Catalogue

UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

European Working Conditions Survey, 2015

Title details

SN: 8098
Title: European Working Conditions Survey, 2015
Alternative title: EWCS; Sixth European Survey on Working Conditions, 2015
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-8098-4
Series: European Working Conditions Survey [European Working Conditions Surveys, 1991-]
Depositor: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Principal investigator(s): European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Data collector(s): Ipsos NV
Sponsor(s): European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

Citation

The citation for this study is:

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. (2017). European Working Conditions Survey, 2015. [data collection]. 4th Edition. UK Data Service. SN: 8098, http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-8098-4

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Subject Categories

General - Employment and labour
Social attitudes and behaviour - Society and culture
Social indicators and quality of life - Society and culture

Abstract

Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) is conducted by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound). Since its launch in 1990, the EWCS has provided an overview of working conditions in Europe in order to;
  • assess and quantify working conditions of both employees and the self-employed across Europe on a harmonised basis;
  • analyse relationships between different aspects of working conditions;
  • identify groups at risk and issues of concern as well as of progress;
  • monitor trends by providing homogeneous indicators on these issues; and
  • contribute to European policy development in particular on quality of work and employment issues.
The EWCS paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. Its findings highlight actions for policy actors to help them address the challenges facing Europe today. The EWCS is generally conducted once every five years, although an extra wave was conducted in 2001 to cover the new acceding and candidate EU countries. The survey is based on a questionnaire which is administered face-to-face to a random sample of 'persons in employment' (i.e. employees and the self-employed), representative of the working population in each EU country. An integrated dataset is also available (see SN 7363) which combines data from the first five waves of the survey in one file.

Before working with the EWCS data, users are recommended to read the latest supplementary supporting documentation on the Eurofound European Working Conditions Survey webpages. Further information about the series can be found there, including methodological information, technical reports and reports on translation, sampling implementation, sampling evaluation and weighting, coding, quality control, quality assurance and other publications.

The sixth EWCS interviewed nearly 44,000 workers in 35 countries. Its findings provide detailed information on a broad range of issues, including exposure to physical and psychosocial risks, work organisation, work–life balance, and health and well-being, the reconciliation of work and private life and the sustainability of work.

For the 4th edition (June 2017), an updated version of the data file was deposited. Improvements in the population figures have led to a revision to the post-stratification weights of the 6th EWCS dataset, affecting the weighting variables w4, w5_EU12, w5_EU15, w5_EU27 and w5_EU28. Although Eurofound considers that this revision should only result in marginal changes in the weighted data, users are recommended to re-run analyses using the new weights in order to assess whether the change has had any impact on the outcome. The Readme file has been updated accordingly.

Main Topics:
The 2015 questionnaire included information on: employment status, sectors and occupations, company size; physical environment; work intensity; working time and commuting; social environment; work-related health risks and well-being; cognitive and psychosocial factors; harassment and discrimination; skills, training and discretion; job prospects, job security and sustainability; work satisfaction; earnings; unpaid work; work-life balance. Demographic information was also collected.

Standard Measures:
The International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO), Nomenclature generale des Activites Economiques dans les Communautes Europeennes (NACE) and International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) schedules were used.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: 16 February 2015 - 07 December 2015 - Fieldwork for EU28 countries began in February 2015, and in Candidate countries in September 2015.
Country: Albania | Austria | Belgium | Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia | Finland | France | Germany (October 1990-) | Greece | Hungary | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Montenegro | Netherlands | Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Serbia | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | Turkey | United Kingdom
Spatial units: Countries
NUTS-I Areas
NUTS-II Areas
Observation units: Individuals
Kind of data: Individual (micro) level
Universe: Cross-national; National
All residents of the countries mentioned above aged 15 or older (16 or older in Bulgaria, Norway, Spain and the UK) and in employment at the time of the survey. People were considered to be in employment if they had worked for pay or profit for at least an hour in the week preceding the interview (ILO definition).
Time dimensions: Repeated cross-sectional study
Sixth survey in the EWCS series.
Sampling procedures: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Number of units: Sample size: In most countries, the target sample size was 1,000. To reflect the larger workforce in larger countries, the target was increased to 1,200 in Poland, 1,300 in Spain, 1,400 in Italy, 1,500 in France, 1,600 in the UK and 2,000 in Germany and Turkey. Eurofound also offered countries the opportunity to top-up their sample. This offer was taken up by Belgium, Slovenia and Spain, which led to sample sizes of 2,500, 1,600 and 3,300 respectively in these countries. The total sample size for the sixth EWCS in all 35 countries is 43,850 interviews. See documentation for further details.
Method of data collection: Face-to-face interview
Weighting: Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Thesaurus search on keywords

View keywords... Hide keywords...
ACCIDENTS AT WORKAGEALBANIA
ALLERGIESANXIETYASSAULT
AUSTRIAAUTONOMY AT WORKBACK PAIN
BELGIUMBONUS PAYMENTSBULGARIA
BULLYINGCARE OF DEPENDANTSCAREER DEVELOPMENT
CHIEF INCOME EARNERSCHILD CARECHILD DAY CARE
CITIZENSHIPCOMMUNICATION PROCESSCOMMUTING
COMPUTERSCONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENTCROATIA
CUSTOMERSCYPRUSCZECH REPUBLIC (1993- )
DECISION MAKINGDENMARKDISABILITY DISCRIMINATION
DISCRIMINATION AGAINST HOMOSEXUALSDOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIESECONOMIC ACTIVITY
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDEDUCATIONAL COURSESEDUCATIONAL LEAVE
EMOTIONAL STATESEMPLOYEESEMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS
EMPLOYMENT HISTORYEMPLOYMENTESTONIA
EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATESEUROPEAN UNIONFAMILIES
FAMILY LIFEFATIGUE (PHYSIOLOGY)FINANCIAL INCENTIVES
FINLANDFLEXIBLE WORKING TIMEFRANCE
FREQUENCY OF PAYFRIENDSFULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT
FUMESGENDERGERMANY (OCT 1990-)
GREECEHARASSMENTHEADACHES
HEALTH RISKSHEALTHHEARING IMPAIRMENTS
HEART DISEASESHOLIDAY LEAVEHOME-BASED WORK
HOURS OF WORKHOUSEHOLDSHOUSING TENURE
HUNGARYINDUSTRIAL INJURIESINDUSTRIAL NOISE
INDUSTRIESINFORMATION SOURCESINTERNET
ITALYJOB CHANGINGJOB SATISFACTION
JOB SECURITYLABOUR LAWLATVIA
LEAVELEGISLATIONLITHUANIA
LUXEMBOURGMACEDONIAMALTA
MANAGEMENT OPERATIONSMANAGERSMANUAL WORKERS
MATERNITY LEAVEMUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASESNATIONALITY DISCRIMINATION
NETHERLANDSNORWAYOCCUPATIONAL DISEASES
OCCUPATIONAL LIFEOCCUPATIONAL SAFETYOCCUPATIONS
PARENTAL LEAVEPART-TIME EMPLOYMENTPASSIVE SMOKING
PATERNITY LEAVEPAYMENTSPEER-GROUP RELATIONSHIPS
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE GEARPHYSICAL ACTIVITIESPOLAND
POLITICAL ATTITUDESPOLITICAL PARTICIPATIONPORTUGAL
PRIVATE SECTORPROBLEM SOLVINGPRODUCTION MANAGEMENT
PROFIT SHARINGPUBLIC SECTORQUALITY CONTROL
QUALITY OF LIFERACIAL DISCRIMINATIONRADIATION
RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONRELIGIOUS ATTENDANCERELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION
REPETITIVE WORKREPUBLIC OF IRELANDREPUBLIC OF MONTENEGRO
RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASESRESPONSIBILITYRISK
ROMANIASAFETY AND SECURITY MEASURESSELF-EMPLOYED
SERBIASEX DISCRIMINATIONSEXUAL HARASSMENT
SHARESSHIFT WORKSICK LEAVE
SKIN DISEASESSLEEP DISORDERSSLOVAKIA (1993- )
SLOVENIASOCIAL CLASSSOCIAL LIFE
SOCIAL PARTICIPATIONSPAINSTOMACH DISORDERS
STRESS (PSYCHOLOGICAL)SUBSIDIARY EMPLOYMENTSUPERVISORY STATUS
SWEDENSWITZERLANDTELEPHONES
TELEWORKTEMPERATURETRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP
TRAININGTURKEYUNITED KINGDOM
UNSOCIAL WORKING HOURSVIBRATIONSVISION IMPAIRMENTS
VOLUNTARY WORKWAGESWORKERS PARTICIPATION
WORKING CONDITIONSWORK-LIFE BALANCEWORKPLACE

Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 05 December 2016
Latest edition: 08 June 2017 (4th Edition)
Copyright: Copyright European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Access conditions: The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Get in touch

Documentation

Title File Name Size (KB)
Variable Information 8098_6th_ewcs_codebook.xlsx 153
Coding Report 8098_6th_ewcs_coding_report.pdf 4357
Questionnaire 8098_6th_ewcs_master_questionnaire.pdf 794
Quality Control Report 8098_6th_ewcs_quality_control_report.pdf 1186
Data File Guidance 8098_6th_ewcs_readme_2015.pdf 227
Sampling Implementation Report 8098_6th_ewcs_sampling_implementation_report.pdf 827
Technical Report 8098_6th_ewcs_technical_report.pdf 2844
Translation Report 8098_6th_ewcs_translation_report.pdf 1337
Weighting Report 8098_6th_ewcs_weighting_report.pdf 3453
Study information and citation UKDA_Study_8098_Information.htm 6
READ File read8098.htm 11

Publications

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By principal investigator(s):
Seifert, H. and Tangian, A. (2007) Flexicurity: reconciling social security with flexibility - empirical findings for Europe, WSI-Diskussionspapier 154, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut in der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, Dusseldorf: Hans-Böckler Foundation. Retrieved December 7, 2007 from: http://www.boeckler.de/pdf/p_wsi_diskp_154_e.pdf

Von Hahn, N. et al.(2009) 'Die Gemeinsame Deutsche Arbeitsschutzstrategie - ein Schrittmacher in Europa?', DGUV Forum, 3, pp.12-21.

Humborstad, S.I.W. Institutional effects of empowerment: a comparison between an Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian context, paper presented at the Academy of Management annual meeting, Canada, 2010.

Bukowski, M. (2010) (ed.) Employment in Poland 2009: entrepreneurship for jobs, Warsaw: Institute for Structural Research. Retrieved September 13th 2011, from http://ibs.org.pl/site/upload/publikacje/Employment_in_Poland_2009.pdf.

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (2010) Changes over time: first findings from the Fifth European Working Conditions Survey, Dublin: EFILWC. Retrieved February 20, 2012, from http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef1074.htm

Plantenga, J. and Remery, C. (2013) 'Flexible working arrangements and gender equality: categorizing the European Member States', in F. Bettio, J. Plantenga and M. Smith (eds.), Gender and the European Labour Market, London: Routledge, pp.73-91. ISBN 978-0-415-66433-2.

Matta, V. (2013) 'Kongruenz und Inkongruenz zwischen gewünschten und tatsaechlichen Wochenarbeitsstunden: Was wollen wir wissen, wenn wir in Umfragen nach 'gewuenschten Wochenarbeitsstunden' fragen?', paper presented at the 1. Symposium der Arbeitszeitgesellschaft, 23rd August 2013, Munich, Germany.

Matta, V. (2013): 'Vertrauensarbeitszeit und individuelle Ueberbeschaeftigung - Eine Analyse auf Basis tatsaechlicher und gewuenschter Arbeitsstunden der deutschen Arbeitnehmerschaft', paper presented the Kongress der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft fuer Soziologie, 26 -28 June 2013, Bern, Switzerland.

Lehmann, S. (16 December 2013) 'Revenus et temps de travail: les grandes fractures europeennes', retrieved February 17, 2014 from: http://www.metiseurope.eu/revenus-et-temps-de-travail-les-grandes-fractures-europeennes_fr_70_art_29801.html

Matta, V. (2014) 'Kommentierte Grafik zur individuellen Ueberbeschaeftigung in Europa (EU-27)', retrieved 17 February 2014 from http://www.suz.uzh.ch/matta/dissprojekt/Matta_2014_IndividuelleUeberbeschaeftigung_in_EU27.pdf

Eurofound (2016) Sixth European Working Conditions Survey – Overview report, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. ISBN 978-92-897-1548-5

Further publications and a bibliography resulting from the EWCS series may be found on the EFILWC European Working Conditions Survey web pages.

Resulting from secondary analysis:
Bednarska, M.A. (2013) 'Quality of work life in tourism – implications for competitive advantage of the tourism industry', Journal of Travel and Tourism Research, Spring and Fall, s.1-17.

Hammerman, A. and Stettes, O. (2013) Qualitaet der Arbeit – zum Einfluss der Arbeitsplatzmerkmale auf die Arbeitszufriedenheit im europaeischen Vergleich, Cologne Economic Research Institute IW-Trends Paper No.2, April. Retrieved April 14, 2014 from http://www.iwkoeln.de/en/studien/iw-trends/beitrag/andrea-hammermann-oliver-stettes-qualitaet-der-arbeit-117782

Terres, F., Mondelo, P. and Sanchez Ferradal, P. (2014) 'Innovarse o Sufrir?', in F. Terres, P. Mondelo and P. Sanchez Ferradal, et al. (eds.) Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention (ORP2014), ISBN: 978-84-616-3573-3.

Vyrost, J. (2013) 'Impact of physical and psychosocial risk factors on perceived work safety of women and men in the European Working Conditions Survey 2010 (EWCS) data' (in Slovak), Individual and Society, 16(1). See also http://www.saske.sk/cas/zoznam-rocnikov/2013/1/6016/

Vyrost, J. (2012) 'Social and personal factors of perceived work safety in the EWCS 2010 data' (in Slovak), Individual and Society, 15(1). See also http://www.saske.sk/cas/zoznam-rocnikov/2012/1/5963/

Wiß, Tobias (2014) 'Betriebliche Familienpolitik: Österreich im europäischen Vergleich' [Occupational family policy: Austria in comparison with European countries], Kontraste, 08/2014, pp.18-32.

Matta, V.I.(2015) Selbstgesteuerte Arbeitszeit, Arbeitsstunden und individuelle Uberbeschaftigung Dissertation, Soziologisches Institut, Universitat Zurich.

Miraglia, M. and Johns, G. (2015) 'Going to work ill: a meta-analysis of the correlates of presenteeism and a dual-path model', Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, advance online publication, November 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000015

Dzhambov, A. and Dimitrova, D. (2016) 'Heart disease attributed to occupational noise, vibration and other co-exposures – a self-reported population-based survey among Bulgarian workers', Medycyna Pracy (uses integrated dataset).

Böhnke, P., Renneberg, A-C. and Valdes Cifuentes, I. (2016) 'Atypische Beschäftigung und Gesundheit in Europa' (Atypical employment and health in Europe), WSI-Mitteilungen, 69(2), pp.113-120.

Dzhambov, A.M. and Dimitrova, D.D. (2016) 'Heart disease attributed to occupational noise, vibration and other co-exposure: self-reported population-based survey among Bulgarian workers', Medycyna Pracy, 67(4), pp.435–445.

Ghenta, M. (2016) 'Calitatea locului de munca în organizasiile din sectorul sanatate si asistensa social' (Quality of employment in health and social assistance organisations), in D. Badoi, A. Matei and B. Sanduleasa, Ocuparea în sectorul sanatate si asistensa sociala Provocari si Tendinse (Employment in health and social assistance sector: challenges and trends), Editura Universitara Publishing House, Bucharest, Romania. doi:10.5682/9786062804930

McCrate, E. (2017) 'Gender and the organization of working time (Jiendaa to Rodo Jikan no Hensei)', Journal of Ohara Institute for Social Research (Ohara Shakaimondai Kenkyujo Zasshi), March, pp.1-23 (in Japanese).

Stettes, O. (2017) Digitaler Wandel: Keine Ausweitung flexibler Beschäftigungsformen, IW-Kurzbericht 66/2017, Cologne. Retrieved October 4th, 2017 from https://www.iwkoeln.de/studien/iw-kurzberichte/beitrag/oliver-stettes-digitaler-wandel-keine-ausweitung-flexibler-beschaeftigungsformen-350731

Hammermann, A. and Stettes, O. (2017) 'Mobiles Arbeiten in Deutschland und Europa – Eine Auswertung auf Basis des European Working Conditions Survey 2015', IW-Trends, 44(3), pp.3-23. Retrieved October 4th, 2017 from https://www.iwkoeln.de/studien/iw-trends/beitrag/andrea-hammermann-oliver-stettes-mobiles-arbeiten-in-deutschland-und-europa-356407

Hammermann, A. and Stettes, O. (2017) Quality of work in Europe – an empirical analysis on the basis of the EWCS 2015, IW-Report 24/2017, Cologne. Retrieved October 4th, 2017 from https://www.iwkoeln.de/en/studies/beitrag/andrea-hammermann-oliver-stettes-qualitaet-der-arbeit-in-europa-355697

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