UK Data Service series record for:
Households Below Average Income (HBAI) uses household disposable incomes, after adjusting for the household size and composition, as a proxy for material living standards. More precisely, it is a proxy for the level of consumption of goods and services that people could attain given the disposable income of the household in which they live. The main source of data used in this study is the Family Resources Survey, which is a continuous cross-sectional survey.
GN 33383 | Households Below Average Income, 1994/95-
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Households Below Average Income (HBAI) provides information on potential living standards in the United Kingdom as determined by disposable income and allows for changes in income patterns after adjusting for the household size and composition, as a proxy for material living standards to be analysed over time. More precisely, it is a proxy for the level of consumption of goods and services that people could attain given the disposable income of the household in which they live. In order to allow comparisons of the living standards of different types of households, income is adjusted to take into account variations in the size and composition of the households in a process known as equivalisation. A key assumption made in HBAI is that all individuals in the household benefit equally from the combined income of the household. This enables the total equivalised income of the household to be used as a proxy for the standard of living of each household member.The main source of data used is the Family Resources Survey(FRS), which is a continuous cross-sectional survey. As the FRS does not track individuals over time, analysis of incomes is supplemented by the use of longitudinal data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) element of the Understanding Society survey.
The datasets are available from 1994/5 onwards. For a list of up-to-date datasets, see the DATA ACCESS section on this webpage.
Respondents of the FRS and BHPS in Great Britain and Northern Ireland are feeding into this study with around 25000 households.
The survey contains information about individuals and households. HBAI provides information on potential living standards in the United Kingdom as determined by disposable income and allows for changes in income patterns to be analysed over time.
Variable lists and PDF user guides (including questionnaires) are freely available on the catalogue page of each dataset. To find a dataset’s catalogue page, follow the link to the dataset from this page under DATA ACCESS or from the results pages in our database search engine Discover.
The HBAI time series comprises information included in the main FRS from 1994/95, supplemented by data from Understanding Society;as time series, the same questions are asked in every year. For possible changes please see the accompanied documents.
In an attempt to correct for differential non-response, estimates are weighted using population totals. Further information on the weighting methodology is included in Appendix 2 of the DWP report document accompanied with the data.