Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty: Round 2, 2006

Title details

SN: 6852
Title: Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty: Round 2, 2006
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6852-2
Series: Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty [Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty]
Depositor: Solon,A., University of Oxford. Department of International Development
Principal investigator(s): Boyden, J., University of Oxford. Department of International Development
Sponsor(s): Department for International Development
Grant number: R8358
Other acknowledgements: For Round 2, data management was coordinated by Anne Solon of the Young Lives team based at the University of Oxford's Department of International Development.

The following organisations collected data for Round 2: Ethiopian Development Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; CESS, India; GRADE, Peru; IIN, Peru; Centre for Analysis and Forecast, Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences (CAF-VASS), Vietnam; General Statistical Office, Government of Vietnam.

Further information about research partners for the survey can be found on the Young Lives website.

Acknowledgement:
The depositor has supplied the following text for users as an example of the acknowledgement that should be used in publications resulting from use of the Young Lives study:

"The data used in this publication come from Young Lives, a 15-year survey investigating the changing nature of childhood poverty in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam, based at the University of Oxford (www.younglives.org.uk). Young Lives is core funded by the UK Department for International Development. The views expressed here are those of the author(s). They are not necessarily those of the Young Lives project, the University of Oxford, DFID or other funders."

Citation

The citation for this study is:

Boyden, J. (2014). Young Lives: an International Study of Childhood Poverty: Round 2, 2006. [data collection]. 2nd Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 6852, http://dx.doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-6852-2

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Subject Categories

Child development and child rearing - Social stratification and groupings
Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking - Health
Economic conditions and indicators - Economics
Equality and inequality - Social stratification and groupings
Ethnic minorities - Social stratification and groupings
Family life and marriage - Social stratification and groupings
Gender roles - Social stratification and groupings
General - Education
General - Health
Primary, pre-primary and secondary - Education
School leaving - Education
Social and occupational mobility - Social stratification and groupings
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture
Time use - Society and culture
Use and provision of specific social services - Social welfare policy and systems
Youth - Social stratification and groupings

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The Young Lives survey is an innovative long-term project investigating the changing nature of childhood poverty in four developing countries. The purpose of the project is to improve understanding of the causes and consequences of childhood poverty and examine how policies affect children's well-being, in order to inform the development of future policy and to target child welfare interventions more effectively. The study is being conducted in Ethiopia, India (in Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam. These countries were selected because they reflect a range of cultural, geographical and social contexts and experience differing issues facing the developing world; high debt burden, emergence from conflict, and vulnerability to environmental conditions such as drought and flood. The Young Lives study aims to track the lives of 12,000 children over a 15-year period, surveyed once every 3-4 years. Round 1 of Young Lives surveyed two groups of children in each country, at 1 year old and 5 years old. Round 2 returned to the same children who were then aged 5 and 12 years old. Round 3 surveyed the same children again at aged 7-8 years and 14-15 years, and Round 4 surveyed them at 12 and 19 years old. Thus the younger children are being tracked from infancy to their mid-teens and the older children through into adulthood, when some will become parents themselves.

The survey consists of three main elements: a child questionnaire, a household questionnaire and a community questionnaire. The household data gathered is similar to other cross-sectional datasets (such as the World Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study). It covers a range of topics such as household composition, livelihood and assets, household expenditure, child health and access to basic services, and education. This is supplemented with additional questions that cover caregiver perceptions, attitudes, and aspirations for their child and the family. Young Lives also collects detailed time-use data for all family members, information about the child's weight and height (and that of caregivers), and tests the children for school outcomes (language comprehension and mathematics). An important element of the survey asks the children about their daily activities, their experiences and attitudes to work and school, their likes and dislikes, how they feel they are treated by other people, and their hopes and aspirations for the future. The community questionnaire provides background information about the social, economic and environmental context of each community. It covers topics such as ethnicity, religion, economic activity and employment, infrastructure and services, political representation and community networks, crime and environmental changes. The Young Lives survey is carried out by teams of local researchers, supported by the Principal Investigator and Data Manager in each country.

Further information about the survey, including publications, can be downloaded from the Young Lives website.

This study includes data and documentation for Round 2 only. Round 1 is available under SN 5307, Round 3 under SN 6853 and Round 4 under SN 7931.

Latest edition:
For the second edition (April 2014), the data files and accompanying data have been updated. The updates have been made as a result of ongoing cleaning associated with the collection of longitudinal data (i.e. checking the consistency of the data across rounds). Extensive work has also been done on updating the location variables of the children and a new variable has been added to the Round 2 (MVDTYPR2) and Round 3 (MVDTYPR3) data (see SN 6853) indicating if the child has moved between rounds. Updated PPVT scores and calculated variables have also been provided.

Main Topics:
This dataset comprises the data from the 5-year-olds' and 12-year-olds' household surveys and the 12-year-olds' child survey carried out in 2006. For each of the four countries the dataset contains files at the community, household and child level for both ages. The household/child level data file for the 12-year-olds' survey also includes data from the child questionnaire. In addition there are several files at lower levels (i.e. where there are several records per household). These include the household roster and activity schedules for livelihoods. The Peru community level data includes an additional file with community data covering new communities for children who have migrated.

Topics covered in the dataset include: community characteristics (environmental, social and economic); parental background; household education; livelihoods and asset framework; household food and non-food consumption and expenditure; social capital, economic changes and recent life history; socio-economic status; child care, education and activities; child health; anthropometry; caregivers' perceptions and attitudes; school and activities, child time use; social networks, social skills and social support; feelings and attitudes; parents' and household issues; child development; perception of the future, environment and household wealth.

Also included are calculated indices such as a wealth index, various social capital scores, and mental health scores, which are all detailed in the documentation. The SPSS syntax code and/or Stata 'do' files that show methods of calculation for the composite indices are also included in the dataset.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Time period: This varies between questions. Some of the data asks for a review of the last 24 hours/week/month/12 months/3 years etc., while other questions ask about the time between Round 1 and Round 2.
Dates of fieldwork: 2006
Country: Ethiopia | India | Peru | Vietnam
Geography: Andhra Pradesh
Spatial units: No spatial unit
Observation units: Individuals
Families/households
Kind of data: Numeric data
Alpha/numeric data
Individual (micro) level
Universe: Cross-national; Subnational
Children aged approximately 5 years old and their households, and children aged 12 years old and their households, in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam, in 2006-2007. These children were originally interviewed in Round 1 of the study. See documentation for details of the exact regions covered in each country.
Time dimensions: Longitudinal/panel/cohort
It is intended that data will be collected once every three or four years.
Sampling procedures: Purposive selection/case studies
Number of units: Ethiopia: 1,912 (5-year-olds), 980 (12-year-olds); India: 1,950 (5-year-olds), 994 (12-year-olds); Peru: 1,963 (5-year-olds), 685 (12-year-olds); Vietnam: 1,970 (5-year-olds), 990 (12-year-olds)
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview
Weighting: No weighting used.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ACCESS TO INFORMATIONACCESS TO PUBLIC SERVICESACCIDENTS
AGEAGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENTAGRICULTURE
ALIMONYANDHRA PRADESHANIMAL HUSBANDRY
ANTHROPOMETRIC DATAARABLE FARMINGASPIRATION
ATTITUDESAUTHORITYBIRTH WEIGHT
BREAST-FEEDINGBUILDING MAINTENANCECARE OF DEPENDANTS
CAREGIVERSCASTECHILD CARE
CHILD LABOURCHILD PSYCHOLOGYCHILD WORKERS
CHILDBIRTHCHILDRENCHRONIC ILLNESS
COMMUNITIESCOMMUNITY ACTIONCOMMUNITY BEHAVIOUR
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATIONCONSCRIPTIONCONSUMER GOODS
COST OF LIVINGCOSTSCOUGHING
CREDITCRIME VICTIMSCROP YIELDS
CROPSCULTURAL GOODSDAY NURSERIES
DEATHDEBTSDECISION MAKING
DIARRHOEADIET AND NUTRITIONDISABILITIES
DISASTERSDISEASESDOMESTIC APPLIANCES
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL CHOICEEDUCATIONAL FEES
ELECTRIC POWEREMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEES
ETHIOPIAETHNIC GROUPSFAMILIES
FAMILY LIFEFAMILY MEMBERSFAMILY PLANNING
FARM VEHICLESFATHER'S EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDFATHERS
FERTILIZERSFINANCIAL DIFFICULTIESFINANCIAL RESOURCES
FINANCIAL SUPPORTFOOD AIDFOOD SHORTAGES
FOODFUELSFURNITURE
GENDERGIFTSGROUPS
HANDICRAFTSHEALTHHEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
HOME OWNERSHIPHOME-GROWN FOODSHOUSEHOLD BUDGETS
HOUSEHOLD INCOMEHOUSEHOLDSHOUSING CONSTRUCTION
HOUSING IMPROVEMENTILL HEALTHIMMUNIZATION
IMPRISONMENTINCOMEINDIA
INDUSTRIESINFANTSINFORMATION SOURCES
INJURIESLABOUR DISPUTESLAND OWNERSHIP
LANGUAGE SKILLSLAVATORIESLEARNING
LIFE EVENTSLITERACYLIVESTOCK
MARITAL STATUSMARRIAGE DISSOLUTIONMEALS
MEMBERSHIPMENMOTHER TONGUE
MOTHERSMOTOR VEHICLESNUMERACY
ORGANIZATIONSPARENTSPAYMENTS
PERSONAL FINANCE MANAGEMENTPERUPOVERTY
PREGNANCYPREMATURE BIRTHSPRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION
PRIVATE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONSPURCHASINGQUALITY OF LIFE
RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONRESIDENTIAL MOBILITYRESPONSIBILITY
ROOMSRURAL AREASSCHOOLCHILDREN
SCHOOLSSELLINGSHOPS
SIBLINGSSMALL BUSINESSESSOCIAL CAPITAL
SOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL NETWORKSSOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS
SOCIAL SUPPORTSPOUSESSTANDARD OF LIVING
STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS (BUILDINGS)STUDENT ATTITUDESTUDENT BEHAVIOUR
STUDENT TRANSPORTATIONSYMPTOMSTELEPHONES
THEFTTIME BUDGETSTRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP
TRUANCYTRUSTUNITS OF MEASUREMENT
URBAN AREASVIET NAMVOTING BEHAVIOUR
WATER POLLUTIONWATER SERVICES (BUILDINGS)WEIGHT (PHYSIOLOGY)
WOMENYOUTH

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 19 September 2011
Latest edition: 24 April 2014 (2nd Edition)
Copyright: Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queens Printer for Scotland
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Community Data Dictionaries - Round 2 6852comm_data_dictionaries_r2.pdf 2520
Community Questionnaires - Round 2 6852comm_questionnaires_r2.pdf 2917
Consent Forms - Round 2 6852consent_forms_r2.pdf 1019
Ethiopia Data Dictionaries - Round 2 6852data_dictionaries_ethiopia_r2.pdf 1434
India Data Dictionaries - Round 2 6852data_dictionaries_india_r2.pdf 1304
Peru Data Dictionaries - Round 2 6852data_dictionaries_peru_r2.pdf 1108
Vietnam Data Dictionaries - Round 2 6852data_dictionaries_vietnam_r2.pdf 1289
Fieldwork Instructions - Round 2 6852fieldwork_instructions_r2.pdf 3143
Methodology - Round 2 6852methodology_r2.pdf 373
Sampling Guide 6852methods_guide_sampling.pdf 359
Sampling Guide: Longitudinal Survey 6852methods_guide_the_longitudinal_survey.pdf 379
Ethiopia Questionnaires - Round 2 6852questionnaires_ethiopia_r2.pdf 5242
India Questionnaires - Round 2 6852questionnaires_india_r2.pdf 2125
Peru Questionnaires - Round 2 6852questionnaires_peru_r2.pdf 2511
Vietnam Questionnaires - Round 2 6852questionnaires_vietnam_r2.pdf 4642
Sampling: India 6852sampling_india.pdf 475
Sampling: Peru 6852sampling_peru.pdf 588
Technical Note 15 - Annexes 6852technical_note15_annexes_r2.pdf 2272
Psychometric characteristics of cognitive development and achievement instruments in Round 2 of Young Lives - (Technical Note 15) 6852technical_note15_r2.pdf 565
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_6852_Information.htm 6
READ File read6852.htm 11

Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
Publications and working papers associated with the project can be viewed online and downloaded from the Young Lives Publications webpages.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Crookston, B.T. et al., (2010) 'Impact of early and concurrent stunting on cognition', Maternal and Child Nutrition, no. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00255.x . Retrieved October 1, 2010 from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00255.x/full (may require subscription to view).

Crookston, B.T. et al., (2010) 'Children who recover from early stunting and
children who are not stunted demonstrate similar levels of cognition', Journal of Nutrition, September. doi: 10.3945/jn.109.118927.

Tesfay, N. and Malmberg, L.E (2014) 'Horizontal inequalities in children's educational outcomes in Ethiopia', International Journal of Educational Development, November, pp.110-120.

Vellakkal, S., Fledderjohann, J., Basu, S., Agrawal, S., Ebrahim, S., Campbell, O., Doyle, P. and Stuckler, D. (2015) 'Food price spikes are associated with increased malnutrition among children in Andhra Pradesh, India', Journal of Nutrition. doi: 10.3945/jn.115.211250

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