Society .

Knies, G. (2011) ‘Life satisfaction and material well-being of young people in the UK’, Understanding Society .

Lynn, P., Burton, J., Kaminska, O., Knies, G. and Nandi, A. (2012) An initial look at non-response and attrition in Understanding Society, ISER Working Paper 2012-2. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2012-02

Lynn, P. (2012) The propensity of older respondents to participate in a general population survey, ISER Working Paper 2012-3. Retrieved 14 November 2014 from http://research.understandingsociety.org.uk/publications/working-paper/2012-03

Knies, G., Burton, J. and Sala, E. (2012) ‘Consenting to health record linkage: evidence from a multi-purpose longitudinal survey of a general population’, BMC Health Services Research, 12(1), p.52.

Longhi S. (2013) Individual pro-environmental behaviour in the household context, ISER Working Paper 2013-21. Retrieved 17 February 2014 from https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/publications/working-papers/iser/2013-21.pdf

McFall, S. L. and Buck, N. (2013) ‘Understanding Society – the UK Household Longitudinal Survey: a resource for demographers’, in Applied Demography and Public Health, Springer Netherlands, pp.357-369.

Tippett, N., Wolke, D. and Platt, L. (2013) ‘Ethnicity and bullying involvement in a national UK youth sample’ Journal of Adolescence, 36(4), pp.639-649.

Resulting from secondary analysis:

For links to publications based on Understanding Society, including those listed below and others, please see the Understanding Society Publications webpage.


Demey, D., Berrington, A., Evandrou, M. and Falkingham, J. (2011) 'The changing demography of mid-life, from the 1980s to the 2000s', Population Trends, 145 (Autumn), pp.16-34. Retrieved October 19th, 2011 from http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/population-trends-rd/population-trends/no--145--autumn-2011/ard-pt145-changing-demography.pdf

Demey, D., Berrington, A., Evandrou, M., Falkingham, J. and McGowan, T. (2011) How has mid-life changed in Britain since the 1980s?, CPC Briefing Paper No. 2. Retrieved October 19th, 2011 from http://www.cpc.ac.uk/resources/downloads/Mid_Life_in_Britain_briefing2.pdf

McAloney, K. (2012) 'Inter-faith relationships in Great Britain: prevalence and implications for psychological well-being', Mental Health, Religion and Culture, (online), DOI:10.1080/13674676.2012.714359

Berrington, A., Stone, J. and Falkingham, J. (2013) The impact of parental characteristics and contextual effects on returns to the parental home in Britain, CPC Working Paper 29.

Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) When you are born matters: evidence for England, IFS Reports, R80, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0080. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/comms/r80.pdf

Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) The impact of age within academic year on adult outcomes, IFS Working Papers, W13/07, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1307. Retrieved August 19, 2013 from http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp201307.pdf

Demey, D., Berrington, A., Evandrou, M. and Falkingham, J. (2013) 'Pathways into living alone in mid-life: diversity and policy implications', Advances in Life Course Research, 18(3), pp.161-174. doi:10.1016/j.alcr.2013.02.001

McAloney, K. (2013) ‘Mixed’ religion relationships and well-being in Northern Ireland’, Journal of Religion and Health, pp.1-10.

Demey, D., Berrington, A., Evandrou, M. and Falkingham, J. (2014) 'Living alone and psychological well-being in mid-life: does partnership history matter?', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 168(5), pp.403-410. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-202932

Hutchinson, J., White, P.C.L. and Graham, H. (2014) 'Differences in the social patterning of active travel between urban and rural populations: findings from a large UK household survey', International Journal of Public Health. doi 10.1007/s00038-014-0578-2

Correa, S., Durrant, G.B. and P.W. Smith (2014) When to stop calling? Using call record data to assess nonresponse bias in a longitudinal study, paper presented to the International Workshop on Household Survey Nonresponse, 2 September 2014, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Longhi S. (2014) 'Cultural diversity and subjective wellbeing', IZA Journal of Migration, 3(13), DOI: 10.1186/2193-9039-3-13

Kumar,A., Rotik, M. and Ussher, K. (2014) Pay progression: understanding the barriers for the lowest paid, London: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Retrieved April 23, 2015, from http://www.cipd.co.uk/binaries/pay-progression_2014-understanding-the-barriers-for-the-lowest-paid.pdf

Cruise, S.M., Patterson, L., Cardwell, C.R. and O'Reilly, D. (2015) 'Large panel-survey data demonstrated country-level and ethnic minority variation in consent for health record linkage', Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 68, pp.684-692. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.01.011 (ISSN 0895-4356).

Dodds, R.M., Syddall, H.E., Cooper, R. et al. (2014) 'Grip strength across the life course: normative data from twelve British studies', PLoS ONE, 9(12): e113637. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113637

Evans, K. (2016)Working well: how employers can improve the wellbeing and productivity of their workforce, London: Social Market Foundation. Retrieved February 2nd, 2016 from http://www.smf.co.uk/publications/working-well-how-employers-can-improve-the-wellbeing-and-productivity-of-their-workforce/

Keohane, N. (2016) Longer lives, stronger families: the changing nature of intergenerational support, London: Social Market Foundation. ISBN: 978-1-910683-08-8. Retrieved February 8th, 2016 from http://www.smf.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Publication-Longer-Lives-Stronger-Families-The-changing-nature-of-intergenerational-support.pdf

Wakeling, P., Berrington, A. and Duta, A. (2015) Investigating an age threshold for independence at postgraduate level, Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England. Retrieved June 7th, 2016 from http://www.hefce.ac.uk/pubs/rereports/Year/2015/pgind/Title,105806,en.html

Wheatley, D. and Bickerton, C., (2016) 'Subjective well-being and engagement in arts, culture and sport', Journal of Cultural Economics, forthcoming. doi: 10.1007/s10824-016-9270-0.

Zischka L. (2016) The link between 'giving' behaviours and a healthy social environment, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Reading. See record at http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/66399

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Understanding Society: Waves 1-6, 2009-2015

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