UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Standard Eurobarometer, 1974-

Title details

SN: 7204
Title: Standard Eurobarometer, 1974-
Series: Standard Eurobarometer
Depositor: Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences. Data Archive for the Social Sciences
Principal investigator(s): Commission of the European Communities
Sponsor(s): Commission of the European Communities
Other acknowledgements: Interviewing and sampling were conducted by various organisations operating in the European Union. For further details see documentation.


The citation for this study is:

Commission of the European Communities. (2013). Standard Eurobarometer, 1974- . [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 7204

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Subject Categories

Political behaviour and attitudes - Politics
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The Eurobarometer (EB) survey series is a unique programme of cross-national and cross-temporal comparative social science research. Since the early seventies representative national samples in all European Union (EU) (formerly the European Community (EC)) member states have been simultaneously interviewed in the spring and autumn of each year. Starting with EB 34.1 (autumn 1990), separate supplementary surveys on special issues have been conducted under almost every EB number. The EB is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. More information about the series may be found on the Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Data Archive for the Social Sciences (GESIS) Eurobarometer Survey Series web pages. GESIS was formed in 2007 when three independent institutes merged (Social Science Information Centre (IZ) in Bonn, Central Archive for Empirical Social Research in Cologne (ZA), and Centre for Survey Research and Methodology (ZUMA) in Mannheim). Users should note that earlier EBs are available from GESIS.

Work on European survey series began in early 1970, when the Commission of the European Community sponsored simultaneous surveys of the EC. These surveys were designed to measure public awareness of, and attitudes toward, the Common Market and other EC institutions, in complementary fashion. They also probed the goals given top priority for each respondent's nation. These concerns have remained a central part of the EC's research efforts - which were carried forward in the summer of 1971 with another six-nation survey that gave special attention to agricultural problems. The nine EC member countries were then surveyed again on the same topic areas in September 1973. After 1973, the surveys took on a somewhat broader scope in content as well as in geographical coverage, with measures of subjective satisfaction and the perceived quality of life becoming standard features of the EC public opinion surveys.

Over time, the member states of the EC/EU have increased in number, and the coverage of the EB surveys has widened accordingly. In 1974, nine countries were surveyed: France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland and Luxembourg. Greece has been included since the autumn 1980 survey (EB 14) onwards, Portugal and Spain since autumn 1985 (EB 24), the former German Democratic Republic since autumn 1990 (EB 34), Finland since the spring of 1993 (EB 39), and Sweden and Austria since the autumn of 1994 (EB 42). Norway has been included in some surveys since 1991, from EB 36 onwards. In 2004, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia joined the EU, and in 2007, Bulgaria and Romania (some of these countries participated in the Candidate Countries Eurobarometer survey series (see under GN 33343) before full accession). Candidate countries of Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Iceland have also been included in selected surveys. Some surveys are also conducted in Turkey, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community (Northern Cyprus).

The Eurobarometer public opinion surveys are conducted on behalf of and co-ordinated by the European Commission, DG Press and Communication - Opinion Polls Sector (European Commission Public Opinion Analysis). Special topic modules are carried out at the request of the responsible EU Directorate General.

The Eurobarometer Survey Series datasets are available to browse, analyse and download online via GESIS's ZACAT service.

Main Topics:
Eurobarometer dataset contents and themes are available from the GESIS Eurobarometer webpages.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: For details of dates of fieldwork and geographic coverage, see the study description in individual study profiles.
Country: Multi-nation
Spatial units: Countries
Observation units: Individuals
Universe: Cross-national; National
Citizens of the EU aged 15 years and older residing in the 27 EU member countries (see individual study profiles for variations).
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
Sampling procedures: The sampling designs were either multi-stage national probability samples or national stratified quota samples.
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details

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Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 20 May 2013
Copyright: No information recorded
Access conditions: The Central and Eastern Eurobarometer Survey Series datasets are available to browse, analyse and download online via GESIS's ZACAT service.
Please note: A large selection of Eurobarometer Survey Series datasets, including standard Eurobarometers, Central and Eastern Eurobarometers and Candidate Countries Eurobarometers, are available to browse, analyse and download online via the German data archive's ZACAT service. Access is free of charge and requires online registration, including agreement to terms and conditions of use of the data. The data are available for scientific purposes only.
Availability: These data are available from a service other than UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch


View publications... Hide publications...

By principal investigator(s):
See European Commission Eurobarometer reports on the GESIS web site.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Search for Eurobarometer-related publications and survey results in the GESIS library catalogue


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